Abstract:
Wigner distribution function has much importance in quantum statistical mechanics. It finds applications in various disciplines of physics including condense matter, quantum optics, to name but a few. Wigner distribution function is introduced by E. Wigner in 1932. However, there is no analytical derivation of Wigner distribution function in the literatures, to date. In this paper, a simple analytical derivation of Wigner distribution function is presented. Our derivation is based on two assumptions, these are A) by taking the integral of Wigner distribution function, with respect to configuration space, the momentum space distribution function is obtained B) WDF is real. Similarly, and in addition to Wigner distribution function, the distribution function of Sobouti-Nasiri, which is imaginary, is also derived.

Abstract:
I briefly review the role of the Wigner function in the study of the quantum-to-classical transition through interaction with the environment (decoherence).

Abstract:
The Wigner function of quantum systems is an effective instrument to construct the approximate classical description of the systems for which the classical approximation is possible. During the last time, the Wigner function formalism is applied as well to seek indications of specific quantum properties of quantum systems leading to impossibility of the classical approximation construction. Most of all, as such an indication the existence of negative values in Wigner function for specific states of the quantum system being studied is used. The existence of such values itself prejudices the probabilistic interpretation of the Wigner function, though for an arbitrary observable depending jointly on the coordinate and the momentum of the quantum system just the Wigner function gives an effective instrument to calculate the average value and the other statistical characteristics. In this paper probabilistic interpretation of the Wigner function based on coordination of theoretical-probabilistic definition of the probability density, with restrictions to a physically small domain of phase space due to the uncertainty principle, is proposed.

Abstract:
We study a generalization of Husimi function in the context of wavelets. This leads to a nonnegative density on phase-space for which we compute the evolution equation corresponding to a Schr\"Aodinger equation.

Abstract:
We show that real polarization method can be effectively used to geometrically quantize physical systems with compact phase space, like the spin. Our method enables us to construct a wave function of a qubit in both position and momentum representations and also its Wigner function. These results can be used in quantum informatics.

Abstract:
By using the localized character of canonical coherent states, we give a straightforward derivation of the Bargmann integral representation of Wigner function (W). A non-integral representation is presented in terms of a quadratic form V*FV, where F is a self-adjoint matrix whose entries are tabulated functions and V is a vector depending in a simple recursive way on the derivatives of the Bargmann function. Such a representation may be of use in numerical computations. We discuss a relation involving the geometry of Wigner function and the spacial uncertainty of the coherent state basis we use to represent it.

Abstract:
We analyze the Wigner function constructed on the basis of the discrete rotation and displacement operators labeled with elements of the underlying finite field. We separately discuss the case of odd and even characteristics and analyze the algebraic origin of the non uniqueness of the representation of the Wigner function. Explicit expressions for the Wigner kernel are given in both cases.

Abstract:
The integral of the Wigner function over a subregion of the phase-space of a quantum system may be less than zero or greater than one. It is shown that for systems with one degree of freedom, the problem of determining the best possible upper and lower bounds on such an integral, over all possible states, reduces to the problem of finding the greatest and least eigenvalues of an hermitian operator corresponding to the subregion. The problem is solved exactly in the case of an arbitrary elliptical region. These bounds provide checks on experimentally measured quasiprobability distributions.

Abstract:
Both classical and quantum damped systems give rise to complex spectra and corresponding resonant states. We investigate how resonant states, which do not belong to the Hilbert space, fit the phase space formulation of quantum mechanics. It turns out that one may construct out of a pair of resonant states an analog of the stationary Wigner function.

Abstract:
We propose a picture of Wigner function scars as a sequence of concentric rings along a two-dimensional surface inside a periodic orbit. This is verified for a two-dimensional plane that contains a classical orbit of a Hamiltonian system with two degrees of freedom. The orbit is hyperbolic and the classical Hamiltonian is ``softly chaotic'' at the energies considered. The stationary wave functions are the familiar mixture of scarred and random waves, but the spectral average of the Wigner functions in part of the plane is nearly that of a harmonic oscillator and individual states are also remarkably regular. These results are interpreted in terms of the semiclassical picture of chords and centres, which leads to a qualitative explanation of the interference effects that are manifest in the other region of the plane. The qualitative picture is robust with respect to a canonical transformation that bends the orbit plane.