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Innovation patterns and intellectual property in SMEs of a developing country
Forero-Pineda,Clemente; Laureiro-Martinez,Daniella; Marín,Alejandra;
Innovar , 2011,
Abstract: based on empirical results, this article reopens the discussion about the relationship between intellectual property and innovation in developing countries. intellectual property grants a monopoly over the commercial exploitation of innovations. ex ante, this monopoly may promote innovation but ex post it may become a disincentive to diffusion and subsequent innovation. after reviewing the terms of the debate in the classical and current literature, we address two empirical issues: what patterns of intellectual property behavior coexist among the small and medium enterprises (smes) of a developing country (colombia) and how these patterns relate to the innovation performance of these firms.
科技型小微企业投融资协同创新的有效性与风险控制研究
Research on Validity and Risk Control of Collaborative Innovation of Technology-based Small-micro Enterprises’ Investment and Financing
 [PDF]

刘纳新,伍中信
- , 2015,
Abstract: 分析了科技型小微企业投融资协同创新的有效性及空间聚集与投融资联合对协同创新的影响,对协同创新中可能遇到的风险进行了初步的探讨,并制定了相应的风险预防机制和风险应对措施。
Validity of the collaborative innovation of investment and financing in technology-based small-micro enterprises is analyzed first.Then,the effect of spatial clustering and joint investment and financing on collaborative innovation are discussed. Then,it preliminarily discusses the possible risks in collaborative innovation. Finally,the corresponding risk prevention mechanism and risk response measures would be formulated.
THE PROBLEM OF FINANCING INNOVATION OF ENTERPRISES  [PDF]
Alexander Ildyakov
Sovremennye Issledovania Social?nyh Problem , 2012,
Abstract: The article examines the main issues related to financing innovation in enterprises. The author proves the problem of financing innovation as a key deterrent to the innovative development of Russian enterprises.
An Analysis of Causes for SMEs Financing Difficulty  [cached]
Hongbo Duan,Xiaojie Han,Hongbo Yang
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v4n6p73
Abstract: SMEs have an extremely important position in national economy and social life, especially in the aspect of solving employment and promoting urbanization, what is irreplaceable by large enterprises. However, at present the SMEs financing issue in China has already become a serious problem that troubles the economic development, market growth, and social progress. This issue has aroused a wide attention from economic theory field, industrial field, and the government. This paper summarizes the causes for SMEs financing difficulty comprehensively, with the hope of offering references for further studies.
A Study of the Market Failure in the Financing of High-Tech SMEs and the Governmental Intervention  [PDF]
Miaobing Liu
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.43022
Abstract: With the progress of the society, the High-tech SMEs play a more and more important role in the development and innovation of a country. However, the financing of the High-tech SMEs faces a serious market failure, and the government has to intervene. Based on this, this article analyzes the root which leads to the market failure in the financing of High-tech SMEs from three aspects: serious uncertainty, information asymmetry and externality, and puts forward the concrete policy measures of government intervention and discusses the government failure that exists in the process of governmental intervention. Finally, on the basis of above analysis, this paper puts forward some appropriate policy recommendations.
The Review of SMEs Open Innovation Performance  [PDF]
Jin Zhang, Lizhen Chen
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.412077
Abstract: Open innovation has provided more opportunities and broader space for Small- and Medium- sized Enterprises (SMEs for short) in innovative practices, but also brought new challenges to SMEs. Focusing on the performance of SMEs in open innovation, this paper conducts a literature commentary from several aspects including innovation performance, constraints, impact and strategy of improving open innovation performance of SMEs on the basis of systematic domestic and foreign literature review. The paper also points out the direction for future research.
Informal Financial Services, a Panacea for SMEs Financing? A Case Study of SMEs in the Ashanti Region of Ghana  [PDF]
Solomon Kwarteng Forkuoh, Yao Li, Emmanuel Affum-Osei, Isaac Quaye
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.512075
Abstract: It has been established that Small and Medium enterprises (SMEs) play significant roles in the economic development of most countries in terms of job creation, innovation of new ideas, contribution to Gross Domestic Product and welfare, but the ability of SMEs to implement growth and developmental programs highly depend on access to external finance among other factors. Against this backdrop, the persistence citing of limited access to finance by SMEs in the Sub-Saharan African countries which places impediments on their business activities is worrisome to both the entrepreneurs and the State. In spite of several efforts by various governments and relevant institutions in rolling out support policies and initiatives in making access to external finance by SMEs more accessible, the problem still persist and SMEs maybe are yet to reap the full benefits from such initiatives. This research work does not rule out the fact that there exist alternative ways of financing SMEs outside the formal financial system, but this research focuses on the accessibility of the informal financial systems, with much emphasis on family and friends, their effectiveness, and how to meet the criteria for accessing the finance. The results show that SMEs that meet the requirements (trust, reputation, relation (family affiliation), religious affiliation,) of the lenders have easy access to alternative external finance, but the major challenges SMEs face when accessing the funds are the limited size of the loan and how to meet the demands of the lenders. On the lenders side, high defaulting rate is their major challenge. With careful modification without compromising the traditions involving the system, informal financial system will play significant role in providing the financial needs of SMEs.
INNOVATION TRANSFER AND RURAL SMES  [PDF]
C CANNARELLA,V PICCIONI
Journal of Central European Agriculture , 2004,
Abstract: The role innovation can play to make enterprises more dynamic and competitive is surely well known. For rural small and medium enterprises (SMEs) this can become a critical issue because they often need financial and technical incentives and support from public and private research institutions in order to make innovation accessible to them. Yet bridging research and productive dimensions is not always an easy task The cooperation between researchers and rural entrepreneurs can become a rather demoralizing experience for both parties due to the action of a large number of inadequacies caused not only by financial, technical or organizational factors but also by cultural diversities and different approaches. This paper proposes some considerations matured by the authors while cooperating with some rural SMEs of agro-industrial and agrobusiness sectors in Central Italy to implement actions of innovation and know how transfer. The experiences reported have been made within the framework of article 15 of the Ministerial Decree (Ministry of University and Research) n. 593/2000 which allows temporary deployment of personnel from research institutions in SMEs. In this paper the authors outline some methodological guidelines developed and adopted to analyze and meet the innovation demand from SMEs involved in innovation transfer processes.
FINANCING OF THE SMEs IN THE EUROPEAN UNION THROUGH CREDIT INSTITUTIONS  [PDF]
Valentina Diana Ign?tescu
CES Working Papers , 2010,
Abstract: It is widely acknowledge that financial constraints are the most visible problems of the SMEs. So through this paper we propose to analyze the main sources of financing that SMEs use to conducttheir business. And, from these sources, we should focus on the ways of financing offered by credit institutions. Thus, we will identify the main sources of financing available to SMEs and offered by creditinstitutions. Banks are increasingly seeking to become facilitators and partners with their SME clients. In other words, they try to offer a broader range of products, better service quality and better prices. Through this paper we will see if the bank offers are truly advantageous for SMEs.
State Financing and Stimulation of Development of Venture Investment into Models of Open Innovations Государственное финансирование и стимулирование развития венчурного инвестирования в модели открытых инноваций  [PDF]
Zhylinska Oksana I.
Business Inform , 2013,
Abstract: The article reveals specific features of overcoming such a disfunction of the market in the sphere of scientific and technical and innovation activity as non-full markets. Result is achieved through mechanisms of state financing and state stimulation of development of venture investment in the context of development of the concept of open innovations. The state will re-orient from the main source of financing venture entrepreneurship to the activator of development of venture investment. The programmes of state support and stimulation of venture entrepreneurship and venture investment give a possibility not only to provide income for venture investors, but to accelerate creation of new markets, which results in structural shifts in production and consumption while realising the function of “constructive destruction”. В статье раскрыты особенности преодоления такой дисфункции рынка в сфере научно-технической и инновационной деятельности, как неполные рынки. Результат достигается через механизмы государственного финансирования и государственного стимулирования развития венчурного инвестирования в контексте становления концепции открытых инноваций. Государство переориентируется от главного источника финансирования венчурного предпринимательства к активизатору развития венчурного инвестирования. Программы государственной поддержки и стимулирования венчурного предпринимательства и венчурного инвестирования дают возможность не только обеспечить доходы венчурных инвесторов, но и ускорить создание новых рынков, что приводит к структурным сдвигам в производстве и потреблении, реализуя функцию созидательного разрушения .
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