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Nutrition education in public elementary schools of S?o Paulo, Brazil: the Reducing Risks of Illness and Death in Adulthood project
Gaglianone, Cristina Pereira;Taddei, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo;Colugnati, Fernando Antonio Basile;Magalh?es, Clarissa Góes;Davan?o, Giovana Mochi;Macedo, Lino de;Lopez, Fábio Ancona;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732006000300002
Abstract: objective: the objective of this article was to analyze the development, implementation and impact of a nutrition education program on the knowledge and attitudes associated with healthy eating habits. methods: controlled randomized trial comprising teachers and children of eight public schools; three of them were submitted to educational activities and the remaining ones were kept as controls. effects of nutrition education were measured in terms of knowledge and attitudes. results: the results revealed an improvement in the food choice among students and a reduction in the intake of foods with high energy density. an improvement in the knowledge and attitudes of the teachers towards the prevention of obesity was also observed. conclusion: even with a positive attitude regarding the development of this proposal, there was a lack of support from the studied schools. future studies and a greater involvement by the health and education sectors could overcome such barriers, improving the results of school-based programs to prevent obesity.
Effect of high plane of nutrition on the performance of Haemonchus contortus infected kids  [cached]
A. K. Pathak,S. P. Tiwari
Veterinary World , 2013, DOI: 10.5455/vetworld.2013.22-26
Abstract: Aim: To determine the effect of severity of Haemonchus contortus infection on performance and economics of raising kids fed on two respective plane of nutrition. Materials and Methods: The feeding trial was conducted for 120 days with non-descript female kids (3-5 months age). The kids were randomly allocated into two dietary treatments having normal protein normal energy (NPNE) and high protein medium energy (HPME) using conventional feedstuffs (crushed maize, ground nut cake, berseem hay and chaffed paddy straw), fortified with mineral mixture (1%), salt (0.5%) and vitamin premix (@ 20gq-1 feed), each treatment having three levels of H. contortus infection (W , W and W ) in a 2x3 factorial design. The study was undertaken to ascertain the performance 0 500 2000 and economics of raising kids fed on higher plane of nutrition. Results: The total dry matter intake (DMI: kg) was 41.18, 39.56 and 41.11 in W0, W and W in group HPME; whereas in 500 2000 NPNE the DMI was 39.66, 38.03 and 35.95 kg in the respective infection levels. The highest body weight gain was obtained in HPME than NPNE from 1st to 16th week of experiment. The infected kids at NPNE gained at a slower rate as compared to the kids maintained at HPME. The mean percentage of monocytes, lymphocytes and neutrophils fluctuated in different ways throughout the experiment without any significant difference and these cells were not followed any specific trend. However, significantly higher (P<0.05) eosinophils count was recorded in W and W of HPME fed kids as compared to W and W 500 2000 500 2000 of NPNE fed kids. In the present study the maximum benefit could be obtained by feeding of HPME diet with W infection as 500 compared to other treatments. Conclusions: The cost of raising kids per kg meat was worked out to be the most economical at high plane of nutrition even with the heavy H. contortus infection. [Vet World 2013; 6(1.000): 22-26]
When Kids Hurt Other Kids: Bullying in Philippine Schools  [PDF]
Margaret S. Sanapo
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.814156
Abstract: This research looked into prevalence rate of bullying victimization and perpetration as well as teachers’ response to bullying incidence in the Philippines. A total of 340 sixth graders from five different schools in Western Visayas participated in the study. Slightly more than half (54.1%) of the sample were boys and 45.9% were girls. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze data gathered from the survey. Children’s self-reports revealed that prevalence rate for victimization was 40.6% and that for perpetration was 23.8%. Similar to previous literature, results also showed that there were significantly more boys than girls who reported to be victims (χ2(1, N = 340) = 4.26, p = 0.039) and bullies (χ2(1, N = 340) = 4.35, p = 0.037). Regardless of gender, verbal bullying came out as the most common type of bullying children experienced as a victim and bully. Teachers’ response to bullying was all in line with direct sanctions, i.e. verbal reprimands, temporary removal from class, withdrawal of privileges, and suspension, which were imposed on individuals involved in bullying as bullies. Although all teachers and school personnel were required to report bullying cases they had knowledge of to the child protection committee in their institution, very few did so. These findings suggest the need for a more effective bullying prevention program and a careful examination of the implementing rules and guidelines of RA 10627, otherwise known as the Anti-Bullying Act of 2013.
SELECTED PREDICTORS OF OVERWEIGHT AMONG NIGERIAN KIDS  [PDF]
Orunaboka, T.T Ph.D,Nwachukwu, E.A. Ph.D
Academic Research International , 2012,
Abstract: Flabby looks generally in human beings is as a result of out of shape which is a total product of overweight. Overweight is closely associated with laziness and clumsy look which no one desires.Kids who do not really know the implications are recently the most venerable. Kids who are flabby are prone to a lot of modern ailments. The tendency of the present day kids to live a sedentary life,with the idea of eating disorder and sweet drinking habits have caused the flabbiness of the kids in our society. This development leaves the entire society at risk. This paper discussed some of the predictors of overweight, its implication to fitness and control measures. It concluded by saying that kids who are out of shape are faced with multi-dimensional problems which should not be treated with levity. Based on the discussions reached, recommendations were made that (a) there should be awareness campaign focused on the importance of physical activities to the health of the kids. (b) parents should be educated on the type of foods and drinks their kids need. (c) Nutrition education should be a vital part of school curriculum at primary and post primary schools in Nigeria.
Teacher community in elementary charter schools.  [cached]
Marisa Cannata
Education Policy Analysis Archives , 2007,
Abstract: The organizational context of charter schools may facilitate the formation of a strong teacher community. In particular, a focused school mission and increased control over teacher hiring may lead to stronger teacher professional communities. This paper uses the 1999-2000 Schools and Staffing Survey to compare the level of teacher community in charter public and traditional public schools. It also estimates the effect of various charter policy variables and domains of school autonomy on teacher community. Charter school teachers report higher levels of teacher community than traditional public school teachers do, although this effect is less than one-tenth of a standard deviation and is dwarfed by the effect of a supportive principal, teacher decision-making influence, and school size. Charter public schools authorized by universities showed lower levels of teacher community than those authorized by local school districts. Teachers in charter schools that have flexibility over tenure requirements and the school budget report higher levels of teacher community. This study reveals that charter schools do facilitate the formation of strong teacher communities, although the effect is small. The analysis also suggests that the institutional origin of the charter school and specific areas of policy flexibility may influence teacher community.
Boys at Play: Football in Elementary Schools
Colm Kerrigan
Educate~ , 2006,
Abstract: This article focuses on the contribution of schoolboy football to three aspects of elementary education in late nineteenth and early twentieth century London schools. These are its benefits individually and collectively to scholars who played it, its role in promoting improved relationships between scholars and teachers in elementary schools and the role of football in identifying these schools as educational institutions that were to become focal points of local communities. Sources investigated include the records of schoolboy football associations, school log books, newspaper reports, published autobiographies of players and a ‘Special Report’ by the Education Department on the voluntary work of teachers in promoting games as extra-curricular activities in elementary schools. While the benefits to health, character training and social development of the boys who played football at their elementary schools are difficult to assess a century later, it is concluded that the value of learning football skills at an early age was important for their proficiency at the game. The extent of the improved relationships between teacher and taught that followed the introduction of football, although exaggerated by some games advocates, was nevertheless likely to have been significant. Finally, by the time of World War One, elementary-school football had helped identify the elementary school as an established and recognised part of the local community.
Effects of Supplementary Nutrition in Yearling Saanen Kids on Sexual Behaviors and Reproductive Traits
Abdulkadir Orman,Cagdas Kara,Ersin Topal,Ender Carkungoz
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2010.3098.3103
Abstract: The present study was conducted to improve sexual behaviors in yearling kids mated for the first time by supplementing the feed additive containing multiple nutrients. In addition, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of supplementing multiple nutrients on litter size in yearling kids. Eighteen yearling Saanen kids (34.40±4.10 kg), aged 7-8 months and two sexually experienced Saanen bucks (53±2.80 kg), aged 2 years were used. The animals were sorted by body weight and litter size of their mothers in previous years and assigned to one of the two groups (control; CG and experimental; EG) in the study. Each group consisted of 9 animals. The daily ration of the animals in EG was added 30 g animal-1 the feed additive for 5 days before mating period. Despite the fact that there were no statistically differences for sexual behaviors, the number of kids born, kidding and multiple birth percentages between groups (p>0.05), the results showed that supplementing combination of nutrients improving animal health and reproduction had a positive effect on kidding and multiple percentages.
Enhancing science education in the elementary schools  [PDF]
Milton W. Cole,Carla Zembal-Saul
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1119/1.1503382
Abstract: This article describes some collaborative activities of the authors, aimed at improving science education in elementary schools. These include curriculum enhancement, development of new apparatus (a wind tunnel), science-education web site contributions and production of a film about the physics of flight. The output of these projects is intended to be generally accessible or reproducible.
Sun Protection Policy in Elementary Schools in Hawaii  [cached]
Paul Eakin,Jay Maddock,Angela Techur-Pedro,Raphael Kaliko
Preventing Chronic Disease , 2004,
Abstract: Introduction Childhood sun exposure is a major risk factor for skin cancer, the most common form of cancer in the United States. Schools in locations that receive high amounts of ultraviolet radiation have been identified as important sites for reducing excessive sun exposure. Methods The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of sun protection policies, environmental features, and attitudes in public elementary schools in Hawaii. Surveys were sent to all (n = 177) public elementary school principals in Hawaii. Non-respondents were called three weeks after the initial mailing. The survey asked about sun protection policies, environmental features, and attitudes toward sun protection. The survey was designed to measure all seven components of Guidelines for School Programs to Prevent Skin Cancer, issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Results Seventy-eight percent of schools responded to the survey. Only one school had a written school policy. Almost all schools (99.3%) scheduled outdoor activities during peak sun hours. School uniforms rarely included long pants (6.5%), long-sleeved shirts (5.1%), or hats (1.5%). Current policies did not support or restrict sun protection habits. Almost one third of those surveyed were in favor of a statewide policy (28.1%), and most believed excessive sun exposure was an important childhood risk (78.9%), even among non-white students (74.5%). Conclusion Results of this study suggest the following: 1) school personnel in Hawaii are concerned about childhood sun exposure; 2) current school policies fail to address the issue; 3) most schools are receptive to developing sun protection policies and programs; and 4) students appear to be at high risk for sun exposure during school hours.
Course diversity within South Australian secondary schools as a factor of successful transition and retention within Australian universities
Scott Wright
International Journal of the First Year in Higher Education , 2010, DOI: 10.5204/intjfyhe.v1i1.16
Abstract: There has long been a disparity in the provision of curriculum within Australian secondary schools. This study aims to evaluate whether diversity within schools alters students’ university experiences. While much of the existing literature focuses on each aspect individually, this paper attempts to clarify a link between these factors by focussing on the transition process. A theoretical analysis of key concepts surrounding a web of inter-related issues, including student satisfaction, interest and motivation frames the quantitative data collection. The methodology employed consists of analysing a balanced sample of South Australian secondary schools, from an array of different locations, SES groupings and sizes, and an acknowledgement of previous studies into the first year experience within Australian Universities. The findings suggest that there is a disparity between learning areas in school curricula and an inherent link has been established with issues such as student attrition and dissatisfaction in universities.
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