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《史记?八书》校改理据研究  [PDF]
王华宝
- , 2015,
Abstract: 最新出版的《史记》中华书局修订本,共列出校勘记3946条,涉及改动文字的有1250条。其中“八书”部分452条,涉及改动文字的有151条,与点校本原有140余处改动相比,在数字上相差并不大,基本符合《修订凡例》规定的“修订本以原点校本为基础”的原则。而具体情况则复杂得多,修订本“八书”部分新增36条改动,对点校本原改动之处作不同处理的也有26条。对两本异同情况的研究,特别是校改理据的研究,是《史记》文献学和古籍整理研究的重要内容。
The latest revised version of Shiji史记(Historical Records)published by Zhonghua Book Company has listed 3, 946 notes of collation in total, of which 1,250 notes are used to alter words. There are 452 notes in the part of Bashu八书(Eight Treaties), covering 151 notes for altering words. Compared with the revisions(over 140)in the punctuated edition, there is no significant difference in the number of revisions, which is basically in accordance with the rule requiring revised version to be based on the original punctuated one in Revision Guide. However, when it comes to a particular case, things will be more complex. The part of Bashu in the revised edition adds 36 changes. Besides, there are 26 alterations distinct from those in the punctuated edition. The study on the differences between the two versions, especially on the motivations for such alterations, occupies an important place in the area of edition and textual studies of Shiji and other ancient Chinese classics
翻译不确定性的认知理据  [PDF]
吴小芳,蒋金运
湖南工业大学学报(社会科学版) , 2008,
Abstract: 认知语言学的翻译观认为, 翻译是一种认知活动, 是在译者感知体验原文的基础上进行的。因此, 译者的 识解方式在翻译过程中起着十分重要的作用, 是产生翻译不确定性的主要理据。识解方式主要包括详略度、背景 知识、视角和突显。详略程度的高低、背景知识的差异、视角的差异和突显焦点不同, 译者对原文的识解会产生一 定的差异, 从而导致了翻译的不确定性。
网络同音别字与汉字理据
Homonymous Typos in the Web and Their Motivations in Chinese Words
 [PDF]

符渝
- , 2015, DOI: 1672-4283(2015)04-0161-07
Abstract: 网络同音别字是同音借用造成的字词关系错位现象。在网络流传过程中,由于文字使用者追求理据的心理、汉字表意和表音的竞争,以及个人使用走向社会通行的需要,一些同音别字又出现了追求理据,甚至重构理据的现象,为错位的字词关系重新建立联系。与传统用字一样,在网络用字中理据也是平衡汉字个人使用与社会通行两端的砝码,推动汉字不断发展
现代汉语主观位移句的认知理据探析  [PDF]
黄华新,,
浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版) , 2012,
Abstract: ?在主观位移句中,位移动词用于描写静态空间场景,这种位移动词的特殊用法可以从认知角度加以解释。主观位移及表层语言结构的形成依赖于人类概念整合、概念转喻和完型心理等认知能力与认知操作。主观位移产生于对动态空间和静态空间的概念整合操作之中。在主观位移的语言编码过程中,凸像的选择性、路径信息的必要性和方式信息的受抑制性等语言特点也具有认知理据。
类指句的体验哲学基础及认知理据
The Embodied Basis and Cognitive Motivation of Generic Sentences
 [PDF]

付正玲
- , 2017, DOI: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdsk.2017.06.016
Abstract: 类指句基于认知主体对客观存在的主观体验,对一类事物的某种属性进行概括性描述。结合体验哲学理论和概念转喻理论,对类指句的体验哲学基础及认知理据进行研究发现:(1)类指思维具有体验性、无意识性和转喻性;(2)类指句的认知推理主要体现在“类”与“例”之间的转喻映射关系,可将类指句分为“类代例”“例代类”“类代例和例代类叠加”三种转喻模型;(3)类指句中反例的存在是转喻思维的结果。从体验哲学及认知语言学视角研究类指句是一个具有前瞻性的尝试,意义在于为指称研究提供新的视角。
Generic sentences make generalizations about certain properties of a category. By employing embodied philosophy and conceptual metonymy theory, this paper attempts to discuss the basis and cognitive motivations of generic sentences and the conclusions are as follows. First, generic thinking is embodied, unconscious and metonymic. Second, cognitive inference of generic sentences manifests itself in the interaction between type and instance, and generic sentences accordingly fall into three metonymic models:TYPE FOR INSTANCE, INSTANCE FOR TYPE, Combination of TYPE FOR INSTANCE and INSTANCE FOR TYPE. Third, exceptions are the result of metonymic thinking. The study of generics from the perspective of embodied philosophy and cognitive linguistics is a forward-looking attempt and provides a new perspective to the research of reference
机采悬移支架改炮采悬移支架方案设计与施工  [PDF]
钱建峰,信长松
煤炭工程 , 2012,
Abstract: 受地质条件、悬移支架结构影响,振兴二矿11071机采悬移支架工作面回采期间煤墙松软易片、支柱钻底、采高变得较低,工作面推进慢、工人劳动强度大,已不适宜悬移支架机采回采工艺,采取采面向前推进期间,将机采悬移支架拆除并替换为炮采悬移支架支护的方法,节省了材料投入,保证了矿井产量计划和正常接替。
特厚煤层大采高综放开采机采高度的确定与影响  [PDF]
王国法,庞义辉,刘俊峰
煤炭学报 , 2012,
Abstract: 为了确定大采高综放开采合理的机采高度,基于理论分析与数值模拟计算方法,研究了不同机采高度对支架工作阻力、顶煤冒放规律、煤壁稳定性的影响。研究结果表明:大采高综放开采机采高度的确定应充分考虑采放比、煤壁稳定性、矿压显现、顶煤采出率及设备投资等。支架所需支护强度、顶煤采出率、煤壁片帮程度与机采高度成正相关性,但并不是简单的线性关系。由于受顶煤赋存条件及采出率等因素影响,相同采高大采高综放开采煤壁片帮几率要高于大采高综采。大采高综放开采是煤炭开采技术的新突破,是实现特厚煤层安全高效开采的有效途径。
顺层片理形成机制分析
蔡学林
科学通报 , 1981,
Abstract: 片理是区域变质岩系特有的一种面理构造。不少地质学家比较重视对它的研究,提出了不同的认识,其中分歧较大的要算顺层片理,一是认为与层面一致的片理,属顺层片理,一是认为顺层片理是轴面片理在褶皱翼部的表现。为了探讨顺层片理,从1976年起,我们对河南省桐柏县围山城金银多金属矿带的片理进行了研究。本文根据该区的研究,结合大别山、秦岭等地变质岩系片理观察,讨论了顺层片理特征、与褶皱关系、形成机制等问题。
顺层片理形成机制分析  [PDF]
蔡学林,石绍清
科学通报 , 1981,
Abstract: 片理是区域变质岩系特有的一种面理构造。不少地质学家比较重视对它的研究,提出了不同的认识,其中分歧较大的要算顺层片理,一是认为与层面一致的片理,属顺层片理,一是认为顺层片理是轴面片理在褶皱翼部的表现[1]。为了探讨顺层片理,从1976年起,我们对河南省桐柏县围山城金银多金属矿带的片理进行了研究。本文根据该区的研究,结合大别山、秦岭等地变质岩系片理观察,讨论了顺层片理特征、与褶皱关系、形成机制等问题。
指导性案例运用的理据与要求――以指导性案例的功能为分析视角
The rationale and requirements of the guiding case application: The function of a guiding case as an analytical perspective
 [PDF]

宋菲
- , 2018, DOI: 1672-3104(2018)03-0034-08
Abstract: 摘 要: 解决指导性案例“援引难”问题的关键在于明确其法源地位。指导性案例的“指导性”功能是该法源地位产生的基础,并同时作为案例运用的理据。“指导性”功能是指导案例所具有的内部效能,在实践中展现为清晰法律、补充法律和创设规则等三个方面。其中,补充法律功能具有最广泛应用性,其实质是通过法律解释来发掘裁判规则。在此功能指引下,指导性案例运用必须满足区分“适用的规则”与“规则的适用”、结合案件产生背景提炼和运用裁判规则、突破“一案一释”以实现解释效力的普适性等要求。
Abstract: The key to solving the problem of “citing difficulty” in guiding cases is to clarify the legal status. The “guiding” function of a guiding case is the foundation of the generation of the legal status, and at the same time is also the rationale for the guiding case application. The “guiding” function is the internal effectiveness of guiding the case, which is in practice shown in such three aspects as clarifying law, supplementing law and stipulating rules. Among them, its supplementary legal function has the most extensive application, whose essence is to explore the rules of referees through legal interpretation. Under the guidance of this function, the application of guiding cases must meet the requirements of distinguishing “applicable rules” and “rules application”, combining the background of the case to refine and apply case rules, and breaking through “one case and one interpretation” to achieve universality of interpretation effectiveness
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