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Determining the Differences in Gender Usage of Computers in Nigeria
AN Umezulike, CM Ile
African Research Review , 2010,
Abstract: The study was aimed at determining the gender differences in computer usage among students in Nigeria. The study was a survey and was conducted using forty male and forty female business education students from the four tertiary institutions in Anambra State. Three research questions and three null hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance were developed to guide the study. Data collected using a well structured questionnaire were analyzed using simple percentage, mean ratings and inferential t-test statistics. The results of the study revealed among other things that more female students made use of computer than males. However, both male and female students make regular visits to websites for academic information. The study also revealed that female students preferred educational and programming computer related jobs to hi-technical and field computer jobs which male students preferred most. However male and female students have high preference for managerial related computer jobs and show less interest in low position computer related jobs. It was recommended that every individual should be computer literate because time will come when it would become impossible for one to secure a good job if one is not computer literate.
Gender differences in internet usage intentions for learning in higher education: An empirical study
Jimmy Macharia, Emmanuel Nyakwende
Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa , 2011,
Abstract: The processes of globalization present opportunities and challenges for higher education learners. This process increasingly depends upon information and communication technologies (ICTs) such as the internet. Despite the fact that there have been frequently observed male/female differences in ICT usage, this has not received adequate explanations especially in higher education internet usage. Consequently this paper presents the findings of an empirical study that adds insight and understanding into the causes of this difference. The study proposes a Technology acceptance model (TAM) to investigate the effect of gender differences in internet usage intentions in higher education. Four exogenous constructs namely, perceived relevance, perceived enjoyment, computer self-efficacy, computer anxiety, voluntariness, and two belief factors namely perceived ease of using the Internet, and perceived usefulness were modeled to influence behavioral intention in the TAM. A questionnaire survey (N=1092) was administered and data were collected from university students in a selected sample of public and private universities in Kenya. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine the model. There exist significant gender differences in the influence of perceived ease of use and computer anxiety, influence on internet usage intentions for males and females. The influences of perceived ease of use, relevance to studies, and perceived enjoyment had significant influence on intentions for both males and females had a higher anxiety than males in using the internet. However, they had greater usage of the internet for their studies. Having a greater understanding of how males and females view internet usage for learning in their universities will contribute to deploying gender specific interventions in the usage of internet as a learning tool in and outside the classroom.
Gender differences in symptoms experienced by advanced cancer patients: a literature review  [cached]
Erin Wong,Gillian Bedard,Natalie Pulenzas,Breanne Lechner
Reviews in Health Care , 2013, DOI: 10.7175/rhc.48342141-153
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Advanced cancer patients are multi-symptomatic and require attentive palliative care. As gender differences are apparent in multiple aspect of everyday life, this literature review aims to determine the gender differences seen in the population of advanced cancer patients and the symptoms that they experience. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using the OvidSP Medline database from 1946 to November 2012. Randomized, prospective or retrospective cohort studies on advanced cancer patients who were undergoing any type of palliative treatments (palliative radiation, chemotherapy) or those in which palliative treatments have failed (antalgic treatment) were included. The patient population, tools/questionnaire used and gender differences in symptoms found statistically or qualitatively significant in the respective studies were extracted. RESULTS: Of the 163 studies resulting from the literature search, nineteen publications were identified. Gender differences in multiple symptoms were discovered. Gender differences were commonly found in symptoms of emotional changes, fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea) anxiety, tension, sleep problems and pain. CONCLUSION: At present, gender differences seen in the symptoms experienced by advanced cancer patients continues to be inconclusive. Further study investigating gender differences in the symptoms experienced by advanced cancer patients as the primary endpoint is recommended.
TECHNOLOGY USAGE AMONG CONSTRUCTION STUDENTS THE MODERATING ROLE OF GENDER
T. Ramayah,Mastura Jaafar
Journal of Construction in Developing Countries , 2008,
Abstract: This study examines the impact of perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use on the extent of personal computer (PC) usage among a group of undergraduates at the School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia. It also looks at the moderating role of gender in the above said relationship. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire. A total of 244 students responded to the survey. Results showed that perceived ease of use (β = 0.309, p < 0.01) was positively related to PC usage. A surprising finding of this study was that perceived usefulness was not a significant predictor of PC usage whereas perceived ease of use was. This can be explained in the context of mandated use where the usefulness is no longer an issue and ease of use becomes the primary concern. Gender was not a moderator in the above said relationship but was a significant independent predictor of usage. Males exhibited higher usage of the PC compared to the female students.
Gender differences in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a literature review
Mathis, Maria Alice de;Alvarenga, Pedro de;Funaro, Guilherme;Torresan, Ricardo Cezar;Moraes, Ivanil;Torres, Albina Rodrigues;Zilberman, Monica L;Hounie, Ana Gabriela;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462011000400014
Abstract: introduction: obsessive-compulsive disorder (ocd) is a heterogeneous condition, in which subtypes have been proposed. previous studies suggested that gender plays a relevant role in ocd phenotypic expression. this study aimed to review the literature on gender differences in clinical, genetic or familial aspects of ocd. method: a conventional review was conducted, including all papers that investigated demographic, clinical, and genetic aspects of ocd according to gender. the search was based on data available in medline and psycinfo databases in the last 20 years, using as keywords: obsessive-compulsive disorder; and: gender, sex, male, female, demographic characteristics, clinical features, clinical characteristics, genetic, genes, genetics gender ocd, genes ocd, genes ocd males, genes ocd females. results: sixty three of 487 phenotypical and genetics studies were selected. most studies indicate that male patients are more likely than females to be single, present early onset of symptoms and chronic course of the disorder, greater social impairment, more sexual-religious and aggressive symptoms, and greater comorbidity with tic and substance use disorders. female patients present more contamination/cleaning symptoms and greater comorbidity with eating and impulse-control disorders. genetic and family studies are inconclusive, but suggest that gender may play a role in the disease expression. conclusions: gender is a relevant factor that should be taken into account when evaluating ocd patients. more studies are necessary to determine whether in fact it defines a homogeneous and particular group in ocd.
Gender Differences in Usage of Over-the-Counter Analgesics among Norwegian Adolescents  [PDF]
Sindre Lorentzen, Bente Lorentzen, Britt-Maj Wikstr?m
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2018.811065
Abstract: Introduction: Usage of over-the-counter (OTC) analgesic has increased among Norwegian adolescents since 2001. It has been noted that females tend to have a higher usage compared to males. In this paper we explore this gender difference. Data: Our dataset consists of 284,674 from Norwegian adolescents attending junior high school and high school between 2014 and 2017. Methods: The econometric approach consists of applying ordered logistic regressions with usage of OTC analgesics as the dependent variable and a dichotomous gender variable as the independent variable. Control variables include variables such as frequency of physical and mental health problems and other sociodemographic variables. Results: Gender, physical and mental health problems and various sociodemographic variables are found to have a significant effect on usage of OTC analgesics. Females are predicted to use significantly more analgesics. A large proportion of the gender difference evaporates when controlling for various other determinants. Conclusion: A considerable part of the observed gender difference in OTC analgesic usage can be traced back to differences in frequency and severity of physical and mental health problems. Part of the gender difference in usage, however remains unexplained.
Age and gender differences of psychogenic fever: a review of the Japanese literature
Takakazu Oka, Kae Oka
BioPsychoSocial Medicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1751-0759-1-11
Abstract: To achieve this goal, we searched Medline and Ichushi WEB, a Japanese medical database, and added other publications that were not included in these databases. Thus, we reviewed 195 Japanese cases of psychogenic fever published in 62 papers.Psychogenic fever patients ranged from 3 to 56 years old, with the highest number of cases occurring in 13 year-olds in both sexes. The male: female ratio of 1: 1.19 suggested a slight predominance of female cases. Psychogenic fever accounted for 18% of fever cases of unknown origin in children and 2–6% of the psychosomatic diseases of pediatric patients. Patients with psychogenic fever were not only found in pediatrics departments, but also in psychosomatic medicine, psychiatry, internal medicine, anesthesiology, dentistry, and obstetrics/gynecology departments.The age of psychogenic fever patients ranged from 3 to 56 years old and the male: female ratio was 1:1.19. Psychogenic fever is seen especially in adolescence in Japan.Psychogenic fever is one of the most common psychosomatic diseases; physical diseases affected by psychosocial factors. Psychogenic fever is diagnosed when (1) there is no organic disease that accounts for the fever and (2) the fever develops in a psychologically stressful situation or (3) emotionally stressful stimuli induce acute or persistent increases in core temperature (Tc) above the upper limit of normal body temperature (37°C). Although numerous case reports on psychogenic fever have been published, the mechanisms by which psychological stress increases core temperature are not fully understood, and epidemiological studies are limited. Therefore, our primary objective was to investigate the age distribution and gender differences of psychogenic fever in Japan by reviewing the published literature.To achieve this goal, on January 15th, 2007 using the key words "psychogenic fever" we performed electronic searches of Medline (1960–2006) and Ichushi WEB (1983 (the beginning of the service)-2006), a data
Age and Gender’s Association with Information & Communication Technology (ICT) Usage into Educational Institutions of Pakistan  [PDF]
Adnan Adil, Muhammad Masood, Matloob Ahmed
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.34044
Abstract:

Information & Communication Technology (ICT) usage in Pakistan is growing trend. However, while there is expanded concern of knowledge about how ICT is in usage in low income countries, there is information lacking on how ICT is used by the university teachers in low income countries. This research studied perception of university teachers about use of ICT, in Pakistani universities. The research through purposive sampling was drawn on 57 teachers, belonging to the public sector universities of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. This survey consisted of 29 males and 28 females. Their ages vary from 26 to 50 years. Open-ended questionnaire was used for this survey. It also showed that respondents have availability of internet at office. The association between different variables was calculated from chi-square test, and the strength of association was measured by gamma. The result showed the moderate negative association between level of age and quantity of daily time spent on computer. It also showed that no association exists between category of teacher’s gender and quantity of daily time spent on computer. For enhancement of ICT integration into education, it was recommended that teachers must have access to infrastructure relating ICT and there should be provision of sufficient training to teachers.

Gender issues in computer-supported learning: what we can learn from the gender; science and technology literature  [cached]
Gwyneth Hughes
Research in Learning Technology , 2002, DOI: 10.3402/rlt.v10i2.11403
Abstract: This paper is a response to the article, 'Gender issues in computer-supported learning', in ALT-J 10 (1). I argue that the studies presented in the original paper could be enhanced by a more rigorous approach to gender that avoids universalizing identity, recognizes gender as a construction and which builds on previous research from gender, science and technology studies.
Gender differences in technology acceptance in selected South African companies: Implications for electronic learning  [cached]
Willie T. Chinyamurindi,Gert J. Louw
South African Journal of Human Resource Management , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/sajhrm.v8i1.204
Abstract: Orientation: Technology enhanced training is becoming popular as a means for the training of soft skills, especially in work-related environments. Men and women who use this type of training encounter some challenges with regard to their usage. Research: The objective of this study was to investigate trainees’ acceptance of electronic coursework as an instruction and learning technique in various industries in the South African context. Motivation for the study: A persistent gender imbalance in the South African work-place has been noted to exist chiefly in the Science, Engineering and Technology (SET) sectors, areas that have an important bearing on South Africa’s global competitiveness. This study explores how gender imbalance manifests in terms of trainee acceptance of electronic coursework. Research design, approach and method: A cross-sectional survey design was used. A survey was conducted amongst 191 employees in the SET sector. The measuring instrument used was the Technology Acceptance Instrument (TAI) and included measures of Computer Self-Efficacy (CSE), Perceived Ease of Use (PEU), Perceived Usefulness (PU) and Behavioural Intention to Use (BI). Main findings: Women ratings of the TAI to use the electronic coursework were slightly higher than men’s ratings. Multiple regression analyses were also carried out to measure the variation in the level of influence with gender as a predictor variable. The results showed that compared to women, men had a lower salient effect of elements of the TAI, notably, CSE–PU; PU–BI and BI–PEU. However, compared to men, women had a higher salient effect in terms of the relationship between CSE–PU and PU–PEU. Practical implications: The implication of the results is that interventions that focus on the human resources development of employees using electronic coursework (namely, CSE, PEU, PU and BI) are worth considering as they influence the acceptance of the interventions. Contribution/value-add: The study contributes to existing knowledge about the conditions that precede employee acceptance of an electronic coursework intervention within the South African context. The study shows the important role dimensions of the Technology Acceptance Instrument (TAI). How to cite this article: Chinyamurindi, W.T., & Louw, G.J. (2010). Gender differences in technology acceptance in selected South African companies: Implications for electronic learning. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 8(1), Art. #204, 7 pages. DOI: 10.4102/sajhrm.v8i1.204
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