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Indicators of sustainable tourism
Jovi?i? Dobrica,Ili? Tatjana
Glasnik Srpskog Geografskog Dru?tva , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/gsgd1001277j
Abstract: The indicators, precisely describing the linkages between tourism and the environment, social and cultural base, are not easily available. How ever, some relevant organizations (WTO, EU, OECD, etc.), institutions and experts, have been hardly working to create the indicators of sustainable tourism. Whereas the economic objectives are easily defined by the use of the traditional indicators used in national and business economics, it is very difficult to identify widely applicable environmental, social and cultural indicators. In order to stimulate and alleviate the process of sustainable tourism development, EU created the list of comparative indicators of sustainable tourism. In preparing this list, special attention is paid to identification of valid indicators of real tourism impacts on the social and cultural environment (the entire set of traditions, customs, history, hospitality and culture that characterize a given area), that is a very complex task. Assuming the fact that the related indicators have been analyzed in many European countries, this paper is focused on applying the related indicators in research of tourism development in villages of the Kosjeri community. .
On the indicators of sustainable territorial development
Masserov D.
Vestnik Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University , 2013,
Abstract: This article offers an overview of indicators proposed for the use at different territorial levels, including sustainable development indicators. The author emphasizes the prospects of the process of obtaining an integral sustainable development indicator.
Indicators of technological processes environmental estimation  [PDF]
R. Nowosielski,A. Kania,M. Spilka
Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering , 2007,
Abstract: Purpose: The paper presents a possibility using indicators of technological processes estimation which make possible decrease negative environmental influence these processes on the environment. Design/methodology/approach: The article shows the direction of enterprises efficiency estimation in favour of environment. It also presents the necessity of production with responsibility of environment. It requires formulating definite aims and justification of workers to integration of the environment protection.Findings: The environmental indicators should have more and more meaning in the enterprises development. Complying to suitable principles makes possible technological processes realization and products producing which do not negative influence on the environment. They save energy and getting out natural resources and assure the safer work conditions.Research limitations/Implications: Using environmental indicators is connected with many advantages for enterprises, for example: control by given indicator of characterized areas, help in decision making in the range of environment protection, enlarging efficiency and effectiveness of companies.Practical implications: Knowledge of environmental indicators (develop by ISO, GRI, CWRT, etc.) makes possible conducting of ecological activity effects estimation of every organization.Originality/value: In this article the main indicators of technological processes ecological estimation were reviewed. It identifies major functions of indicators and proceeds to presenting the role of indicators in achievement of sustainable production.
Sustainable urban environmental quality  [PDF]
To?kovi? Dobrivoje
Spatium , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/spat0411007t
Abstract: MEANING as the essential element of urban quality. The role of the three main factors for the urban quality achievement: PLANNING, DEVELOPMENT and PEOPLE. Next to that, it is important to assume the identity of the local CONTEXT as the essential base for designing and shaping of form development. The problems of the quality achievements in the situation of the permanent changes. In such an environment - the RENEWAL of the towns become the basic strategic orientation requiring - evaluation of the development policy instruments. On the road of changes there are PROBLEMS of a strategic nature which should be, firstly, defined and, then, solved before entering in the process of structuring and arrangement. One of these problems is NEW versus OLD. Transition to a new policy of urbanism relying, first of all, on the private investors and international funds of the local authorities - call for a NEW STRATEGY in urbanism, in the context of the sustainability of environment. The sustainability of quality and the categories of the influencing factors. The sustainability of quality as a twofold process of urban design. The quality of environment as an aesthetic phenomenon. The urban situation and environmental quality: feasibility of changes and effects; the environmental capacity as an indicator and quality determinant. The urban quality and international experience. The evaluation of our urban situation. INSTEAD OF CONCLUSION: A general review on the visions and urban quality policy and planning. Toward an evaluation of urban environmental quality: negative and positive indicators; sustainable communities environmental ruling and urban quality planning.
Transgenic agriculture and environmental indicators  [PDF]
Lucila Teresa de Gusm?o Pess?a,Denize Dias de Carvalho,Nei Pereira Jr
Engenharia Ambiental : Pesquisa e Tecnologia , 2006,
Abstract: Despite the rapid diffusion of transgenic crops, there are still few environmental impact studies capable of supplying a conclusive scientific response in regard to its technical and economic advantages and disadvantages. Prospective scenarios were elaborated to assist environmental impact assessment, using techniques derived from SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, Threat) analysis and the DPSIR (Driving Force – human activity, Pressure, State, Impact, Response) model, to evaluate the environmental indicators and the relationship between them. Control and management actions were identified, searching the integration of aspects related to the biotechnology applied to transgenic processes, biodiversity, biosafety and intellectual property. It was demonstrated that the DPSIR model is, in fact, an instrument for integrated environmental assessment and the application of the proposed methodology resulted in favorable indicators to the adoption of transgenic agriculture. The elaborated scenarios are useful to develop an Environmental Management System (EMS) to agriculture.
Environmental Performance and Sustainable Development  [cached]
Razeeya Jaffeer
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v4n6p181
Abstract: This paper presents an overview of environmental indexes and indicators. A short definition of some indicators is considered and a new environmental performance framework is proposed in close relation to environmental performance index (EPI). The aim is to explore the relation between indicators and as well as to find the most suited index that could gear environmental aspects towards SD. New Environmental Performance scores (i.e. new aggregate scores (NAS) according to the proposed framework) of some selected countries were used for comparison purpose and the poor performance in some policy categories was analyzed in a time series data contextually. Sri Lanka is considered as a case study. The result of the analysis shows that Sri Lanka’s performance in air pollution category and environmental burden on diseases are poor. To conclude, the environmental performance category analysis shows that the growing demand on scarce resources and pollution play an important role in environmental stress. The use of fossil fuel is the major contributor to CO2 emission in Sri Lanka. The increasing trend of CO2 emission contributes to the environmental burden of diseases and air pollution in Sri Lanka.
Environmental Philosophy for Sustainable Development  [cached]
Francis Etim
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2012,
Abstract: The achievement of sustainable development is one of the greatest challenges facing the human race in general and African nation in particular, today. Recent ecological studies have shown that the universe is an international arena of existents. The environment as a natural locale of these reciprocal interaction is an important if not indispensable and complementary partner in any developmental agenda and project. This implies that every developmental stride has concomitant and attendant effect on the environment and vice versa. This calls for a responsive and preservative environmental philosophy that would lead to a sustainable development in Africa. This, the paper suggests, can be achieved through “Affective Humanism.”
Environmental and Socioeconomic Indicators for Bioenergy Sustainability as Applied to Eucalyptus  [PDF]
Virginia H. Dale,Matthew H. Langholtz,Beau M. Wesh,Laurence M. Eaton
International Journal of Forestry Research , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/215276
Abstract: Eucalyptus is a fast-growing tree native to Australia and could be used to supply biomass for bioenergy and other purposes along the coastal regions of the southeastern United States (USA). At a farmgate price of $66 dry Mg?1, a potential supply of 27 to 41.3 million dry Mg year?1 of Eucalyptus could be produced on about 1.75 million ha in the southeastern USA. A proposed suite of indicators provides a practical and consistent way to measure the sustainability of a particular situation where Eucalyptus might be grown as a feedstock for conversion to bioenergy. Applying this indicator suite to Eucalyptus culture in the southeastern USA provides a basis for the practical evaluation of socioeconomic and environmental sustainability in those systems. Sustainability issues associated with using Eucalyptus for bioenergy do not differ greatly from those of other feedstocks, for prior land-use practices are a dominant influence. Particular concerns focus on the potential for invasiveness, water use, and social acceptance. This paper discusses opportunities and constraints of sustainable production of Eucalyptus in the southeastern USA. For example, potential effects on sustainability that can occur in all five stages of the biofuel life cycle are depicted. 1. Introduction As society moves forward toward considering energy options other than petroleum-based fuels, bioenergy is an important alternative to evaluate. In addition to developing the ability to provide energy, it is important to identify ways to do so in a sustainable manner. The concept of sustainability refers to activities that support long-term balance in environmental, social, and economic conditions in particular circumstances. Brundtland [1] defined it as the capacity of an activity to operate while maintaining options for future generations. Yet development and use of energy always has some environmental impacts, for example, on water and air quality and biodiversity. The challenge, therefore, is to develop means to address tradeoffs in the costs and benefits in energy choices while considering effects on both environmental and socioeconomic aspects of sustainability. The first step in determining these effects is developing a means to quantify and measure Brundtland’s broad definition of sustainability. Building on prior efforts, this paper discusses proposed indicators of sustainability and attempts to apply them to evaluate the potential for using Eucalyptus for sustainable bioenergy in the southeastern United States (USA). However the application of sustainability indicators in this
Indicators of sustainable development for catchment management in South Africa - Review of indicators from around the world
Jay Walmsley, Mark Carden, Carmen Revenga, Frank Sagona, Malcolm Smith
Water SA , 2001,
Abstract: Indicators are the ideal means by which progress towards sustainable development can be measured. However, most indicator initiatives throughout the world have been aimed at state-of-the-environment reporting, with relatively few aimed at developing sectoral indicators. This paper provides the results of a review to establish trends in the development of indicators that assist in integrated water resource management. Twenty-one organisations from around the world were approached with regard to whether they had developed indicators of sustainable development for catchment management. Of these, only five organisations had developed, or were in the process of developing, indicator sets that were available for review. These included the Fraser Basin Council (Canada), the Murray-Darling Basin Commission (Australia), the Tennessee Valley Authority (USA), the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the World Resources Institute. All of these indicator sets were developed using an issuesbased approach. Each indicator set was unique, reflecting the policy, both national and organisational, upon which it had been based. An analysis of these five indicator sets revealed that the most important themes that required information for water resource management at a catchment level, were biodiversity and ecosystem integrity, land-use change, water quality, waste production, water availability and resource use. Common indicators included population growth; community involvement; water availability; water use; water quality trends; soil contamination; non-compliance; species at risk; key species assessment; change in vegetation; agricultural impact; access to recreational opportunities, and ecosystem health. The identification of these themes and common indicators will be useful for the development of indicators for catchment management in South Africa. More importantly, policy frameworks and the physical characteristics of catchment systems in the country need to be taken into account. Additionally, it is recognised that no effective indicator set can be developed without the input of stakeholders. WaterSA Vol.27(4) 2001: 539-550
Indicators of sustainable development of Ra ka region  [PDF]
Lje?evi? Milutin A.,Ikonovi? Vesna
Glasnik Srpskog Geografskog Dru?tva , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/gsgd0501071l
Abstract: Conceptual model of sustainable development is comprehended as consensus of human, social, economic, technological, cultural development and protection sanation and advance of environment, as well as protection initial natural inheritance and basic eco-systems. It is impossible to separate particular segments of development because sustainable (optimal) development has sensed only if it has been observe as integral unit. Indicators of sustainable development are applied on the example of Ra ka region.
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