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Painful Symptomatology Reported by Dentistry Students at a Brazilian University  [PDF]
Cristiane Assun??o da Costa Cunha, Iris do Ceu Clara Costa, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, Dyego Leandro Bezerra de Souza, Fábia Barbosa de Andrade, Ant?nio Medeiros Júnior
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.78115
Abstract: Objectives: Identification of the level of knowledge on ergonomics principles, and application of these by dentistry students to investigate whether painful symptomatology was experienced. An-other objective is the expansion of discussions on occupational health in academic settings. Study Design and Settings: Dentistry students of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil (n = 148) were surveyed using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire to determine the severity of musculoskeletal symptoms experienced. Data were analyzed through EpiInfo 7.0 to measure central trends and variability 5for quantitative variables, absolute and relative frequencies for categorical variables, and significance between groups (confidence intervals and chisquare). Association analysis (Pearson) was also carried out. Results: Ergonomic measures were not reported by students. Within the musculoskeletal symptoms described, females were the most affected, independent of academic level. Conclusions: Positive correlations were verified between all categories and all anatomic regions (e.g., neck, lower back, wrists, hands, and shoulders). Data suggest progressive worsening of symptoms, which will eventually result in leaves of absence.
The antibiotic utilization at the university dentistry clinical center of Kosovo  [PDF]
Fehim Haliti, Naim Haliti, Ferit Ko?ani, Agim Begzati, Fatmir Dragidella, Luljeta Ferizi, Lumnije Krasniqi, Dafina Doberdoli, Shqiprim Bajrami, Shaip Krasniqi
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2013.39080
Abstract:

Antibiotic drugs are a very important drug group considering their frequent use, safety profile and their impact on bacterial resistance induction. Aim: To investigate the utilization of antibiotic drugs at the University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo (UDCCK). Methodology: Retrospective and descriptive study. Patient records were used as a data source collected for a period of 3 months. The total number of registered outpatients in the UDCCK was 1117 patients. The data analysis was performed using the WHO methodology and results were expressed in DDD per 1000 inhabitants per day. Results: The total prescription of antibiotics at UDCCK was 7.18 DDD/ 1000 inhabitants/day. Antibiotics were prescribed for 86 or 7.70% of patients. The most commonly prescribed antibiotic was Amoxicillin with clavulonic acid 3.12 (43.45%) DDD, followed by Metronidazole 2.31 DDD and Amoxicillin 1.25 DDD. Erythromycin and Cefalexin were prescribed evidently less compared to other antibiotics (0.38 and 0.12 DDD/1000 inhabitant/day, respectively). Conclusions: The quantitative analysis showed no rationality of prescription of antibiotics in UDCCK. Generally, the use of antibiotics in both departments of UDCCK is higher compared to other countries. We recommend the implementation of restrictive prescription standards for antibiotics.

Der "Frühe Patientenkontakt" im Studiengang Zahnmedizin [Community Dentistry and early patient contact at the department of dentistry at the University of Greifswald]
Ratzmann, Anja,Gedrange, Tomas,Korda?, Bernd
GMS Zeitschrift für Medizinische Ausbildung , 2006,
Abstract: [english] The "Early Patient Contact" is a relatively new "Teaching Concept" enabling students to receive an insight early on their studies about patient contact and treatment possibilities. Within the one year visiting program the students had "Hands-on" experience with "real patients". Through accompanying lectures using the "Problem-based learning method" (PBL) students were able to learn about the principles of Community Medicine/Dentistry within the Health Service, and about population relevant illnesses. An evaluation form part of a Questionaire made evident that it is possible to provide considerable improvement of the medical/dental education as regards communication skills and understanding of the patients' perceptions, by letting the student establish contact with patients at the very beginning of the curriculum. The students found that experience of high importance. [german] Das Lehrkonzept "Der Frühe Patientenkontakt" für den Studiengang der Zahnmedizin wird im Rahmen der Community Medicine/Dentistry an der Universit t Greifswald durchgeführt. Die Lehreinheit erstreckt sich über die ersten vier vorklinischen Semester. Die wesentliche Zielstellung besteht darin, den Studierenden bereits zu Beginn des Zahnmedizinstudiums einen Patientenkontakt zu erm glichen und somit das Zahnmedizinstudium frühzeitig patientennah zu gestalten. Sie lernen einen "Echt-Patienten" und dessen Lebenssituation über den Zeitraum von einem Jahr kennen. Anhand von begleitenden Vorlesungen und Seminaren wird das Prinzip der Community Medicine/Dentistry erl utert und die Studierenden werden mit bev lkerungsrelevanten Erkrankungen und Gesundheitsstrukturen bekannt gemacht. Dabei wird unter anderem die Lehrmethode "Problemorientiertes Lernen" angewendet. Das Lehrprojekt wird zu Beginn und zum Abschluss mittels eines speziellen Evaluationsbogens ausgewertet. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Studierenden den "Frühen Patientenkontakt" zu Beginn des Studiums mehrheitlich positiv bewerten. Das Projekt erm glicht den Teilnehmern erste Erfahrungen im dialogischen Beziehungsaufbau und einen Einblick in die komplexe Pers nlichkeitsstruktur eines "echten Patienten". Die Studierenden halten es für wichtig, bereits frühzeitig reale "Patientenwirklichkeiten" kennen zu lernen.
Implant Success Rate in the Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Shahroodi MH,? Jan-NesarS
Journal of Dental Medicine , 2000,
Abstract: In recent years the use of titanium implant have received special attention in dentistry. In 1994 an implant clinic has established in Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Science and since then, 289 implants have been placed for 120 patients. In literatures a success rate of 93% and 84% of implants placed in mandible and maxilla respectively, have been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate implant success rate at implant clinic of Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Science. This study was based on reviewing the patients' charts. Results showed that success rates for Branmark, ITI, and IMZ implant systems were 94%, 95%, and 97% respectively. The higher success rate achieved in this clinic might be due to shorter period of time which implants were placed. Researches showed that care in patient selection, treatment planning, and following exact surgical and prosthetic principles will lead to a higher success and lower failure rates.
Knowledge, Opinions and Practice of Last Year Dentistry Students of Shahid Beheshti University Regarding Diagnosis and Differentiation of Malignant Lesions
Jamileh Beigom Taheri,Mahkameh Moshfeghi,Fahimeh Anbari,Zahra Namazi,Sedigheh Bakhtiari
Research Journal of Medical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjmsci.2010.238.242
Abstract: The present study assessed the knowledge, opinions and practice of last year dentistry students of Shahid Beheshti university about diagnosis and differentiation of malignant jaw lesions during 2006-2007. This descriptive study was performed by the means of a self-administered questionnaire that was filled out by the last year dentistry students attending their last practical radiology subject. The questionnaire included two sections of knowledge and practice with opinion. The questionnaire was given as a final exam of this subject. The census sampling was taken and 34 students (61.8% females and 38.2% males) were participated. No consultation was possible and they had to answer the questions under the controlled conditions. The scores were analyzed by Mann-Whitney, Spearman ratio and Kendall tau-b ratios. The average of participants scores on knowledge indicated low level knowledge of students on radiographic features of the jaws. The students believed that border of lesions and its influence on adjacent structures had the most important role on definition of benign and malignant lesions. It has been shown that students knowledge about radiographic features of malignant lesions is low. However, more studies are needed in this field.
Distance Mesuring of Physical Activity among Students and Workers of Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.5923/j.ajmms.20120202.04
Abstract: Since 2007 Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry (MSUMD) uses its own teleconferencing facilities. Distance learning courses on health promotion were started. Electronic textbooks in the field of health promotion were made available. Online questionnaire was design to determine physical activity (PA) which is known to be one of risk factors of development of chronic disease. Methods: 846 students and 144 workers of MSUMD were distance tested to detect their usual PA. Results: The used procedure proved to be valid. PA in women demonstrated to be lower than in men; PA of workers was higher than in students. Additional risk factors (i.e. obesity, smoking) were earlier found in students. Conclusion: Female students might have higher risk of noncommunicable diseases than male students in future due to their low PA. It seems to be higher spread of behavior risk factors among students than workers.
Knowledge, Opinions and Practice of Last Year Dentistry Students of Shahid Beheshti University Regarding Diagnosis and Differentiation of Malignant Lesions
Jamileh Beigom Taheri,Mahkameh Moshfeghi,Fahimeh Anbari,Zahra Namazi,Sedigheh Bakhtiari
Agricultural Journal , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/aj.2010.196.200
Abstract: The present study assessed the knowledge, opinions and practice of last year dentistry students of Shahid Beheshti university about diagnosis and differentiation of malignant jaw lesions during 2006-2007. This descriptive study was performed by the means of a self-administered questionnaire that was filled out by the last year dentistry students attending their last practical radiology subject. The questionnaire included two sections of knowledge and practice with opinion. The questionnaire was given as a final exam of this subject. The census sampling was taken and 34 students (61.8% females and 38.2% males) were participated. No consultation was possible and they had to answer the questions under the controlled conditions. The scores were analyzed by Mann-Whitney, Spearman ratio and Kendall tau-b ratios. The average of participant s scores on knowledge indicated low level knowledge of students on radiographic features of the jaws. The students believed that border of lesions and its influence on adjacent structures had the most important role on definition of benign and malignant lesions. It has been shown that student s knowledge about radiographic features of malignant lesions is low. In the present study. However, more studies are needed in this field.
Reflections and conclusions of the work developed by the electronics teaching innovation group at the university of Valladolid  [cached]
Luis Carlos Herrero de Lucas,Fernando Rafael Pardo Seco,Maria Luisa Fernando Velázquez,Maria Luisa González González
Journal of Technology and Science Education , 2011, DOI: 10.3926/jotse.21
Abstract: We present the main conclusions and reflections obtained by the Electronics Teaching Innovation Group (Grupo de Innovación Docente en Electrónica, GIDEN) in the University of Valladolid (UVa) about its main working topics. This group is composed of teachers from the Industrial Engineering Degree, major speciality in Industrial Electronics, and Electronic and Automatic Industrial Engineering Degree, at the School of Industrial Engineering, who are interested in the introduction of active methodologies. Sharing ideas, reflections and conclusions in such a cooperative environment between teachers with common interests has driven the success of the different teaching activities carried out by the members of the GIDEN, which forms the work presented in this paper.
Prevalence of dental trauma among children treated in the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the State University of Amazonas  [PDF]
Andrea Melo Moutinho da Costa,Savana Maia,Gabriel Lucas de Cardoso da Cruz,Regina Maria Puppin Rontani
RSBO , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Dental trauma is an acute energy transmission to the tooth and to the supporting structures that may result in fracture, tooth dislocation, breaking or crushing of supporting tissues. Objective: This retrospective study aimed to evaluate dental trauma prevalence among children treated in the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the State University of Amazonas (short UEA) from July 2005 to June 2009. Material and methods: The sample used in the analysis consisted of 171 children treated in the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the State University of Amazonas (short UEA), Manaus – Amazonas – Brazil. Results: Dental trauma prevalence among these children was 29.8%. No statistically significant association was found regarding to gender. Conclusion: The prevalence of dental trauma among children treated in the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the State University of Amazonas was in average 29.8%, which is agreement with other studies.
Evaluation of the reasons for the extraction among patients referred to the Oral Surgery Department,Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Ramezanian M.,Alizade A.
Journal of Dental Medicine , 2004,
Abstract: Statement of Problem: Tooth extraction is always considered as the final treatment option in dentistry."nConsidering the numerous advances in dentistry, nowadays the preservation of the permanent teeth until old"nage is common. However, in most economically poor countries or those without security service insurance,"nthe high rate of extraction, particularly among restorable teeth, is regrettable."nPurpose: The aim of the present study was to determine the reasons for tooth extraction among patients"nreferred to the faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2002."nMaterials and Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted on 320 patients. The"ninformation about patient's general knowledge, oral health status, tooth location and causes of extraction were"ncollected and recorded in a questionnaire. The data were submitted to statistical Chi-Square test."nResults: No statistically significant difference was found between two genders in their mentioned causes for"nextraction. The most prevalent reasons were as follows: Caries (50%), Periodontal diseases (16.6%). Absence"nof an acceptable occlusion, prosthetic problems, patient's request, etc... make up the remaining 33.4% of the"nreasons."nConclusion: According to this study, it is suggested to investigate extraction etiology at the society level and"nif similar results are obtained, necessary steps should be taken to prevent caries and periodontal problems as"nthe major mentioned causes for tooth extraction.
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