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Flour Fortification with Iron and Folic Acid in Bushehr and Golestan Provinces, Iran: Program Evaluation
J. Sadighi,K Mohammad,R Sheikholeslam,P Torabi
Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research , 2009,
Abstract: Background and Aim: Anemia is an important public health problem in Iran. The most prevalent type (50%) is iron-deficiency anemia. Flour fortification with iron and folic acid is one of the main strategies usually adopted to combat anemia. Two pilot projects were conducted in 2 Iranian provinces: the first one in Bushehr in 2001 and the second one in Golestan in 2007. The present study was conducted in January 2009 to evaluate the process and determine the effectiveness of the flour fortification pilot project in the 2 provinces. Materials and Methods: To evaluate the effectiveness of the project, blood hemoglobin and ferritin levels were measured in a sample population of child-bearing women aged 15-49 years in Bushehr Province (n=600) and Golestan Province (n=625), selected by multi-stage sampling before and after the intervention. For process evaluation, the iron content in samples of flour and bread made from the flour were measured in a descriptive study. Results: We found similar trends in the indicators of anemia/iron deficiency among the women in Bushehr and Golestan provinces. The flour fortification project appears to have had beneficial effects on the serum ferritin levels (low levels indicate iron deficiency) in both provinces. The prevalence of iron deficiency decreased from 22.2% to 15.7% (p<0.002) and from 26.7% to 14.6% (p<0.001), in Bushehr and Golestan, respectively. However, the prevalence of anemia was significantly higher after intervention in Golestan (p<0.001). Further analysis of the data also revealed that the intervention did not have any statistically significant effect on the prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia in either province. The coverages of fortified flour and bread were 90% and 98.7% in Bushehr and 94.1% and 95% in Golestan, respectively.Conclusion: The flour fortification pilot project in Iran resulted in reducing prevalence of iron deficiency and improving body iron reserves in women, but it had no effect on anemia prevalence. It can be concluded that in circumstances where iron deficiency is not a major cause of anemia, interventions such as flour fortification with iron alone will not produce any significant effect.
"Passive Detection of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Police Personnel Deployed in the Provinces of Isfahan, Ilam, Bushehr, Khorasan and Khuzestan, Iran"
MR Jahani,MJ Gharavi,H Hadi Shirzad
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2003,
Abstract: Leishmaniasis is a common parasitic disease in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Police personnel deployed in the suburbs and rural areas are the most often exposed to the potential risk of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Furthermore, since the same police personnel are sent on duty to other places, their migrations can also play a considerable role in the transmission of this disease to their various destinations. In this study, the studied population comprises those patients referred to the police public health centers, in Isfahan, Ilam, Bushehr, Khorassan, and Khuzestan provinces from 1997 to 2001. The suspected individuals were counted as haring leishmaniasis after examination of the suspected lesions was confirmed by demonstring Leishman bodies in Geimsa stained smears that prepared them and/or culture in NNN media. The results showed altogether 610 cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) cases confirmed by Leishman bodies’ demonstration in suspected lesions and promastigotes forms in NNN media. The distribution of absolute and relative frequencies of CL were 288(47.2%), 155(25.0%), 96(15.7%), 54(8.7%) and 27 (4.3%) in Khorasan, Ilam, Khusestan, Isfahan and Bushehr provinces from 1997 to 2001 respectively.
Bushehr as an Energic City  [PDF]
Nasser Sabatsani
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Bushehr city is one of the famous city in the south of Iran which is situated in the coastal part of Persian Gulf. This paper try to discuss one of the most important theme which threat the sustainability and comfortability of tomorrow’s life. Changing Bushehr into an Energic city is one of the effective ways to solve the cities problem. For this purpose, we try to answer these questions: what is called as an energic city?; What are its main characteristics?; What are the aims of changing a city into an energic city? And what should be done to obtain the aims? For these purposes we offer a model which responds to the sustainability of Bushehr. This model uses 3 levels of activity that each level should respond to 5 significant characteristics of an energic city. For this purpose we present some applied ways in each category to obtain those characteristics.
Ultrasonographic Prevalence of Thyroid Incidentaloma in Bushehr, Southern Iran
A Mohammadi,E Amirazodi,S Masudi,A Pedram
Iranian Journal of Radiology , 2009,
Abstract: Background/Objective: Thyroid nodule is one of the most common endocrine disorders. 5%- 10% of thyroid nodules undergo malignant degeneration. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of thyroid incidentaloma in Bushehr, southern Iran."nPatients and Methods: A total of 1503 consecutive 15 to 65-year-old patients who were referred to Fatemeh Zahra Hospital for any ultrasonographic examination other than the thyroid gland were included in this study. All patients underwent dedicated thyroid ultrasound by a 10 MHz linear probe for detection of thyroid nodules in the supine position."nResults: The prevalence of thyroid nodules was 13.6%. The nodules were observed in 17.5% of the women and 8.5% of the men. 61.8% of the nodules were smaller than 1 cm. Thyroid nodules were more frequent in older people."nConclusion: Bushehr has a high prevalence of thyroid nodules. The prevalence is age dependent and is higher in women than men.
Assessment of Avicennia marina Growth Characteristics on an Artificial Inlet at Bushehr, Iran
A. Ghasemi,H. Jalilvand,S. Mohajeri Borazjani
Research Journal of Soil and Water Management , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/rjswm.2013.7.12
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to asses ecological development of Avicennia marina in hyper saline condition. During 2001 and 2002 a restoration mangrove project planting A. marina in artificial inlet in Bushehr Province, Iran was carried out in Agriculture and Natural resources research center of Bushehr province in Sabkha lands. Some the vegetative characteristics of such as height, diameter and crown diameter in two aspects were recorded in 2012. To investigate physico-chemical properties of soil were taken in inside and outside of inlet and were analyzed: salinity, soil acidity, potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen, texture of soil were measured. Both of treatments were analyzed by t-test in SAS Software.
Impact of Fishing Technology on Labor Productivity in Bushehr Province  [cached]
M. Ahmadpour Borazjani,G.R. Soltani
Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources , 2000,
Abstract: Marine products are currently important in Iran due to the following reasons: 1) aquatics are recognized as safe and healthy food by food scientists; 2) because of low dependence of fishing technology on foreign resources, they are more reliable sources for protein and food security. Therefore, it is important to increase labor productivity using advanced fishing technology under a sustainable fishery management policy. In general, the prevailing methods of fishing in the southern coasts of Iran can be classified into three groups based on the level of technology and the length of journey made: traditional, semi-industrial, and industrial. In this study, labor productivity in the traditional and semi-industrial groups were compared using data obtained from a sample of 35 fishermen in Bushehr Province. To determine the marginal and average labor productivities, transcendental production functions were estimated for fish and shrimp, separately. The findings indicated that the marginal and average productivities of labor in semi-industrial fishing were significantly higher than in traditional fishing.
The Prevalence of Cutaneous Leishmaniases in Patients Referred to Kermanshah  [cached]
Naser Nazari,Reza Faraji,Mehdi Vejdani,Ali Mekaeili
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Cutaneous leishmaniases is the problem in our country. The aim of this study was determine of cutaneous leishmaniases in Kermanshah. Materials and Methods: This descriptive–analytic study was and the statical society includes individual information with diagnosis during the 2006-2008 in the county health department in combating communicable disease were registered.Results: Most cases were in age group 20-29 year. Most patients had a wound on his body (52.36%) and most of them were on hands (52%).Conclusion: The disease is not endemic in Kermanshah.
A New Species of the Genus Garra Hamilton, 1822 from the Chindwin Basin of Manipur, India (Teleostei: Cyprinidae: Labeoninae)  [PDF]
Bungdon Shangningam,Waikhom Vishwanath
ISRN Zoology , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/325064
Abstract: Garra namyaensis sp. nov., a new cyprinid fish, is described from the Chindwin River basin in Manipur, India. It is distinguished from its congeners in having a unique combination of the following characters: smoothly rounded snout tip with a prominent rostral lobe, chest and abdominal region with scales, dorsal fin with a black band near the posterior margin, and caudal fin with a distinct W-shaped black band. 1. Introduction Fishes of the genus Garra Hamilton, 1822 are characteristic in having a more or less well-developed suctorial disc on the undersurface just behind the mouth. These fishes inhabit rapid running waters and maintain themselves against swift currents by clinging to the substratum, mainly by means of their suctorial disc but also by the horizontally placed paired fins, especially the pectorals [1]. The genus is widely distributed from Southern China, across Southeast Asia, India, and the Middle East to Northern and Central Africa [2]. There are more than 170 nominal species of Garra [3]. Recent collection of freshwater fishes from the Namya River of Ukhrul district, Manipur, Chindwin basin, included an undescribed species of Garra, which is described herein as Garra namaensis sp. nov. 2. Materials and Methods The description is based on formalin-preserved specimens. Counts, measurements, and terminology follow Kullander and Fang [2], and that of head depth follows Menon [1]. Measurements were taken point to point with dial calliper to the nearest 0.1?mm. The number in round brackets of parentheses after a specific count indicates the number of specimens examined. Terminology used for description of disc is reported by Zhang et al. [4]. Fin rays and numbers of scales were counted under a stereo-zoom transmitted light microscope. Lateral line scale is counted from the anteriormost pored scale in contact with the shoulder girdle to the last posteriormost pored scale on the caudal fin. Transverse-scale rows above the lateral line are counted from the dorsal-fin origin to lateral line obliquely ventrad and caudad, and those below lateral line, from the pelvic-fin origin obliquely dorsad and rostrad to lateral line. Osteological structures were observed in a cleared and alizarin-stained specimen. Vertebral counts follow Roberts [5], and scale counts follow Kottelat [6]. Morphometric measurement data are given in percentages of standard length (SL), head length (HL), pelvic-anal distance, and head and caudal peduncle depth. Specimens examined for the study are deposited in the Manipur University Museum of Fishes (MUMF). 2.1. Taxonomy Garra
MICROBIAL GUT FLORA OF A FRESHWATER FISH GARRA MULLYA (SYKES) FROM MUTHA RIVER, NORTHERN WESTERN GHATS, INDIA  [PDF]
B. S. Rudresh,N. Dahanukar,G. M. Watve,N. S. Renukaswamy
Ecoprint: An International Journal of Ecology , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/eco.v17i0.4106
Abstract: Preliminary exploration of gut flora of? Garra mullya? (Sykes) revealed? nineteen bacterial strains showing wide diversity of enzyme production, morphological and biochemical characteristics. The factors which govern the diversity assessed through principal component analysis and correspondence analysis show that isolated strain have adaptation to utilization of variety resources like citrate and sugar, and also show tolerance to variety of environmental conditions like pH, salt, and bile in in-vitro condition. ? Key words: ? Gut flora; Bacterial diversity; Garra mullya DOI: 10.3126/eco.v17i0.4106 Ecoprint An International Journal of Ecology Vol. 17, 2010 Page: 53-57 Uploaded date: 29 December, 2010 ?
Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part II. Bushehr Province.
Navidpour, S.,Soleglad, M.E.,Fet, V.,Kova?ík, F.
Euscorpius , 2008,
Abstract: The Bushehr Province of Iran contains the type localities of three scorpion taxa, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Orthochirus iranus Kova ík, 2004, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). Apart from them, Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Odontobuthus bidentatus Louren o & Pézier, 2002, Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1862 have also been known to occur in the province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) reveal four additional species recorded from the province for the first time: Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828), Compsobuthus jakesi Kova ík, 2003, Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon & Farzanpay, 1987), and Orthochirus stockwelli (Louren o et Vachon, 1995). In addition, Compsobuthus persicus sp. n. is described as a species new to science, bringing the total species count to 14. A key to all species of scorpions found in Bushehr Province is presented.
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