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乡土信仰与异域文化之纠葛——从迎神赛社看近代山西民教冲突  [PDF]
赵英霞
清史研究 , 2002,
Abstract: ?本文以乡土社会迎神赛社为视点,对于近代山西民教冲突作了探析。首先介绍了民教冲突中引人注目的戏乐纠葛,然后考察了迎神赛社的历史渊源与社会功能。西方传教士无视这一传统习俗,禁止教徒参加迎神赛社活动,民教双方冲突由此产生。文章从绅士维护领导权威和民众要求满足自身心理需求等方面对戏乐冲突的原因作了探讨。最后强调指出世纪末的严重干旱将原本存在的戏乐纠葛推向高潮。
谈大型出版项目的运作管理——以《外教社双语词典编纂系统》研发为例  [PDF]
高云松
科技与出版 , 2012,
Abstract: 大型出版项目的社会效益和经济效益显著,对出版单位队伍建设和人才培养具有较强的推动作用。因此,做好大型出版项目的运作管理工作意义重大。大型出版项目具有涉及环节多、时间跨度长、参与人员多、资金投入大、创新要求高、实施难度大等特点,其运作管理中要抓住制度建设、人力安排、细节落实等关键要素,避免落入误区。即将于2012年完成的《外教社双语词典编纂系统》项目,是集多种出版介质复合出版的大型出版项目,其成果对我国词典数字化编纂有较强的示范和推动作用。该大型出版项目运作管理中的经验和教训值得总结。
應用辯論於國小六年級社會學習領域教學:為提升學生的資訊素養 Using Debate in the 6th Grade Social Studies: Promoting Student Information Literacy
Lin Ching Chen
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: 本研究旨在探究將辯論應用於國小六年級社會學習領域教學,以提升學生資訊素養和學科內容理解的可行性。研究者與資訊素養老師和社會老師根據社會課本單元以「應立法保護複製人的存在」和「網路對小學生的影響是利大於弊」為辯題,讓學生進行兩次辯論活動。辯論活動的引導均依照Big6資訊素養模式,由釐清問題開始,再思考尋找資訊的策略,之後進入取得、使用與統整資訊的過程,最後舉辦正式的班級及班際辯論競賽。末了,引導學生評估自我的學習過程與結果,並根據辯論結果,設計此議題可行的社會行動方案。整個研究進行一學期,主要以參與觀察、訪談及文件分析等方法來蒐集資料。研究結果發現經由Big6模式,辯論可應用於社會學習領域教學;藉由教師間的協同教學,可讓辯論活動及後續的社會行動更容易實踐於課程。另外,有系統的資訊素養課程規畫與推廣也是不可忽視的課題。 The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of applying debate in the 6th grade social studies to promote students’ information literacy and their understanding of the subject matters. The debate topics, which came from the 6th grade social studies textbook, were “Should the legislation protect human cloning” and “If the Internet brings more good than harm to elementary students”.The debate activities were designed on the base of the Big6 information literacy model. It comprises six stages which are Task Definition, Information Seeking Strategy, Location & Access, Use of Information, Synthesis, and Evaluation.This study lasted a semester, and the data was gathered through participant observation, interviews, and document analysis. The results showed that debate could be used in the 6th grade social studies curriculum. Through collaboratively designing debate activities between teachers, it is easier to integrate information literacy instruction into the curriculum. Furthermore, to systematically design the information literacy curriculum is another important issue.
美國圖書資訊學網路教學調查研究 | Web-based Instruction in Library and Information Science in the United States : A Survey  [cached]
王梅玲 Mei-Ling Wang
Journal of Library and Information Science , 2003,
Abstract: 頁次:38-57 本論文旨在研究美國圖書資訊學校網路教學,探討其意涵、原理、實施現況,以及在正規教育與繼續教育的應用,以供我國未來發展借鑑。研究方法採網站調查法,以美國圖書館學會認可的提供遠距教育的圖書資訊學校為對象,針對其遠距教育網站進行資料蒐集與內容分析:38校有26校提供網路教學,並有7校以網路教學授與碩士學位本論文首先概介38個圖書責訊學研究所基本資料、遠距教育形式、以及網站內容與結構。其次,析述網路教學概況、簡史、提供學程/課程種類、網路教學方式、課程設計與主題、網路教學系統、教師、學生、行政與管理、與繼續教育的應用等。 The use of distance education to reach distant student in Library education in the United States began in 1888. After one hundred years developed, web-based distance education is popular among library and information science schools. This study mainly discusses web-based instruction in library and information science in the United States. At first, it explores the definitions, theories, values, instruction methods, and system components of web-based distance education. Findings are reported from a web survey of 38 library and information science schools in the U.S.
1990年後國內遠距教育推動的歷程分析 : 教育改革與學習社會的反思 The Historical Analysis on the Development of the Distance Education after 1990s : The rethinking of the social learning and the educated revolution
Chun-hsiang Chen
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: 本文分析相關官方文件及推動的政策,探討台灣在1990年代以後推動各校開辦遠距教學的歷程。從文本中抽離出有關遠距教育的理念及措施,分析此發展歷程與網路科技變化、國家資訊基礎建設(NII)推動、全球化(globalizntion)趨勢之間關係為何,並試圖從教育改革與終身學習社會的觀點,檢視這樣的發展與背後推動力量,是否與終身學習社會的概念相符應。 According to the educational policy and the official documents, this paper analyzes the process of the distance education in most of the schools in Taiwan after the year of 1990. It is due to the text of the rational idea and the measures on the distance education,the paper shows the possible relationships between the education development and the network technology, the improvement on National information infrastructure (NII),and the tendency of the globalization. This paper, moreover, attends to exam the motivations of the development on the way to correspond with the conceptions of the learning society from the view point of the lifelong learning society and the educational reform.
網路教學在圖書館之應用:以國家圖書館遠距學園為例 | The Application of Web-based Distance Education in Library--National Central Library's E-Learning Campus  [cached]
鄭寶梅 Bau-Mei Cheng
Journal of Library and Information Science , 2003,
Abstract: 頁次:65-73 隨著網路科技的突破及資訊載體的多元化,如何整合新的科技至圖書館服務一直是圖書館面臨的挑戰。而這些挑戰常也帶來圖書館發展的新契機。同樣地,網路教學就是網路科技發展重新賦予遠距教育的新內涵及名稱,它整合了通訊、電腦、傳播等數位化科技,建構成一個即時、雙向、多點互動的多媒體教學環境。本文主要探討國家圖書館如何掌握及應用此創新科技,落實終身學習社會的網路教育功能,這二年,因應全球網路教學發展趨勢,嘗試應用電腦網路遠距教學系統,完成建置「國家圖書館遠距學園」 (http://cu.ncl.edu.tw ) ,提供全國民眾自由上網免費進行遠距學習的園地,達成「處處學習、時時學習、人人學習」的教學目標。 It remains constant challenges for the application of new information technology in libraries. The challenges also provide the opportunities for the library development. The advent of web-based online learning has revitalized the concept of distance education. This innovation provides the multimedia learning environments with online interaction capabilities. As a result, the web-based distance learning impacts enormously on the library’s traditional methods of providing service. It affects all types of libraries committed to being gateways to lifelong learning. This paper mainly discusses how the National Central Library has explored and utilized the web-based distance learning technology to implement the “E-Learning Campus” since 2000. This Campus is aimed to provide the free distance learning courses to all the users who have access to the Internet andthe World Wide Web.
資訊素養融入國小社會領域—數位典藏的應用 Integration of Information Literacy into Elementary Social Studies: The Application of Digital Resources  [PDF]
Lin Ching,Chi-Fu Yen,Yi-Shin Ch
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2005,
Abstract: 因應資訊數量暴漲的衝擊,資訊素養教育是現今學校課程的重點。本研究旨在以Big6為架構,發展資訊素養融入六年級社會領域統整課程之教學設計,並從師生角度探討在主題探索中應用數位典藏內容的可行性。研究結果顯示,師生對於此課程持正向態度居多;二個數位典藏網站對於主題探索均有幫助,但在網站內容、媒體呈現、益智遊戲和諮詢功能上仍有若干須待改進之處。最後,本研究對於數位典藏網站之設計與製作提出八點建議。 Due to the fast explosion of information, information literacy education is an important topic for schools. The purposes of this study were twofold: 1. to develop an integrated information literacy curriculum in the social studies on the basis of Big6 model, 2. to investigate the possibility of application of digital resources from the sake of teachers and students. The research results show that teachers and students have positive attitudes toward the curriculum. The two digital web sites are helpful to the inquiry, but there are some weaknesses which should be improved. There are 8 suggestions proposed to the design and production of digital web sites.
國中生物教師教學歷程與資訊行為之探討 | The Study of Instructional Process and Information Behavior of Biology Teachers in Junior High School  [cached]
藍治平、張永達 Chih-Ping Lan、Yung-Ta Chang
Journal of Library and Information Science , 2001,
Abstract: 頁次:25-38 本研究係探討國中生物教師在教學上所表現的資訊行為,我們選擇五位國中生物教師為樣本,採用訪談法來進行研究。結果從生物教師的教學歷程歸納出國中生物教師有以下十項資訊行為特徵:定義、理解、蒐集、選擇、組織、轉形、實際教學、評鑑、反省、修正等。本研究發現國中生物教師以教學的觀點去處理資訊時,學科教學知識佔有重要地位,教師在考量教學目標、學生特性及教學情境等眾多因素後,會將學科內容進行組織、轉形,以形成適當的教學表徵來實際教學,而教學後的評鑑及反省是修正教學的依據。 綜合研究結果,可以發現國中生物教師的資訊行為即是處理教學相關活動的一連串過程,教學之於資訊服務系統的關係,就在於教師教學歷程中,與資訊系統所產生的互動,因此本研究的十項資訊行為特徵提供了一個可以作為資訊系統設計及服務的指標。本研究結果也說明教學資訊有可能影響教師教學的內容及方式,因此教學資訊一旦可以融入教師的學科教學知識,教師就更有靈活教學的機會。所以資訊服務系統(
資訊素養融入國小四年級社會學習領域教學:小小古蹟解說員的培訓研究 Integrating Information Literacy into Fourth-Grade Social Studies: A Student Guide Education for Historical Sites  [PDF]
Lin Ching Chen
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: 本研究旨在利用Big6模式將資訊素養融入國小社會學習領域「小小古蹟解說員」課程,並探討學生的學習表現,課程實施的困難和因應之道。整個研究進行一年,以協同行動研究法為架構,配合參與觀察、訪談、文件分析,及問卷調查等多元方法。研究結果顯示大部分學生認同此課程,藉由親身體驗古蹟,他們更加了解古蹟的價值。就主題探索的學習表現來說,學生無論在基本能力、古蹟解說和評論提出等方面都有進步。但在口齒、對答等進一步口語表達則仍須再加強。學生基本能力不足,以及學科老師與媒體專家合作不易則是在實踐資訊素養融入教學時,遭遇的兩大難題。因此,發展一套循序漸進的資訊素養融入課程,設計多元且合宜的探索任務,並營造學校老師合作設計融入課程的氣氛是未來須再努力的方向。 The purposes of this study are threefold, first, to develop an integrated information literacy in elementary social studies on the basis of Big6 model; secondly, to investigate students’ learning performance; third, to find obstacles and solutions for implementing this curriculum. The collaborative action research is used as a framework in this study, which lasts for a year. Research data are gathered through the methods of participatory observation, interview, document analysis, as well as surveys. The research results show that most students have positive attitudes toward the integrated information literacy curriculum. Through exploring historical sites in person, students are more aware of the value of historical sites. Students are making good progress in basic information literacy skills and commentary on historical sites, while oral expression skills need to be improved. Students’ lack of basic information literacy skills, and few chances for professional collaboration among teachers are two obstacles which impede information literacy being integrated into school curricula. Thus, more research should be conducted to explore these questions, such as developing systematic information literacy instruction, designing appropriate inquiry missions, and creating professional collaboration among teachers in schools.
从清华简《诗》类文献看先秦楚地《诗》教特征  [PDF]
作  者:禄书果
- , 2018,
Abstract: 清华简中的《诗》类文献是战国时期楚地用于王室贵族教育的《诗》选本,与儒家编订的《诗》选本存在共同文献来源,经过楚国史官和乐官的重新整理编订,杂入了具有楚地巫祀文化特征的《祝辞》等咒语诗。《诗》教是战国楚地贵族教育的核心内容,楚地《诗》教侧重“以《诗》儆戒”“以《诗》明德”“以《诗》达情”的功能,在于以“诗义”培养德行,以“诗乐”陶冶情操。楚地《诗》教发轫于西周时期的礼乐之教,成型于春秋时期的六经之教, 在战国时期接受儒学影响,转型为德政之教。战国时期列国注重事功的政治导向对《诗》教产生消极影响,清华简反映出战国后期楚地《诗》教地位的下降
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