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Taiwan Perspective: Developing Smart Living Technology  [cached]
Chih-Kung Lee, Julie Lee, Po-Wen Lo, Hsiao-Lin Tang, Wen-Hsin Hsiao, Jui-Yao Liu, Ting-Li Lin
International Journal of Automation and Smart Technology , 2011, DOI: 10.5875/ausmt.v1i1.74
Abstract: The pursuit of Smart Living Technology is a recent trend in which technology is applied to daily life to increase efficiency, affordability and sustainability. The principle behind Smart Living Technology is that technology should be used to advance the needs of human beings and to increase the quality of life by the power of human creativity while at the same time sustaining the environment for future generations. As such, intelligent networks should be adopted to provide humans with full information to control an individual's personal environment. Wireless technology can play a key role in enabling smart energy monitoring by allowing consumers to make more informed choices and to connect products and devices to a coordinated management system. The development of Smart Living Technology is based on the concept of user driven innovations. Various Living Labs have been established around the world as development centers for extension of this Smart Living Technology.In this paper, the background and current developments of Smart Living Technology are reviewed, followed by real examples taking place in Taiwan. Finally, the focus and future plan for Taiwan are discussed including a strategy for further development of Smart Living Technology in Taiwan.
The Development of Electricity Grid, Smart Grid and Renewable Energy in Taiwan  [PDF]
Hwa Meei Liou
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2017.86011
Abstract: The grid has played a vital role in the evolution of the electricity market; from traditional to smart grids; from fossil fuel power generated electricity grid connections to the integration of other renewable energy forms such as solar and wind power; the grid has played a key role in each step in Taiwan’s move towards energy transition. This study includes Taiwan’s construction of its transmission and distribution network, the recently passed newly revised version of the Electricity Act with its revisions to its transmission and distribution related content, and policies promoting the smart grid as well as issues that the renewable energy grid has raised in both the technical and legal aspects. Taiwan’s electricity supply system is made up of the northern, central and southern systems. The Transmission and distribution grid have been defined as a common carrier, maintaining state-owned monopoly. The smart grid has 6 main facets to promote, including smart generation and dispatch, smart transmission, smart consumers, smart grid electricity grid industry and the establishment of a smart grid environment. Due to the possible effects of the integration of renewable energy generated electricity, there is a vital need for the regulation of the grid’s management and skills.
Role of Internet of Things in the Smart Grid Technology  [PDF]
A. R. Al-Ali, Raafat Aburukba
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2015.35029

The Internet of Things (IoT) has recently emerged as enabling technology for the smart gird, smart health, smart transportation, and smart environment as well as for smart cities. The major smart grid devices are smart home appliances, distributed renewable energy resources and power substations. The seven domains existing smart grid conceptual model was developed without the IoT concept in mind. As the smart grid evolved, many attempts started to introduce the IoT as enabling technology to the grid. Each device in the grid can be considered as an object. Utilizing the concept of IoT, each device can have a unique IP address that can upload its status and download control commands via the Internet. This paper proposes a conceptual model for the smart grid within the Internet of Things context. The proposed model is based on IPV6 as the backbone of the smart grid communications layer.

Integrating Renewable Energy and Smart Grid Technology into the Nigerian Electricity Grid System  [PDF]
Emodi Nnaemeka Vincent, Samson D. Yusuf
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2014.59021
Abstract: The electricity situation in Nigeria can be described as epileptic with no sign in view of improvement. This epileptic power situation affects the manufacturing, service and residential sectors of the economy which in turn affects the country’s economic growth. Even with the recent reforms in the power sector, more than half of the country’s population still lack access to electricity. The epileptic condition of the power sector can be attributed to the inadequate and inefficient power plants, poor transmission and distribution facilities, and outdated metering system used by electricity consumers. This paper attempts to present the way forward for the Nigerian poor electricity situation by reviewing the power sector as a whole and the renewable energy potentials. We identified the problems in the national grid and then proposed a smart grid model for the Nigerian power sector which will include renewable energy source. We believe that the content of this review paper will solve the poor epileptic condition of the power sector in Nigeria and also enable the proper integration of smart grid technology into the national grid.
Application and Development of Zigbee Technology for Smart Grid Environment  [PDF]
Sheng-Fa Chang, Chi-Feng Chen, Jyh-Horng Wen, Jih-Hsin Liu, Jun-Hong Weng, Jian-Li Dong
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2015.34048

In the next few years, the home energy management system trend of the smart home will become increasingly evident. From the application and development of recent years, the Bluetooth and Zigbee are the most valued by the industry. Of these two kinds of technology, Zigbee supports low cost and more number of nodes, and with its low power consumption, it is bound to become a major communication feature for the smart home technology. Because Zigbee SEP2.0 specification support multiple network technology features, a product can become compatible with a variety of communication methods to connect with the home network and achieve home automation of functional requirements, facilitating maximum performance of wireless applications.

Smart Grid Designs for the improvement in Solar Technology and its Development  [PDF]
V. Shirish Murty
International Journal of Advanced Electrical and Electronics Engineering , 2013,
Abstract: This paper focuses on the optimization of the electric energy production by photovoltaic cells throughthe development of an intelligent sun-tracking systemusing a stepper motor and a light sensor as well as to study the various prospects of photovoltaic technology for a smart grid development. This method is increasing power collection efficiency by developing a device called Stepper Motor Controller. The human use of technology began with the conversion of natural resources. Renovation of infrastructure with a new pattern of a tracking mechanism in a solar device is an attempt to improve the quality of life from the historic, unequipped infrastructure to a revival of modernization.
Strategy of Harmonic Suppression of Smart DistributionNetwork with Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Generation  [PDF]
Lifeng Zhu,Shuxi Xu,Zijia Ding,Lijun Qin
International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering , 2013, DOI: 10.7763/ijcee.2013.v5.718
Abstract: In this paper, the main impact of harmonics current of PV generation on smart distribution network a fter it is connected with the latter is indicated, and the reasons for the impact are analyzed. The methods of system harmonic suppression is summarized, three methods of PV power system based on active power filter, reactive power filter and combined system of static var compensator and active power filter are studied separately. Finally, according to the development of smart distribution network and application research on PV generation, the existing problems of the PV grid-connected system with harmonic suppression function are pointed out and its study direction in the future is also looked ahead.
The Effects of Technology Transfer, Marketing Strategy and Innovation Strategy on the OperatingPerformance of the Biotech/Pharmaceutical Industry in Taiwan
Miao-Que Lin,Willie Lin,Chih-Hua Pao
International Journal of Electronic Business Management , 2007,
Abstract: Early studies on the factors that influence the operating performance within the biotech/pharmaceutical industry mainly focused on the establishment of technological capability or the effects of innovation in terms of increasing competitiveness. Nevertheless, there are few studies on the process, marketing and strategic direction for innovation concerning biotechnology transfer. Due to technology transference enabling managers to maintain their technological competitiveness, they are able to cope with the globalization of competition and enhance their operating performance. Furthermore, marketing strategy is able to increase biotechnological product sales and establish brand names; and innovation strategy serves as the driving force for creating competitive advantages for biotechnological entrepreneurs. This paper focuses on how to build up technology transference, marketing strategy and innovation strategy in the biotech/pharmaceutical industry. In addition, this study aims to attain the consistency ratio, which probably affects the operating performance, by the method of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), the analysis of 11 valid questionnaires, and the use of software, such as Expert Choice 2000. The results are as follows: (1) Product innovation and marketing innovation are the most important key influencing factors in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries; (2) Technological uniqueness serves as an important basis for sustainable development in the biotech/pharmaceutical industry; and (3) Product strategy and channel strategy serve as the driving forces that enhance the operating performance of the biotech/pharmaceutical industry. Finally, in order to improve the operating performance of firms, this study recommends that entrepreneurs within the biotech/pharmaceutical industry in Taiwan should strengthen product innovation, develop new markets and products, introduce unique technology, establish product strategy with a professional image and build up channel strategy based on a sound network of relationships.
Smart Grid Technology and Its Possible Applications to the Nigeria 330 kV Power System  [PDF]
Oshevire Patrick, Oladimeji Tolulolope, Onohaebi Sunny
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2013.45045

It is a known fact that the epileptic power situation in Nigeria has become a recurring decimal. In the light of this stark reality of a country like Nigeria which is constantly plunged into pitch darkness all year round, it has become expedient for a sustainable and urgent remedy to be sought if our country will ever think of rubbing shoulders with the economies of the world. It is this pathetic scenario, we find ourselves in that it has given rise to this paper which tends to review possible ways and means of redressing the ugly trend. This paper examines the prospects and possible applications of Smart Grid Technology (SGT) to the Nigeria Power System. Nigeria Power System consists of 28 buses, 32 Transmission lines and 10 generating stations, with a view to reduce the high active and reactive transmission losses. The study shows that smart grid system will make the present network more efficient and reliable by connecting different sources of distributed generators into the existing grid. Basic requirements necessary for the application of SGT using the Nigeria Power System as a case study were discussed.

Smart Tariff for Smart Meters In Smart Grid
P.Vijayapriya,,Garauv Bapna,,Dr.D.P.Kothari
International Journal of Engineering and Technology , 2010,
Abstract: The power grid is aging and congested and faces new challenges and stresses that put at risk its ability to reliably deliver power to an economy that is increasingly dependent on electricity. A growing recognition of the need to modernize the grid to meet tomorrow’s challenges has found articulation in the vision of a Smart Grid. The essence of this vision is “a fullyautomated power delivery network that can ensure a two-way flow of electricity and information between the power plants and appliances and all points in between”. The three key technological components of the Smart Grid are distributed intelligence, broadband communications and automated control systems. It is considered that introduction of “Smart Grid” technology will improve the reliability of power system, quality of supply, efficiency of the power sector apart from being consumer friendly and ultimately reduces line losses. Regardless of how quickly various tilities embrace smart grid concepts, technologies, and systems, they all agree on the inevitability of this massive transformation. Focusing in on the role of Smart Meters, this paper lays out the importance of time shifting the load to off-peak hours to avail the benefit of the proposed smart tariff which aims on cost reduction forconsumers for operating during off-peak hours thereby improving the reliability of the whole network.
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