Abstract:
The development of quantum information theory has renewed interest in the idea that the state vector does not represent the state of a quantum system, but rather the knowledge or information that we may have on the system. I argue that this epistemic view of states appears to solve foundational problems of quantum mechanics only at the price of being essentially incomplete.

Abstract:
Current theoretical investigations seem to indicate the possibility of observing signatures of short distance physics in the Cosmic Microwave Background spectrum. We try to gain a deeper understanding on why all information about this regime is lost in the case of Black Hole radiation but not necessarily so in a cosmological setting by using the moving mirror as a toy model for both backgrounds. The different responses of the Hawking and Cosmic Microwave Background spectra to short distance physics are derived in the appropriate limit when the moving mirror mimics a Black Hole background or an expanding universe. The different sensitivities to new physics, displayed by both backgrounds, are clarified through an averaging prescription that accounts for the intrinsic uncertainty in their quantum fluctuations. We then proceed to interpret the physical significance of our findings for time-dependent backgrounds in the light of nonlocal string theory.

Abstract:
This paper is a commentary on the foundational significance of the Clifton-Bub-Halvorson theorem characterizing quantum theory in terms of three information-theoretic constraints (Foundations of Physics 33, 1561-1591 (2003); quant-ph/0211089). I argue that: (1) a quantum theory is best understood as a theory about the possibilities and impossibilities of information transfer, as opposed to a theory about the mechanics of nonclassical waves or particles, (2) given the information-theoretic constraints, any mechanical theory of quantum phenomena that includes an account of the measuring instruments that reveal these phenomena must be empirically equivalent to a quantum theory, and (3) assuming the information-theoretic constraints are in fact satisfied in our world, no mechanical theory of quantum phenomena that includes an account of measurement interactions can be acceptable, and the appropriate aim of physics at the fundamental level then becomes the representation and manipulation of information.

Abstract:
we argue that the copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics cannot be applied to quantum cosmology. among the alternative interpretations, we choose to apply the bohm-de broglie interpretation of quantum mechanics to canonical quantum cosmology. for minisuperspace models, we show that there is no problem of time in this interpretation, and that quantum effects can avoid the initial singularity, create inflation and isotropize the universe. for the general case, it is shown that, irrespective of any regularization or choice of factor ordering of the wheeler-dewitt equation, the unique relevant quantum effect which does not break spacetime is the change of its signature from lorentzian to euclidean. the other quantum effects are either trivial or break the four-geometry of spacetime. a bohm-de broglie picture of a quantum geometrodynamics is constructed, which allows the investigation of these latter structures.

Abstract:
We argue that the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics cannot be applied to quantum cosmology. Among the alternative interpretations, we choose to apply the Bohm-de Broglie interpretation of quantum mechanics to canonical quantum cosmology. For minisuperspace models, we show that there is no problem of time in this interpretation, and that quantum effects can avoid the initial singularity, create inflation and isotropize the Universe. For the general case, it is shown that, irrespective of any regularization or choice of factor ordering of the Wheeler-DeWitt equation, the unique relevant quantum effect which does not break spacetime is the change of its signature from lorentzian to euclidean. The other quantum effects are either trivial or break the four-geometry of spacetime. A Bohm-de Broglie picture of a quantum geometrodynamics is constructed, which allows the investigation of these latter structures.

Abstract:
The two goals of Nonlinear Biomedical Physics are: firstly to show how nonlinear methods can shed new light on biological phenomena and medical applications and secondly to bridge the technical, mathematical, and cultural divides between the physical disciplines where these methods are being developed and the audience for their use in the biological and medical sciences.

Abstract:
We analyze the relationships between game theory and quantum mechanics and the extensions to statistical physics and information theory. We use certain quantization relationships to assign quantum states to the strategies of a player. These quantum states are contained in a density operator which describes the new quantum system. The system is also described through an entropy over its states, its evolution equation which is the quantum replicator dynamics and a criterion of equilibrium based on the Collective Welfare Principle. We show how the density operator and entropy are the bonds between game theories, quantum information theory and statistical physics. We propose the results of the study of these relationships like a reason of the applicability of physics in economics and the born of econophysics.

Abstract:
It is shown that neither the wave picture nor the ordinary particle picture offers a satisfactory explanation of the double-slit experiment. The Physicists who have been successful in formulating theories in the Newtonian Paradigm with its corresponding ontology find it difficult to interpret Quantum Physics which deals with particles that are not sensory perceptible. A different interpretation of Quantum Physics based in a different ontology is presented in what follows. According to the new interpretation Quantum particles have different properties from those of Classical Newtonian particles. The interference patterns are explained in terms of particles each of which passes through both slits.