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东阳陈大猷《书集传》学术价值谫议  [PDF]
陈良中
图书情报工作 , 2010,
Abstract: ?东阳陈大猷《书集传》学界误以为亡佚,但实有元刻本藏国家图书馆,卷帙略有残缺。《书集传》训诂倡一字多训,重上下文语境,在大倡义理解经的宋代,是少有的重视训诂的笃实之作。提倡以经说经,解经中融入天即理、天理人欲之辨,倡诚敬之修养论,是以理学解经的典型著述。《书集传》引用大量时贤《尚书》材料,具有很高史料价值。
刘炫《孝经述议》与魏晋南北朝《孝经》学——兼论《古文孝经孔传》的成书时间  [PDF]
刘增光
- , 2015,
Abstract: 刘炫撰著《孝经述议》以注解和发明《古文孝经孔传》,力排众家,不主郑氏,尤其对当时流行的东晋南朝人之注解做了回应。从某种程度上说,此书在《孝经》学史上综合了南北思想,成为走向唐代经学统一时代的先导,可谓是《孝经》学发展的一大转折点。《古文孝经孔传》对《孝经》的解释有着浓重的法家色彩,将《孝经》解释为饱含刑名治术之书,此正与曹魏时期的名理之学及博通风气相合,同时亦与曹魏以重典治国相应。以此为线索可推测该书之成书当在曹魏时期,而《孝经述议》对颇富法家意味的《古文孝经孔传》不但未予以批评,反而能予以高度认同,也正是因为两者均成书于从分裂走向统一、需要强调法治以整合社会的历史时代。魏晋南北朝时期正是律法儒家化的时期,儒、法关系与当时的忠孝之辨、仁孝之辨紧密结合在一起,成为三大主题。《孝经》本身论述忠孝关系,且有专门关涉律法的《五刑章》,故成为当时士人关注的重要典籍。刘炫对这三大主题都做了回应,他主张忠先于孝、仁大于孝,此正与其主张不孝之罪在三千刑律之内的立场一致。而刘炫的解释也凸显出历史上对《孝经》的解释呈现出礼仪化和刑法化两种不同的趋向,这体现出了法律的儒家化和儒家经学对法家思想的吸收之两重面向。
Abstract:Liu Xuan composed Xiaojing shuyi (descriptive comments on the classic of filial piety) in order to promote Kong's Commentary on the Xiaojing in Old Text. To some degree from the perspective of the developmental history of the studies on Xiaojing, his book was a great turning point; it combined and absorbed the learnings of southern and northern areas. Therefore this book can be seen as a signal of uniting the Classic studies during the Tang Dynasty.The explanation of Xiaojing in Kong's Commentary was full of legalism thoughts. Xiaojing became a book filled with content related to punishment and legal systems. This explanation coordinated with the learning of name-principle which was popular during the Cao-wei Dynasty, and also with the Cao-wei legal policy. Accordingly, it implies that the publishing time was not at the beginning of the East Jin Dynasty, but in the Cao-wei Dynasty. Liu Xuan's Shuyi did not criticize the legalism tendency in Kong's Commentary, and even agreed with this tendency, which was reasonable as both of the two books were produced in an era during which Chinese nation were going from separation to unity, and emphasizing legalism was helpful in such an era. The period from Wei Jin to the Six Dynasties is a time of adapting the legal system into Confucianism. The three pairs of categories, Confucianism and legalism, loyalty and filial piety, benevolence and filial piety, interacted into each other. Xiaojing itself discussed the relation between loyalty and filial piety, and accordingly Xiaojing was inevitably held in great esteem by the scholars in that period. Through analyzing Liu Xuan's interpretation to “Five Punishments” of Xiaojing, it reveals that the discussions about the relationship between the three pairs of categories were presented in the book. In his viewpoint, loyalty is more important than filial piety, benevolence can include filial piety, and the punishment of non-filial piety must be under control of the legal system. Liu Xuan's interpretation shows that there existed two directions concerning the
中国封建刑律中的八议  [PDF]
曾炳钧
法学研究 , 1981,
Abstract: “八议”是中国君主专制时期曹魏以后各代王朝在刑律中对于八类权贵人物犯罪所规定的特殊优遇。根据《唐律》八议条,“一曰议亲,二曰议故,三曰议贤,四曰议能,五曰议功,六曰议贵,七曰议勤,八曰议宾。”所谓“亲”是指皇室的某一范围内的亲属;“故”是指皇室的某些故旧;“贤”是朝廷认为“有大德行”;“能”是“有大才业”;“功”是“有大功勋”;“贵”指“职事官三品以上、散官二品以上及爵一品者”;“勤”是“有大勤劳”;“宾”是“承先代之后为国宾者”。
清代八议制度存废考析  [PDF]
苏亦工
法学研究 , 1992,
Abstract: 自中国古代法律儒家化以来,历代律典中都明文载有八议,清代亦然,但清律中的八议是否仍有实际的效力却经常引起人们的怀疑。笔者以前曾在一份内部刊物上撰文对此作过讨论。
外行司法别议  [PDF]
慕槐
法学研究 , 1994,
Abstract: 张说先生撰一文题曰"法官与法学家"(见本刊94年第5期第83页),称"虽然法学家不一定都要去做法官,但法官却一定或应当去做法学家。"愚以为此论虽用心极好,然终不免一面之论,盖外行而司法亦或有其独特价值在焉。略陈管见,以为商榷。由史观之,操司法权柄者,外行人在在多有。古希腊以投票之法(281票对220票)判大儒苏格拉底死刑者,外行组成之审判团也;古罗马于法律多有推进之裁判官者。
八议成制于汉论考  [PDF]
龙大轩
法学研究 , 2012,
Abstract: 法律史学界通说认为八议制度始于曹魏。但经深入挖掘、分析史料后可以发现:从周之八辟到汉之八议的名称变化,表明了一种新的法律制度在汉代萌生;在两汉法律遗存中能够寻找到八议的大部分内容;在汉代司法活动中,八议也已成为断案议罪必须遵循的法律准据。以此可证,八议制度的确立时间当在汉代。
终锻辊锻机及其应用研究  [PDF]
冯宝伟,张仕汤
重庆大学学报 , 1978,
Abstract: 从我国的实际情况出发,对辊锻的分类和辊锻机的型号品种提出一些补充意见。终锻辊锻能由辊锻机直接得到终锻件,具有显著的技术经济效果,在机械、轻工、农机等行业产品中有广阔的应用前景,因此发展终锻辊锻将有较重要的现实意义。实现终锻辊锻并非是一个单纯的工艺问题,必须克服现有辊锻机的缺点,研制能满足终锻要求的终锻辊锻机。通过对新型的“D44—560”楔式终锻辊锻机的研究,探讨了终锻辊锻机的特点。建议增添“D44”系列型号作为楔式终辊锻机的编号,以适应生产发展的需要。
《海森伯传》译者引言  [PDF]
戈革
物理 , 2004,
Abstract: ?《海森伯传》译者引言
检验门限协整模型中的线性协整  [PDF]
杨政,田铮,原子霞
控制理论与应用 , 2008,
Abstract: 考虑门限协整回归模型中线性的检验问题.在原假设为线性协整的条件下,构造了SupLM(supremumLagrangemultiplier)统计量,并给出了极限分布.MonteCarlo实验研究了SupLM检验的有限样本性能,结果表明SupLM检验不受回归误差的序列相关性影响,也不受广义的自回归条件异方差GARCH(generalizedautoregressiveconditionalheteroskedastic)的影响.应用SupLM检验方法检测美国国库券收益率之间的关系,结果表明不同到期时间的国库券收益率之间存在门限协整关系.
履带车辆终传动与行走系统过盈接触  [PDF]
张耀娟, 成凯, 周振平, 郑森, 徐晓龙, 刘维维
吉林大学学报(工学版) , 2014,
Abstract: 经研究发现,解决履带车辆终传动破坏失效问题的关键在于该类车辆终传动与行走系统过盈接触问题。将过盈接触零部件看作刚性体,利用变形协调关系建立终传动和行走系统过盈接触问题的力学模型与数学模型,从理论上进行了研究。通过有限元仿真分析方法,以实车参数为依据,与理论模型进行互相验证,结果表明两者吻合较好,证明了本文方法的有效性。研究发现,终传动破坏的主要原因是终传动大齿圈轮毂的强度不足,安全系数仅为2.6,在恶劣工况时大齿圈轮毂的失效导致整个终传动的失效破坏。研究结果为履带车辆终传动的优化与改进提供了理论依据和计算方法。
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