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Necrotizing scleritis as a complication of cosmetic eye whitening procedure
Theresa G Leung, James P Dunn, Esen K Akpek, Jennifer E Thorne
Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1869-5760-3-39
Abstract: Findings: This is a single case report. A 59-year-old Caucasian male with a history of blepharitis status post uncomplicated LASIK refractive surgery reported chronic conjunctival hyperemia for 15 years prior to undergoing a cosmetic eye whitening procedure. He presented to our clinic 12 months after the cosmetic eye whitening procedure with progressive bilateral necrotizing scleritis and scleral calcification.Chronic conjunctival hyperemia may prompt patients to seek surgical correction with cosmetic eye whitening procedures. However, conjunctival hyperemia secondary to tear deficiency and evaporative dry eye may predispose to poor wound healing. Serious complications including necrotizing scleritis may result from cosmetic eye whitening procedures and the use of topical mitomycin C.
Applications of Lactobacillus rhamnosus Spent Culture Supernatant in Cosmetic Antioxidation, Whitening and Moisture Retention Applications  [PDF]
Cheng-Chih Tsai,Chin-Feng Chan,Wen-Ying Huang,Jin-Seng Lin,Patty Chan,Ho-Yen Liu,Yung-Sheng Lin
Molecules , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/molecules181114161
Abstract: This study was aimed at investigating the antioxidant, whitening, and moisture-retention properties of Lactobacillus rhamnosus spent culture supernatant (Lr-SCS) in cosmetic applications. Results reveal that Lr-SCS effectively and gradually scavenges 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl as well as 2,2-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical cations, and increases reducing power in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, Lr-SCS can also suppress tyrosinase activity in vitro and effectively promote moisture retention. Heat treatment at 100 °C for 30 min does not influence the functions of Lr-SCS. We conclude that Lr-SCS can be used effectively in skin care cosmetics.
Emotional benefit of cosmetic camouflage in the treatment of facial skin conditions: personal experience and review
Levy LL, Emer JJ
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CCID.S33860
Abstract: tional benefit of cosmetic camouflage in the treatment of facial skin conditions: personal experience and review Review (1391) Total Article Views Authors: Levy LL, Emer JJ Published Date November 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 173 - 182 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CCID.S33860 Received: 14 May 2012 Accepted: 12 June 2012 Published: 01 November 2012 Lauren L Levy, Jason J Emer Department of Dermatology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA Background: Recent studies highlighting the psychological benefits of medical treatment for dermatological skin conditions have demonstrated a clear role for medical therapy in psychological health. Skin conditions, particularly those that are overtly visible, such as those located on the face, neck, and hands, often have a profound effect on the daily functioning of those affected. The literature documents significant emotional benefits using medical therapy in conditions such as acne, psoriasis, vitiligo, and rosacea, but there is little evidence documenting similar results with the use of cosmetic camouflage. Here we present a review highlighting the practical use of cosmetic camouflage makeup in patients with facial skin conditions and review its implications for psychological health. Methods: A search of the Medline and Scopus databases was performed to identify articles documenting the emotional benefit of cosmetic camouflage. Results: Cosmetic camouflage provides a significant emotional benefit for patients with facial skin conditions, and this is substantiated by a literature review and personal experience. More clinical studies are needed to assess and validate the findings reported here. Conclusion: Patients with visible skin conditions have increased rates of depression, anxiety, and decreased self-esteem. It is prudent for us to consider therapies that can offer rapid and dramatic results, such as cosmetic camouflage.
Emotional benefit of cosmetic camouflage in the treatment of facial skin conditions: personal experience and review  [cached]
Levy LL,Emer JJ
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology , 2012,
Abstract: Lauren L Levy, Jason J EmerDepartment of Dermatology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USABackground: Recent studies highlighting the psychological benefits of medical treatment for dermatological skin conditions have demonstrated a clear role for medical therapy in psychological health. Skin conditions, particularly those that are overtly visible, such as those located on the face, neck, and hands, often have a profound effect on the daily functioning of those affected. The literature documents significant emotional benefits using medical therapy in conditions such as acne, psoriasis, vitiligo, and rosacea, but there is little evidence documenting similar results with the use of cosmetic camouflage. Here we present a review highlighting the practical use of cosmetic camouflage makeup in patients with facial skin conditions and review its implications for psychological health.Methods: A search of the Medline and Scopus databases was performed to identify articles documenting the emotional benefit of cosmetic camouflage.Results: Cosmetic camouflage provides a significant emotional benefit for patients with facial skin conditions, and this is substantiated by a literature review and personal experience. More clinical studies are needed to assess and validate the findings reported here.Conclusion: Patients with visible skin conditions have increased rates of depression, anxiety, and decreased self-esteem. It is prudent for us to consider therapies that can offer rapid and dramatic results, such as cosmetic camouflage.Keywords: facial skin conditions, psychological health, emotional benefits, cosmetic camouflage, makeup
Environmental and Lifestyle Factors Associated with Perceived Facial Age in Chinese Women  [PDF]
Andrew E. Mayes,Peter G. Murray,David A. Gunn,Cyrena C. Tomlin,Sharon D. Catt,Yi B. Wen,Li P. Zhou,Hong Q. Wang,Michael Catt,Stewart P. Granger
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015270
Abstract: Perceived facial age has been proposed as a biomarker of ageing with ‘looking young for one’s age' linked to physical and cognitive functioning and to increased survival for Caucasians. We have investigated the environmental and lifestyle factors associated with perceived facial ageing in Chinese women. Facial photographs were collected from 250 Chinese women, aged 25–70 years in Shanghai, China. Perceived facial age was determined and related to chronological age for each participant. Lifestyle and health information was collected by questionnaire. Bivariate analyses (controlling for chronological age) identified and quantified lifestyle variables associated with perceived facial age. Independent predictors of perceived age were identified by multivariate modelling. Factors which significantly associated with looking younger for one's chronological age included greater years of education (p<0.001), fewer household members (p = 0.027), menopausal status (p = 0.020), frequency of visiting one's doctor (p = 0.013), working indoors (p<0.001), spending less time in the sun (p = 0.015), moderate levels of physical activity (p = 0.004), higher frequency of teeth cleaning (p<0.001) and more frequent use of facial care products: cleanser (p<0.001); moisturiser (p = 0.016) or night cream (p = 0.016). Overall, 36.5% of the variation in the difference between perceived and chronological age could be explained by a combination of chronological age and 6 independent lifestyle variables. We have thus identified and quantified a number of factors associated with younger appearance in Chinese women. Presentation of these factors in the context of facial appearance could provide significant motivation for the adoption of a range of healthy behaviours at the level of both individuals and populations.
The More Attractive, the Less Deceptive? Effects of Female Facial Attractiveness on Perceived Deceptiveness  [PDF]
Jun’ichiro Murai, Izuru Nose, Yuuta Takiguchi
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.94032
Abstract: We examined whether the facial attractiveness of females affects their perceived deceptiveness. We recorded three female models as they responded to 15 self-introductory interview questions while wearing makeup to make them look more and less attractive. The video clips were presented in high versus low attractiveness conditions to adolescent participants (both males and females), who rated the model’s attractiveness and deceptiveness after her reply to each of the questions. Two of the models in the high attractiveness condition were rated as significantly more attractive. Two-way ANOVAs on the deceptiveness ratings of each reply revealed that deceptiveness was generally, but not strongly, lower in the high attractiveness condition than in the low attractiveness condition. The present technique of manipulating facial attractiveness is applicable to future research.
The Hunt for Natural Skin Whitening Agents  [PDF]
Nico Smit,Jana Vicanova,Stan Pavel
International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 2009, DOI: 10.3390/ijms10125326
Abstract: Skin whitening products are commercially available for cosmetic purposes in order to obtain a lighter skin appearance. They are also utilized for clinical treatment of pigmentary disorders such as melasma or postinflammatory hyperpigmentation. Whitening agents act at various levels of melanin production in the skin. Many of them are known as competitive inhibitors of tyrosinase, the key enzyme in melanogenesis. Others inhibit the maturation of this enzyme or the transport of pigment granules (melanosomes) from melanocytes to surrounding keratinocytes. In this review we present an overview of (natural) whitening products that may decrease skin pigmentation by their interference with the pigmentary processes.
Looking Like a Leader–Facial Shape Predicts Perceived Height and Leadership Ability  [PDF]
Daniel E. Re, David W. Hunter, Vinet Coetzee, Bernard P. Tiddeman, Dengke Xiao, Lisa M. DeBruine, Benedict C. Jones, David I. Perrett
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080957
Abstract: Judgments of leadership ability from face images predict the outcomes of actual political elections and are correlated with leadership success in the corporate world. The specific facial cues that people use to judge leadership remain unclear, however. Physical height is also associated with political and organizational success, raising the possibility that facial cues of height contribute to leadership perceptions. Consequently, we assessed whether cues to height exist in the face and, if so, whether they are associated with perception of leadership ability. We found that facial cues to perceived height had a strong relationship with perceived leadership ability. Furthermore, when allowed to manually manipulate faces, participants increased facial cues associated with perceived height in order to maximize leadership perception. A morphometric analysis of face shape revealed that structural facial masculinity was not responsible for the relationship between perceived height and perceived leadership ability. Given the prominence of facial appearance in making social judgments, facial cues to perceived height may have a significant influence on leadership selection.
Reacción inflamatoria asociada a infiltración cosmética facial múltiple: A propósito de un caso Inflammatory reaction associated with multiple cosmetic facial infiltration: Report of a case  [cached]
B Tejedor Gómez,J.C. Coca Meneses,J.C. Melendres Romero,A. Eguía del Valle
Avances en Odontoestomatología , 2010,
Abstract: El uso de sustancias para el aumento de los tejidos blandos con fines cosméticos puede ocasionar la aparición de diferentes efectos adversos, entre los que se encuentran las reacciones inflamatorias tardías. Se presenta un caso clínico de una de estas reacciones en una paciente de 41 a os de edad que había sido infiltrada 4 a os antes en ambos surcos nasogenianos y glabelar con un gel de poliacrilamida y posteriormente con toxoide botulínico tipo A. Se discuten los principales aspectos clínico-patológicos de los procesos asociados a procedimientos cosméticos faciales. The use of substances for soft tissues augmentation for cosmetic purposes may produce different clinical adverse effects, including late inflammatory reactions. We report a case of a this reaction in a patient aged 41 years old female, who was infiltrated 4 years ago in both paranasal furrows and glabelar area with a polyacrylamide gel and posteriorly with botulinum toxoid type A. We discuss the main aspects of clinical and pathological processes associated with facial cosmetic procedures.
Utilización de polialcamida en cirugía reconstructiva y estética facial Use of polyalkylimide in facial reconstructive and cosmetic surgery  [cached]
M. Cuesta Gil,A. Valverde Carrasco,B. Duarte Ruiz,F. Riba García
Revista Espa?ola de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial , 2007,
Abstract: Objetivos. Presentar nuestra experiencia en el manejo y aplicación de biomateriales no reabsorbibles (poliaquilamida) en pacientes con defectos faciales de diversa etiología. Material y métodos. Empleamos poliaquilamida (Bio-Alcamid ) en un total de catorce pacientes. Cuatro pacientes presentaban distintos grados de lipodistrofia facial secundaria a tratamientos antiretrovirales. Otros cuatro, consultaron porque deseaban mejorar el aspecto de su perfil labial. Tres pacientes habían sido sometidos con anterioridad a exéresis oncológicas, y otros dos mostraban defectos faciales derivados de traumatismos. Finalmente, un paciente presentaba un defecto nasal, secuela de una rinoplastia previa. Resultados. Todos los pacientes mostraron un índice muy elevado de satisfacción. No se registraron complicaciones graves. Queremos se alar la estabilidad y durabilidad del implante. Conclusiones. La seguridad y sencillez de esta técnica asociada al alto grado de satisfacción manifestado por los pacientes, animan al empleo de estas sustancias en la corrección de defectos faciales de diversa etiología. Objectives. To report our experience with the management and application of nonresorbible biomaterials (polyalkylimide) in patients with facial defects of diverse origin. Material and methods. Polyalkylimide (Bio-Alcamid ) was used in fourteen patients. Four patients had different grades of facial lipodystrophy secondary to antiretroviral treatment. Four patients sought to improve their labial profile. Three patients had previously undergone oncological excision and two had traumatic facial defects. Finally, one patient had a nasal defect due to rhinoplasty. Results. All patients were very satisfied. No serious complications occurred. Implants were stable and durable. Conclusions. The safety and simplicity of this technique, and the high degree of patient satisfaction, encourage the use of these substances to correct facial defects of diverse etiology.
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