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A Study on the Impact of Landuse Pattern in the Groundwater Quality in and Around Madurai Region, South India-Using GIS Techniques
S. Chidambaram,A. John Peter,M.V. Prasanna,U. Karmegam,K. Balaji,R. Ramesh,P. Paramaguru,S. Pethaperuaml
Online Journal of Earth Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ojesci.2010.27.31
Abstract: The study was aimed to identify and delineate the groundwater potable zone in and around Madurai region. The study area is composed of Charnockites and Khondalites of Archaean age. The information of lithology, geomorphology and land use/land cover was generated using the Resourcesat (IRS P6 LISS IV data) and Survey of India (SoI) toposheets of scale 1:50,000 and integrated them with GIS to identify the groundwater potable zones of the study area. On the basis of hydrogeomorphology, groundwater potential zones was identified and delineated. From the overlay analyses of landuse and EC, it is inferred that poor category groundwater is found in the scrub forest, current fallow, canal and scrub with land areas.
A Hybrid Approach towards the Assessment of Groundwater Quality for Potability: A Fuzzy Logic and GIS Based Case Study of Tiruchirappalli City, India  [PDF]
Natarajan Venkat Kumar, Samson Mathew, Ganapathiram Swaminathan
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2010.23022
Abstract: The present study aims to develop a new hybrid Fuzzy Simulink model to assess the groundwater quality levels in Tiruchirappalli city, South India. Water quality management is an important issue in the modern times. The data collected for Tiruchirappalli city have been utilized to develop the approach. This is illustrated with seventy nine groundwater samples collected from Tiruchirappalli city Corporation, South India. The characteristics of the groundwater for this plain were monitored during the years 2006 and 2008. The quality of groundwater at several established stations within the plain were assessed using Fuzzy Logic (FL) and GIS maps. The results of the calculated FL and GIS maps with the monitoring study have yielded good agreement. Groundwater quality for potability indicated high to moderate water pollution levels at Srirangam, Ariyamangalam, Golden Rock and K. Abisekapurm zones of the study area, depending on factors such as depth to groundwater, constituents of groundwater and vulnerability of groundwater to pollution. Fuzzy logic simulation approach has shown to be a practical, simple and useful tool to assess groundwater quality assessment for potability. This approach is capable of showing and updating the water quality assessment for drinking.
Groundwater quality mapping using geographic information system (GIS): A case study of Gulbarga City, Karnataka, India
P Balakrishnan, A Saleem, ND Mallikarjun
African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: Spatial variations in ground water quality in the corporation area of Gulbarga City located in the northern part of Karnataka State, India, have been studied using geographic information system (GIS) technique. GIS, a tool which is used for storing, analyzing and displaying spatial data is also used for investigating ground water quality information. For this study, water samples were collected from 76 of the bore wells and open wells representing the entire corporation area. The water samples were analyzed for physico-chemical parameters like TDS, TH, Cl- and NO3-, using standard techniques in the laboratory and compared with the standards. The ground water quality information maps of the entire study area have been prepared using GIS spatial interpolation technique for all the above parameters. The results obtained in this study and the spatial database established in GIS will be helpful for monitoring and managing ground water pollution in the study area. Mapping was coded for potable zones, in the absence of better alternate source and non-potable zones in the study area, in terms of water quality.
Sendesh Kannan.K.,Ramasubramanian.V.
International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: Water is essential natural resource for sustaining life and environment which we have always thought to available in abundance and free gift of nature. However, chemical composition of surface orsubsurface, geothermal or non - thermal, is one of the prime factors on which the suitability of the water for domestic, industrial or agriculture purpose depends. Groundwater forms a major source of drinking water in urban as well as in rural areas. More than 90% of the rural population uses groundwater for domestic purposes. However, around 300 million people still live in absolute poverty in both urban and rural areas, and often lack access to clean drinking water and basic sanitation; nearly half the population is illiterate, not at all aware of the water borne diseases affecting their health. Fluoride is a chemical element that has shown to cause significant effects on human health through drinking water. Fluoride has beneficial effects on teeth at low concentrations of 1mg/l by preventing and reducing the risk of tooth decay. Fluoride can also be quite detrimental at higher concentrations exceeding 1.5 to 2mg/l of water. High concentrations of fluoride pose a risk of dental fluorosis as well as skeletal fluorosis and osteoporosis.
Assessment of Groundwater Quality for Irrigation Use and Evaluate the Feasibility Zones through Geospatial Technology in Lower Bhavani Sub Basin, Cauvery River, Tamil Nadu, India  [PDF]
S. Venkateswaran,,S. Vediappan
International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering , 2013,
Abstract: The present work is employed in Lower Bhavani subbasin(study area 2424.19 sq.km), major portion of the study areafall in Erode District and small portion in Coimbatore District,Tamil Nadu and India. The 50 groundwater samples werecollected from during pre monsoon (May) 2011 and wereanalysed for major cations and anions EC, pH and TDS. Theirrigational parameters like; EC, Kelley’s ratio, SAR values, Mghazards,HCO3 and RSC have been worked out to know thesuitability of the groundwater for irrigational purpose. Wilcoxdiagram indicates that out of 50 samples, 33 samples belong togood to permissible category and Doneen diagram revealed that100% of the groundwater samples fall in Class I. The plotting ofSAR values in USSL diagram indicates that all the samples havelow SAR value. Out of 50 samples 41 samples in C3-S1 field. Thisimplies that no alkali hazard is anticipated to the crops. 41Location (82%) samples occurred within C3–S1 category. Thiscategory is suitable for irrigations purposes. However, theconcentration of bicarbonate was in significant amount showing54% of sites under “increasing problem” and the 44% sites under“Severe Problem” zones. Finally above said results are taken intoGIS platform. To understand the spatial distribution ofunsuitable zones, ArcGIS was employed. The present workreveals that groundwater in the Lower Bhavani sub-basin area isof good quality and is suitable for all uses including interbrainwater transfer in the region.
Integrated Approach Using Remote Sensing and GIS for Assessment of Groundwater Quality and Hydrogeomorphology in Certain Parts of Tummalapalle Area, Cuddapah District, Andhra Pradesh, South India  [PDF]
Arveti Nagaraju, Yenamala Sreedhar, Arveti Thejaswi, Padmanava Dash
Advances in Remote Sensing (ARS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ars.2016.52007
Abstract: The present work deals with the assessment of groundwater potential zones and their suitability for drinking in the severely drought affected villages of Vemula mandal of Cuddapah District, Andhra Pradesh. This study is based on remote sensing and GIS approach. In this approach the IRS P6 LISS III Data (23.5 m Spatial Resolution) with Path: 100; Row: 063 of Indian Remote Sensing Satellite, Resourcesat IRS-P6 LISS-III has been utilized to analyse the onscreen interpretation and delineated different geomorphological units, lithological formations and geological structures. By integrating the above said parameters the hydrogeomorphological map is prepared on 1:50,000 scale. The study area is characteristically occupied by the Papaghni and Chitravati group of rocks. In the present study, the lithological formations on the basis of their genesis have been classified as fluvial, denudational and structural. Majority of lineaments are trending in NE-SW and NW-SE directions. The fluvial landforms namely valley fill moderate and valley have good groundwater prospects while shallow weathered buried pediplain has moderate to poor groundwater prospects. The chemical quality parameters of groundwater samples have indicated that the water samples are found to be suitable for drinking, agricultural, and industrial purposes.
Hydrogeomorphological Study in Bamanghaty Subdivision of Mayurbhanj District, Odisha an Integrated Remote Sensing and GIS Approach  [PDF]
Debabrata Nandi, Pramod Chandra Sahu, Shreerup Goswami
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2017.811079
Remote Sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) are now very essential tools for efficient planning and management and handling a range of data simultaneously in a time- and cost-efficient manner for targeting of groundwater, which assists in measuring, monitoring, and conserving groundwater resources. Survey of India toposheets, LISS-III and CARTOSAT DEM satellite imageries are used to prepare various thematic layers viz., geology, slope, lineament, drainage, and geomorphology, and were transformed to raster data using feature to raster conversion tool in ArcGIS spatial analysis, then we reclassify each raster map using reclassify tools. By using weight overlay analysis, each weighted thematic layer is statistically computed to get the ground water potential zones. Then, five different groundwater potential zones were identified, namely “very good”, “good”, “moderate”, “poor”, and “very poor”. The villages under poor groundwater potential zone and the villages under very good groundwater potential zone are finding out. The above study has clearly demonstrated the capabilities of Remote Sensing and GIS in demarcation of the different groundwater potential zones in hard rock terrain.
Dr. Jyoti sarup,Manish K. Tiwari,Vardichand Khatediya
International Journal of Advanced Technology & Engineering Research , 2011,
Abstract: Present study was carried out to delineate groundwater prospect zones and identification of artificial recharge sites using Indian remote sensing satellite (IRS) 1D PAN geocoded data on 1:12,500 scale and Survey of India (SOI) topographical sheets. The information based on lithology, geomorphology, soil, land-use/ land-cover, structures/lineament, slope, drainage and hydrology were generated and integrated to prepare groundwater prospect and artificial recharge site map of the study area.Geographical Information System (GIS) was used to prepare database in the above layers, analysis of relationship and integrated map preparation. On the bases of hydrology and geomorphic characteristics, five categories on groundwater prospect zones are identified: Excellent, good, moderate poor and very poor. The analysis reveals that the river terraces and water bodies with alluvium has excellent (about 15% area), buried pediplain with black cotton soil have good potential (about 24% areas). These unite has highly favorable for ground water exploration and development. Deeply buried pediment with black cotton soil are marked under moderate ground water prospect zones (about 26% area), shallow buried pediment with Deccan basalt and dykes are grouped under poor ground water prospect zones (about 24% area), except along the fractures/lineaments. Residual hills, dykes, linear ridges and plateau, are group have very poor groundwater prospects (about 11% area). Four-artificial recharge sites ware identify out of witch the moderate and poor categories occupy more than 42% area and these are mainly plateau, ridges and buried pediment shallow. The most suitable artificial recharge sites occupy less area about 19% and mainly confined to buried pediplain and river terraces. The residual hill and linear ridge with steep slope (covering about 39% areas) have not suitable for artificial recharge sites. This vital information could be used effectively for identification of suitable location for groundwater potential and artificial recharged sites. The good interrelationship was found among the geological units, hydromorphological units and lineament density. The field data have further helped in quantifying various lithological and hydromorphological units with reference to their potential for groundwater occurrence.
A Novel Approach for Groundwater Budgeting Using GIS in a Part of Pondicherry Region, India  [PDF]
Sivaraman Pethaperumal, Sabarathinam Chidambaram, Kandasamy Vijayaragavan, Mohan Viswanathan Prasanna, Kannan Anandavel, Ulaganathan Karmegam, Ramachandran Manivannan, Paluchamy Anandhan, Kesari Tirumalesh
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.26067
Abstract: The over extraction of groundwater from the coastal aquifers, result in reduction of groundwater resource and lowering of water level. In general, the depletion of groundwater level enhances the landward migration of saltwater wedge. Pondicherry is one such region with recent alluvium as the major formation. Since the study area forms a part of the coastal aquifer system this behaves as a fragile ecosystem. The present study has been attempted to calculate the extraction of water and to estimate the amount of recharge into this alluvial aquifer by using groundwater level variations. The monthly water level fluctuation was observed during the study period (2000-2002) in eighteen locations. The maximum rise in groundwater level observed during 2000 was considered as the initial water level for the study and the subsequent decline in water level (draw down) was monitored monthly until the rising trend was noted. This indicates the fall in water level due to extraction. Later keeping the deepest draw down as the initial value increasing water level trend was studied until there was a notice of decline in groundwater level. This indicates as the rise in water level due to recharge. This method of observation carried out at a single location was adopted for all eighteen locations. The spatial representation of these data for eighteen locations were carried out by using GIS and the area occupied by different groundwater level contours were calculated and the amount of water withdrawn/re- charged was estimated. The maximum recharge was noted in the central and the northern part of the study area when compared to the other regions. Similarly, the maximum discharge was noted in the northern and the southern part of the study area during the study period.
Hydrochemical characteristics and GIS-based assessment of groundwater quality in the coastal aquifers of Tuticorin corporation, Tamilnadu, India
S. Selvam,G. Manimaran,P. Sivasubramanian
Applied Water Science , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/s13201-012-0068-8
Abstract: Tuticorin corporation stretches geographically from 8°43′–8°51′N latitude and 78°5′–78°10′E longitude, positioned in the East–West International sea routes on the South–East coast of India. The rapid urban developments in the past two decades of Tuticorin have caused depletion of groundwater quantity, and deterioration of quality through excessive consumption and influx of pollutants from natural and anthropogenic activities. The water samples collected in the field were analyzed for electrical conductivity, pH, total dissolved solids, major cations like calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, and anions SUCH AS bicarbonate, carbonate, chloride, nitrate and sulfate, in the laboratory using the standard methods given by the American Public Health Association. In order to assess the groundwater quality, 36 groundwater samples had been collected in year 2011. The geographic information system-based spatial distribution map of different major elements has been prepared using ArcGIS 9.2. The Piper plot shows that most of the groundwater samples fall in the field of Ca2+-Mg2+–Cl -SO4 2 and Na+-K+–Cl -HCO3 by projecting the position on the plots in the triangular field. The cation concentration indicate that 83, 39 and 22 % of the K+, Na+, Ca2+ concentrations exceed the WHO limit. As per Wilcox’s diagram and US Salinity laboratory classification, most of the groundwater samples are not suitable for irrigation due to the presence of high salinity and medium sodium hazard. Irrigation waters classified based on sodium absorption ratio, have revealed that 52 % groundwater are in general safe for irrigation, which needs treatment before use. permeability index also indicates that the groundwater samples are suitable for irrigation purpose.
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