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Discourses of Anti-corruption in Mexico. Culture of Corruption or Corruption of Culture?  [cached]
Gabriela Coronado
PORTAL : Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies , 2008,
Abstract: In the context of global capitalism the so-called developing countries are considered ‘commodities’ in offer in the global economy as emerging markets or for foreign investment. Countries need to show they are potentially highly competitive with low risk. The value of country characteristics is set by globalised managerial discourses, based on postcolonial ideologies that rate cultures and societies in terms of linear notions of progress and civilisation. Cultures and behaviours are judged positively or negatively according to the position countries supposedly have in the evolution of world society. In this framework one element that countries need to eradicate or reduce in order to be seen as ‘attractive’ is corruption. Towards this aim international and national government and non-government organisations have put in place anti-corruption campaigns. In communications with the general public, these schemes represent actors and acts of corruption through discursive strategies that characterize world cultures and their links with corruption in terms of postcolonial ideologies. In this paper I focus on the implications of the metaphor ‘culture of corruption’ for rating countries, questioning its effectiveness in anti-corruption campaigns. I argue that anti-corruption instruments based on postcolonial ideologies corrupt representations of national cultures and peoples behaviours, instead of targeting local and global sectors that gain from institutionalised corruption. Through the analysis of anti-corruption cultural texts publicly available in Mexico I illustrate how the ideological misrepresentation of corruption fails its stated aim, to transform a ‘culture of corruption’ into a ‘culture of legality’.
The Mechanism of Government Anti-Corruption Puzzledom in China  [cached]
Jinfu Wang
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009,
Abstract: It is a well-established fact that corruption is a widespread phenomenon and it is widely acknowledged because of negative impact on economy and society. An important aspect of corruption is that two parties act separately or jointly in order to further their own interests at the expense of society. Most of countries have setup the special organization in order to strength anti-corruption. The paper presents a new measure based on introducing game theory as an analytical tool for analyzing the relation between anti-corruption and corruption. Firstly, the paper introduce the corruption situation in China, then give the definition of the game theory and studies government anti-corruption activity through construct the game theoretic models between anti-corruption and corruption, the relation between supervisor and the anti-corruption be explained next. A thorough analysis of the mechanism of informant system has been made accordingly in the third part. At last, some suggestions for preventing and fight corruption are put forward.
Corruption and Anti-Corruption Strategies: An Assessment Framework  [PDF]
Octavian ARON
Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala , 2009,
Abstract: Causal explanations of corruption and governance abound in the literature, as well as studies about the effects upon outcomes such as economic growth, political equilibrium and social equality. When countries are confronted with failed reforms and corruption scandals, this can aggravate the economic crisis. European countries vary enormously in the extent to which politicians or public officials abuse their powers for private gain. In this context, of greaterintellectual interest are those methods or strategies by which one could tackle the challenge of reform in order to reduce the severity of corruption. In this regard, this article aims to shape and improve the literature that deals with corruption and provides ways to reduce this widespread phenomenon.
Democratization System about Anti-corruption and Uphold Integrity  [cached]
Peiyong Hou
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v5n11p126
Abstract: This article outlines the inevitability of democratization system of anti-corruption and uphold integrity, and analyzes the current situation and causes concerned, thereby introducing the idea of democratization system of anti-corruption and uphold integrity. It Points on relevant solutions of anti-corruption and uphold integrity, intensifying public democracy education and improvement democratization system in anti-corruption and uphold integrity, at the same time, it more try to find out the way of thinking for democratization system of anti-corruption and uphold integrity in China. The democratic consciousnesses are thinking basic of anti-corruption and uphold integrity. The democratic systems are poise of restricting power of anti-corruption and uphold integrity. The democratic enlist is strength headspring of anti-corruption and uphold integrity.
Microfinance  [PDF]
Ranjana M.Chavan
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: Microfinance sector has grown rapidly over the past few decades. Nobel Laureate Muhammad Yunus is credited with laying the foundation of the modern MFIs with establishment of Grameen Bank, Bangladesh in 1976. Today it has evolved into a vibrant industry exhibiting a variety of business models. The microfinance sector is having a healthy growth rate, there have been a number of concerns related to the sector, like grey areas in regulation, transparent pricing, low financial literacy etc. In addition to these concerns there are a few emerging concerns like cluster formation, insufficient funds, multiple lending and over-indebtedness which are arising because of the increasing competition among the MFIs.
The Impacts of Anti-Corruption on Economic Growth in China  [PDF]
Luyao Wang
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.72013
Abstract: Exploiting quarterly data of 31 provinces in China from the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China to the end of 2014, this paper empirically analyzes how the anti-corruption of central government affects economic growth. We find that the news of a bureaucrat investigated by the CCP’S Central Commission for Discipline Inspection significantly curbs the economic growth in provincial level. On average, the quarterly economic growth decreases by approximately 0.1 percentage when there is one more government official ranking higher than vice department of provincial level (included), and this effect is immediate and last shortly. Furthermore, we find that anti-corruption campaign depresses economic growth by slowing down investment growth. Therefore, we make a conclusion that the anti-corruption makes an adverse influence on investment, so that the economic growth declines.
Assessing the Anti-corruption Strategies: Theoretical and Empirical Models  [cached]
Ani Matei,Lucica Matei
Journal of Management and Strategy , 2011, DOI: 10.5430/jms.v2n1p23
Abstract: The preoccupations about conceiving and promoting efficient anti-corruption strategies exist in most states, especially in the developing countries. The opportunity of such strategies derives from the direct link, demonstrated theoretically and empirically, between the effects of the anti-corruption strategies and government performance, translated both in the economic and social results and living standard, welfare etc. In the last decades, the transnational actors – UN, World Bank, OECD, EU etc. - have affirmed as promoters of own anti-corruption strategies, directing the states’ efforts, conferring adequate levels of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency or sustainability. The South-Eastern European states incorporate own anti-corruption strategies in the framework of general strategies, aiming the government reform in the context of the European integration process. Strengthening the public integrity, reducing corruption, developing a genuine climate of economic freedom become important objectives concerning the impact on government performance. The paper incorporates briefly the main characteristics of anti-corruption strategies, developed by transnational actors and it aims to shape theoretical and empirical frameworks for the assessment of anti-corruption strategies. The focus on some South-Eastern European states has a demonstrative character, as the presented analyses may be extended to various geo-political areas.
The Ethiopian Federal Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission: A Critical Assessment
T Mezmur, R Koen
Law, Democracy & Development , 2011,
Abstract: The Ethiopian FEACC is a dedicated anti-corruption agency, invested with expansive powers to combat corruption in the country. It was established in 2001 in the context of the accelerated internationalisation of anti-corruption law. The mandate of the FEACC is wide, spanning the prevention, investigation and prosecution of all forms of corruption in Ethiopia. This article seeks to evaluate critically the performance of the FEACC in the execution of its mandate during the first decade of its existence. To this end it situates the creation and design of the FEACC within the global context of anti-corruption agencies, and seeks to assess its performance against generally accepted criteria, such as independence and accountability. The article seeks also to identify legal, political and institutional impediments to the success of the FEACC and proposes possible routes to overcoming such impediments. The FEACC’s first decade has been a mixed one, with some notable successes offset against a number of inadequacies in need of significant and urgent attention.
Auditing Nicaragua’s anti-corruption struggle, 1998 to 2009  [cached]
Arosteguí Jorge,Hernandez Carlos,Suazo Harold,Cárcamo Alvaro
BMC Health Services Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-11-s2-s3
Abstract: Background Four social audits in 1998, 2003, 2006 and 2009 identified actions that Nicaragua could take to reduce corruption and public perception in primary health care and other key services. Methods In a 71-cluster sample, weighted according to the 1995 census and stratified by geographic region and settlement type, we audited the same five public services: health centres and health posts, public primary schools, municipal government, transit police and the courts. Some 6,000 households answered questions about perception and personal experience of unofficial and involuntary payments, payments without obtaining receipts or to the wrong person, and payments "to facilitate" services in municipal offices or courts. Additional questions covered complaints about corruption and confidence in the country's anti-corruption struggle. Logistic regression analyses helped clarify local variations and explanatory variables. Feedback to participants and the services at both national and local levels followed each social audit. Results Users' experience of corruption in health services, education and municipal government decreased. The wider population's perception of corruption in these sectors decreased also, but not as quickly. Progress among traffic police faltered between 2006 and 2009 and public perception of police corruption ticked upwards in parallel with drivers' experience. Users' experience of corruption in the courts worsened over the study period -- with the possible exception of Managua between 2006 and 2009 -- but public perception of judicial corruption, after peaking in 2003, declined from then on. Confidence in the anti-corruption struggle grew from 50% to 60% between 2003 and 2009. Never more than 8% of respondents registered complaints about corruption. Factors associated with public perception of corruption were: personal experience of corruption, quality of the service itself, and the perception that municipal government takes community opinion into account and keeps people informed about how it uses public funds. Conclusions Lowering citizens' perception of corruption in public services depends on reducing their experience of it, on improving service quality and access and -- perhaps most importantly -- on making citizens feel they are well-informed participants in the work of government.
Evolution of anti-corruption journalism in Africa: lessons from Zambia  [cached]
Isaac Phiri
Global Media Journal : African Edition , 2011, DOI: 10.5789/2-1-32
Abstract: All African countries, where there are functioning states, express a strong desire to curb corruption. The African Union has a convention to prevent and combat corruption. Zambia, under President Levy Mwanawasa, has positioned itself as a leader in Africa's fight against corruption. Last year, former Zambian President Frederick Chiluba was found guilty of grand corruption by a London court in a case brought against him by the Zambian government. There is general agreement that the media plays a significant role in the war against plunder of national resources by African leaders. However, studies that examine exactly how the media influences the decisions and actions of public actors in Africa's anti-corruption agenda are few. This paper aims to fill this gap. The goal is to use the Zambian case to gain a clearer understanding of the evolution of anti-graft journalism in Africa and to derive enduring insights into the relationship between the anti-corruption actions of the state and anti-corruption reporting by the press. Three key questions provide a framework for this investigation: 1) Is the press driving the Zambian government's anti-corruption campaign? 2) Is President Mwanawasa's 'zero-tolerance' campaign self-generated and the press simply following and reporting news events coming out of the bold steps already determined by the government? 3) Is it possible that the press and the state have found common ground and formed an informal but formidable alliance to combat graft?
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