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汉代便面功用小考  [PDF]
夏晓伟
东南文化 , 2003,
Abstract: ????汉代的便面(扇子)功用主要为实用、礼仪及避邪。
失德而后礼——清华简《系年》“蔡哀侯取妻于陈”章考论  [PDF]
成富磊,李若晖
- , 2017,
Abstract: 春秋初年,周室衰微,楚国崛起。处于其间的“汉阳诸姬”,只有依靠自己的联合以抵御楚国,而其联系纽带则为周礼。据《左传》、《史记》与清华简《系年》的记载,楚国兴起的关键性事件,是由息妫引出的楚、蔡、息三国之争。对于此事解读,今本《左传》所载之“君子曰”单方面的责蔡侯以恶,乃纯粹道德批判。事实上,息妫故事之本末,涉及诸多礼制问题。其基本点在于由息妫引发的婚制纠纷。在此视野中,清华简《系年》“妻之”一语与《左传》“弗宾”的记载,乃不同思想脉络中对同一事件的相异性描述。蔡侯本意,是依据周礼媵婚制,将“息妫”看作蔡妫媵娣,对此《系年》与《左传》皆不认同而处理方式相异。《左传》是拘于礼的观念,例蔡侯以“弗宾”,此其所以为近经;《系年》则是仍然实录蔡侯行为,“妻之”,此其所以为近史。而蔡侯的循礼而行,致使息侯无法以“非礼”的口实伐蔡。至此,位列汉阳诸姬的息国,最终自乱同姓之谊,将目光转向礼乐之外,主动引入楚王干预。据此而论,周礼崩坏的一个重要环节在于礼乐的制度形式仍然存在,却失去了贵族精神内在德性的支撑。处于华夏文明外围的楚国也正是在这一背景下逐步强大,开始蚕食中原诸侯。
Abstract:In the early years of the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476BC), the royal families of the Zhou Dynasty declined and the State of Chu rose to prominence rapidly. The nearby vassal states, whose royal family name was Ji(姬), had to unite and resist the aggression of the State of Chu, and the bond among them was none other than the rites of Zhou(周礼). According to the Zuo Zhuan, Shi Ji and Tsinghua Bamboo Slips, the event critical to the rise of the State of Chu was actually the fighting among the three States of Chu, Cai and Xi, and the cause of this fighting was Xi Gui, a female royal family member of the State of Xi. In the Zuo Zhuan, the comments were aimed at Marquis Ai of Cai, who was criticized as evil and this interpretation was obviously limited to the sphere of ethics. As a matter of fact, the story of Madam Xi involved a great number of issues on the norms of etiquette and the essence was the dispute on the forms of marriage. In the Tsinghua Bamboo Slips, it was recorded that Marquis Ai of Cai wanted to take Xi Gui as his concubine, while in Zuo Zhuan, the record was being impolite to the guest. Although both of the records are not similar in words, they have fully proved the truth of this case, which was merely interpreted from two different perspectives. Marquis Ai of Cai wanted to take Xi Gui as his concubine because he thought she was his wife's sister and he could do so as the concubine marriage was allowed in the rites of Zhou. However, his conduct was not recognized by both Zuo Zhuan and Tsinghua Bamboo Slips, which interpreted this case in different ways. Zuo Zhuan started from the perspective of ethics and criticized Marquis Ai of Cai as being impolite to his guest, while Tsinghua Bamboo Slips recorded the exact conduct of Marquis Ai of Cai, who wanted to take his wife's sister as his concubine. However, Marquis Ai of Cai's conduct was not against the rites of Zhou so that Marquis of Xi had no excuse to attack the State of Cai. As a consequence, Marquis of Xi, who used to attack the State of Zheng without any hesitation in the early years of
便器冲洗阀(器)出流特性试验研究  [PDF]
张祥中,庞胜华,江平,许俊鸽
福州大学学报(自然科学版) , 2006,
Abstract: 对延时自闭式便器冲洗阀、感应式自动便器冲洗器在不同压力下的出流量进行研究.结果表明:便器冲洗阀(器)的出流量随着压力增大而增大;在适用压力下,其出流量符合节水型生活用水器具要求.水压大于0.35MPa,宜设减压设施或调整冲洗时间.
便器水箱配件中的力学原理  [PDF]
张方洪,庄表中
力学与实践 , 1998, DOI: 10.6052/1000-0992-1999-270
Abstract: 本文介绍便器洁具的组成,分析各种进水阀和排水阀中应用的力学原理,并从力学角度比较各种产品的特点.
肛门直肠畸形术后便失禁的相关因素分析  [PDF]
李春雷,岳峰,杜勇
宁夏医科大学学报 , 2012,
Abstract: 目的通过对先天性直肠肛门畸形患儿肛门成形术术后便失禁的多因素分析,总结影响直肠肛门畸形术后便失禁的因素。方法选取109例肛门成形术术后患儿资料进行回顾性分析,术后随访1年至10年(平均5.2年/人),以便失禁作为因变量Y,选取9个自变量,取显著性水平为0.05进行Logistic非线性回归分析。结果便失禁者25例,占27.8%,其中1度19例,2度4例,3度2例,进入Logistic方程中的因素分别为临床分型、成形次数、伤口愈合等级及合并症四项(P<0.05)。结论患儿术后便失禁的发生与临床分型、成形次数、伤口愈合等级及合并症四个因素密切相关。
超滤法分离免疫牛初乳中的igg  [PDF]
范丽娟,潘道东
食品科学 , 2007,
Abstract: ?本实验选用截留分子量为100kd的中孔纤维超滤膜从免疫牛初乳乳清中分离提取igg,研究了操作压力和温度在超滤过程中对膜透过速率的影响,确立了最适操作压力为0.15mpa,最适操作温度为25℃;并采用分段超滤法对免疫牛初乳乳清中的igg进行分离,从而使浓缩液中igg纯度得到进一步提高。
IgG subclasses in pemphigus vulgaris  [cached]
Kanwar Amrinder,Thami Gurvinder,Bedi Gursharan
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1997,
Abstract: Direct immunofluorescence in perilesional skin of 13 pemphigus patients is studied for IgG subclasses. IgG1 and lgG4 were predominant subclasses deposited. No correlation of subclasses of IgG with clinical parameters were found.
推广的C~1封闭引理的较简证明  [PDF]
麦结华
科学通报 , 1987,
Abstract: 设M是n+1维C~2流形(n≥1),σM→TM是M上的一个C~1向量场,φD→M是σ产生的流。仿照文献[1],我们不限定M是紧致的。因此,φ的定义域D,可以不是整个的M×R而仅是M×R的一个连通开子集。设v_0∈M,当如下两条成立时,称v_0是φ的一个非游荡点(ⅰ){v_0}×R~+D(R~+=[0,∞));(ⅱ)对V_0在M中的任一个邻域
检测血、尿igg4在特发性膜性肾病中的临床意义  [PDF]
李珺,曲贞,张宜苗,于峰,黄婧,杨瑞,赵明辉,刘刚
北京大学学报(医学版) , 2010,
Abstract: ?目的:探讨igg4/igg比值作为反映特发性膜性肾病病情活动和治疗预后的生物学指标的可能性。方法:收集40例特发性膜性肾病、16例微小病变和10例局灶节段性肾小球硬化患者肾活检当天的血和尿标本,以32例健康志愿者的血和尿作为对照组。igg和igg4的测定均采用夹心酶联免疫吸附法,igg4/igg由igg4的浓度除以igg的浓度得出。结果:特发性膜性肾病患者血和尿igg4/igg比值分别显著高于微小病变和局灶节段性肾小球硬化患者(p均<0.05);特发性膜性肾病中,肾病综合征患者血和尿igg4/igg均高于非肾病水平蛋白尿患者(p=0.063,p<0.05),缓解后患者血和尿igg4/igg均较治疗前显著降低(p<0.05),而未缓解患者与治疗前比较,该比值无显著下降,甚至反而升高。24例随访患者中,2年随访期内复发患者的尿igg4/igg显著高于未复发者(p<0.05),肾活检时尿igg4/igg≥9%的患者有较高的复发趋势(p=0.071)。结论:igg4/igg比值可能有望作为反映特发性膜性肾病病情活动和治疗预后的生物学指标之一。
便潜血单克隆一步法胶体金检测试卡的研制  [PDF]
姜燕
生物技术通报 , 2011,
Abstract: 采用鼠抗人血红蛋白(Hb)单克隆抗体1和胶体金标记鼠抗人血红蛋白(Hb)单克隆抗体2及对照抗体羊抗鼠IgG,利用双抗体免疫夹心反应原理特异性地结合人血红蛋白抗原,在5min内可得到胶体金显色结果的原理研制便潜血单克隆一步法胶体金检测试卡,用于诊断因各种原因引起的消化道出血疾病。应用杂交瘤技术制备两株鼠抗人血红蛋白(Hb)抗体(McAb);ELISA方法检测McAb效价;免疫胶体金技术制备胶体金检测试卡。ELISA法检测McAb效价的结果显示,鼠抗人血红蛋白(Hb)单克隆抗体1效价为1∶3.2×103;鼠抗人血红蛋白(Hb)单克隆抗体2效价为1∶1.6×103。试卡的灵敏度检测结果显示,检测粪便中血红蛋白的最低浓度为0.1μg/mL;试卡的特异性检测结果显示,特异性地结合人血红蛋白抗原,而不结合其他物种的血红蛋白(如动物血红蛋白),本法测便潜血不受维生素C、含过氧化物酶的绿叶蔬菜及铁剂等干扰。大便潜血一步检测法是一种快速、灵敏、简便的免疫层析检测法,由于具有高度敏感性和特异性,以及快速直观等优势,对于诊断各种原因引起的上下消化道出血疾病具有重要的定性判别意义。
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