Abstract:
We present a new parametric class of spherically symmetric analytic solutions of the general relativistic field equations in canonical coordinates, which corresponds to causal models of perfect fluid balls. These solutions describe perfect fluid balls with infinite central pressure and infinite central density though their ratio is positively finite and less then one. From the solutions of this class we have constructed two causal models in which outmarch of pressure, density is positive and monotonically decreasing and pressure-density ratio is less than one throughout with in the balls. Corresponding to these models we have maximized the Neutron star masses 3.24MQ and 3.48MQ with the linear dimensions 32.09Kms and 34.36Kms respectively with equal surface red shift 0.5811.

Abstract:
In this paper we study the isotropic cases of static charged fluid spheres in general relativity. For this purpose we consider two different specialization and under these we solve the Einstein-Maxwell field equations in isotropic coordinates. The analytical solutions thus we obtained are matched to the exterior Reissner-Nordstr\"om solutions which concern with the values for the metric coefficients $e^{\nu}$ and $e^{\mu}$. We derive the pressure, density, pressure-to-density ratio at the centre of the charged fluid sphere and boundary $R$ of the star. Our conclusion is that static charged fluid spheres provide a good connection to compact stars.

Abstract:
Interior perfect fluid solutions for the Reissner-Nordstrom metric are studied on the basis of a new classification scheme. It specifies which two of the fluid's characteristics are given functions and picks up accordingly one of the three main field equations, the other two being universal. General formulae are found for charged de Sitter solutions, the case of constant energy component of the energy-momentum tensor, the case of known pressure (including charged dust) and the case of linear equation of state. Explicit new global solutions, mainly in elementary functions, are given as illustrations. Known solutions are briefly reviewed and corrected.

Abstract:
The slow-rotation approximation of Hartle is developed to a setting where a charged rotating fluid is present. The linearized Einstein-Maxwell equations are solved on the background of the Reissner-Nordstrom space-time in the exterior electrovacuum region. The theory is put to action for the charged generalization of the Wahlquist solution found by Garcia. The Garcia solution is transformed to coordinates suitable for the matching and expanded in powers of the angular velocity. The two domains are then matched along the zero pressure surface using the Darmois-Israel procedure. We prove a theorem to the effect that the exterior region is asymptotically flat if and only if the parameter C_{2}, characterizing the magnitude of an external magnetic field, vanishes. We obtain the form of the constant C_{2} for the Garcia solution. We conjecture that the Garcia metric cannot be matched to an asymptotically flat exterior electrovacuum region even to first order in the angular velocity. This conjecture is supported by a high precision numerical analysis.

Abstract:
Interior perfect fluid solutions for the Reissner-Nordstrom metric are studied on the basis of a new classification scheme. General formulas are found in many cases. Explicit new global solutions are given as illustrations. Known solutions are briefly reviewed.

Abstract:
In a static spherically symmetric Einstein-Maxwell spacetime the class of astrophysical solution found out by Ray and Das (2002) and Pant and Sah (1979) are revisited here in connection to the phenomenological relationship between the gravitational and electromagnetic fields. It is qualitatively shown that the charged relativistic stars of Tolman (1939) and Bayin (1978) type are of purely electromagnetic origin. The existence of this type of astrophysical solutions is a probable extension of Lorentz's conjecture that electron-like extended charged particle possesses only `electromagnetic mass' and no `material mass'.

Abstract:
In present paper we construct the classical and minisuperspace quantum models of an extended charged particle. The modelling is based on the radiation fluid singular hypersurface filled with physical vacuum. We demonstrate that both at classical and quantum levels such a model can have equilibrium states at the radius equal to the classical radius of a charged particle. In the cosmological context the model could be considered also as the primary stationary state, having the huge internal energy being nonobservable for an external observer, from which the Universe was born by virtue of the quantum tunnelling.

Abstract:
In this article, Einstein-Maxwell space-time has been considered in connection to some of the astrophysical solutions as previously obtained by Tolman (1939) and Bayin (1978). The effect of inclusion of charge into these solutions has been investigated thoroughly and also the nature of fluid pressure and mass density throughout the sphere have been discussed. Mass-radius and mass-charge relations have been derived for various cases of the charged matter distribution. Two cases are obtained where perfect fluid with positive pressures give rise to electromagnetic mass models such that gravitational mass is of purely electromagnetic origin.

Abstract:
It is proven that the relativistic charged ball with its charge less than its mass (in natural units) cannot have a non-singular static configuration while its radius approaches its external horizon size. This conclusion does not depend on the details of charge distribution and the equation of state. The involved assumptions are (1) the ball is made of perfect fluid, (2) the energy density is everywhere non-negative.

Abstract:
This paper concerns hylomorphic solitons, namely stable, solitary waves whose existence is related to the ratio energy/charge. In theoretical physics, the name Q-ball refers to a type of hylomorphic solitons or soli- tary waves relative to the Nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation (NKG). We are interested in the existence of charged Q-balls, namely Q-balls for the Nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation coupled with the Maxwell equations (NKGM). In this case the charge reduces to the electric charge. The main result of this paper establishes that stable, charged Q-balls exist provided that the interaction between matter and the gauge ?eld is su?ciently small.