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A Study on Effective System for Harbor Container Delivery & Cargo Work Automatuion  [PDF]
Dong-Hoon Kim, Jun-Yeob Song, Seung-Ho Lee, Il-Yong Kang, Suk-Keun Cha
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2010.28074
Abstract: In this article, we have attempted to analyze current situation and the problem of domestic and overseas harbor container delivery & cargo work automation centered on major harbors and to suggest effective way to deal with the issue in order to improve the productivity of container cargo work per crane, the major index of productivity of high value-added shipbuilding industry. In particular, we have suggested the way to realize effective automation system that can improve the efficiency of harbor container delivery & cargo work through the development of high-tech measuring automation technology using microwave radar and applied design that have broken away from traditional automation system and traditional problems such as dependence on manual work and the problem of laser method in which workers cannot identify laser beam under sunlight and workers’ eyesight can be weakened by being exposed to laser beam.
THE MODEL OF LOGISTICS SYSTEM OF CARGO DELIVERY IN INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC  [PDF]
Ye. Nagornji,V. Naumov,A. Ivanchenko
Аvtomob?lnyi Transport , 2011,
Abstract: The model of the logistics system of cargo delivery in international traffic has been de-scribed. The structured efficiency criterion of the logistics system has been proposed.
Research on Dynamic Graphic Simulation of Container Harbor Production Process
集装箱码头生产过程动态图形仿真优化的研究

Zhen Hong,
真虹

中国图象图形学报 , 1999,
Abstract: Computer simulation technique is an effective method researching the optimum of the port production process. This paper adopts dispersion event simulation technique and computer dynamic graphic technique, builds up the dynamic simulation model of the container harbor production process, develops a practical dynamic graphic simulation system, and analyses the simulation results to the simulation plans drawn up.
Process Analysis in Container Shipping Network Structure Form Change  [cached]
Chen Chao,Yan Wei
International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: Being aimed at the influence of ship-size and cargo-demand changes on container shipping networks, to reveal the evolution process of container shipping networks structure form, this paper respectively designed the operation models for two major container shipping networks structure forms: Multi-port-calling network and Hub-and-spoke network, to maximizing the investment efficiency. Based on the above models, a comprehensively integrated operation model of container shipping networks is built and the evolution process of container shipping networks structure form with changing of both ship-size and cargo demands is analyzed. Finally, through a case study, results show that the comprehensive integrated operation model is very effective in the analysis of evolution process of container shipping networks structure forms.
Harmony search algorithm for the container storage problem  [PDF]
I. Ayachi,R. Kammarti,M. Ksouri,P. Borne,Lagis Ecole Centrale de Lille,Lacs Ecole Nationale des Ingenieurs de Tunis
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Recently a new metaheuristic called harmony search was developed. It mimics the behaviors of musicians improvising to find the better state harmony. In this paper, this algorithm is described and applied to solve the container storage problem in the harbor. The objective of this problem is to determine a valid containers arrangement, which meets customers delivery deadlines, reduces the number of container rehandlings and minimizes the ship idle time. In this paper, an adaptation of the harmony search algorithm to the container storage problem is detailed and some experimental results are presented and discussed. The proposed approach was compared to a genetic algorithm previously applied to the same problem and recorded a good results.
Development of Polymeric Cargo for Delivery of Photosensitizer in Photodynamic Therapy
Byoung-chan Bae,Kun Na
International Journal of Photoenergy , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/431975
Abstract: Photodynamic therapy (PDT), which employs photosensitizers (PSs), a light source with appropriate wavelength, and oxygen molecules, has potential for the treatment of various tumors and nononcological diseases due to its high efficiency in directly producing cellular death, vascular shutdown, and immune activation. After the clinical success of Photofrin (porphyrin derivative), many PSs were developed with improved optical and chemical properties. However, some weak points such as low solubility and nonspecific phototoxicity induced by hydrophobic PSs still remain. In order to overcome these problems, various polymeric carriers for PS delivery have been intensively developed. Here, we report recent approaches to the development of polymeric carriers for PS delivery and discuss the physiological advantages of using polymeric carriers in PDT. Therefore, this paper provides helpful information for the design of new PSs without the weaknesses of conventional ones.
Cell-Penetrating Peptides: A Comparative Study on Lipid Affinity and Cargo Delivery Properties  [PDF]
Paolo Ruzza,Barbara Biondi,Anna Marchiani,Nicola Antolini,Andrea Calderan
Pharmaceuticals , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/ph3041045
Abstract: A growing number of natural and/or synthetic peptides with cell membrane penetrating capability have been identified and described in the past years. These molecules have been considered promising tools for delivering bioactive compounds into various cell types. Although the mechanism of uptake is still unclear, it is reasonable to assume that the relative contribute of each proposed mechanism could differ for the same peptide, depending on experimental protocol and cargo molecule composition. In this work we try to connect the capability to interact with model lipid membrane and structural and chemical characteristics of CPPs in order to obtain a biophysical classification that predicts the behavior of CPP-cargo molecules in cell systems. Indeed, the binding with cell membrane is one of the primary step in the interaction of CPPs with cells, and consequently the studies on model membrane could become important for understanding peptide-membrane interaction on a molecular level, explaining how CPPs may translocate a membrane without destroying it and how this interactions come into play in shuttling CPPs via different routes with different efficiency. We analyzed by CD and fluorescence spectroscopies the binding properties of six different CPPs (kFGF, Nle 54-Antp and Tat derived peptides, and oligoarginine peptides containing 6, 8 or 10 residues) in absence or presence of the same cargo peptide (the 392-401pTyr 396 fragment of HS1 protein). The phospholipid binding properties were correlated to the conformational and chemical characteristics of peptides, as well as to the cell penetrating properties of the CPP-cargo conjugates. Results show that even if certain physico-chemical properties (conformation, positive charge) govern CPP capability to interact with the model membrane, these cannot fully explain cell-permeability properties.
Smart Container Security: the E-seal with RFID Technology  [cached]
Jin Zhang,Cuifen Zhang
Modern Applied Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/mas.v1n3p16
Abstract: In order to protect cargo from damage, theft, and terrorist threats, business and government turn to wireless sensors and RFID tags, and tradition container is replaced by smart container. In this paper, the basic technical features of RFID systems are described and linked to the practical applications. This paper will also determine how the technologies perform in the real-world operational environments and evaluate the various trade-offs that exist with E-seal design.
X-Radiography of Cargo Containers  [PDF]
J. I. Katz,G. S. Blanpied,K. N. Borozdin,C. Morris
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: The problem of detecting a nuclear weapon smuggled in an ocean-going cargo container has not been solved, and the detonation of such a device in a large city could produce casualties and property damage exceeding those of September 11, 2001 by orders of magnitude. Any means of detecting such threats must be fast and cheap enough to screen the millions of containers shipped each year, and must be capable of distinguishing a threatening quantity of fissionable material from the complex loading of masses of innocent material found in many containers. Here we show that radiography with energetic X-rays produced by a 10 MeV electron accelerator, taking advantage of the high density and specific atomic properties of fissionable material, may be a practical solution.
Multivalent Viral Capsids with Internal Cargo for Fibrin Imaging  [PDF]
Allie C. Obermeyer, Stacy L. Capehart, John B. Jarman, Matthew B. Francis
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100678
Abstract: Thrombosis is the cause of many cardiovascular syndromes and is a significant contributor to life-threatening diseases, such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Thrombus targeted imaging agents have the capability to provide molecular information about pathological clots, potentially improving detection, risk stratification, and therapy of thrombosis-related diseases. Nanocarriers are a promising platform for the development of molecular imaging agents as they can be modified to have external targeting ligands and internal functional cargo. In this work, we report the synthesis and use of chemically functionalized bacteriophage MS2 capsids as biomolecule-based nanoparticles for fibrin imaging. The capsids were modified using an oxidative coupling reaction, conjugating ~90 copies of a fibrin targeting peptide to the exterior of each protein shell. The ability of the multivalent, targeted capsids to bind fibrin was first demonstrated by determining the impact on thrombin-mediated clot formation. The modified capsids out-performed the free peptides and were shown to inhibit clot formation at effective concentrations over ten-fold lower than the monomeric peptide alone. The installation of near-infrared fluorophores on the interior surface of the capsids enabled optical detection of binding to fibrin clots. The targeted capsids bound to fibrin, exhibiting higher signal-to-background than control, non-targeted MS2-based nanoagents. The in vitro assessment of the capsids suggests that fibrin-targeted MS2 capsids could be used as delivery agents to thrombi for diagnostic or therapeutic applications.
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