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Evaluation of Rural Economic and Social Development Level in Chongqing  [PDF]
DEN Guang-shan,SU Wei-ci,ZHAO Guo-jun
Journal of Chongqing Normal University , 2011,
Abstract: In the background of urban and reral balanced development, in order to promote the understanding for rural development in Chongqing , and this article evaluated its economic and social development. Based on the development status of Chongqing's urban and rural areas, we set the indicators system of evaluation for Chongqing rural economic and social development, and prove its reason through the factor analysis and gray relational analysis. Finally we get the composite score and ranking of each district. Taking cluster analysis to composite scores and correlation analysis with per capita investment in fixed assets, road density and the economic pattern,and also taking hierarchical display, we get three levels area of rural development status, and prove that it is correct to increase investment and build infrastructure and make a rational economic distribution. It also shows that , for every regional rural economic and social development states, an hour economic areas is better than the northeast of Chongqing ,and the northeast of Chongqing is better than the southest of Chongqing overall. Finally, we try to explore some overall measures for superior areas such as an hour economic area, Wanzhou district and poor areas , the northeast and the southeast of Chongqing and Tongnan county in the west edge.
Assessing the County's Rural Development Types and Their Rurality:a Case Study of the Three Gorges Eco Economic Region in Chongqing  [PDF]
LI Xiao-kun,LI Zhong-feng,WENG Cai-yin,WANG Shu-wei
Journal of Chongqing Normal University , 2013,
Abstract: The eco economic zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir Area in Chongqing is characterized by a large number of rural populations,high proportions of the poor,and a wide range of poverty stricken areas.Assessing the rurality and making the development direction clearer is helpful to promote the balancing urban rural development and new countryside constructions.The data is collected from Chongqing Statistical Yearbook 2010 .The relative proportion of the three industries in the GDP is used to categorize this eco economic zone into four rural development types,and they are agricultural dominated,industrial and mineral dominated,balanced and business,tourism and service oriented.On this basis,the rurality of each country is assessed by the indicators of urbanization,agricultural labor productivity,agricultural output growth,the ratio of agricultural to nonagricultural output,highway density,radio and television coverage.It indicates that significant differences exist between similar and different rural development type.In the mining and industrial oriented countries,there are only three districts which have weak rurality and two counties with significant rurality.And in the balanced counties,there are four counties with middle rurality,and another four counties with significant rurality.However,all the agricultural dominated and business,tourism and service oriented counties are significant.It is thus clear that the ecoeconomic zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir area in Chongqing is featured by high ruralities.In addition,this paper proposes two suggestions for the economy development of the eco economic zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir area:1)to increase governmental investment,strengthen infrastructure constructions and promote orderly urbanization as to successively improve the rural modernization level;and 2) to develop distinctive industries according to local circumstances,acquire wealth relying on their resources elements as to strengthen rural development sustainability.
Practical Dilemma and Countermeasures of the Balanced Development of Compulsory Education in China——A Case Study of Chongqing

ZHANG Huirong
,SHENG Yaqi,SONG Meizhen

- , 2018, DOI: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdsk.2018.02.009
Abstract: 义务教育均衡发展对教育公平、社会公平至关重要。截至2016年全国仍有37.6%的县尚未通过国家义务教育基本均衡发展督导评估认定, 要在2020年基本实现区域内义务教育均衡发展仍有相当难度。以西部地区典型城市———重庆市为个案, 探析了“攻坚段”和“深水区”时期制约我国义务教育均衡发展的实践困境, 提出有关对策建议:重点攻坚未达标县的薄弱环节; 落实县级“政府”主体责任制, 加强教育行政部门教育督导; 加大中央和省级政府财政投入, 完善教育经费保障制度; 实施“差别化绩效考核”等措施解决农村教师问题; 全面落实学校标准化建设; 科学规划城乡学校建设, 适应学生流动新常态。
The balanced development of compulsory education is of great importance for educational equity and social equity. It is difficult to achieve regional balanced development of compulsory education by 2020 since 37.6% of the Chinese counties have not passed the assessment of education by the national supervision and evaluation system in 2016. Based on the case study of Chongqing, factors that affect the balanced development of compulsory education in China, the difficulties and problems are explored. The paper also gives some suggestions, such as priority given to the difficulty aspects of the counties with the least developed education; responsibility of governments and education administrators; enhanced supervision of the education administrators; more investment into educational from central and local governments; differential achievement rewards to build teacher resources; policies of standard school construction; scientific planning of urban and rural schools to adapt to the new flow of students
Optimization of Rural Residential Land from the Urban-Rural Linkage Perspective: A Case Study of Chongqing

- , 2016, DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2015.132
Abstract: 摘要 以重庆市义和镇、石龙镇和润溪乡为例, 引入引力模型, 分析不同区位村镇的城乡联系强度和资源禀赋, 确定3 种不同的村镇发展类型。构建包括特色指标和普适指标两类指标的居民点综合适宜性评价体系, 将各镇居民点划分为重点发展型、保留改造型和迁村并点型3 种类型进行空间引导和优化。为适应不同乡镇的发展定位, 示范镇农村居民点的优化模式分别体现集聚扩张、内部调整和迁并整合的特征。对不同类型农村居民点优化过程和技术进行探讨, 为3个示范镇的规划提供科学依据。
Abstract This paper studies the spatial distribution of rural residential land of the town of Yihe, Shilong and Runxi in Chongqing, and optimizes the spatial pattern based upon their urban-rural linkages. According to the intensity of urban-rural linkage derived from gravity model, the three towns are categorized into three types of rural areas, namely industrial expansion area at urban fringe, ecological conservation districts in the suburbs and agricultural districts in remote mountainous areas. The authors construct an evaluation system, consisting of general index and featured index. Every plaque of rural residential land is classified as developing, adjusting or removing according to the result of evaluation. Three modes of optimization are concluded from the case study. The proposed method of spatial optimization focuses on the diversity of rural development and deals with challenges for rural areas in contemporary China. It contributes to a balanced urban-rural development and provides scientific evidence for the New-Type urbanization plan.
Evaluation Research on Eco-environment System of Chongqing City Based on the Background of Balancing Rural and Urban Development
LUO Guang-bin,HE Bing-hui
Journal of Chongqing Normal University , 2011,
Abstract: On the view of "conducting urban and rural eco-environment development", we constructed, in this study , the ecological environment evaluation index system of chongqing city. And then, the behaviors of eco-environment system during the period from 1998 to 2008 in Chongqing city was empirically evaluated by using Times Series Analysis &PCA method. The results showed that 1) the overall level of eco-environment quality in Chongqing city in the context of urban and reral development has continued to rise, and the changing rates changed up and down in the meantime. 2)The coordination degree variations of the system showed a double peaks curve:evolution peaks appeared in 2001 and 2006.3)The relationships between subsystems of urban and rural eco-environment in Chongqing city can be characterized with the equation F=0.745 6F1 -0.731 1F2. The eco-environment of urban subsystem in Chongqing city is doing rather well, while the rural subsystem is becoming worse. Therefore, we should pay close attention to the negative evolution of rural subsystem and prevent it in the near future.
The Economy Evaluation of the Counties in Chongqing  [PDF]
Journal of Chongqing Normal University , 2012,
Abstract: The paper based on the relevant data of Chongqing Statistical Yearbook 2011, 40 districts and counties of Chongqing's economic development in 2010 was evaluated. According to their own situation in Chongqing indicators, the paper selects nine indicators: total population of year-end, gross regional product, per capita disposable income of urban residents, total fixed asset investment, district local fiscal revenue, the expenditure of the local district, total retail sales of social consumer goods, gross industrial output value,import and export value and translates them intoF1 . Based on principal component analysis, we set the formulaF = (70.145% F1 +13. 937F2 ) / 84.082%, so we set the indicators system of evaluation for Chongqing forty rural economic development. It shows that anhour economic area is better than the northeast of Chongqing, and the northeast of Chongqing is better than the southeast of Chongqing overall, among which Yubei district is the best in an hour economic areas, Wanzhou district is the best in the northeast of Chongqing,and Qianjiang district is the best in the southeast of Chongqing.
System Dynamics Simulation on Eco-Environment System of Chongqing City  [PDF]
LUO Guang-bin,HE Bing-hui,LI Cheng-rong
Journal of Chongqing Normal University , 2012,
Abstract: The coordinative development of the eco-environment is one of the key problems that faced with in the progress of coordinating urban-rural development. The accurate simulation of eco-environmental problems in urban-rural areas is of great importance to the policy design and decision-making. Through the theory of “System Dynamics”, the system dynamics simulation model of the eco-environment system of Chongqing city based on the background of balancing rural and urban development was established, and the simulation and optimization results were obtained. Simulation showed that the model could be better to simulate the system, and the simulation results will not only promote reference for the coordinating urban-rural development, also prospect, predict and test the future behaviors of the system.
Land-Use Balances Over the Recent 10-Year and Their Future Scenarios in Chongqing

NI Jiupai,SHAO Jing’an,LI Yangbing,WEI Chaofu,

资源科学 , 2011,
Abstract: Problems of land-use balances occur due primarily to economic development. Chongqing is the economic center and ecological barrier of the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, and has the existing situation of big city, big village. Under such environments, Chongqing must be faced with problems of land-use balances in the course of economic development. Hence, it was urgent to address these problems for meeting the building land demand for coordinative urban-rural development, especially the building of the Y...
Evaluation method of urban spatial growth effect: Taking Chongqing city as an example

- , 2016, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1674-4764.2016.06.015
Abstract: 在城市空间快速增长背景下,开展城市空间增长效应评价研究,有助于解决城市空间增长中出现的问题,可为确定城市空间发展战略、制定空间发展政策提供依据。城市空间增长效应评价方法旨在定量、客观地判断城市空间增长过程中要素配置与运行是否合理、高效和公平。笔者建立了结构配置效应、经济配置效应和公平配置效应3个方面的评价体系,通过目标法对城市空间增长效应进行评价,得出空间增长效应评价函数。以重庆市为例进行实证分析,结果显示:重庆市2004-2013年间的城市空间增长效应总体呈上升发展趋势,结构性、公平性趋好;合理配置效应和经济配置效应波动显著,反映出城市建设面临的用地结构优化、用地效率提升等方面的问题。
In the background of the rapid growth of urban space, it is helpful to carry out the study of urban spatial growth performance to solve the problem of urban spatial growth. This study provided basis of determining the development strategy of urban space and formulating spatial policy. Evaluation methodology of urban spatial growth effect is the way to judging the element configuration and the operation of elements is reasonable, efficient and fair during the process of urban growth space. Three evaluation systems are established in this paper, there are structure effect, economic effect and fair allocation effect. Evaluation of urban spatial growth effects by objective law will get space growth effect evaluation function. An empirical analysis of Chongqing city as an example we can get these results:the urban spatial growth effect of Chongqing from 2004 to 2013 is on the rise, structure and fairness is also on the rise; the reasonable allocation effect and the economic allocation effect are significant. These results reflect the urban construction land use structure optimization, land use efficiency and other aspects of the problem.
A Study on Promoting Strategies of Convention Centers’ Service Quality From Exhibitors’ Aspect: Taking ChongQing International Convention﹠Exhibition Center as an Example  [PDF]
GU Mengyu,ZHANG Yunyao
Journal of Chongqing Normal University , 2012,
Abstract: Convention center is essential to the development of meetings industry. This study is focused on how to improve service quality of convention center and increase the exhibitors’ satisfaction. ImportancePerformance Theory (IPA) was applied in the study, ChongQing International Convention﹠Exhibition Center (CQCE) was taken as a case, a structured questionnaire to exhibitor was developed, which based on literature review and the focus group findings. A series of analysis methods were conducted to find out if there were any statistically significant differences between or among responds to the tangible products and intangible service provided by convention center, and to evaluate the importance and satisfaction of convention facilities and services, the study shows that the level of satisfaction is obviously less than the level of importance at CQCE, at last the suggestion of improving service quality is to improve facilities, catering service, management of staff and engaging in propaganda.
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