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Measurement of competitiveness degree in Tunisian deposit banks: An application of the Panzar and Rosse model
Mensi Sami
Panoeconomicus , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/pan1002189m
Abstract: This paper explores the use of the Panzar-Rosse statistic as a basis for empirical assessment of competitive conditions among Tunisian deposit banks. The elaborated model has been tested with an interest revenues equation and a total revenues equation. Proceeding by means of an Ordinary Least Square analysis, the H-statistics is respectively estimated at 0.87 and 0.91. The computations undertaken using bank fixed effects and bank random effects General Least Square methods yield similar results. With reference to the reviewed literature, we are inclined to believe that Tunisian banks implement neither a joint monopoly nor a collusive competition context, and that they evolve within an oligopolistic competition context in a contestable market. Thus, it confirms the presence of a competitive environment.
The evolution of competition in banking in a transition economy: an application of the Panzar-Rosse model to Armenia  [PDF]
Armenuhi Mkrtchyan
The European Journal of Comparative Economics , 2005,
Abstract: The structure of the banking industry typically undergoes fundamental changes during the transition to a market economy. This research employs the method suggested by Panzar and Rosse (1987) to evaluate the empirical evidence on the evolution of competitive structure in the Armenian banking industry during its recent transition and on the possible forces—market power or efficiency/contestability—that underlie that evolution. The results point to monopolistic competition.The reduction of bank numbers and the simultaneous increase in concentration is accompanied by a decline in competition intensity, which supports the market-power hypothesis
Pearson-Fisher Chi-Square Statistic Revisited  [PDF]
Sorana D. Bolboac?,Lorentz J?ntschi,Adriana F. Sestra?,Radu E. Sestra?,Doru C. Pamfil
Information , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/info2030528
Abstract: The Chi-Square test (χ 2 test) is a family of tests based on a series of assumptions and is frequently used in the statistical analysis of experimental data. The aim of our paper was to present solutions to common problems when applying the Chi-square tests for testing goodness-of-fit, homogeneity and independence. The main characteristics of these three tests are presented along with various problems related to their application. The main problems identified in the application of the goodness-of-fit test were as follows: defining the frequency classes, calculating the X 2 statistic, and applying the χ 2 test. Several solutions were identified, presented and analyzed. Three different equations were identified as being able to determine the contribution of each factor on three hypothesizes (minimization of variance, minimization of square coefficient of variation and minimization of X 2 statistic) in the application of the Chi-square test of homogeneity. The best solution was directly related to the distribution of the experimental error. The Fisher exact test proved to be the “golden test” in analyzing the independence while the Yates and Mantel-Haenszel corrections could be applied as alternative tests.
Testing for Competition in the Nigerian Commercial Banking Sector  [PDF]
Rufus Adebayo Ajisafe, Anthony Enisan Akinlo
Modern Economy (ME) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/me.2013.47054
Abstract:

The study determined the degree of competition in the banking sector between 1990 and 2009 using Panzar and Rosse (PR) methodology. The data for the study were obtained from the annual reports and statement of accounts of fifteen commercial banks in Nigeria which were purposively selected for the study. The data collected were analysed using dynamic panel generalised method of moment estimation technique with fixed effect. The results of the analysis showed that the Nigerian commercial banks were characterised by monopolistic competition with H-statistic significantly different from zero for all sample periods and sub-sample periods. The value of H-statistic ranged between 0.0925 and 0.1168. The study concluded that the banking industry in Nigeria exhibited monopolistic competition which supports the results obtained from previous studies in the developed economies.

Fractional statistic  [PDF]
M. C. Bergère
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1063/1.1286982
Abstract: We improve Haldane's formula which gives the number of configurations for $N$ particles on $d$ states in a fractional statistic defined by the coupling $g=l/m$. Although nothing is changed in the thermodynamic limit, the new formula makes sense for finite $N=pm+r$ with $p$ integer and $0
Observations of Low Frequency Solar Radio Bursts from the Rosse Solar-Terrestrial Observatory  [PDF]
P. Zucca,E. P. Carley,J. McCauley,P. T. Gallagher,C. Monstein,R. T. J. McAteer
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-012-9992-x
Abstract: The Rosse Solar-Terrestrial Observatory (RSTO; www.rosseobservatory.ie) was established at Birr Castle, Co. Offaly, Ireland (53 05'38.9", 7 55'12.7") in 2010 to study solar radio bursts and the response of the Earth's ionosphere and geomagnetic field. To date, three Compound Astronomical Low-cost Low-frequency Instrument for Spectroscopy and Transportable Observatory (CALLISTO) spectrometers have been installed, with the capability of observing in the frequency range 10-870 MHz. The receivers are fed simultaneously by biconical and log-periodic antennas. Nominally, frequency spectra in the range 10-400 MHz are obtained with 4 sweeps per second over 600 channels. Here, we describe the RSTO solar radio spectrometer set-up, and present dynamic spectra of a sample of Type II, III and IV radio bursts. In particular, we describe fine-scale structure observed in Type II bursts, including band splitting and rapidly varying herringbone features.
Wilf Equivalence for the Charge Statistic  [PDF]
Kendra Killpatrick
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: Savage and Sagan have recently defined a notion of st-Wilf equivalence for any permutation statistic st and any two sets of permutations $\Pi$ and $\Pi'$. In this paper we give a thorough investigation of st-Wilf equivalence for the charge statistic on permutations and use a bijection between the charge statistic and the major index to prove a conjecture of Dokos, Dwyer, Johnson, Sagan and Selsor regarding powers of 2 and the major index.
The cycle descent statistic on permutations  [PDF]
Jun Ma,Shimei Ma,Yeong-Nan Yeh,Zhu Xu
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper we study the cycle descent statistic on permutations. Several involutions on permutations and derangements are constructed. Moreover, we construct a bijection between negative cycle descent permutations and Callan perfect matchings.
The flush statistic on semistandard Young tableaux  [PDF]
Ben Salisbury
Mathematics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.crma.2014.03.007
Abstract: In this note, a statistic on Young tableaux is defined which encodes data needed for the Casselman-Shalika formula.
Where the Tsallis Statistic is valid?  [PDF]
L. Velazquez,F. Guzman
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: In the present paper are analysed the conditions for the validity of the Tsallis Statistics. The same have been done following the analogy with the traditional case: starting from the microcanonical description of the systems and analysing the scaling properties of the fundamental macroscopic observables in the Thermodynamic Limit. It is shown that the Generalized Legendre Formalism in the Tsallis Statistic only could be applied for one special class of the bordering systems, those with non exponential growth of the accessible states density in the thermodynamic limit and zero-order divergency behavior for the fundamental macroscopic observables, systems located in the chaos threshold.
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