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Newspaper coverage of mental illness in the UK, 1992-2008
Robert Goulden, Elizabeth Corker, Sara Evans-Lacko, Diana Rose, Graham Thornicroft, Claire Henderson
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-796
Abstract: A content analysis was performed on a sample of articles (n = 1361) about mental illness in a range of UK newspapers in 1992, 2000, and 2008.There was a significant proportional reduction in negative articles about mental illness between 1992 and 2008, and a significant increase in articles explaining psychiatric disorders. Coverage improved for depression but remained largely negative for schizophrenia.Newspaper coverage of mental illness became less stigmatising overall in the 1990s and 2000s, but this was not true for all diagnoses.The mass media are strongly implicated in the stigmatising views held by the public towards people with mental illness. The precise nature of mental illness stigma is subject to various definitions, though it is generally held to connote the tainting of affected individuals by an interrelated set of negative ideas (stereotypes) and/or behaviours (discrimination) [1-5]. Common stereotypes include that such individuals are dangerous, unpredictable, incapable, incurable, or strange. The extensive literature on media coverage of mental illness points to its frequent use of such ideas [6-9]. While the relationship between the media and public opinion is to some extent bi-directional, there is evidence of a causal pathway running from negative coverage to prejudicial attitudes [10-13]. In the UK, the past 20 years have seen considerable attempts to challenge stigma and misunderstanding, including the 'Defeat Depression' (1992-1997) and 'Changing Minds' (1998-2003) campaigns of the Royal College of Psychiatrists [14], and awards and guidelines to encourage better coverage of mental illness in the media [15-17]. Longitudinal studies of UK public opinion in this period suggest no overall improvement in attitudes towards mental illness between 1994 and 2003 [18], although there was an improvement in attitudes towards depression between 1991 and 1997 [19]. UK and international surveys find more generally that depression and anxiety disorders are
Repositioning the Power Industry in Nigeria to Guarantee Reliability in Operations and Services
K.I. Idigbe,S.O. Onohaebi
Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Nigeria is endowed with reserves of natural gas in excess of 200 Trillion cubic feet (Tcf), to thermally generate enough power for all sectors-home, commercial and industries. While, there is no doubt about the high demand for electricity in Nigeria, the power industry has being marginally functional. This study reviewed the present state of the power industry in Nigeria and investigated the modalities of re-positioning power to guarantee reliability in operations and services. The findings showed that a collaborative and mutually beneficial business initiative with the petroleum industry is desired and should be encouraged and sustained. Power should be classified and traded as a commodity through a private value market, with greater emphasis on best practices in operations and asset management, a free market oriented supply side management structure should be put in place and service contract financing with Construct, Commission, Operate to recover costs and Lease (CCOL) scheme option is desired for all projects in the power sector.
Product Elimination in the Nigerian Insurance Industry
Aduloju, S. A.,Olowokudejo, F. F.,Oghojafor, B. E. A.
International Journal of Economic Development Research and Investment , 2011,
Abstract: Traditionally, organizations have focused their attention on new product development giving little or no consideration to product elimination. However, there is a growing interest in the way products are eliminated in order to prevent purchase discontinuity. This study presented empirically the ways products should be eliminated in the Nigerian insurance industry. Specifically, it examined the factors normally considered before elimination decisions are taken, and the key problems encountered during elimination processes. The data obtained through a structured questionnaire were analyzed and provided a ranking of the variables relevant to the elimination process. As observed, government policies and regulations as well as operational problems are the most important factors leading to elimination process in insurance industry. The paper also reported that the most difficult problem encountered during the elimination process is maintaining customer's goodwill.
Robby Soetanto,David G. Proverbs,Patricia Cooper
Civil Engineering Dimension , 2000,
Abstract: The UK construction industry has long been criticised for engendering adversarial relationships among project participants. The nature of interrelationships ultimately determines overall project performance%2C in terms of finished product%2C and levels of performance and satisfaction for the participants. To investigate these interrelationships%2C the performance and satisfaction of each individual participant must be considered. Better understanding of the interrelationships should help reduce adversarialsm and improve the performance and satisfaction of each participant. The possible interrelationships that may exist are discussed based on %91soft knowledge%92 approaches%2C i.e. psychology%2C organisational behaviour and sociology. It is concluded that the performance of each participant is interdependent and essential towards project performance. Two levels of satisfaction%2C which determine the quality of working relationships between participants%2C are postulated. The first level of satisfaction %28i.e. satisfaction on achieving organisational objectives%29 is%2C to some extent%2C dependent on the second level of satisfaction %28i.e. satisfaction on the performance of the other participants%29. Therefore%2C within the construction project coalition%2C each participant has to be satisfied with the performance of the other participants if harmonious working relationships are to be sustained. Based on these%2C a conceptual model for optimising the relationships between main participants of the project coalition is presented. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Coalition+participants%2C+Interrelationships%2C+Performance%2C+Satisfaction+
Prensent Situation of Development of Commercial Service Industry of UK and Enlightenments to Shandong Province  [cached]
Yanyan LIU
Canadian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.css.1923669720120805.zt1067
Abstract: Commercial services refer to service industies including the circulation of commodities and relative services for people’s daily life and provide service products, which cover wholesale, retail, food, accommodation, as well as various kinds of services closely related with people`s life, and is an important part of modern service industry and plays an important role in the development of an economy. This paper analyzes the development and the position in the service industry of commercial services of UK in recent years in recent years, and talks about the commercial services including the wholesale and retail, accommodation and food, information and communication in UK, so that try to offer reference for the development of China’s or Shandong’s commercial services as materials. Key words: UK commercial service industry; Wholesale and retail; Accommodation and catering; Information and communication
Collaborative Product Development in PCB Industry
Chia-Jung Chang,Chih-Hsing Chu
International Journal of Electronic Business Management , 2004,
Abstract: Collaborative product development has become a critical issue for companies to strengthen their core competence and remain competitive in the global market due to the rapid change of global economics. However, most companies have a lack of experience in conducting collaborative design and implementing IT environment that facilitates it. To overcome these deficiencies, this research studies collaborative new product development (CNPD) in the PCB industry based on a case study of one major manufacturer in that sector worldwide. The current practices of the NPD, ODM, and OEM processes for IC substrate design are described. The implications of CNPD for the company are analyzed systematically from three levels: business model, operation process, and information technology. Each level is elaborated from four aspects: Early Readiness, Early Involvement, Multi-side Collaboration, and Design In. Finally, four success factors (C4): Commitment, Coordination, Control, and Creation, are identified for the introduction of CNPD.
Challenges Facing the Polish Banking Industry: A Comparative Study with UK Banks  [PDF]
Catarina Figueira,Joseph G. Nellis,David Parker
Managing Global Transitions , 2007,
Abstract: In 2004 Poland entered the EU. This paper investigates the performance of the Polish banking industry over the period 1999–2004, by looking specifically at its comparative efficiency in relation to one of the largest banking sectors in the EU namely, that of the UK. Based on a range of efficiency measures, the empirical results reveal a surprising degree of relative efficiency in the Polish banking industry, no doubt reflecting the substantial economic changes introduced in Poland since 1989. The findings suggest that the Polish banking sector should be able to withstand the new competitive pressures that it faces following entry into the banking sector of the EU.
Vian Ahmed,Raju Pathmeswaran,David Baldry,Lisa Worrall
Journal of Construction in Developing Countries , 2008,
Abstract: The UK construction industry is one of the largest employers, positioned as the country’s top employer with over two million employees and projected to continue growth as far as 2011. However, it is facing ongoing skills shortages in a number of professional areas and tends to lack an ethnic diversity of workers compared to the White community of workers across the whole economy. The government’s Ethnic Minority Employment Task Force shows that for any given level of qualification, a Black or ethnic minority person is less likely to be employed, than a similarly qualified White person. Current research into issues surrounding ethnicity, from academia to employment is scarce, particularly in entry and process development within the construction industry. The aim of this paper is to outline the findings from perceptional and experiential barriers of Black and Minority Ethnics (BMEs) students and employees, in order to identify perceptional and actual barriers that lead to the under-representation of BMEs within the construction industry; and also to suggest how better knowledge flow mechanisms could lead to a more balanced development, particularly in terms of ethnic diversification in the UK construction industry. The aim was achieved by adopting qualitative and quantitative methods including questionnaire surveys of undergraduate students in a construction related program, employees working within the construction industry and interviews with company directors and human resource managers. The image of the construction industry is found to be one of the major barriers for entry into the industry. Language and cultures form additional barriers for a range of ethnic groupings. Support, in the form of recruitment events, training, mentoring, professional networking, as well as work placement and experience schemes, can smooth entry, retention and progression within the construction industry.
Public relations agencies in the UK travel industry: Does size matter?
Lucy Mart,Nigel Jackson
PRism Online PR Journal , 2005,
Abstract: The relationship between an agency and its client has a limited time scale. Thus far,research has primarily focused on the relationship between advertising agencies and their clients. Based on a study of the existing literature, most of which is advertising based,this article explores the agency-client relationship for public relations agencies in the UK travel industry. Our model concentrates on the four phases of client-agency relationships:agency selection; successful relationships;failing relationships; and agency switching.Several factors influence these four phases, but this article focuses specifically on an under-examined factor: whether the size of a client's public relations agency might influence the nature of the relationship between a client and agency. UK travel companies with different sized public relations agencies were interviewed to test the model and assess the impact of agency size. We found evidence to suggest that agencies should be aware of how their size may influence client perception during the selection process. Agencies similarly should be conscious that their size might act as an indication of how clients perceive their ability, and indeed may influence their client-agency relationship on an ongoing basis. Attention to size-related perceptions may help prevent clients switching agencies.
Sustainable Development of Agricultural Product Processing Industry in Jilin Province of China  [cached]
Chuan Lian Song
Journal of Agricultural Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/jas.v3n2p238
Abstract: Jilin is a big agricultural province in northeast China. Development of agricultural product processing industry and improvement of agro-food additional value play a vital role in improvement of living standard of farmer and increase of local government financial revenue. Therefore, agricultural product processing industry is regarded as the third pillar industry after automotive industry and petrochemical industry in Jilin Province, China. Considering the characteristics of agricultural product processing industry, such as water-consuming, over-dependent on water and agricultural products and so forth, its sustainable development seems more necessary than other industries. Sustainable development is not to limit development of agricultural product processing industry, but to further development. The investigation results demonstrated that development of agricultural product processing industry in Jilin Province is still at stage of extensive growth and the sustainable development faces big challenges. In this study, the factors that affect sustainable development of agricultural product processing industry in Jilin Province were discussed and the practicable strategies for sustainable development of agricultural product processing industry of Jilin Province were proposed.
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