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The Experiences of Elderly People Living at Home Related to Their Receiving Meals Distributed by a Municipality in Sweden  [cached]
Zada Pajalic,Lena Persson,Albert Westergren,Berggren Vanja
Journal of Food Research (JFR) , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/jfr.v1n1p68
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to describe the experiences of elderly people, living at home who receive hot meals that are distributed by their municipality. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the (n=13) interviews. The results showed that feelings of dependency, loneliness and gratitude were expressed by the participants in the study related to their meals being delivered home. Dependency was expressed as not having influence over the food products the meals were made from. Loneliness was expressed as being isolated and being confined at home alone due to difficulties getting out of the house, which was associated with the costs of taxis transportation. Gratitude was expressed by the sincere thanks for the possibility of receiving traditional meals delivered daily. The major conclusion of the study was the indication that greater attention should be paid to meet both the practical and psychological needs of elderly people.
The Relationship with Previous Use of Community-Based Services and Informal Caregiver Support and Elderly and Informal Caregivers’ Views of Living Arrangement: Analysis of Official Statistics from 2004 to 2014  [PDF]
Kailu Wang, Stephen Chi-Kin Law, Eliza Lai-Yi Wong, Eng-Kiong Yeoh
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.95042
Abstract: Background and Objectives: Views on living arrangement from elderly and informal caregivers are crucial to “ageing in place”. They might be related to the experience in the use of elderly care services, which remains inconclusive in previous literature. This study aimed to explore the association of previous experience in formal and informal long-term care services with views of both elderly and their informal caregivers on living arrangement. Research Design and Methods: This study adopted a cross-sectional design. Assessment records of Minimum Data Set-Home Care for community-dwelling elderly who were eligible for subsidized long-term care services in Hong Kong from 2004 to 2014 were made available. Multivariate logistic regression was applied to examine associations between both views on elder’s living arrangement from the elderly, caregivers and their previous informal caregiver support, and experience in formal care services. Results: 82,306 dyads of elderly and informal caregivers were included in the analysis. The elderly with previous use of home and community-based services (OR = 0.84, 95% CI 0.80 - 0.88) and informal caregivers (OR = 0.78, 95% CI 0.76 - 0.81) believed that the elderly should live away from home. Temporal trends of fewer elderly and caregivers supporting the idea of living away from home were also observed. Discussion and Implications: The results highlighted the importance of informal caregiver’s support and previous utilization of formal home and community-based services. It was concluded that resources and information of community-based care have a significant association with views on living at home also proper support services and training of care for the elderly should be made available to informal caregivers to reduce their burden.
Analysis of Home Safety of the Elderly Living in City and Rural Areas
Nihal Buker,Filiz Altug,Ali Kitis,Ugur Cavlak
TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin , 2008,
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Physiological changes and chronic diseases arising during aging process increase risk of accident of the elderly, especially the elderly living alone at their homes. Home accidents are the most commonly health problem in the elderly. This study was carried out to describe home safety of the elderly living in a city or rural area using a home safety checklist. MEDHODS: 512 living in Turkey (330 in city; 182 in rural area) were evaluated via face-to-face interview using a home safety checklist during a period between December and March in 2007. In addition to sociodemographics, a questionnaire including home characteristics and life style of participants was applied. To describe home safety level, Home Safety Checklist was used. RESULTS: 51.8% of the participants living in a city and 42.8% living in rural area were aged 65-69 years. Of the participants living in a city, 59.4% were living with their partners (61.5% of the participants living in rural area). While 63.9% of the participants living in a city reported that they had a private room in their homes, 53.8% of the participants living in rural area reported that they had a private room in their homes. 2.1% of participants living in a city had an excellent home safety score. Percentage for participants living in rural area was 0.5. CONCLUSION: The results obtained from this study show that majority of houses of the elderly living in Turkey were unsafe and hazardous. Therefore, health providers and architects should work together to prevent home accidents. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2008; 7(4): 297-300]
THE SCREENING OF DEPRESSION SYMPTOMS OF THE ELDERLY LIVING IN A RESIDENTIAL HOME IN ANKARA
Hakan ALTINTA?,Sema ATT?LA,Seray AK?ALAR,Yusuf SEV?M
TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin , 2006,
Abstract: The study was conducted with the participation of elderly living in Ke i ren Municipality Residential Home to determine their sociodemographic properties, percentage of depression risk, and opinion about the institution. The universe of the study was composed of 117 elderly living in Ke i ren Municipality Residential Home. Eighty seven elderly (74.4%) participated in the study. It was a descriptive study. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) score, sociodemographic properties, presence of chronic disease, mental health and opinion about the institution were the variables. Face to face interview technique was used. The data was collected with a 27 item questionnaire and 30 item GDS questionnaire. The average age of the elderly was 76.1 (standart deviation=8.7). Women composed 63.4% (52 persons) of the elderly. Of the participants, 63.4% (52 persons) felt themselves as very healthy or healthy. According to GDS score, 41.5% of the elderly, living in residential home, had depression risk . There was a statistically significant relation between feeling himself/herself healthy and GDS score. As 41.5% of the elderly had GDS score of 14 or more, it would be useful to improve psychologic counselling services at the institution and apply screening tests rutinly
The implementation of the functional task exercise programme for elderly people living at home  [cached]
Fleuren Margot A H,Vrijkotte Susan,Jans Marielle P,Pin Renske
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2474-13-128
Abstract: Background The Functional Task Exercise programme is an evidence-based exercise programme for elderly people living at home. It enhances physical capacity with sustainable effects. FTE is provided by physiotherapists and remedial therapists. Although the intervention was found to be effective in a Randomised Controlled Trial, we may not assume that therapists will automatically supply the programme or that elderly people will automatically join the programme. This study protocol focuses on identifying determinants of implementation, developing implementation strategies and studying the effects of the implementation in daily practice. Methods/Design Phase 1: The systematic identification of determinants of the implementation of FTE among therapists and the elderly. A questionnaire study was conducted in a random sample of 100 therapists, and interviews took place with 23 therapists and 8 elderly people (aged 66 to 80 years). The determinants were broken down into four categories: the characteristics of the environment, the organisation, the therapists, and the training programme. Phase 2: Developing and applying strategies adapted to the determinants identified. Fifteen physiotherapists will be trained to provide FTE and to recruit elderly people living at home. The therapists will then deliver the 12-week programme to two groups of elderly, each consisting of six to twelve people aged 70 years or older. Phase 3: Study of implementation and the impact. To study the actual use of FTE: 1) therapists record information about the selection of participants and how they apply the key features of FTE, 2) the participating elderly will keep an exercise logbook, 3) telephone interviews will take place with the therapists and the elderly and there will be on-site visits. The effects on the elderly people will be studied using: 1) the Patient-Specific Questionnaire, the Timed Up and Go test and a two performance tests. All tests will be performed at the start of the FTE programme, half way through, and at the end of the programme. Discussion The number of older people will increase in many countries in the years to come and so the project outcomes will be of interest to policy-makers, insurance companies, health-care professionals and implementation researchers.
Frequency of anxiety disorders in the elderly living in a Social Welfare residential home  [cached]
Gketsios I.,Korompili I.,Kostopoulou X.,Armagos P.
Interscientific Health Care , 2011,
Abstract: Background/ Aim : Anxiety disorders in the elderly are often underestimated.-. The purpose of this study was to detect anxiety disorders in a sample of older people living in a Social Welfare residential home.Material and Methods: 70 persons aged 65-90 years old accommodated in a Public Social Welfare residential home in a Greek province were enrolled in the study. The Greek standardized version of Short Anxiety Screening Test (SAST) was used. Data analysis was performed with the parametric method ANOVA, using SPSS 17.0. Statistical significance was set at p=0.05 Results : SAST screening was positive for anxiety disorders in the majority of the elderly( 36 individuals , 51,4%), marginal result was traced in 15 individuals (21,4%), while a negative result was found in 19 individuals. All three aforementioned groups differed statistically significant from one another in the SAST total score. The loss of control of their lives was the most important issue for the elderly in the study(Mean Value: 3,34) in a range of 1-4. Conclusions : Older persons living in nursing homes probably exhibits high percentages of anxiety disorders. Attempts have to be made in order a prompt and appropriate therapy of these disorders to be implemented.
Depression among elderly living in Briddashram (old age home)  [PDF]
Hom Nath Chalise
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2014.31002
Abstract:

Introduction: Depression is a common public health issue with the increasing life expectancy worldwide and depression is associated with morbidity as well as disability among the elderly. There are very few studies related with depression among elderly from developing countries. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of depression and its correlates among the elderly living in Briddashram (old age home). Methods: This is a cross-sectional study carried out in 2012. Data were collected by face-to-face interview using short version of Geriatric Depression Scale. The data were analyzed using percentage, mean, simple correlation and regression. Results: The subjects (N = 185) were elderly aged 60 years and above living in Devghat area, Nepal. Mean age of the subjects was 73.67 (±3.23) years old and 51% were male. 94% elderly belong to Khas ethnicity. Nearly one third (31%) elderly were from nuclear family back ground, 25% were married, and only 18% elderly were literate. Majority of the elderly (93%) had health problems and self reported health shows 86% elderly reported their health fair. This study shows mean functional disability score was 2.53 (±2.05). Finding shows the prevalence of depression was 57.8%. Among them 46.7% had mild, 8.9% had moderate and 2.2% had severe depression. A statistically significant correlation was found between feelings of depression and age, sex, previous family type, ethnicity, feeling of loneliness and instrumental activities of daily living. Regression analysis shows that being women, feeling of loneliness and higher the dependency in IADL were predictors of depression. Conclusion: This study indicates that many elderly living in the Briddashram are suffering from depression. There should be some interruption from the concerned authorities so that depression can be reduced which will support to the well-being and quality of life of elderly.

The elderly and a remote home care: The case of Slovenia
Kerbler Bo?tjan
Stanovni?tvo , 2013, DOI: 10.2298/stnv1301023k
Abstract: Due to increasing ageing, western countries are facing an increase in financial needs to provide suitable healthcare, social care and housing for the elderly. One of society’s responses to these issues is the idea of moving elder-care activities to their living environments. This can be achieved with the help of information and communication technologies (ICT) by which home care could be provided remotely. However, the findings of various authors suggest that elderly people have mostly negative attitudes towards a remote home care. In order to determine the views of the elderly towards this service in Slovenia, a survey was conducted, the results of which are discussed in this article. Contrary to our assumption, it turned out that elderly people have positive attitudes towards remote home care. This was attributed to effectively informing respondents and increasing their understanding of the operation and usability of the service. Raising the awareness of potential users is therefore crucial for its acceptance in a society.
The experience of nursing students in home visits to elderly people living with dementia
Geilsa Soraia Cavalcanti Valente, Carla Reis Manso, Anna Flávia Cavalcanti Barbosa Maia, Ana Barbara Cerff de Ornelas, Selma Petra de Sá, Mirian da Costa Lindolpho
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2010,
Abstract: Objectives: to identify the main needs of healthcare for the elderly with dementia by home visits and discuss the importance of household visits by scholars, aiming to promote the health of their clients. Method: this is a descriptive study of a kind experience report with a qualitative approach, in which seven were carried out home visits to elderly dementia participating in the Program of Geriatrics and Gerontology in Niterói - RJ, Brazil, September 1 November 24, 2009. The research received approval under No. 062/09 of the Ethics Committee of University Hospital Antonio Pedro - HUAP. Results: the visits, an evaluation of the home as their physical structure and health conditions besides providing guidance to caregivers and family members about changes in the environment and care that meet the specific needs of each client. Conclusion: the activity was very important for the students, allowing the understanding of aspects related to caring for the elderly with dementia at home by means of the holistic approach, taking into account the promotion, prevention and recovery in health. Descriptors: students nursing; home visits; health of the elderly; dementia; Alzheimer disease.
Effects of Social Activities outside the Home on Life Satisfaction among Elderly People Living Alone  [cached]
Jun Nakahara
International Journal of Psychological Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ijps.v5n1p112
Abstract: This study aims to test the following two hypotheses. First, the life satisfaction of the elderly is not directly affected by their resident status. Second, guided by activity theory and symbolic interaction theory, social activities outside the home (paid work, unpaid work, and hobby/leaning activity) have a greater effect on life satisfaction for elderly people living alone than those living with family members. Participants were 1,774 elderly people who had participated in courses for the elderly to learn various topics, with a final study sample size of 1,539 after flawed survey sheets were removed. T-test findings showed that resident status did not directly influence life satisfaction. A multi-group structural equation model analysis verified that unpaid work has a greater effect on the life satisfaction of the elderly living alone than the one of elderly living alone. These results suggest that unpaid work acts as a buffer effect to decreased life satisfaction.
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