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Turkey’s Cyprus Policy During Democratic Party Period (1950-1960)
Esra Sar?koyuncu De?erli
Journal of Gazi Academic View , 2012,
Abstract: In this study, the Cyprus policy of Turkey is analysed between the years 1950-1960 when the Democratic Party was in power. In the period in question, structure of bi-communal state in Cyprus was laid. Therefore, this period, has witnessed important developments which have multi-dimensional effects nowadays as well in terms of both Turkey’s foreign policy, and the future of Turkish society living in Cyprus. During the process that provides the rise of The Republic of Cyprus gradually, the Democratic Party’s vision and the policy followed about the island’s international status and the future of the people of the island have been analysed in three phases. As a result of the study during which the archive documents greatly benefited, it is seen that Turkey which had to leave Cyprus to the UK with the Lausanne Peace Treaty1923, became eligible in Cyprus again thanks to the Democratic Party’s foreign policy.
Homeland Security of Turkey During the Democrat Party Period and the Turkish Police Organization
Ali Dikici
Journal of Gazi Academic View , 2009,
Abstract: Democrat Party (DP) period in Turkey covering the period between 14th May 1950 elections and the 27 May 1960 coup d’etat has been handled by many scholars. In the related essays the DP governments have been criticized for manipulating and reforming the police forces for their political aims. In the lead up to 27 May a number of separate incidents took place in Turkey. The Turkish Police were to blame on the ground that they politically (government) motivated against these incidents and lost its impartiality. Therefore, the Turkish national police organization was one of the mostly affected state bodies by the coup and could not get rid of this effect for a long time. This article shows DP’s law enforcement policies, government’s attitudes, police-politicians relations, how the police organization failed to respond to advance warnings and incidents of this coup and briefly the main problems as to its own organization following the coup.
Celal Bayar’ n Cumhurba kan Se ilmesi ve Demokrat Parti Hükümetinin Kurulmas (1950)/// Election of President Celal Bayar and the Formation of Democrat Party Government (1950)
?erif DEM?R
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2012,
Abstract: Celal Bayar assumed important responsibilities and duties during the National Liberation War and Single-Party Period. By founding the Democratic Party in 1946, Bayar contributed to the democratization of Turkey and a smooth transition to multi-party political life. Prior to May 14, 1950 elections, he established a common sense opposition. On May 14, Celal Bayar and DP won a huge election victory. Bayar became the third President of the Republic of Turkey on May 22, 1950, and he appointed the new Prime Minister, the Chairman of the Assembly and the DP General Secretary. Thus, Bayar led Turkey successfully at the convergence of an exceptional period in Turkey.
The effect of translations, that is done under the control of state, on the social and cultural change from the last period of Ottomans to the first period of Republic of Turkey
Muharrem Tosun,Fatih ?im?ek
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Translations have always been the starting point for nations in the adventure of their participation to civilization. So that, all civilizations have experienced some translation activities and a period of translation at the beginning of their developmental periods. Those nations that have deep and intense relations with translations have also been very fast in the path of civilization progress. The Ottoman Empire was not able to succeed translation activities well enough and of course the recent moves were also not sufficient. The movement for the modernization of the Ottoman Empire that lasted for a period of more than 100 years was carried out with intense translation activities in every field. These translation activities in due course have turned into the production of western-oriented cultural, literary and political works. Western-oriented movements formed the most important idea or thought in the transformation of the Ottoman Empire to a democratic republic. The very early years of the Republic of Turkey experienced also translations made entirely from the Western cultures that shaped areas such as culture, literature, politics, law etc. Although translations play an important turning point for nations, the translation method also reveals the goal in which direction the nations will carry on their developments. By analyzing the aims and methods of translations, it is possible to see what role translations have played or will play in the transformation process of nations. Actually the translation method and aim of shaping our culture of 'translation movements in the Ottoman Empire and Republic of Turkey', which is actually our topic, will reveal the social effects and contributions of translations to changes in our country.
On Party Politics in Early Republic of China and Modern Political Civilization  [cached]
Jianghong Xu
Journal of Politics and Law , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/jpl.v1n4p57
Abstract: A tide of party foundation and activity appears in early Republic of China. During this period, party politics differs from that in western capitalism countries in its growth and decline, which is derived from China’s special economic and political features after the 1911 revolution. By studying the growth and decline history of parties in early Republic of China, we find that: the fundamental problem of party politics in early Republic of China is that parties can not satisfy the requirements of modern political civilization.
“35’ler Vakas ” in the ‘Republican Public Party’: A Civil Governmental Coup to the Passing Multiparty System in the Turkish Republic
?arika Gedikli Berber
Journal of Gazi Academic View , 2012,
Abstract: World War II was a term that many changes happened both in the world and the Turkish Republic. After the war, a new danger appeared named as the cold war that resulted in coming close Turkey to the West. Because of the fact that, smet n nü gave a permission to the West after the World War II about passing to the multy party system in the Turkish Republic. In that case, n nü behaved objectively during foundation of the first opposition party, “the Democratic Party” even he supported generating an opposition group in the governing party, “Cumhuriyet Halk Party”. In this perspective, “35’ler Vakas ” was very important event because this occasion sould be analysed a civil coup movement against to the governing party “Cumhuriyet Halk Party”. In this way a critical last barrier to the passing multy party system was eliminated definitely.
The evaluation of parliamentary democracy in Turkey and Turkish political elites
D. Ali Arslan
Historia Actual Online , 2005,
Abstract: Turkey has a strategic place in world politics. As Ahmad said, Turkey’s strategic location on the Straits and on the cross-roads between Europe and Asia will remain unchanged. Turkey is a meeting point between Europe and Asia not only geographically, but also ideologically between Eastern and Western civilisations. The Turkish secular and democratic system has provided a model to both the Islamic Middle East and the new Turkish states of the former Soviet Union. One of the major aims of this study is to examine the historical roots of the Turkish secular and democratic system. The second objective of the research is to realise sociological analysis of the Turkish political elites by using social background characteristics. The Turkish political elites will be examined within the five major periods from the beginning of the Republic up to date: 1. Single party era (1920-1946), 2. The period from the beginning of the multi-party regime to the 1960 military intervention (1946-1960), 3. From 1961 to the 1971 military intervention, 4. From 1971 to the 1980 military coup, 5. From 1980 to the present date.
Election of the President of the Republic of Turkey  [cached]
Turan Y?ld?r?m
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Republic of Turkey Constitution, Article 102 of the governing presidential elections, the Constitutional Court by the elections of deputies at a rate of at least two-thirds needed to join is in the form of comments. This interpretation is in line to cancel the elections and was president of the election crisis. Following this interpretation of the Constitutional Court, replaces the Constitution, the President elected by the people and the future is envisaged to create a system to other problems are. This work is transferred only to the Constitution and the regulations to indicate problems that may arise. Especially in the field of public support with a strong president of the Council of Ministers and the Parliament would be likely to come out fighting.
Demokrat Parti D nemi Türkiye’nin Ortado u Politikas (1950-1960)/// Turkey’s Middle Eastern Policy during the Democrat Party Era (1950-1960)
Beh?et Kemal Ye?ilbursa
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2010,
Abstract: In this article, an evaluation was made of the events occurring in Turkey’s Middle Eastern affairs during the Democrat Party period according to British documents. In that period, Turkey’s approach to Middle Eastern affairs, such as Middle East Command Proposal, Northern Tier Defence Project, Baghdad Pact, Suez War, Syrian Crisis in 1957 and 1958 Military Coup in Iraq, as well as relations between Turkey and Arab countries are examined.
Political Party in Islamic Republic of Iran: A Review  [cached]
Hossein Asayesh,Adlina Ab. Halim,Jayum A. Jawan,Seyedeh Nosrat Shojaei
Journal of Politics and Law , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/jpl.v4np221
Abstract: The political party is a means of connecting the political process with society and it helps to improve the political system. This paper looks at the history of political parties in Iran after the Islamic Revolution, and also considers the two main official political party groups: the Right Party and the Left Party. The article describes how each party shapes its views and develops its programs, and finally examines their similarities and differences in the field of economics, politics and culture.
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