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European citizenship and active citizenship: an ever open debate (Italian original version)
Lauretta D’Angelo
JCOM : Journal of Science Communication , 2007,
Abstract: In the course of the last decade the European debate on the concept of citizenship has shown that a definition of this concept in strictly legal and jurisprudence terms is reductive. Indeed a behavioral element is present, which goes beyond the defence and request for defence of rights and duties, but actually stresses the importance of acting within a community (or within several communities). A citizenship belonging to a given space/time context which, to be authentic, requires know-how and know-how-to-be that can be gained in different training opportunities (formal, informal etc.) with various active learning methodologies and through experience. The SEDEC project aims to investigate which teaching methodologies and activities specifically developed for the teaching of sciences can be applied in other learning contexts, in order to sustain actions for developing an active citizenship.
Monotheistic Monarchy  [cached]
Aziz al-Azmeh
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2005,
Abstract: In the first part of this text, the author attempts to demonstrate that sacral kingship might, in anthropological terms, be regarded an Elementary Form of socio-political life; not an autonomous elementary form, but one falling under the category of rulership. The reference to the anthropological notion of Elementary Forms renders virtually irrelevant the rigidity with which categorical distinctions are made between polytheistic and monotheistic kingship, as well as any civilisational divisions that might be imagined between Orient and Occident. The second part of the text provides an illustration of these presuppositions, the author taking several examples from the history of monarchy both in the Western World and in the Arab World
Monotheistic Monarchy  [cached]
Aziz al-Azmeh
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2005,
Abstract: In the first part of this text, the author attempts to demonstrate that sacral kingship might, in anthropological terms, be regarded an Elementary Form of socio-political life; not an autonomous elementary form, but one falling under the category of rulership. The reference to the anthropological notion of Elementary Forms renders virtually irrelevant the rigidity with which categorical distinctions are made between polytheistic and monotheistic kingship, as well as any civilisational divisions that might be imagined between Orient and Occident. The second part of the text provides an illustration of these presuppositions, the author taking several examples from the history of monarchy – both in the Western World and in the Arab World.
Scientific education and European citizenship. Suggestions and results from the European project SEDEC (Italian original version)
Roberto Ceriani
JCOM : Journal of Science Communication , 2007,
Abstract: Two concepts seemingly distant from each other, scientific education and European citizenship, have been the basis for "SEDEC - Science Education for the Development of European Citizenship", a European project funded by the European Commission in the framework of the Socrates/Comenius programme, aiming at producing training material addressed to European teachers. Started in autumn 2005, the project will end in 2008 with an in-service training course for European teachers and educators.
The History of Religions: an italian way for the education for citizenship La Storia delle religioni: una via italiana dell’educazione alla cittadinanza  [cached]
Mariachiara Giorda
Ricerche di Pedagogia e Didattica , 2009,
Abstract: The issue that this paper states is the cultural and social function of the History of Religions, as a disciplinary field for students of high-schools. Being acquainted with the plurality of religions is an useful instrument for the education for active citizenship and participation, since religions have nowadays an important public role. Throughout the narration of some Italian experiences, in particular an experimentation in a Liceo of Turin, which concerns one curricular hour of History of Religions for all the 5 years, this contribution wants to underline the characteristics, the methods, the goals and in general the potentiality of this subject. It also wants to open a dialogue about the inadequacy of the educative proposal that is available in this field, not only in a academic milieu, or in a scholastic one, but also on a most popular level. Il testo offre una riflessione sul ruolo culturale e sociale dell’insegnamento della Storia delle religioni, rivolto a studenti delle scuole superiori. Il punto di partenza è la convinzione che la conoscenza della pluralità delle religioni sia uno strumento efficace per educare alla cittadinanza attiva ed alla partecipazione, visto il ruolo pubblico che le religioni conservano oggi. Attraverso il racconto di alcune esperienze italiane e soprattutto di una sperimentazione in corso svolta in un Liceo di Torino, che prevede un’ora di Storia delle Religioni curriculare e dunque obbligatoria, distribuita sui 5 anni di scuola, il contributo vuole porre in luce le caratteristiche, i me-todi, gli obiettivi e in generale le potenzialità di questo insegnamento. Nondimeno, vuole tentare di aprire un dialogo sull’insufficienza della proposta educativa a disposizione, non soltanto in ambiente accademico ed in ambiente scolastico, ma anche su un piano più divulgativo.
Frantisek Wald (1861-1930) (biography)
Klaus Ruthenberg
Hyle : International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry , 2007,
Abstract: biography of Frantisek Wald (1861-1930)
Chang Chien’s Ideas and Activities on Constitutional Monarchy  [cached]
Shun-chih Sun
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v5n3p57
Abstract: Chang Chien was born on July 1st in 1853 in Haimen Kiangsu and died on August 24th in 1926 in Nant’ung Kiangsu. Chang Chien’s ideas and activities on constitutional monarchy are significant and thus this article is to examine them. Constitutional monarchy, according to Chang Chien, was a separation of the three-power political system under an emperor. In order to accomplish constitutional monarchy, local self-government should be strengthened and therefore without local self-government, constitutional monarchy was impossible to be really achieved. Special characteristics of Chang Chien’s constitutional thought can be categorized as: (1) constitutional monarchy is related to industry, education and local self-government; (2) He prefers to middle-way, reform, and golden means. Chang Chien had played a very important role in the constitutional movement. In the gestation period of 1904-1906, he acted behind the scene to push the Ch’ing government to adopt constitutionalism; In the developing stage of 1907-1911, he advocated the petition-for-a-parliament movement and as a result the Ch’ing government shortened the preparation period toward constitutional government by three years or so.
What was observed by Julius Planer in 1861?  [cached]
L. Lisetski
Condensed Matter Physics , 2010,
Abstract: In 1861 Julius Planner published a paper in which he described his observations of selective light reflection in monotropic cholesteric liquid crystal phase of cholesteryl chloride that he synthesized. We repeat his experiments and report in modern interpretation what indeed was observed by Planer at that time.
Die historische Entwicklung der Rum nischen Politischen Parteien in der Bukowina und ihre bedeutesten Vertreter im Reichsrat und Landtag (1861-1914)  [PDF]
Mihai-?tefan Ceau?u
Codrul Cosminului , 2011,
Abstract: The study analyzes in a comparative manner how the Romanian political parties developed themselves in Bukovina, in the frame of the parliamentary system introduced in 1861 in this Duchy, as well as throughout the Habsburg monarchy. Introducing of a parliament system in Bukovina (1861), signifies actually a beginning of provincial politics. Over time, from the political factions of the Chernivtsy Landtag, which imitated the “Center” model (i.e. located in Vienna), resulted a Romanian political party. The Romanian National Party, led mostly by some great landowners, had a strong conservative affiliation. In the last decades of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century, the leadership of these great landowners was strongly challenged by the rising Romanian bourgeoisie. In the famous debates of ideas, mainly about the “national idea”, intellectuals from the Romanian parties played a crucial role. The effect of these debates strongly influenced the rise and dissolution of the Romanian political parties.
The emergence, development and demilitarization of the military border of the Austrian Monarchy  [PDF]
Kulauzov Ma?a
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Drustvene Nauke , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/zmsdn0825141k
Abstract: Military border of the Austrian Monarchy was formed gradually in border areas for the purpose of defending the border from Turkish invasions. In time, as the international political circumstances have changed, the Border itself also modified its primary function. From the beginning of the 18th century soldiers of the Military Border together with the regular troops of Austrian army participate in all wars in which Austria took part. Thanks to those soldiers the military force of the Austrian Empire was significantly strengthened. Except for military tasks, the Military Border served to a great extent as a defensive corridor that stopped spreading infections diseases, invasions of robberies, smuggling goods from Turkey, as well as deserting and emigration to Turkish territory. Because of great importance that Military Border has had for the Austrian Monarchy, the author in this paper gives a summary review of its development in the military, territorial and administrative-political sense. Special attention was given to the administrative system that was introduced in Border in the second half of the 19th century.
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