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SYLVATIC FOCUS OF TRICHINIASIS IN BANDAR ABBAS AREA SOUTH OF IRAN
A.N. Hamidi,I. Mobedi
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 1977,
Abstract: In 1969 and 1976, 237 rodents and carnivores collected from the Bandar abbas area South of Iran was examined fro Trichianella spiralis. 23% of foxes, 25% of stray dogs and all three captured golden jackals were found to be infected.
Examination of the Level of Heavy Metals in Wastewater of Bandar Abbas Wastewater Treatment Plant  [PDF]
Gholamreza Mansourri, Mehrzad Madani
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2016.62006
Abstract: One of the main environmental pollutants is heavy metals. Due to extensive usage in industry, these metals enter biological cycle rapidly and contaminated water and soil resources rapidly. In this work, lead, copper, zinc and chromium of Bandar Abbas wastewater are examined. For this research, nine stations were set for measurement in urban level in Bandar Abbas and sampling of aforesaid metals was performed in fall and winter 2006 in these stations. After extraction and preparation operations using APDC-MIBK, samples were measured using flame atomic absorption system. According to results, concentrate of studied metals was lower than allowable standard value set by Iran environmental protection organization for agricultural purposes and sewage to ground level waters. In addition, efficiency of Bandar Abbas wastewater treatment plant to remove these metals is 40% - 70% from which highest removal is for zinc as much as 71.1% and lowest level is for copper as much as 40.5%. However, copper level was higher than allowable level for agricultural purposes in spring and summer (0.21 mg/L and 0.23 mg/L, respectively) and lower in fall and winter (0.103 mg/L and 0.098 mg/L, respectively). Furthermore, changes in concentration of metals in these stations in various seasons were measured and analyzed using one-way variance analysis and simultaneous effects of time and place on measured variables were analyzed using two-way variance analysis.
Earthquake Hazard Zonation and Seismotectonics of the Bandar Abbas Area, Zagros, Iran  [PDF]
Saeedeh Abdolizadeh, Zahra Maleki, Mehran Arian
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2016.63019
Abstract: The study area (Bandar Abbas area) is located in the Zagros fold-thrust belt as part of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt as seismically active belt. This area is located between the Makran accretionary prism and Oman Mountains from east and the Zagros collision belt from west as transition zone. The Zagros fold-thrust belt from the viewpoint of seismicity, is very active and Iran’s major earthquake-prone area. The study area has main active faults and some high magnitude earthquakes occurred in current century. Because the Bandar Abbas area has high seismic activity, the main goal of this research is prepared to earthquake hazard zonation and identify hazardous seismic zones, based on Decision Support System method for define active seismotectonic in this area. The seismotectonic study has been done in 30 - 100 km radius, for Bandar Abbas area. In this research, we used Decision Support System method by in corporate and combine essential data such as seismic data from 1900-2015, Digital Elevation Model of the study area (DEM), surface geology, seismicity parameters, soil classification and location main faults. In this research the Decision Support System (DSS) base on GIS database is used for calculate seismicity parameters. Based on the relative risk of earthquake zonation map, the Bandar Abbas area is located from the north to the East and from the South to the East, in area with high seismic risk (with Orange color). Some small regions with very high relative seismic risk have been limited to these areas with high risk. Also from north to west and from south to west “the study area” is located mainly in the area with earthquake relative risk of in areas with moderate and low relative risk of earthquakes. In the far southwestern region of the study, the small area is located in an area with high and very high seismic relative risk and this case may be due to the activity of the Mountain Front Fault (MFF) and Zagros Fore deep Fault (ZFF). Finally, the study area has been affected by active faults and it causes high vulnerability of the study area in the face of a possible occurrence of earthquakes. Based on of Seismotectonic investigations, there are existed minor faults of the Zagros fault from East to West and in the middle part. This case has been caused some parts in the study area with low and moderate seismic risk to be considered in the face of possible earthquakes and seismic damages, as an area with high seismic risk.
The Occurrence of Red-Back Spider Latrodectus Hasselti (Araneae: Theridiidae) in Bandar Abbas, Southern Port of Iran
M Shahi,A Hosseini,Kh Shemshad,J Rafinejad
Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Due to importance and fatal affect of Red-back spiders, Latrodectus hasselti, a faunistic survey for presence of this spider in Bandar Abbas has been conducted. This animal is considerably the most medically importance spiders all over the world.Methods: Live adult spider specimens were collected from Bandar Abbas town using hand catch conventional method and transferred to the laboratory throughout the summer of 2008. They were identified based on mor-phological characteristics and taxonomic keys and confirmed by some external experts.Results: Results showed the occurrence of the red-back spider, L. hasselti from Bandar Abbas, southern port of Iran. Two female specimens were found. The spider had specific morphological characters including black color with an obvious orange to red longitudinal strip on its upper parts of abdomen. Conclusion: Although the specimens were collected from south of the country, however since the region is an important harbor and port and goods come form different parts of world we assume the possibility of arrival from its origin and native breeding sites of the world. Therefore further investigation is needed to clarify the presence of this species in different parts of Iran.
Ectoparasites of Rodents Captured in Bandar Abbas, Southern Iran
EB Kia,H Moghddas-Sani,H Hassanpoor,H Vatandoost
Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases , 2009,
Abstract: Background: Rodents play important role as host of ectoparasites and reservoir of different zoonotic diseases. The aim of this study was to asses the infestation of commensal rodents with ectoparasites in Bandar Abbas, a port city lo-cated in the northern part of the Persian Gulf in Iran."nMethods: Rodents were captured using live traps during the study period in year 2007. After transferring the rodents to the laboratory, they were identified and then their ectoparasites were collected and mounted for species identifica-tion using appropriate systematic keys."nResults: A total of 77 rodents were identified including Rattus norvegicus (74%), R. rattus (16.9%), Mus musculus (7.8%) and one hamster. Among all rodents, 40.3% were found infested with ectoparasites. A total of 69 ectopara-sites were collected comprising flea, lice, mite and tick. Two species of fleas; Xenopsylla cheopis and X. astia were identi-fied with higher index of X. astia. Two genera of ticks including Hyalomma sp. and Rhipicephalus sp. were identi-fied. Laelaps nuttalli was the only mite found. The Polyplax spinulosa was considered as lice ectoparasite."nConclusion: Among all arthropods collected, flea and lice had the most and the least frequency, respectively. Nearly all rodent species were infested with Xenopsylla. These fleas are important due to their role in plague and murine ty-phus transmission. Ticks are important due to their role in CCHF (Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever), theileriosis, babe-siosis, anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis transmission .Monitoring of ectoparaiste infestation is important for prepared-ness and early warning preparation for possible control of arthropod-borne diseases. Keywords: Rodents, Ectoparasite, Iran
Community Assessment for Identification of Problems in Chahestani Region of Bandar-Abbas City
Y Mohammadi,M Javaheri,L Mounesan,Kh Rahmani
Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research , 2010,
Abstract: Background and Aim: Community involvement is the most important strategy in development. In health program planning, community assessment is a process in which society members get a thorough understanding of all matters, problems, resources, weaknesses, strengths, needs, and surveillance related to health by collecting, analyzing, and publishing relevant data and information. This study was conducted to identify and prioritize problems of the Chahestani region, a poor region in Bandar-Abbas city, Iran, with active participation of the people. Materials and Methods: The study was based on a model designed in North Carolina, US In this model, the assessment process is performed in eight steps In the first seven steps problems are identified and prioritized, and in step 8 a plan of action is developed to deal with the problem selected. Results: A total of 60 problems were identified, of which the following were considered to be top priorities: lack of responsibility of the authorities, insecurity, unemployment, poverty, sewerage disposal, insufficient water, insufficient electricity, unpaved roads, lack of green space, and dirty streets and passages. Conclusion: Most of the problems identified were non-health problems, including social, cultural, and economic issues.
Determinants of Health Related Quality of Life on People Living in Bandar Abbas, Iran  [PDF]
T Aghamolaei,S Sadat Tavafian,Shahram Zare
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2011,
Abstract: Background: The relationship between socio demographic status and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) has not been well documented in most population of Asian countries including Iran. This study aimed to investigate the determinants of HRQOL in general population living in Bandar Abbas.Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among general population living in Bandar Abass , Iran from Jun to Jul, 2007. Using a multistage sampling method, a random sample of individuals aged 15 years and over were inter-viewed through SF-36 questionnaire .Multiple logistic regression analysis were used to predict determinant factors on health related quality of life.Results: Overall, 1675 Iranian adults were interviewed. The majority of the participants were female (50.4%), married (70.9%) and employed (36.8%). The range of education years of most participants (56.7%) were from 6 to 12 years. Female participated in this study had significantly poorer HRQOL than male in all aspects of SF-36 except for Role Emotional (P< 0.001). Furthermore there were significant differences between different age groups in all individually scales and two summaries (P< 0.001). After adjusting for the impacts of other socio demographic factors, variable such as older age, female gender and lower educational level could independently decrease both mental and physical aspect of HRQOL (P< 0.01).Conclusion: Female, older and less educated people are at higher risk of poorer health quality of life in both mental and physical aspects and should be considered as high risk groups in priority health programs.
The Effect of Regional Socio-Economic Factor on Development of Heterogeneous Urban Contexts; Case Study: Bandar Abbas City  [PDF]
Mohammad Reza Daroudi, Sania Sami
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research (JBCPR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2016.43012
Abstract: Heterogeneous urban development of Iran during current decades along with ineffectiveness of urban planning system and shortcoming of national development programs and land use planning have led to many problems of urbanism in Iran so that heterogeneous and old contexts can be named as one of the problems in this field. Urban decay is one of the serious and inevitable problems of urban management in all countries. This study has been conducted to analyze and assess the effect of regional factors on development of problematic urban contexts emphasizing on socio- economic indicators in Bandar Abbas City. Having urban macro-indicators at regional and country level, Bandar Abbas City faces various physical problems which problematic and old contexts are the most important of them that cover an area of 1033 hectares. Economic issues and heterogeneity within social contexts have expanded the mentioned problem in addition to physical problems. Methodology of this study has been analytical-descriptive, data collection method of documentary information has been gathered from relevant administrative organization such as Statistical Center of Iran, the Municipality and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development, and survey data has been collected through 90 questionnaires. According to the obtained results of this study, it could be found that social, economic, political and managerial factors have had effects on formation of heterogeneous contexts and extensive migration during the current years has expanded problematic contexts of Bandar Abbas due to its specific regional conditions. Moreover, the obtained results of this study indicated that heterogeneous contexts had some features including fine-grained, inadequate access network, impervious, inferior materials and poor construction of buildings and lack of necessary infrastructure.
PRELIMINARY RODENT CONTROL PROGRAM IN BANDAR ABBAS, SOUTHERN IRAN
F. Djafari,M. Asmar
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 1986,
Abstract: A general rodent control program was carried out in Bandar Abbas in the Persian Gulf (15 Sep-22 Oct 1984). Researches on the variety of the rodents and their parasites were done and Zincphosphide and Comatetralil baits were used for in-doors and out-doors. Results obtained showed that these campaigns were successful.
Prevalence of Pediculosis and Scabies in the Prisoners of Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan Province, Iran  [PDF]
A. Poudat,H. Nasirian
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The increasing prevalence of active pediculosis and scabies among prisoners prompted us to conduct a head louse and scabies prevalence survey among prisoners in the Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan province, Iran. During the study, 67 patients with skin disorders were found. Among the doubtful patients who were considered 38 patients (57%) indicated Sarcoptes scabiei, 6 patients (9%) were indicated lice and 23 patients (33%) were set aside for more studying and specialized tests. Contamination rates were 18.4, 10.5 and 10.5% in the youths, drug abusers and kitchen units, respectively. Adults, foreigners and quarantine units were contaminated 7.9, 5.3 and 5.3%, respectively. In cheque and military units, no contamination was observed because of the higher hygienic status. Morbidity rate in the individual and technical units was 2.5%. The highest and the least morbidity rates were observed among 20-29 year age group (55.2%) and over 50 year age group (2.6%). The average and the mean ages of the 38 patients that contaminated to Sarcoptes scabiei was 29±8 and 28 years, respectively. The least and the highest contamination ages were 18 and 59 years, respectively. The affirmative Sarcoptes scabiei cases in the different units indicated that the general units had the most morbidity percentage because there were many prisoners with different cultural backgrounds (26.3%).
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