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A social work study on relationship between transactional and laissez-fair leadership style and personality traits: A case study of educational system  [PDF]
Hajar Jannesari,Mohammad Reza Iravani,Ahmad Masaeli,Eram Farhang Dareshori
Management Science Letters , 2013,
Abstract: Leadership style plays an essential role on personality trait in educational systems. In this paper, we present a study among 180 school principals in city of Khomeinishahr, located in province of Esfahan, Iran. The study selects a sample of 123 principals and examines ten hypotheses including the effects of personality trait neuroticism, extroversion, resilience, participative, conscientiousness on leadership style. The study examined the effects of two groups of leadership, namely transactional leadership and Laissez-fair leadership styles on five personality traits. The results have shown that there were some meaningful relationship between transactional leadership and personality trait extraversion, resilience, participative and consciousness but there was not meaningful relationship between transactional leadership and personality trait neuroticism. In addition, while there were meaningful and positive relationship between Laissez-fair leadership style and personality trait extraversion as well as being resilience, our survey did not find any meaningful relationship between Laissez-fair leadership style and personality trait neuroticism, extraversion and being consciousness.
Personality Traits and Social Desirability as Predictors of Subjective Well-being  [cached]
Andreja Braj?a-?ganec,Danijela Ivanovi?,Ljiljana Kaliterna Lipov?an
Psychological Topics , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between personality traits, social desirability and subjective well-being (SWB). A total of 392 students (195 females and 197 males), aged 19 to 26 years (M = 20.25, SD = 1.46) completed the Satisfaction with Life Scale, PANAS, Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale and measures of Big Five personality dimensions (IPIP50).Hierarchical regression analyses were performed with personality traits and social desirability as predictors and SWB components (satisfaction with life, positive and negative affects) as dependent variables. The results confirmed the previous findings that personality, specifically Extraversion, Emotional Stability and Conscientiousness, represent strong predictors of SWB. Unlike other studies, Intellect significantly predicted positive affect and Agreeableness showed additional significant prediction of absence of negative affect. Social desirability, when entered independently in analysis, was found to be a significant predictor of all three SWB components. In combination with personality traits, social desirability showed association only with absence of negative affect which can be explained by the links between social desirability and personality traits. These findings indicate that relationship between social desirability, personality traits and SWB is more complex than previous studies suggests. Social desirability appears to be a variable that together with personality traits provides additional facilitation of SWB.
The relationship between personality traits and vocational interests  [cached]
Gideon P. de Bruin
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2002, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v28i1.43
Abstract: This This study examined the relationship between vocational interests and basic personality traits. The interest fields of the 19-Field-Interest Inventory were related to the second order factors of the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire by means of a factor extension analysis. The results showed that extroverts tend to be interested in fields related to social contact and the influencing of other people. Emotionally sensitive individuals tend to be interested in the arts and languages. Independent individuals tend to be interested in creative thinking. The implications of the findings for career counselling are discussed. Opsomming Hierdie studie het ondersoek ingestel na die verband tussen beroepsbelangstellings en basiese persoonlikheidstrekke. Die 19 belangstellingsvelde van die 19-Veld-belangstellings-vraelys is aan die hand van ’n faktorverlengingsontleding met die tweede orde faktore van die 16-Persoonlikheids-faktorvraelys in verband gebring. Die resultate dui daarop dat ekstroverte geneig is omin veldewat sosiale kontak en die beinvloeding vanmense behels, belang te stel. Emosioneel sensitiewe individue is geneig om in kunssinnge en taal verwante velde belang te stel. Onafhanklike individue is geneig om in kreatiewe denke belang te stel. Die implikasies van die resultate vir loopbaanvoorligting word bespreek.
The Relationship between Personality Traits and Stress Levels in Children  [PDF]
Jéssica Elandra Bedin, Mariane Luiza Mattjie, Vinícius Renato Thomé Ferreira, Denice Bortolin Baseggio
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.66065
Abstract: This study assessed the relationship between the personality traits and stress levels in children. The Scale of Children Personality Traits and the Scale of Infant Stress were administered. The personality trait dimensions refer to neuroticism, psychoticism, extroversion and sociability, and the stress dimensions refer to levels of stress resistance, alertness, near-exhaustion and exhaustion and the stress reaction types regarding the psychological, psychological with depressing component, psychophysiological and physic types. Fifty children of both genders were assessed; all of them studied in classes from the first to the fourth grades of an elementary public school. The data indicate moderate and positive correlations between the neuroticism and stress levels traits, being mainly evidenced in psychological reactions. On the other hand, the traits psychoticism, ex-troversion and sociability did not present significant correlations with the sample stress levels.
Relationship among the Personality Traits of Inmates in Nigeria Prisons
Tenibiaje Dele Joseph
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The study investigated the relationship of extroversion neurotisum and psychoticism of inmates in Nigeria Prisons. The research design was a correlational study in finding relationship of personality dimensions. Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) was used to elicit information from the inmates. The instrument was validated by Eysenck and found to be reliable while the reliability coefficient was quite favourable and of equal standard with other similar tests. The samples were made up of 504 inmates, randomly selected in seven prisons in Nigeria. The result of the finding showed that there was a significant relationship between the pairs of extroversion and neuroticism extroversion and psychoticism neuroticism and psychoticism. There was highest coefficient of 7622 on psychoticism among the personality traits: Psychoticism, neuroticism and extroversion with neuroticism and extroversion having coefficients 6634 and 0.5630, respectively.
Predicting Senior Secondary Schools Teachers' Social Intelligence by HEXACO-PI-R personality Traits based on Age Groups  [cached]
Soleiman Yahyazadeh-Jeloudar,Fatemeh Lotfi-Goodarzi
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2012,
Abstract: The present study examined the relationship between social intelligence and personality traits among senior secondary schools teachers in Iran based on a selected demographic variable (age). In this research, 198 teachers were chosen using random sampling. They completed Troms Social Intelligence Scale (TSIS) and HEXACO- PI-R personality traits questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficients by means of SPSS version17. The findings of the study showed that there were significant differences between teachers’ social intelligence and their age groups. Further, there were positive and significant relationships between teachers’ social intelligence and six personality traits (honesty-humility, emotionality, extraversion, agreeableness (versus anger), conscientiousness and openness to experience). Also multiple regressions show that the three personality traits (extroversion, conscientiousness and openness to experience) explain 0.40 variance of social intelligence. It was concluded that personality traits are factors that have a considerable role in people social intelligence.
The Big Five Social System Traits as the Source of Personality Traits, MBTI, Social Styles, Personality Disorders, and Cultures  [PDF]
Dingyu Chung
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.59019
Abstract:
This paper proposes the big five social system traits as the fixed, clear, and workable social solutions to the social issues under the different social conditions. Under the big five social system traits, different fixed and clear personal behaviors are developed by different people under different social conditions, so the big five social system traits are the source of different aspects of human behavior in terms of personality traits in the big five personality traits, personality types in the MBTI, social styles in the social style model, personality disorders in the DSM-5, social group deviances derived from the DSM-5, and religious, political, and economic systems in Western and Eastern cultures as described in this paper. The big five social system traits consist of sociality (individualistic-collectivistic-interdependent) traits to the issue of social formation, worldview traits (connective-competitive-territorial or people-tasks) to the issue of social boundary, awareness traits (concrete-imaginary) to the issue of social stress, activity traits (constructional-mobilized) to the issue of social duration, and legitimacy traits (authoritative-rational) to the issue of social uniformity. As a result, the big five social system traits provide the base for the unified theory of human behavior to unify different aspects of human behavior and to produce the common ground for diverse views to communicate.
The Relationship between Personality Traits with Life Satisfaction  [PDF]
Abbas Ali Hosseinkhanzadeh, Mahboobe Taher
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.31015
Abstract:

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality traits with life satisfaction among employed women in higher education centers of Rasht. This study was performed on 206 employed women in higher education centers of Rasht selected by classified random sampling they answered the NEO questionnaire (Costa & McCrae, 1992) and the Satisfaction With Life Scale (Diener et al., 1985). Extraversion, conscientious and openness had a significant negative correlation with life satisfaction, and agreement has significant positive correlation with life satisfaction. The results of stepwise regression showed that personality traits can explain 19 percent of the variance in life satisfaction, interaction of income and education has not significant effect on the life satisfaction. The results of one way ANOVA indicated that there isn’t significant difference between employed women life satisfaction and personality trait in diversity higher education centers. Life satisfaction is influenced by interaction of different factors that one of these factors is personality traits.

Correlation between social support, personality traits and mental health in antiaircraft artillerymen  [cached]
Bin TIAN,Hong QIN,Chuan-yun LI,Zhong-tao BAI
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army , 2012,
Abstract: Objective To quantitatively assess the mental health status and analyze the relationship between social support, personality traits and mental health in antiaircraft artillery personnel. Methods One hundred and forty-five antiaircraft artillerymen were tested with the Social Support Scale, the Symptom Checklist 90(SCL-90), and the Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale for Chinese (EPQ-RSC). The questionnaires were returned by 143 artillerymen and the data were processed by t-test, pearson correlation analysis and regression analysis. Results Every factor score of SCL-90 was significantly higher than that of civilian cohorts (P < 0.001). The total score(151.88±38.39, P < 0.05) and the scores of somatization (1.63±0.48, P < 0.05), obsessive-compulsiveness (1.95±0.59, P < 0.001), anxiety (1.67±0.51, P < 0.01) and hostility (1.78±0.62, P < 0.01) of SCL-90 were significantly higher than the norm of those of Chinese army men. The utilization of social support showed significant negative correlation with total score (r=-0.205, P < 0.05), interpersonal sensitivity (r=-0.182, P < 0.05), depression (r=-0.200, P < 0.05), paranoid ideation (r=-0.263, P < 0.01), and neuroticism in personality traits (r=-0.241, P < 0.01). There was significant positive correlation between the utilization of social support and EPQ-E (r=0.339, P < 0.01). Every factor of SCL-90 except hostility (r=-0.202 to -0.393, P < 0.05, P < 0.01) showed significant negative correlation with EPQ-E. There was significant positive correlation between most factors of SCL-90 and EPQ-P (except obsessive-compulsive and somatization, r=0.167-0.246, P < 0.05, P < 0.01) and EPQ-N (r=0.386-0.584, P < 0.01). Conclusions The mental health of antiaircraft artillerymen is not so optimistic, and it should be taken care seriously. In addition, we should also pay attention to the effect of utilization of social support and personality trait in improving mental health.
Social Change and Personality Development in a Nigerian Sample  [cached]
Mary Basil Nwoke,JohnBosco Chika Chukwuorji
International Journal of Psychological Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijps.v3n2p164
Abstract: This study explored the relationship of social change and personality development in a sample of Nigerian students. Social change was taken to mean people’s perceptions of the trends of social events while personality development was the manifestations of the Big Five Personality traits which are extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness to experience. It was hypothesized that personality traits will not significantly be a predictor of social trends. Social change was measured using the index of social trends developed by the researchers while personality development was measured using the Big Five Inventory. Results of the multiple regression analysis showed that social change or trends was predicted by the personality traits of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness and openness to experience but social trend was not predicted by neuroticism. Within the framework of social cognitive theory and social Darwinism, the relevance of the findings to human development and social policy formulation were highlighted.
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