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关于宋代“馆职”  [PDF]
姚行地
图书情报工作 , 1988,
Abstract: ?“馆职”是宋朝官制中特设的一种官职。简单地说,“馆职”是指在“馆阁”中供职。“馆阁”是宋朝藏书处所的总称。鉴于“馆职”在宋朝官制中有其特殊地位,它本身也有许多独特之处,本文拟就“馆职”及其有关的方面作点介绍。
综合馆力论  [PDF]
李华
图书情报工作 , 1995,
Abstract: ?该文根据综合国力的思想及高等院校图书馆评估的实践,从发展战略的角度,提出了综合馆力的概念,并就综合馆力的含义与特征、综合馆力思想的形成与发展以及综合馆力的测度等问题进行了讨论。
王国维词“意深境浅”论  [PDF]
仲冬梅
安徽师范大学学报(人文社会科学版) , 2013,
Abstract: 王国维《人间词话》以“意境”论词,《人间词乙稿序》中则将“意”与“境”分而论之,王氏本人词作即被认为“意深于欧阳修,境浅于秦观”。由此评价出发,对王国维词作之独创性展开新的探讨。此考察首先希望能深化对意境美学的理解,同时在新的语境中激活西方诗学理论,而更进一步的期许是,藉由王国维词之新变,探察文化的现代转型给词这一艺术形式带来了怎样的美学困境。
宋代应策时文概论  [PDF]
诸葛忆兵
- , 2016,
Abstract: 宋代应策时文最早出现在制科考试中,熙宁三年进士殿试,首次采用制策问答的方式考试,此后,殿试以策取士,大致沿袭不变。熙宁以后,士人逐渐将更多的学习热情转移到策问的写作上。殿试制策,考核士人两个方面的能力:对现实政治弊病的了解和应对方案,综合分析、归纳等逻辑思考能力和语言表达能力。宋代士人必须时时联系现实政治思考问题,他们进入仕途后,热衷于变革,时而大胆批评朝政,直抒己见,这与应策考试的训练有一定的关系。从格式角度考察,制策需要考核考生对现实社会和政治的多方面综合思考的能力,一道制策中总是提出多个问题。所以,应策时文事实上是由多篇政论文组成,与平常一题一议的政论文不同。应策时文受题目、时间、地点的限定,又有考试录取的现实目的,考生为了进入仕途,必须揣摩帝王或当政者的想法,以此作为应策时文的主要论点,贯穿全文。更有甚者,恶意攻击当时政坛上受排挤压迫的政治派别,应策时文遂堕落为朝廷鹰犬。此外,考生有个人经历的局限,回答问题时又有诸多功名利禄的考虑,面对现实政治和制策提问,绝大多数应策时文不可能提供深刻的见解,空疏肤浅是应策时文的通病。
Abstract:The stratagem and suggestion writing first appeared in the zhike examination (a special imperial examination in the Song Dynasty). In the palace examination in 1070, the text took a form of policy-making questionnaire. Afterwards, this kind of examination was regularized and inherited through dynasties. Thus scholars gradually devoted more efforts into stratagem and suggestion writing. In palace examination, two capacities were considered important: knowledge of political ills and corresponding policies, comprehensive analysis and expression ability. Song scholars, who were requested to consider problems with the context of real politics, were keen to make changes and bold in criticizing the government, which could be partly related to the training before examination. From the perspective of the format, the system needed to assess the candidates of comprehensive thinking on social and political dimensions, and usually had several questions under one subject. Therefore, the answering sheet was actually composed of a few pieces of article, different from the one-question-one-answering sheet. As the policy essays were limited by subject, time and place, with practical purposes in addition, most candidates tried to cater for the rulers in praise of the current politics. They would figure out the real thought of authority and took it as the main argument of the essay. Some of them went so far in malicious attacks against the groups in disadvantage. Limited by personal experiences and consideration on fame and fortune, most policy essays could not provide insightful opinions. Shallow emptiness was the common defect
湛江市公园绿地花境应用及配置调查  [PDF]
黎海利,谭飞理,刘锴栋,谭彩珠
北方园艺 , 2015, DOI: 10.11937/bfyy.201514021
Abstract: 针对湛江市主要公园绿地的花境植物应用及配置模式进行了实地调查,以期了解粤西地区花境应用现状及配置特色。结果表明目前湛江市应用于花境的植物共99种,隶属于46个科84个属;配置模式根据花境立地环境划分主要有林缘花境、路沿花境、临水花境、建筑物周围花境、草坪花境等。并对花境植物应用及花境配置等方面存在的问题进行了探讨。
苏童作品色彩构图三境  [PDF]
加晓昕?
天府新论 , 2010,
Abstract: 书画品评有四格之说。文学作品中的色彩构图与之有异曲同工之妙,构图也分三境。苏童作品善于用色,其色彩构图在物境、妙境、神境均表现充分,丰富了作品的审美空间。
办馆效益探微  [PDF]
黄俊贵
中国图书馆学报 , 2000,
Abstract: 办馆效益是指图书馆社会职能所产生的应有作用,是图书馆被社会认同的存在价值。它具有无形性、间接性、潜移性、幅射性、波动性、模糊性等特征。从不同标准出发,办馆效益可分为社会效益与经济效益、宏观效益与微观效益、正面效益与影子效益、真正效益与虚误效益,等等。要实现办馆效益,必须做到入藏文献合乎社会需求,要千方百计地把文献提供给读者利用,要力求使兑现价值大于投入。对图书馆进行评估是实现办馆效益的重要手段,应进一步搞好评估工作.
周代策命的礼仪背景及文体特点  [PDF]
董芬芬
- , 2013,
Abstract: 周代策命是周天子策封赏赐诸侯或臣下的仪式上使用的实用文体,一般在太庙举行策命仪式时颁布,见证者为傧者,宣读者多为内史,有时是尹氏或其他史官。周代策命形成稳定的体制,通常包括封赏的原因、具体的赏赐及教导与勉励三部分。周代策命语言诚挚恳切,语气温润亲切,典雅舒缓,成为后世策命文体模仿的典范。
“一馆一制”与“一馆两制”  [PDF]
何成强,全平
图书情报工作 , 1994,
Abstract: ?本文在肯定“一馆两制”的前提下,提出了“两制”是改革的手段,“一制”是改革的归宿的论点。
献血员抗-HCV的对照调查  [PDF]
荆庆,任玲君,薛莉,员学亮,韦志,王建锋
中国公共卫生 , 1993,
Abstract: ?为了解在同地区内、条件相同情况下献血员与同类人群间抗-HCV感染的特征,我们在1992年进行了献血员抗-HCV的对照调查。
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