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Corina Pop Sitar
Studia Universitatis Vasile Goldis Arad, Seria Stiinte Economice , 2011,
Abstract: The concept of e-procurement has many different meanings ranging from shopping on theinternet (through reverse auction) to collaborative initiatives taking place in virtualmeetings. There are many forms of e-procurement that can be found in the literature. In thispaper we define the most important forms of e-procurement. Next, we present the mainbarriers of implementing an e-procurement found in the literature. Furthermore, we presenta matrix with the main barriers of e-procurement classified in four main categories. Finally,we elaborated for managers some guidelines in order to overcome the barriers ofimplementing e-procurement.
Assessment of procurement methods used for executing maintenance works in Lagos state
OA Adenuga, OS Dosumu
Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management , 2012,
Abstract: The objectives of the study are to determine the procurement methods used by clients to execute maintenance works in Lagos state, identify the factors that influence the choice of those methods and establish the differences in the efficiencies of out-sourced and in-sourced maintenance. Out of the 60 questionnaires sent out to respondents, 34 (giving a response rate of 57%) were retrieved and used for the study. The 34 responses were obtained from randomly selected organizations like Local Authority Housing, Housing Association, Residential Managing Agent, Universities, Health Authorities and Private Commercial Property Owners. The results of the study show that direct labour, lump sum contract and traditional contract, cost reimbursement contract and measured term contracts, are the most commonly adopted procurement methods in Lagos state for maintenance works. Time duration, cost of project and quality level required, are the major factors influencing the choice of procurement methods. Others are risk allocation, price competition and flexibility of contract. Finally, better access to special skills, getting the latest technologies, higher quality work and higher security are the important efficiency factors for out-sourcing and in-sourcing.
Evergreen Brick Works: An Innovation and Sustainability Case Study
Seana Irvine
Technology Innovation Management Review , 2012,
Abstract: Technology is rapidly being deployed to advance social innovation that creates lasting change. This case study of Evergreen Brick Works explores how Evergreen is leveraging the power of its unique new campus as a showcase for advancing sustainability-related behavioural change along with new and emerging state-of-the-art technologies to advance its mission. The ultimate success of these technologies will be in their ability to engage larger numbers and greater diversity among participants, and in their ability to translate new insights into on-the-ground change in their communities. The article also identifies that the need for an organizational network mindset is as important as the technologies to achieve these changes.
Engineering and Sustainability: Attitudes and Actions  [PDF]
Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/su5010372
Abstract: The results of an extensive survey of engineers and engineering students suggest there is a strong focus on the implementation of sustainability concepts, actions and measures in engineering. The main sustainable technology priorities are using less energy and natural resources, reducing emissions and material wastes, and utilizing renewable, recyclable and recycled materials. Sustainable engineering within organizations is mainly driven by regulatory requirements, rising energy costs and client demand, but challenges to sustainable engineering like economics need to be addressed to increase the incorporation of sustainability in engineering. Nonetheless, about two-thirds of practicing engineers have worked on sustainable products and processes, and over half of engineering students are involved with sustainable design in their studies.
Drivers and Barriers of Sustainability Reporting in the Greek Public Forest Service  [PDF]
Konstantinos G. Papaspyropoulos, Dimitrios Karamanolis
Open Journal of Accounting (OJAcct) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojacct.2016.53005
Abstract: The present research focuses on the Public Forest Service’s accountability practices. The Public Forest Service in Greece is used as a research case. This organization produces annually an “Activity Report” based on lagging indicators, presenting to the public past activities in order to manage forest and natural resources in Greece. However, there is no information about negative impacts, no target setting and no indication about sustainability reporting practices. Therefore, the factors that could push the Public Forest Service in Greece to improve its sustainability reporting are explored. Discussions with the expert foresters who are responsible for the data collection and construction of the organization’s Activity Report take place for finding out the drivers and barriers of improving such a report to a sustainability report. The results show that the determinants can be divided into internal and external and that in the current framework it will be very difficult for the organization to use methods and indicators that could increase its accountability and sustainability reporting practices.
Eco-nomics: Are the Planet-Unfriendly Features of Capitalism Barriers to Sustainability?  [PDF]
Merrill Singer
Sustainability , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/su2010127
Abstract: This paper argues that there are essential features of capitalist modes of production, consumption, and waste dispersal in interaction with the environment and its built-in systemic features that contradict long-term sustainable development. These features include: (a) contradictions in the origin and meaning of sustainability; (b) the central role of the productivity ethic in capitalism and its reproduction in emergent green capitalism; (c) the commodification of nature and the continued promotion of expanding consumption; (d) globalism and the contradictions of continued Western-style development; and (e) the emergence of anthropogenic ecocrises and crises interaction. In light of these barriers to capitalist sustainability, an alternative social narrative is needed, one that embraces values, understandings, and relationships that promote ecological stability and justice.
Sustainability Study of Government Procurement of Public Services in Guangzhou—A Perspective Based on the Resources Dependence of Social Work  [PDF]
Li Pan
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.312012
Abstract: The recently prevalent government procurement of public services in China boasts a new form of government’s provision of public service through the purchasing of social work from social organizations, a new measure of the transformation in governmental functions as well as an unprecedented opportunity for the development of social organizations. For the past few years, the phenomenon of a surge in the number of social work organizations and social work staff emerged right with the initiatives of energetically carrying out the purchase of public services by the government. Such efforts have presented the strong determination of the Chinese government in building a small government by streamlining administration and delegating part of the governmental power to social organizations. This paper was based on the 2012-2014 performance appraisal project of the Guangzhou municipal government’s purchasing of public services and the project was carried out in the summer of 2015. During the process of the appraisal, several general problems hindering the sustainable development of government purchasing of public service have been observed. As Guangzhou is among the rank of pioneer cities in the conduct of the reform, it is representative and imperative to study the sustainability of government purchasing of public service. In 2012, Guangzhou local government started contracting out public service to the community social organizations to provide general family services and special services to community residents, since when integrated family service centers and special service centers were established as platforms to provide public social service in a city-wide range. Consequently, taking an example of the current rapid development of government purchase of the integrated family services and special services in Guangzhou, this paper puts up several proposals for the sustainable development of Guangzhou municipal government’s procurement of public services on the perspective of social work’s resource dependence.
M.K. Alam,MD.R. Hasan
Journal of Construction in Developing Countries , 2010,
Abstract: Haor is the local name of the saucer-shaped, naturally depressed areas of Bangladesh. There are 414 haors in the northeast region that comprise approximately 17% of the country. These areas are submerged under deep water from July to November due to the overflow of rivers and heavy rainfall, causing them to appear like seas with erosive waves. Recently, the wave attack has drastically increased because of de-plantation and changing cropping patterns to allow for more agricultural production. The local people, government and Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) have tried many techniques to protect life and property against wave attacks. A cost comparison shows that Cement Concrete (CC) blocks over geotextile on the slope embankment is a cost-effective, environment friendly and socially acceptable method to prevent loss of life and property. However, the design rules employed by the engineers are faulty because there is knowledge gap in the application of wave hydraulics among these professionals. As a result, damage frequently occurs and maintenance costs are increasing. This study explores the sustainability of the CC blocks used in the Haor areas by evaluating two case studies with the verification of available design rules.
Extending the Influence of Scenario Development in Sustainability Planning and Strategy  [PDF]
Peter R. Mulvihill,Victoria Kramkowski
Sustainability , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/su2082449
Abstract: There is wide agreement that a transition toward deeper forms of sustainability would require transformational changes at many levels, transcending current patterns of incremental progress. Transformational changes might only occur, in many instances, over time frames that extend well beyond those of mainstream approaches to planning. The need for more explicit attention to longer term futures is reflected in the increasing use of scenario-based processes applied to sustainability challenges. The full potential of scenario development remains, however, largely untapped; many audiences have yet to be engaged, intrigued and influenced by them. This review article explores key barriers to more effective use of scenario development in relation to sustainability challenges, including: (1) the persistent predictive orientation of sustainability planning exercises; (2) the relatively low level of interest in weak signals and their implications; (3) institutionalized aversion to long term planning; and (4) the predominance of an essentialist perspective.
Lex et Scientia , 2010,
Abstract: Critical studies of the procurement process in Kosova, and comparisons with the best European and worldwide experiences, are a good base for developing an efficient procurement system. I conducted a Survey in the Office of Procurement. A particular part of the work has been dedicated to procurement procedures. Comprehensive Study of Procurement in Kosovo based on facts and statistical indexes figured through statistical software SPSS, MINITAB, EXEL (highlights author of study), created easiness in compiling of this study. Evidences proceeded at the program created possibility for real reflection in the procurement field, experiences, difficulties and problems as well as Law deformation of Procurement Institution in Kosova. The objective of study was double: First, focusing on empirical studies and few pioneer experiences in the field of procurement, in the years 2000-2006 which showed the reality of the situation – personal experiences, failures and actions or events beyond their control. Second, based on research results and theorical/science achievements and positive experiences at the EU countries and worldwide in the procurement field, to suggest Kosova Institutions concrete models, practical and functional of Kosovo procurement. In order for the research to become much more resultant and conclusions more objective, theorical science model and research base are laid down first. Due to this aim, the study is based on the method of direct interview. In the research are included 43 units of Procurement in Kosova Questionary is followed by associated paper in regard to make it clear at interviewers for object of research and ensure confidentiality of answers. In order to avoid problems in the evaluation of answers given from canvasser, for any question one by one is defined the manner of reporting of results. Compiled work of study is based on primary and secondary data. Primary data are provided through data collection with survey from Procurement Entities, while, Procurement Law, regulations and Guidance as well as relevant Literature in the field of Procurement have been used as secondary data.
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