oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Sovereignty in Conflict  [cached]
Samantha Besson
European Integration Online Papers , 2004,
Abstract: Never has sovereignty been as fashionable as since its explanatory and normative force first came into doubt and its knell was tolled in the European Union. With the shift in authority away from the state to new sub-state, supra-state, post-state and non-state entities, an important question is whether the concept of ultimate authority or sovereignty is to be abandoned or, on the contrary, retained and, if so, in which form. This paper aims at exploring a third way that would allow us to escape from the two types of dualism that contrast state and sovereignty, first, and rejecting and saving sovereignty, second. This paper's argument is that sovereignty is neither the simple reflection of the new European and international reality nor the application of a pre-established concept whose criteria are immutable and risk corseting the post-national order. As an essentially contestable concept, sovereignty is at once a state of affairs, a question pertaining to the nature and justification of that state of affairs and a justification of the latter. The correct use of the concept of sovereignty consists therefore in constantly contesting one's conceptions of the concept and hence one's exercize of sovereignty. As such, the reflexive concept of sovereignty can be described as cooperative in the post-national constellation where sovereign entities overlap in their claims to sovereignty over the same territory and population. Read together with the principle of subsidiarity, cooperative sovereignty implies allocating competences to those authorities that are best placed to ensure the protection of shared sovereign values and principles, such as the values of democracy and fundamental rights. In the European context, cooperative sovereignty provides the normative framework for the development of a dynamic and reflexive form of constitutionalism. Through its duties of cooperation and coherence, cooperative sovereignty countervails the risks of erosion implied by constitutional pluralism, while also enhancing the legitimacy of the European polity. This can be observed in the context of difficult issues such as constitutional conflicts, legislative cooperation and, finally, multi-level constitutionalism.
Sovereignty in Conflict  [PDF]
Samantha Besson
European Integration Online Papers , 2004,
Abstract: Never has sovereignty been as fashionable as since its explanatory and normative force first came into doubt and its knell was tolled in the European Union. With the shift in authority away from the state to new sub-state, supra-state, post-state and non-state entities, an important question is whether the concept of ultimate authority or sovereignty is to be abandoned or, on the contrary, retained and, if so, in which form. This paper aims at exploring a third way that would allow us to escape from the two types of dualism that contrast state and sovereignty, first, and rejecting and saving sovereignty, second. This paper's argument is that sovereignty is neither the simple reflection of the new European and international reality nor the application of a pre-established concept whose criteria are immutable and risk corseting the post-national order. As an essentially contestable concept, sovereignty is at once a state of affairs, a question pertaining to the nature and justification of that state of affairs and a justification of the latter. The correct use of the concept of sovereignty consists therefore in constantly contesting one's conceptions of the concept and hence one's exercize of sovereignty. As such, the reflexive concept of sovereignty can be described as cooperative in the post-national constellation where sovereign entities overlap in their claims to sovereignty over the same territory and population. Read together with the principle of subsidiarity, cooperative sovereignty implies allocating competences to those authorities that are best placed to ensure the protection of shared sovereign values and principles, such as the values of democracy and fundamental rights. In the European context, cooperative sovereignty provides the normative framework for the development of a dynamic and reflexive form of constitutionalism. Through its duties of cooperation and coherence, cooperative sovereignty countervails the risks of erosion implied by constitutional pluralism, while also enhancing the legitimacy of the European polity. This can be observed in the context of difficult issues such as constitutional conflicts, legislative cooperation and, finally, multi-level constitutionalism.
La soberanía en áfrica: casi estados y otros mitos en la teoría internacional | Sovereignty in Africa: Quasi-Statehood and Other Myths in International Theory  [cached]
Siba N. GROVOGUI
Relaciones Internacionales , 2011,
Abstract: Este capítulo se centra en dos errores a menudo repetidos. El primero es la idea de que los estados poseen, de modo uniforme, una cierta coherencia orgánica generada por un ajuste resuelto entre estado y nación, un deseo legítimo del estado de mantener esta relación, una probada aptitud por su parte para crear y conservar un entorno seguro para la nación, así como una capacidad verosímil para defenderse frente a las entidades competidoras. El segundo es que la soberanía postcolonial constituya una desviación histórica del sistema westfaliano, tanto en lo relativo a la ficción jurídica como a la realidad empírica. [...] Para ilustrar mis argumentos, tendré en cuenta las formas de soberanía histórica que los hegemons occidentales previeron para Bélgica y Suiza por un lado, y para el Congo/Zaire por otro, durante los dos últimos siglos. This chapter focuses on two oft-repeated errors. One is the notion that Western states uniformly possess a certain organic coherence generated by a purposeful fit between state and nation, a legitimate state desire to maintain this relation, a proven state capacity to defend itself against competing entities. The other is that post-colonial sovereignty constitutes an historical deviation from Western norms, both as a juridical fiction and an empirical reality. [...] To illustrate my points, I will consider the historical forms of sovereignty that Western hegemons envisioned for Belgium and Switzerland, on the one hand, and Congo/Zaire, on the other, during the last two centuries.
Doubts and Dissents on Food Sovereignty  [cached]
Joel F. Ariate Jr.
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2011,
Abstract: Working on the trope that propagating the concept of food sovereignty is akin to proselytizing a belief, the essay raises questions on the claims and intents of food sovereignty.
Soberania On Sovereignty  [cached]
António Horta Fernandes
Rela??es Internacionais (R:I) , 2009,
Abstract: A soberania e o que ela significa é uma das quest es menos discutidas hoje em politologia, aparecendo mesmo praticamente informulada em rela es internacionais. Provavelmente podemos encontrar raz es para isso no estrito empirismo e positivismo que marca hoje muitas das análises nesses saberes Todavia, talvez a raz o principal se deva encontrar na forma como os racionais soberanos se impregnaram no corpo político moderno e contemporaneo, ao ponto de parecerem o ar que respiramos. O presente artigo visa precisamente desconstruir essa impregna o, tentando chamar a aten o para a duvidosa consistência praxista da soberania, trazendo a lume a sua arquitectura. Sovereignty and what it means is less discussed on Political Science and International Relations. May be we could justify it because of the empiric and positivism that even more support that studies. However, the main justification could be found on the way as the rational sovereigns has crossed the modern and contemporary political body - seems to be the air we breathe. This article will try to deconstruct this impregnation and to alert to the uncertain consistence of sovereignty by stressing its architecture.
The myths of the Bear  [PDF]
E. Antonello
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: Following previous works on ancient myths in Greek and Latin literature regarding Ursa Major, and the possible relation with the ancient shape of the constellation, we discuss further this case in the light of the evolution of Homo sapiens and the ethnographic records of populations of Eurasia and North America.
Food Sovereignty as an Emerging Concept
Kheira Issaoui-Mansouri
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2011,
Abstract: Food sovereignty is a concept introduced in 1996 by a peasant network called Via Campesina during the World Food Summit hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. In the past ten years, food sovereignty has grown in popularity and the concept is now used by many nongovernment organizations (NGOs) and grassroots organizations from industrialized, developing, and underdeveloped countries. This article draws on interviews with seventeen activists and professionals who work regularly with the concept of food sovereignty to examine their interpretation of said concept and the way they think it should be put into practice.
The Concept and Content of Sovereignty
Victor Rusu
EIRP Proceedings , 2009,
Abstract: Sovereignty is the quality of state power, on the basis of which it is empowered to adopt anypolitical, legal, military and economic decision in all home and foreign affairs, without the interferenceof another power. The concept of sovereignty was defined in many ways, put in different context byphilosophers and legal experts, yet the basic idea remains always the same, and namely – statesovereignty includes 2 inseparable elements: state supremacy within the state and state independence inrelation to other powers.
Fear, Sovereignty, and the Right to Die  [PDF]
Jennifer J. Hardes
Societies , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/soc3010066
Abstract: This paper addresses the “right to die” through the lens of Derrida’s The Beast and the Sovereign, Volume One. Specifically focusing on the case of Tony Nicklinson v. Ministry of Justice, 2012, the essay posits two things. First, Derrida’s insight helps us understand how a “fear of death” is a fundamental performative feature of sovereignty politics. Second, in order to maintain its performative role, sovereignty must perpetuate the belief that “man is wolf to man.” I argue that, in right-to-die cases, this has the effect of precluding compassionate reasons for taking the life of another. Thus, I posit that these two points, in part, explain how right-to-die cases fail on appeal. All is not lost, however, as this essay advances Derrida’s position that these performative workings of sovereignty, which currently preclude the right to die, are entirely deconstructable. As such, exploring how right-to-die cases are articulated in law permits a deconstruction of sovereignty politics and allows us to open up other ways of thinking about the relation between sovereignty, life, death, and our relationships with “others”.
VALUE ASPECTS OF SOVEREIGNTY: UKRAINE AND THE WORLD ЦЕННОСТНЫЙ АСПЕКТ СУВЕРЕННОСТИ: УКРАИНА И МИР Ц НН СН АСПЕКТИ СУВЕРЕННОСТ : УКРА НА СВ Т
Ю.М. ПАХОМОВ
Strategy of Ukraine : Economics, Sociology, Law , 2011,
Abstract: The article presents a study of transformation mechanisms of national sovereignty . The problems of Ukraine's sovereignty in conditions of technological backwardness and property differentiation are examined. The risks of neoliberal ideology for Ukraine are proved. В статье представлено исследование механизмов трансформации национального суверенитета. Рассмотрены проблемы реализации суверенитета в Украине в условиях технологической отсталости и имущественной дифференциации. Обосновано риски неолиберальной идеологии для Украины. У статт представлено досл дження механ зм в трансформац нац онального суверен тету. Розглянуто проблеми реал зац суверен тету в Укра н в умовах технолог чно в дсталост та майново диференц ац . Об рунтовано ризики неол берально деолог для Укра ни.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.