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Review of Jack Malebranche, Androphilia: Rejecting the Gay Identity, Reclaiming Masculinity  [cached]
Philip Culbertson
Journal of Men, Masculinities and Spirituality , 2011,
Abstract: Review of Jack Malebranche, Androphilia: Rejecting the Gay Identity, Reclaiming Masculinity (Baltimore, MD: Scapegoat Publishing, 2006) xiii + 143 pp.
How Kurdish Immigrant Parents in the United States Think about the Formal and Informal Education of Their Sons and Daughters  [PDF]
Sangar Salih, Ervin (Maliq) Matthew, Annulla Linders
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.56008
Abstract: The study addresses how Kurds who currently live in the United States think about and manage their children’s education. Of particular interest is the ways in which the gender of their children influences how parents engage with their children’s education. Based on interviews with Kurdish parents who live in Nashville, Tennessee, the study reveals that, in general, they feel more responsible for and take a much more proactive role in their children’s education than is typical of Kurds living in Kurdistan. This is so because the parents are not only concerned with securing an education for their children but also making sure their children adopt a Kurdish identity. The study also found that gender plays an important role in parental investment, albeit not in a straightforward way. That is, even though parents support the education of both their sons and daughters, they are nonetheless guided by deep seated assumptions that, once they grow up, their sons and daughters will live very different lives. More specifically, the parents operated on a taken-for-granted assumption that their daughters would live more circumscribed lives than their sons and hence needed a somewhat different educational investment during childhood.
“They think you’re lazy,” and Other Messages Black Parents Send Their Black Sons: An Exploration of Critical Race Theory in the Examination of Educational Outcomes for Black Males  [PDF]
Rema Reynolds
Journal of African American Males in Education , 2010,
Abstract: Parents play an integral role in the social, emotional, physical, and intellectual development of their children. We know that school success has been associated with parents’ involvement and engagement1 practices. Studies have shown that despite socioeconomic disparities, children whose parents are involved perform markedly better than those whose parents are not. Little research has looked exclusively at parent involvement and its effects on the educational outcomes of Black males. A qualitative study conducted with Black parents and their involvement and engagement practices as the focus proved that this relationship warrants scholarly attention using Critical Race Theory as a tool for examination. Parents in this study were involved in their children’s educational processes in ways not always validated or valued by schools. Instead of engaging in conventional forms of involvement such as volunteering in the classroom, parents spent time and resources supplementing their children’s education at home. Subtle acts of racism manifested through microaggressions were detected by parents when interfacing with school officials2 and these exchanges prompted candid conversations with their sons. According to the parents in this study, deliberate messages about racism and educator expectations were often critical supplements for their Black sons in order to ensure educational success.
Sons and daughters' perception of parents as a couple: distinguishing characteristics of a measurement model
Ziviani, Cilio;Féres-Carneiro, Terezinha;Magalh?es, Andrea Seixas;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722011000100005
Abstract: perceptions and memories that youths may have of their parents' marital relationship were addressed by a self-report questionnaire, composed by 26 likert scale items which were taken to constitute the "perception of parents as a couple" instrument. answers from 1,612 male and female youths produced a matrix of non-negative correlations. the sample was randomly split into calibrating and validating subsamples of 806 people each. exploratory factor and principal component analyses present a circular plot of loading s after the first and second extractions. in the latter, pairs of similar magnitude, but of opposing signs, not only convey theoretical meaning, but also entail an order - guttman's circular law of order. a specification search, through a confirmatory factor analysis, performed under a measurement model presenting three pairs of opposing-signs and cross-loaded variables, generated a downward chi-square value for each indicated parameter respecification. following that ordered list top-down, ten other items were specified to cross-load in the model. once tested, running the validating subsample data, satisfactory fit indices were obtained. we propose the m?bius strip as a functional analogue to model this kind of circular ordering. finally, we nominate two theoretical orientations for further research on the explanation of results - the generational psychic transmission reviewed in the introduction contrasted to the cognitive unconscious theory.
Code Switching in Sons and Lovers  [PDF]
Dimin Luo
Advances in Literary Study (ALS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/als.2013.14010

Lawrence’s writing is heavily influenced by his social background. He is in an incompatible family, for his parents come from different social classes. His sensitiveness to class distinctions brought about by his family background is deeply rooted in his writings. Novel Sons and Lovers is this typical work. One of the distinctive features of the novel is the use of two language varieties which expresses the bilingual situation of the Morels’ family in Sons and Lovers. The writer Lawrence alternatively uses two language varieties in dialogues to reveal the psychology of the characters and the most characteristic of his theme: class conflict. This study researches into the use of language varieties of three major characters (Mr. Mo-rel, Mrs. Morel and their son Paul) in Sons and Loversfrom the viewpoint of code switching to discover how class conflict is presented by alternative use of language varieties. To appreciate and deeply understand the novel, it is necessary to know the application of code switching in this work.

Parents work values influence on sons work values / Influência dos valores laborais dos pais sobre os valores laborais dos filhos  [cached]
Juliana Barreiros Porto,Alvaro Tamayo
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2006,
Abstract: Work values are principles or goals, ordered by importance, that people seek and that guide his/her life at work. Family, school and work experiences are indicated as the most important factors in the formation of work values. Parents are considered the most influential social agent in this process, since they serve as a role model to their children. The present study examines the impact of the work values of parents on the work values of college students. One hundred and twenty nine (129) students and their parents (84 mothers and 45 fathers) in 17 randomly chosen undergraduate courses, as well as 956 colleagues of these students participated in this investigation. They answered the Work Values Scale. The results of the hierarchical regressions demonstrated that parents and colleagues influence the student's work values of Professional Achievement and Stability. The relevance and limitations of these results are discussed in this paper.
Como nossos pais? Gera es, sexualidade masculina e autocuidado Like our parents? Generation, masculinity sexuality and self-care  [cached]
Rosane Berlinski Cunha,Lúcia Emilia Figueiredo de Sousa Rebello,Romeu Gomes
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2012,
Abstract: O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar a rela o entre os sentidos atribuídos por homens, de dois intervalos geracionais diferentes, à sexualidade masculina e ao cuidar de si. Buscou-se identificar se houve mudan a no posicionamento desses homens em rela o aos cuidados em saúde e se esta mudan a é influenciada por aspectos geracionais. O estudo ancora-se nos marcos conceituais teóricos: gera o e roteiro sexual. O desenho metodológico é de análise de narrativas. As fontes analisadas s o parte do acervo de duas pesquisas realizadas na cidade do Rio de Janeiro com homens com ensino superior e universitários, que tiveram inicia o sexual nos anos 1970 e 1990, respectivamente. Os resultados mostram que os homens estudados se acham confrontados com a inadequa o da constru o social do masculino e as novas demandas femininas, buscando um novo modelo. Observaram-se permanências e rupturas de padr es hegem nicos da masculinidade, o que está relacionado com a forma como o homem cuida de si. This paper aims to examine the relationship between the meanings of male sexuality and how male individuals from two different generations take care of their health. We sought to identify whether there were changes regarding the standing of these men in relation to health care, and whether these changes were influenced by generation gaps. The study is anchored in two theoretical conceptual frameworks: generation and sexual script. We used the narrative analysis methodology, and the sources of this study are part of two surveys conducted in Rio de Janeiro with men of higher education as well as university students, whose sexual initiation occurred during the 1970's and 1990's, respectively. The results show that the subjects are currently facing an inadequate male's social model in conjunction with the new social demands from the females, therefore seeking a new model for themselves. During this study, both permanent and changing patterns of hegemonic masculinity were noted to be related to how men take care of their own health.
Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review , 2006,
Abstract: This commentary is a confessional tale of my experiences as a heterosexual male interviewing gay men on issues of masculinity and body image. As a researcher on masculinity and body image over the past 12 years interviewing a range of males across ages, demographics and various sub-cultures, gay men appeared to me as being an important group of men to study given they have been under-researched where body image is concerned. Indeed, their voices have not been heard in many qualitative research projects to date. Therefore my aim was to listen to the voices of gay men, both younger and older, and allow them to share their life historical experiences around masculinity and the body. Some of the men I interviewed found it intriguing that I was a heterosexual male attempting to find out about gay men’s experiences. I did not consider this to be an issue at the time, nor do I consider it be an issue now. The following is an account of my experiences as a heterosexual male interviewing gay men.
Corpos consumidos: cultura de consumo gay carioca
Pereira, Severino Joaquim Nunes;Ayrosa, Eduardo André Teixeira;
Organiza??es & Sociedade , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-92302012000200007
Abstract: the study of socially marginalized groups, such as gays and blacks, among others, is highly relevant since these minorities are virtually denied the status of members of modern consumer society (barbosa, 2006). this study aims to investigate how possession of body is used by gay men to deal with the stigma of homosexual identity. the study is based on participant observation in a group of gay men in the city of rio de janeiro, as well as 20 semi-structured interviews with gay men conducted between 2005 and 2008. the results suggest that: (i) the body is construct, and as such is sculpted and manipulated according to the esthetic standards of gay culture (ii) the group studied seeks an ideal of hyper-masculinity and (iii) the meanings associated with the body are used as a form of demarcation in gay culture. these results reveal a wide range of services linked to this consumption of the body by the group. the body is used as an "insignia" allowing each person to control, discipline, domesticate and constrain his body to attain "good form", or the form required by the group.
Legitimacy of the Malays as the Sons of the Soil  [cached]
Od. M. Anwar,Wan Ahmad Fauzi Wan Husain,Junaidi Abu Bakar,Zulayti Zakaria
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v9n1p74
Abstract: This paper presents evidence to defend the Malay as legitimate sons of the soil. The arguments are supported by linguistic, archeological, paleoanthropological, prehistorian, botanical, genetic and forensic evidence. The bulk of the sources on indigenous concept of the sons of the soil are the Malay classical texts. Based those sources, it is argued that the Malays are entitled to be regarded as legitimate sons of the soil, firstly, their ancestors were not migrants, instead originated from the Nusantara region; secondly, their ancestors were the first who constituted the political establishment or effective administration in Nusantara in general and in Malaysia in particular; thirdly, the status of the Malay masses as the sons of the soil had been legitimized by the Malay Sultanates, a single supreme authority over all matter on the Malay sovereignty of all time till today; and, fourthly, the Malay themselves constituted the concept of sons of the soil and also the geo-political entity called Tanah Melayu (the Malay Land) long before the coming of foreign influences.
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