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Environmental Assessment for Health Tourism in Ba?os de Agua Santa, Ecuador  [PDF]
Gutiérrez L. Ruiz, Cespedes D. García, Ramirez R. Covarrubias
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2017.87050
Abstract: The aim of this study is to apply the methodology for assessment of environmental impact of the heritage town with health tourism interest that is assessed. Health tourism is based on the appropriate employment of natural resources, landscapes and the natural and cultural heritage of a place. In order to carry out the study, a set of both theoretical and empirical methods were used to analyze the case of Ba?os de Agua Santa. The theoretical methods include the analysis and synthesis employed throughout the research process, as well as in the bibliographic study and the evaluation of the information obtained. In addition, the inductive-deductive method was employed to analyze, process, and treat the information and data that were used frequently in this work. As for the empirical methods, the researchers employed participatory techniques with community stakeholders, in order to gather information through interviews. Also, researchers conducted direct observation of community activities. The automated method software is used which requires a baseline study of the environment assessment in Tungurahua, Ecuador, to be prepared. In addition, the analysis of the social perception on tourism of the local people from the course work of students at the UIDE shall be applied. The conclusions of the case studies undertaken allow for strategic proposals and recommendations to be prepared so that they can be incorporated into the management plans for health tourism in the town with natural heritage value.
Adverse Environmental Effects of Tourism on Communities in the Ecuadorian Highlands Region  [PDF]
Lourdes Ruiz
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2017.53019
Abstract: The objective of this study is to determine the adverse environmental effects of tourism activities on various heritage populations located in the sierra or Andean highlands region of Ecuador. The effects being studied have been classified into impacts on the physical, abiotic, biotic, socio-culture and economic environment. The automated method using RIAM (Rapid Impact Assessment Matrix) software was employed in this analysis, which required the preparation of a baseline study in the small communities evaluated. A social perception survey was conducted of local residents regarding tourism, assisted by International University of Ecuador students fulfilling practical coursework requirements. Based on the conclusions of the case studies, some strategic proposals and recommendations were developed that can be incorporated into sustainable tourism management plans in communities with natural and cultural heritage values.
A Study on Tourism Development of Small Towns  [cached]
Ying Zou
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009,
Abstract: It was put forward in the third Plenum of the 15th CPC Central Committee that the development of small towns is an important strategy promoting economic and social progress in rural areas. According to the status quo of tourism development in China, construction of small towns for tourism under the direction of Chinese macro-control policy has become a matter of great importance in the present day.
Strategic planning for sustainable spatial, landscape and tourism development in Serbia  [PDF]
Maksin Marija,Miliji? Sa?a
Spatium , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/spat1023030m
Abstract: The paper presents an overview of the expected role of spatial and environmental planning in coordination and integration with strategic planning for sustainable spatial/territorial, landscape and tourism development. The application of an integrated approach to sustainable territorial development planning and management in the European Union is also analyzed in the context of problems associated with and possibilities to enhance the European Landscape Convention and Agenda for a sustainable and competitive European tourism implementation. We have analyzed the contributions of reforms that have so far been implemented in current legislation and of planning bases to the establishment of coordinated sustainable territorial development planning and management in Serbia and to the procurement of support for the integration of sustainable tourism development and landscape planning and management into the process of spatial, environmental and sectoral planning. The approach to and problems of landscape protection and sustainable tourism development occurring in the practice in spatial planning are analyzed through examples of a new generation of spatial plans - the Spatial Plan of the Republic of Serbia, and a spatial plan of the special-purpose area for the Nature Park and Tourism Region of Stara Planina Mountain. Through the example of Mt Stara Planina, the role of strategic environmental assessment in coordination with spatial and sectoral planning is analyzed, as well as potential contribution to landscape integration and sustainable tourism development in the process of planning. The possibilities for better coordination of Serbian strategic planning in achieving the sustainable spatial and tourism development, and possibilities to integrate landscapes into the planning process are indicated.
The Strategic Plan for Tourism Development in Italy  [PDF]
Silvia ANGELONI
Economia : Seria Management , 2013,
Abstract: Conceptual works on tourism destination competitiveness affirm the central importance of planning the process of value creation within destination. Italy is an emblematic case of why and how a leading tourism destination may lose competitiveness along the years. Up to the 1980s Italy was in fact the top international tourism destination, but then such ranking gradually decreased, because of more complexity of sector and, over all, because of marginality of tourism in the government agenda and more in general of the country. After years of strategic myopia, Italy finally has a tool that formalizes its vision and indicates the key factors that can be leveraged in order to regain ground. In 2013, Italy adopted a National Strategic Plan. Therefore, this paper aims to describe an important turning point in tourism policies for the economic and cultural development of Italy. The research highlights the problematic areas of Italy’s tourism industry and explains how a new approach should make the Italian destination able to successfully compete on the international tourism market.
STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT WITHIN THE TOURISM AND THE WORLD GLOBALIZATION
Zanina Kirovska
UTMS Journal of Economics , 2011,
Abstract: Within the world of tourism development, it is indisputable for strategic planning of tourism, especially for defining and existence of a development strategy for tourism. The implementation of the development strategy for tourism is determined by the functioning of strategic management in tourism.Strategic management is a proactive process of achieving long-term compatibility of the corresponding field in planned tourism environment. This management is a profitable way for implementation of priority development goals in tourism, set by the national economy, which is affected by tourism development. Strategic management basically has all the necessary features that promise efficiency and effectiveness in achieving development goals in tourism.With increasing competition and globalization trends, dynamics and development of tourism is increasingly intensified, and strategic management to ensure efficient and effective business operations (resource management, management information systems, maintaining and developing relations with tourisms, expanding and development of the tourism business, managing to new and innovative tourism projects). Therefore the importance of strategic and operational management without successful parts of operations, threaten the development of the tourism component.
Tourism Development: Issues for Historic Walled Towns = Razvoj turizma v mestih z obzidjem
Tomi Brezovec,David Bruce
Management , 2009,
Abstract: This paper discusses issues in tourism development and visitor management in historic walled towns. Historic towns and walled towns in particular, attract tourists that enjoy the preserved medieval ambience, architecture and picturesque streets. Tourism has an impact on economic and social life as well as on the urban and natural environment. Walled towns and cities with their obvious barriers exemplify and crystallise issues, challenges, and opportunities critical to the development of tourism. A research designed to identify issues related to tourism development and visitor management in walled towns included an extensive questionnaire and two workshops. Eight European historic/ walled towns were included in the research: Chester (United Kingdom), Piran (Slovenia), ’s-Hertogenbosch (Netherlands), Valetta (Malta), Arabarri (Spain), Lucca (Italy), L rrach (Germany), and Verona (Italy). The questionnaire was used to identify the tourism profile of participating towns as well as the issues and concerns related to tourism development. Participating towns discussed their concerns and exchanged their views and good practices at two workshops. Identified issues include providing adequate tourist information, involvement of residents in tourism development, development of products to decrease seasonality, and concentration of tourism demand. The paper presents good practices and suggests solutions in solving tourism related issues in historic walled towns.
Assessment of Strategic Factors of War Tourism in Iran  [PDF]
Maysam Musai,Mohsen Mehrara,Hosseinali Mahmoudian Ardakani
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Today, war tourism tours in the world are regarded as opportunity for glorification of the defendant combatants in each country and protect ting their beliefs while there are regarded as class for training and promoting peace and showing destructive consequences of war and are the best method for showing difference of this war from many wars and difference of attitude. Broad area of the war involved regions, effect of attendance in these regions on national identity of the visitors and spiritual strong heritage of Islamic Revolution periods are the specifications which distinguish these regions from other travel destinations in Iran. This research studies position of this tourism with use of SWOT method and calculates strategic status of war tourism by presenting tourism strategic position.
Identification of the Type of Strategic Policy for Sustainable Development on the Basis of Territorial Characterization. A Case Study in Canton Ba?os de Agua Santa, Tungurahua, Ecuador  [PDF]
Jose Fabian Fonseca Vasconez, Andrea del Pilar Ramirez Casco, Mario Alfonso Arellano Diaz, Xavier Sulca Guale
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.75104
Abstract: This study was carried out in Banos de Agua Santa, Province of Tungurahua-Ecuador; From the time of Spanish colonization to the present day, the failure to implement sustainable development policies has led to the decline of some economic activities and has driven tourism as the main source of income without structured sustainable guidelines with established planning for which becomes a fundamental alternative axis, generating the depletion of tourism resources and territorial disorder, the product of an imposing mercantilist system that guides competitiveness in an indiscriminate way. In correspondence the objective was to identify the type of strategic policy for the sustained development of the tourist destination referred to. Methodologically the study uses theoretical methods such as analysis and synthesis, inductive-deductive, historical-logical, others of the empirical level, among which we can cite the criterion of experts, matrices of analysis such as: external factor evaluation (EFE), evaluation of Internal factors (EFI), SWOT analysis, strategic evaluation and position of action (PEEA) and descriptive statistics. The results obtained were the determination of the present and future incidence of economic activities in the territory under study and the projection of the type of strategic policy for sustainable and responsible management of natural, cultural, socio-productive resources, preventing different Economic cycles, through the evaluation of their productive factors.
“生态文明”战略机遇期体育健身旅游资源开发与环境保护创新研究——以我国世界遗产地为例
Research on Physical Fitness Tourism Resource Development and Environmental Protection Innovation during Strategic Opportunity for Ecological Civilization:Take World Heritage Sites in China as Example
 [PDF]

张强,邓忠伟,陈浩
- , 2016, DOI: 10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2016.12.005
Abstract: 摘要:采用文献资料和专家访谈等研究方法,以我国世界遗产地为例,对“生态文明”战略机遇期我国体育健身旅游资源开发与环境保护创新进行了研究,结果表明,我国世界遗产地具有丰富的体育健身旅游资源,无论在数量和质量上都为发展体育健身旅游提供了良好的空间;但在世界遗产地体育健身旅游资源开发与环境保护过程中存在重开发、轻保护;重基础设施建设、轻科学研究;制衡机制失衡;专业人才匮乏等问题。基于此,课题组从实现我国世界遗产地体育健身旅游资源开发的生态环境、经济效益和社会效益和谐统一的研究视角出发,提出实现“生态文明”战略机遇期我国世界遗产地体育健身旅游资源开发与环境保护创新的发展策略,即:构建世界遗产地体育健身旅游资源开发与环境保护机制、世界遗产地体育健身旅游资源开发与环境保护行政依法治理保障体系、世界遗产地体育健身旅游资源开发与环境保护行政管理体系和世界遗产地体育健身旅游资源开发与环境保护价值评价指标体系;旨在为我国世界遗产地体育健身旅游资源开发与环境保护创新研究提供理论与实践的参考。
Abstract: Taking China’s World Heritage Sites as an example, the author conducted the study of physical fitness tourism resource development and environmental protection innovation during strategic opportunity for ecological civilization by the methods of literature review and expert interview. The result shows that the world heritage sites in China are rich in physical fitness tourism resources and thus providing good opportunities for developing physical fitness tourism in terms of quantity and quality. However, there are some existing problems during physical fitness tourism resource development and environmental protection, such as paying major attention to development and minor attention to protection, paying major attention to infrastructure building and minor attention to scientific research, unbalancing of balance mechanism and lack of professional talents. Based on this, from the research perspective of realizing harmony and unity of ecological environment, economic benefits and social benefits for the physical fitness tourism resource development in China’s world heritage sites, the research group proposes development strategy to realize physical fitness tourism resource development and environmental protection innovation in China’s world heritage sites during strategic opportunity for ecological civilization. That is, to build the mechanism, administrative guarantee system of governance according to law, administrative management system and value assessment indicator system of physical fitness tourism resource development and environmental protection in China’s world heritage sites, in order to provide theoretical and practical reference for its research
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