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DMFT (Decayed, Missing, Filled, Teeth) Oral Health Index in Sweets and Cable Industry Workers
Z Tohidast akrad,JM Beitollahi,AA Khajetorab
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2006,
Abstract: The most important factor in evaluating dental health is DMFT (Decayed, Missing, Filled, Teeth). This research was conducted to compare DMFT index in the workers of sweets and cable factories of Shahrood (Moghan), a small city near 300 km east of Tehran. All the 127 production line workers of cable factory and 124 workers of sweets factory who had the predetermined criteria were selected. A questionnaire was filled out and dental status was recorded for each one. After analyzing the data by SPSS soft ware the results were as follows: Mean and SD of DMFT in sweets factory: 12.59± 6.5; in cable factory: 9.7± 5.4; and Caries free in both factories was less than 1% which was neglectable. Mean and SD of DMFT in 35- 44 yr age group in sweet and cable factory was 11.6± 6.05, and 10.8± 6.5, respectively. With Anova two-way analysis in two groups and with P< 0/000, there was a significant correlation between type of work and DMFT which proved the hypothesis. Accordingly, consumption of sweets and neglecting oral hygiene can be considered of great importance in increasing DMFT in the workers of sweets factory compared to the cable factory.
Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth Index and Periodontal Health in Osteoporotic Patients Affected by BRONJ: An Observational Study  [PDF]
Giacomo Oteri,Ennio Bramanti,Valentina Nigrone,Marco Cicciù
Journal of Osteoporosis , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/231289
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to describe the incidence of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) and periodontal disease in 32 osteoporotic patients affected by bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ). Moreover, an investigation between the obtained data and 20 patients treated with bisphosphonate drugs and with no evidence of ONJ has been performed. Osteonecrosis of the jaws is a rare complication in a subset of patients receiving bisphosphonate drugs. Based on a growing number of case reports and institutional reviews, this kind of therapy can cause exposed and necrotic bone specifically in the jawbones. From April 2009 to June 2012, 32 osteoporotic patients treated with oral or intravenous (I.V.) bisphosphonates have been recorded. The patients’ oral health has been compared with 20 bisphosphonates patients with no ONJ. The incidence of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) and periodontal disease was recorded in all patients and student’s -test was applied for comparing the two investigated groups data. Data demonstrated how the poor dental hygiene and periodontal disease of the BRONJ patients’ are connected with the occurrence of jawbone necrosis. 1. Introduction Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disorder characterized by skeletal fragility, microarchitectural variation, and low bone mineral density estimated with a T-score for bone mineral density below ?2.5 (National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference) [1]. Osteoporosis is one of the most common chronic diseases referred in 1/3 postmenopausal women and 1/5, men over the age of 50 years (European Parliament Osteoporosis Interest Group and EU Osteoporosis Consultation Panel 2004) [2]. Although it is widely recognized that low bone mass is not the only determinant of bone fragility, the strength of the skeleton is influenced by other bone tissue properties, collectively named “bone quality” [3, 4]. Change of bone remodelling pattern in osteoporosis patients resulted in perforation of trabecular plates and loss of cancellous trabecular elements with consequent bone mineral density reduction. Bisphosphonates are a new class of drugs indicated for use in patients with osteoporosis, Paget’s disease of bone, hypercalcemia in a malignant disease, osteolytic bone metastases, and osteolytic lesions of multiple myeloma. Despite the benefits of bisphosphonate therapy like increasing bone density and preventing bone pathological fractures, osteonecrosis of the jaw is a rare complication in a subset of patients receiving these drugs. This complication often occurs after simple
CARIOUS-MISSING-FILLED TEETH AND PERIODONTAL STATUS
MUHAMMAD PERVAIZ IQBAL
The Professional Medical Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Aims and Objectives: Objectives of thisstudy were to find the extent of dental and periodontal diseases in 12 – 15 years old school children and to find the corelation with the socioeconomic status, brushing habits and number of meals. Materials and Methods: 160 studentsof 12 – 15 years age of a government school were examined for this purpose and a proforma was filled forsocioeconomic status, food habits and brushing etc. The examination was performed in day light using a dental mirrorand a blunt probe. The records were made in the proforma by an assistant. Results: The DMFT was 1.67 in average.The poor group (N: 22) 2.4, the middle class (N: 132) 1.5 Those claiming once a day brushing showed better DMFTscore (1.8) while those claiming twice daily brushing had more DMFT score (2.1). More frequent meals were relatedto more DMFT (1.86) as compared to less frequent meals (0.8). The periodontal health was better in middlesocioeconomic status than the poor group. Once a day brushing and less frequent meals were related to better gums.Only 8.1 % of total 160 participants assessed were having healthy gums while 47% had zero DMFT score. Conclusion:Although the DMFT scores are not very high but there is a need to have dental education programs involving all strataof population for better understanding and better prevention of diseases. Brushing technique has to be taught moretactfully and elaborately so as to further minimize DMFT and to reduce periodontal problems.
An Investigation on DMFT and DMFS of First Permanent Molars in 12 Year Old Blind Children in Residential Institutes for Blinds in Tehran, Iran  [PDF]
H. Zeraati,M. Ghandahari Motlagh
Journal of Medical Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: A descriptive study on 12 year old blind children, in residential Institutes for blinds in Tehran was carried out to determine Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth index (DMFT) and Decayed, Missing and Filled Surfaces Index (DMFS), considering socio-economic and oral health variables. All sixty three 12 year old blind children in three institutes were studied. A general questionnaire, as well as a dental questionnaire including some information on the first molars, were completed by this population. The average DMFT of the first molars was 3.30 1.19 and the average DMFS was 6.22 3.95. DMFT was higher in the lower molar, comparing to the upper ones. However, DMFS was higher in the upper molars. The present study shows that the values of these indices, among blind children, are close to those of normal population, indicating that under controlled health condition and good education, acceptable values for DMFT and DMFS will be obtained.
The influence of polymorphism of the MUC7 gene on the teeth and dental hygiene of students at a faculty of dentistry in Poland  [PDF]
Jadwiga Buczkowska-Radlińska,Justyna Pol,Monika Szmidt,Agnieszka Bińczak-Kuleta
Post?py Higieny i Medycyny Do?wiadczalnej , 2012,
Abstract: Objective:The aim of the study was to analyze polymorphism of the MUC7 gene and its correlation with the DMFT value and the Plaque Control Record by O’Leary.Material/Methods:The study was carried out on 158 students of a faculty of dentistry in Poland. Students were subjected to a clinical oral examination. The status of caries was determined using the decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) value. The status of dental hygiene was examined by the Plaque Control Record (PCR Plaque Index by O’Leary T, Drake R, Naylor, 1972) index. Sherlock AX, a universal kit for DNA isolation from biological tracks (A
DMFT index and oral mucosal lesions associated with HIV infection: cross-sectional study in Porto Velho, Amazonian region - Brazil
Aleixo, Rodrigo Queiroz;Scherma, Alexandre Prado;Guimar?es, Gustav;Cortelli, José Roberto;Cortelli, Sheila Cavalca;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702010000500005
Abstract: we evaluated the dmft (decayed, missing and filled teeth) index and the prevalence of candidiasis, linear gingival erythema, oral hairy leukoplakia, herpes simplex, aphthous ulcers, kaposi's sarcoma and lymphoma, as well as the association with tcd4 count, viral load (vl) and antiretroviral therapy (art) in 140 hiv-infected adult individuals. a standardized examination to determine the dmft index and the presence of oral lesions was conducted. demographic data, tcd4 count and use of art were obtained from medical records. a high number of decayed teeth detected among patients undergoing art resulted in a mean dmft of 16.9 teeth. it was observed that 24.2% of the individuals had at least one oral lesion. candidiasis was the most frequent lesion and was associated with the tcd4 count. oral hairy leukoplakia was associated with an increased vl. regular use of art was inversely associated with the occurrence of lesions. overall, the studied population showed low prevalence of oral lesions and high dmft index. the use of art seems to reduce the occurrence of these lesions. higher tcd4 count and a lower vl were associated with an improved oral health status in hiv + individuals
The status of teeth in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, oral hygiene habits and oral health behavior among adolescents in the eastern region of Republika Srpska
Stojanovi? Nikola,Kruni? Jelena,Cicmil Smiljka,Davidovi? Lado
Stomatolo?ki Glasnik Srbije , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/sgs1203133s
Abstract: Introduction. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental caries and analyze the status of teeth in relation to sociodemographic factors and habits and behavior related to oral health among adolescents in the eastern region of Republika Srpska. Material and Methods. The study included 212 adolescents (71 males and 141 females) age 16-18 years. Information about sociodemographic characteristics, oral hygiene habits and behaviors related to oral health were collected using a questionnaire. The prevalence of dental caries was determined by applying the DMFT index and its components (D - decayed, M - extracted, F - filled teeth). The status of teeth was analyzed in relation to socio-demographic variables, oral hygiene habits and behavior related to oral health. Results. The mean DMFT value of examined population was approximately 8.6. A significant difference in the status of teeth of adolescents was reported in relation to the place of residence and oral hygiene habits - brushing frequency and the use of dental floss. A significant difference in the caries prevalence was recorded depending on the elapsed time from last visit and reasons for visiting dentist. Conclusion. The results suggested that the place of residence, oral hygiene habits and behavior related to oral health influenced the status of teeth of adolescents in the eastern region of Republika Srpska.
Survey of Fluoride Concentration in Drinking Water Sources and Prevalence of DMFT in the 12 Years Old Students in Behshar City  [PDF]
A.H. Mahvi,M.A. Zazoli,M. Younecian,B. Nicpour
Journal of Medical Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine DMFT index (Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth) in the 12 years old students in Behshar city and to determine the fluoride concentration in drinking water Sources. The survey was performed using the cross-sectional method on 300 students` selected using multi-stage sampling . The DMFT index of permanent teeth was determined, using its standard methods recommended by world Health organization. The water fluoride level was estimated in water supplies, using SPANDS method. The Annual Mean Maximum Temperature (AAMT) recorded during the last two yeas were Collected from the meteorological Center. A total number of 300 students (50% boys and 50% girls) aged 12 years and 120 water samples were assessed. The results showed that mean fluoride concentration of drinking water during one year was 0.25 ppm, which Less than normal level. The average AMMT of behshar city is 22±4°C at which the optimal fluoride in drinking water of Behshar using Galagan and Vermillion equation was calculated to be 0.8 ppm. The mean DMFT value was 1.48±0.13 and was higher in girls in comparison with boys. Results indicate that the availability of other sources of fluoride must also be considered and taken into account in the planning of programs in public health dentistry.
Dor de origem dental como motivo de consulta odontológica em uma popula??o adulta
Lacerda,Josimari Telino de; Simionato,Eliana Maria; Peres,Karen Glazer; Peres,Marco Aurélio; Traebert,Jefferson; Marcenes,Wagner;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102004000300017
Abstract: objective: the occurrence of orofacial pain and chronic pain are frequent subjects for study today, but few studies have been made on dental pain in brazil. the objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of dental pain and the associated factors as the reason for visiting a dentist among adults. methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out among 860 workers aged 18-58 years at a cooperative located in the state of santa catarina, in 1999. the clinical examinations and interviews were carried out by dentists who had received prior guidance. complaints of dental pain as the reason for the last visit to a dentist were analyzed as the dependent variable, in relation to the socioeconomic and demographic conditions, access to dental services, shift pattern and caries (via the dmft index), as the independent variables. non-conditional multiple logistic regression analysis was utilized. results: the prevalence of dental pain as the reason for the last visit to a dentist was 18.7% (ci 95%: 15.9-20.1) and the mean dmft index (decayed, missing and filled teeth) was 20.2 (ci 95%: 19.7-20.7), with 54% represented by the 'missing' component. the following were independently associated with the presence of dental pain: schooling of less than or equal to eight years (or=1.9; ci 95%: 1.1-3.1); four to fifteen teeth lost due to caries (or=2.6; ci 95%: 1.4-4.9); 16 to 32 teeth lost due to caries (or=2.5; ci 95%: 1.1-5.8); and not having visited the company's dental service (or=2.8; ci 95%: 1.6-5.1). conclusions: dental pain reflects the severity of the dental caries, expressed by the 'missing' component of the dmft and non-usage of the company's dental services. these factors are determined by social conditions and represented by the schooling level.
Inequalities of caries experience in Nevada youth expressed by DMFT index vs. Significant Caries Index (SiC) over time
Marcia Ditmyer, Georgia Dounis, Connie Mobley, Eli Schwarz
BMC Oral Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6831-11-12
Abstract: Retrospective data was analyzed from a series of sequential, standardized oral health surveys across eight years (2001/2002-2008/2009) that included over 62,000 examinations of adolescents 13-19 years of age, attending public/private Nevada schools. Mean Decayed-Missing-Filled Teeth index (DMFT) and Significant Caries Index (SiC) were subsequently computed for each academic year. Descriptive statistics were reported for analysis of comparative DMFT and SiC scores in relation to age, gender, racial background, and residence in a fluoridated/non-fluoridated community. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the differential impact of the variables on the probability of being in the high caries prevalence group.Comparison of students' mean DMFT to National (NHANES) data confirmed that dental caries remains a common chronic disease among Nevada youth, presenting higher prevalence rates and greater mean scores than the national averages. Downward trends were found across all demographics compared between survey years 1 and 6 with the exception of survey year 3. An upward trend began in survey year six. Over time, the younger group displayed an increasing proportion of cariesfree individuals while a decreasing proportion was found among older examinees. As expected, the mean SiC score was significantly higher than DMFT scores within each survey year across comparison groups (p < 0.001).Using both caries indices together may help to highlight oral health inequalities more accurately among different population groups within the community in order to identify the need for special preventive oral health interventions in adolescent Nevadans. At the community level, action should focus on retaining and expanding the community fluoridation program as an effective preventive measure. At the individual level the study identifies the need for more targeted efforts to reach children early with a focus on females, Hispanics and Blacks, and uninsured children.For many years,
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