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黄连货转疏市畅快田七货丰裕市缓慢  [PDF]
仲生
中国中医药信息杂志 , 1997,
Abstract: 今年初,香港药市持续清淡,生意多属添零补缺。一等雅连欠缺,二等雅连的现货已销疏,后品闻有快到,预报价每担要4000元,迭有紧需者签留。使君子有新到,各担沽1400元,因来货成本高,售价趋于硬朗。小子北沙参近有少量传统规格货上市,每担沽2000元,港商有入手。
唐代象牙乾元通宝代用币  [PDF]
潘荣祥
东南文化 , 2001,
Abstract: ????宜兴宜城镇出土的二枚唐代“乾元通宝”象牙钱牌,反映出唐代已偶有代用币,为宋代的纸币制度开创了先河。
论“天人三策”的思想意义  [PDF]
程世和
北京大学学报(哲学社会科学版) , 2013,
Abstract: 礼坏乐崩后以怎样的思想理念结束“百王之弊”的苦难,建立长治久安的社会秩序,这是汉武帝时期中国必须赖以理性运思解答的历史难题。汉武帝与董仲舒的“天人三策”,对这一关系到民族发展的历史难题作出了深入思考。汉武帝以“政统”诏书将儒学视为“大道之要,至论之极”,对如何结束一个王道不存的历史发出追问,显示出复兴王道历史的抱负。由此,王道历史观由儒家私门叙述上升为民族集体叙述。而董仲舒则以“上揆之天道,下质诸人情”、“迹之于古,考之于今”的精神规模,辨明了儒学与天地古今同在的正义性与法理性,又坚守忧念民生的儒学大义,力劝统治者以改善民生为政治要务。汉武帝与董仲舒分别作为政统与道统的领袖人物,翻卷起一次激发民族知性力的思想浪潮。
宋代应策时文概论  [PDF]
诸葛忆兵
- , 2016,
Abstract: 宋代应策时文最早出现在制科考试中,熙宁三年进士殿试,首次采用制策问答的方式考试,此后,殿试以策取士,大致沿袭不变。熙宁以后,士人逐渐将更多的学习热情转移到策问的写作上。殿试制策,考核士人两个方面的能力:对现实政治弊病的了解和应对方案,综合分析、归纳等逻辑思考能力和语言表达能力。宋代士人必须时时联系现实政治思考问题,他们进入仕途后,热衷于变革,时而大胆批评朝政,直抒己见,这与应策考试的训练有一定的关系。从格式角度考察,制策需要考核考生对现实社会和政治的多方面综合思考的能力,一道制策中总是提出多个问题。所以,应策时文事实上是由多篇政论文组成,与平常一题一议的政论文不同。应策时文受题目、时间、地点的限定,又有考试录取的现实目的,考生为了进入仕途,必须揣摩帝王或当政者的想法,以此作为应策时文的主要论点,贯穿全文。更有甚者,恶意攻击当时政坛上受排挤压迫的政治派别,应策时文遂堕落为朝廷鹰犬。此外,考生有个人经历的局限,回答问题时又有诸多功名利禄的考虑,面对现实政治和制策提问,绝大多数应策时文不可能提供深刻的见解,空疏肤浅是应策时文的通病。
Abstract:The stratagem and suggestion writing first appeared in the zhike examination (a special imperial examination in the Song Dynasty). In the palace examination in 1070, the text took a form of policy-making questionnaire. Afterwards, this kind of examination was regularized and inherited through dynasties. Thus scholars gradually devoted more efforts into stratagem and suggestion writing. In palace examination, two capacities were considered important: knowledge of political ills and corresponding policies, comprehensive analysis and expression ability. Song scholars, who were requested to consider problems with the context of real politics, were keen to make changes and bold in criticizing the government, which could be partly related to the training before examination. From the perspective of the format, the system needed to assess the candidates of comprehensive thinking on social and political dimensions, and usually had several questions under one subject. Therefore, the answering sheet was actually composed of a few pieces of article, different from the one-question-one-answering sheet. As the policy essays were limited by subject, time and place, with practical purposes in addition, most candidates tried to cater for the rulers in praise of the current politics. They would figure out the real thought of authority and took it as the main argument of the essay. Some of them went so far in malicious attacks against the groups in disadvantage. Limited by personal experiences and consideration on fame and fortune, most policy essays could not provide insightful opinions. Shallow emptiness was the common defect
中国农村社会治理40年:从“乡政村治”到“村社协同”——湖北的表述
Social Governance in Rural China (1978-2018)——Hubei’s Story
 [PDF]

吴理财
- , 2018,
Abstract: 摘要 改革开放40年来,我国农村先后进行了农村土地经营和农村税费体制两大改革。与之相伴随的是,农村社会治理大致经过了两波重大变迁。如果说前一波变迁主要发生在“国家”与乡村社会之间,其主要成果是“政社分开”,形成“乡政村治”的农村治理体制;那么后一波变迁主要发生在乡村社会之内,触及乡村社会自身结构及其“灵魂”,其主要表征是“空心化”“个体化”。当前的因应之策便是在村民自治的基础上引入德治和法治,企望通过自治、德治、法治相结合,构建党委领导、政府负责、社会协同、公众参与、法治保障的现代农村社会治理体制。
Abstract:In the past 40 years since the reform and opening up, China’s rural areas have carried out two major reforms in rural land management and rural tax and fee system, along with two major changes in rural social governance. If the first wave of change mainly occurs between the “country” and the rural society, the main result of which is “the separation of politics and society” and the formation of the rural governance system of “township government and village self-governance”; then the latter change mainly occurs within the rural society and touches the structure of the rural society itself and its “soul”, which is mainly characterized by “hollowing-out” and “individualization”. The current policy is to introduce the rule of virtue and the rule of law on the basis of villagers’ autonomy, and hopes to build a modern rural social governance system with the leadership of the Party committee, the responsibility of the government, the social coordination, the public participation and the guarantee of the rule of law, through the combination of autonomy,the rule of virtue and the rule of law.
城市交通拥堵、空气污染以及雨洪内涝的治本之策  [PDF]
钱七虎
科技导报 , 2015,
Abstract: 中国城市交通拥堵、空气雾霾以及雨洪内涝之严重,已成为建设我国环境友好型城市的最强不和谐音符。习近平总书记曾指出,"治理交通拥堵必须标本兼治"。如何寻求治本之策?什么是治本之策?必须在确定治理方针和措施前研究明确。世界发达国家城市治理的历史经验表明,惰政思维、急功近利,只能治标,不能治本。治本必须转变传统思维,要从产生交通拥堵、空气污染以及雨洪内涝的根本原因入手,立足大思路、大手笔,才能产生明显的大效果。
周代策命的礼仪背景及文体特点  [PDF]
董芬芬
- , 2013,
Abstract: 周代策命是周天子策封赏赐诸侯或臣下的仪式上使用的实用文体,一般在太庙举行策命仪式时颁布,见证者为傧者,宣读者多为内史,有时是尹氏或其他史官。周代策命形成稳定的体制,通常包括封赏的原因、具体的赏赐及教导与勉励三部分。周代策命语言诚挚恳切,语气温润亲切,典雅舒缓,成为后世策命文体模仿的典范。
铁路货盗案件的犯罪客体问题  [PDF]
蔡炯
法学研究 , 1984,
Abstract: 在铁路货盜案件中经常有这样一种情况:即有的货盜事实既有被告人和同案人供述,又有赃物或窝赃、销赃人证实,情节吻合,能够相互印证。但由于找不到被盜货主而被人们听否定。
边疆问题与国家建设———20世纪40年代云南政、学界对边疆开发的认知
 [PDF]

段金生
- , 2015,
Abstract: 摘要  边疆问题是近代中国国家政治演变及学术演进历程最为突出的表现领域之一。“九一八事变”发生后,边疆问题研究为政府与社会舆论所广泛关注,其间之复杂经纬关涉诸多层面。因抗战爆发、国府西迁,云南边疆开发广为时人关切。20世纪40年代云南政、学界人士对边疆开发问题的建议,关涉政治、经济、文化诸层面,并在抗战胜利前后经历了“国防建设”视野与“国家治理”视野的复杂转型。诸多关于云南边疆开发的建言,既是国民政府时期国人对边疆问题认知逐步深化的结果与表现,也是此一时期复杂时局变迁的折射,反映了边疆问题在近代民族国家建设中举足轻重地位的历史内涵。
款冬价坚迭有港商选进川贝价微落有台商吸货  [PDF]
仲生
中国中医药信息杂志 , 1997,
Abstract: 甲杭菊、夏枯球,随着天气炎热,走货持续畅快。河南新密花每担2400元,河南顶密花每担2700元(单位:港元/司马担.斤,下同),渐多港商选进。珍珠每担估38000^-41000元,一等松贝每担28000-32000元,售价较前有轻微回落,订价稍为便宜者,台商即有批量吸进。据今年春交会资料显示“浙贝母去年种植减少,估计今年产量下降。”现届贝母产新期,港市货多价落,详情待明朗。夏枯球穗长,柄短,色红润者,每担估1400元,售价坚挺。统夏枯球花穗有长有短,色泽有深有浅或青黄相间,因其售价略为便宜,销路也较为畅快。佳色汉冬花每斤190元.较前价上川贝价微落有台商吸货升35.7%,仅存者碴价甚坚,迭有港商入手。散甲杭菊其色佳者每斤估22元,上色每斤19^-20元,随着天气闷热,走势明显加快。红花有货及时运到,每担估2800元,颇多紧需者入手。特肥牛膝片每斤估12^13元,因处潮霉季节,销货多零星。一等甘肃加工纹党每担16000元,二等四川加工纹党每担11000元,二等甘肃加工纹党每担9500^10000元,售价俱坚挺。纹党主产地甘肃较长时间干旱,是否对党参产量有影响,越来越受业内人士关心。甘肃加工当归头,现市大归来货少,售价逐步上升,市况的演变也可能与产地长期干旱有关系。(仲生)
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