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民国时期旅沪徽州人团体“徽社”研究  [PDF]
蒋含平,张芳
安徽大学学报(哲学社会科学版) , 2014,
Abstract: 徽州人历来旅居在外者多,民国时期犹然。旅外徽人常有同乡组织,有的以徽州商人为核心,有的以徽州学子为核心。“徽社”是一个由旅沪徽州学子组成的同乡团体,成立于1923年,以联络乡谊、改造乡土为目的,并与皖籍名人胡适、陶行知有着联系。以其机关刊物《微音》为中心考察徽社成立与发展的相关历史,我们可以看到民国时期旅外徽人游离于家乡与都市之间的生存状态,同时也能发现徽社在异乡发挥的旅外徽州学子身份认同、社会交往的功能。
网络公共领域发展与新型政社关系建构  [PDF]
吴青熹
- , 2017,
Abstract: 现代思想家在关于国家和社会关系的问题上形成了社会本体论与国家本体论两种不同立场,但实际上,无论是强调市民社会,还是强调作为最高公共机构的国家,其背后所关注的问题都指向“公共领域”。公共领域是指公共讨论涉及国家活动并能形成公共意见的领域,其核心是通过媒介形成的、能够主导社会舆论的意见场域。互联网的兴起引发传统政社关系的巨大变迁,最显著的表现就是由于社会化媒体的发展所产生的新型网络公共领域。要建构适应互联网时代需要的新型政社关系,需要对网络政治公共领域进行治理,其中最重要的是,政府要找到不同网络社群对话的“合意空间”,并成为网络舆论规则的制定者、公共议题的设置者和公共规则的维护者,从而形成具有正能量的网络舆情,以此来掌握“文化领导权”
Modern thinkers have formed two different standpoints( i.e. social ontology and national ontology)about the relationship between state and society. But in fact, concerning the relationship between the stateas the supreme public institution and the civil society,the issue of which goes first is closely related to theconception of public sphere. The notion of public sphere refers to the field where the citizens’ discussions onnational activities can form public opinions. The core of public sphere is the opinion field formed by the ideasthat can lead the social mentality through the mediation by the mass media. The rise of the Internet has causedgreat changes in traditional social relations. The most notable is due to the development of social media inthe new networked public sphere. The construction of a new type of relationship between state and society inline with the era of the Internet requires the effective governance of the networked political public sphere. Themost important is that the government should explore the consensus space where different social groups onthe Internet can have a dialogue and play a decisive role in making the rules governing the production of thenetwork public opinions,setting the public agenda and safeguarding the public rules. All this can help form thepositive network public opinions,which can be employed to take the cultural leadership
政社合作困境及其症结探讨——社区共融项目“内卷化”现象分析
Crux of the dilemma of government and social cooperation: Behind of a “Community Inclusion” project
 [PDF]

范雅娜
- , 2016, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.2016.01.027
Abstract: S市P区"社区共融"项目的产生是建立在需求契合基础上的政社互动合作的结果。项目前期所取得的显著成效证实了统战领域"政社合作"的初步成功。然而,随着项目的逐步推进,该项目的运作困境逐渐显现,出现"内卷化"现象:购买形式不统一;项目目标大而化之;权责关系不明确;统战社工定位模糊;项目开展专业空间不足;统战社工人才流失率较高,难以保持稳定的专业团队。进一步分析,发现政社合作困境源于三个不足,即基层政府部门的认识不足、社会组织的公信力不足、社工人才队伍及专业空间不足。构筑政府与社会组织健康、良性的合作互动关系,需要双方共同努力。
The "Community Inclusion" project in S City P District is the result of government and social cooperation which built on the basis of demand fit. Remarkable results achieved in pre-project confirmed the initial success of "government and social cooperation" in the United Front field. However, with the gradual progress of the project, the project gradually appeared operation dilemma, a phenomenon called "involution": purchasing form is not uniform; project objectives bold aesthetic; accountability relationship is not clear; social workers in the United Front field are left in an ambiguous position; the project is undertaken by the lack of professional space; the wastage rate of social workers in the United Front field is higher and a stable professional team is difficult to maintain. Through further analysis, we find that the dilemma of government and social cooperation stems from the "three deficiencies": lack of knowledge of grassroots government departments; lack of credibility of social organization; lack of social work personnel and professional space. Government and community organizations need to make joint efforts in order to build a healthy, positive cooperative interaction.
人权、善政、民主:欧洲法律与社会发展中的议会监察专员  [PDF]
李红勃
比较法研究 , 2014,
Abstract: 议会监察专员是源于北欧的一种特殊的宪政制度,监察专员拥有法定职权和独立地位,接受公民投诉,调查官员违法,发布处理意见。对于公民而言,他是人权的保护者;对于政府来说,他是管理的督促者;对于议会而言,他是法治和民主的参与者。议会监察专员的设立与运行,有力地促进了欧洲善治进程,对中国法治发展亦极具借鉴意义。
中国农村社会治理40年:从“乡政村治”到“村社协同”——湖北的表述
Social Governance in Rural China (1978-2018)——Hubei’s Story
 [PDF]

吴理财
- , 2018,
Abstract: 摘要 改革开放40年来,我国农村先后进行了农村土地经营和农村税费体制两大改革。与之相伴随的是,农村社会治理大致经过了两波重大变迁。如果说前一波变迁主要发生在“国家”与乡村社会之间,其主要成果是“政社分开”,形成“乡政村治”的农村治理体制;那么后一波变迁主要发生在乡村社会之内,触及乡村社会自身结构及其“灵魂”,其主要表征是“空心化”“个体化”。当前的因应之策便是在村民自治的基础上引入德治和法治,企望通过自治、德治、法治相结合,构建党委领导、政府负责、社会协同、公众参与、法治保障的现代农村社会治理体制。
Abstract:In the past 40 years since the reform and opening up, China’s rural areas have carried out two major reforms in rural land management and rural tax and fee system, along with two major changes in rural social governance. If the first wave of change mainly occurs between the “country” and the rural society, the main result of which is “the separation of politics and society” and the formation of the rural governance system of “township government and village self-governance”; then the latter change mainly occurs within the rural society and touches the structure of the rural society itself and its “soul”, which is mainly characterized by “hollowing-out” and “individualization”. The current policy is to introduce the rule of virtue and the rule of law on the basis of villagers’ autonomy, and hopes to build a modern rural social governance system with the leadership of the Party committee, the responsibility of the government, the social coordination, the public participation and the guarantee of the rule of law, through the combination of autonomy,the rule of virtue and the rule of law.
“属州视县,直隶州视府”:明清州制新解
The New Interpretation on the Administrative Operation of Zhou in the Ming and Qing Dynasties
 [PDF]

李大海
- , 2017,
Abstract: 摘要 明清时期的州制问题,可从体国经野和设官分职这两个既有联系又有差异的角度分别加以探讨。清廷通过取消隶府而领县的属州,实现了地方行政区划层级的简化。《明史·职官志》“知州掌一州之政。凡州二,有属州,有直隶州。属州视县,直隶州视府,而品秩则同”的记载,藉州政之别反映了以两类知州为代表的官僚在权力运作上的内涵与空间差异。本文依靠雍正时期针对属州进行大规模调整留下的文献记录,为揭示上述志文真相提供新的解说。笔者认为,“属州视县,直隶州视府”指属州知州虽领有知县,但因尚隶于知府,故所掌州政主要面向本州亲领编户,从牧民之官的角度可视与知县相埒。而直隶州知州因径隶于布政使,故州政主要是对所领知县的巡查管辖,从牧官之官的角度当与知府相仿。这是志文详于府、县之政,却独略于州政的原因。《清史稿·职官志》所谓“属州视县,直隶州视府”,已与明代乃至清初州制有所不同。
Abstract: This article focuses on the new interpretation of the administrative operation of Zhou in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. There were two kinds of Zhou: the“independent department”,and the“subordinate department”. By analyzing the process of the revision of the subordinate department during Yongzheng period,this research draws a new conclusion about the interpretation of an important literature. The subordinate department was regarded as a county and the independent department was regarded as prefecture,in Records of Officials in the Ming Dynastic History. This meant that the magistrate in a subordinate department was equivalent to a county magistrate and the responsibilities of a magistrate of an independent department was same of that of a magistrate of a prefecture.
法治:良法与善治 Rule of Law: Good Law and Good Governance  [PDF]
王利明
- , 2015,
Abstract: 摘要 法治是良法与善治的有机结合,法律是治国之重器,良法是善治之前提。良法应当反映人民的意志和利益,反映公平、正义等价值追求,符合社会发展规律,同时,应当反映国情、社情、民情,具备科学、合理的体系。善治是法治的目标,善治包括民主治理、依法治理、贤能治理、社会共治以及礼法合治等内容。建设法治体系,必须以良法推进善治。善治本身是规则之治,需要贯彻实施良法,同时需要以良法促善治、保善治。
乾隆时期矿政中的寻租角逐:以湘东南为例  [PDF]
贺喜
清史研究 , 2010,
Abstract: ?本文通过对湘东南郴州和桂阳州矿政的讨论,揭示矿政变化背后官与商,省与州之间就矿厂管理权所发生的种种纠葛以及官办与市场之间的矛盾。本文认为乾隆年间郴桂矿政的频繁转变,与其说是追求收益率,倒不如说是不同利益主体对"寻租"行为控制权的争夺。在这种背景下,矿商就是包税者,而官府则充当起"保护人"。
人民的公仆应勤政、廉政、善政为人民  [PDF]
张静丽?
天府新论 , 2003,
Abstract: 重庆工商大学外语系
明清时期社师的遴选、教学及经济收入  [PDF]
李良品
华东师范大学学报(教育科学版) , 2009,
Abstract: 社师是明清时期教师队伍中的一个重要组成部分。当时社师的遴选既有国家层面制定的标准,也有地方官员制定的标准。其遴选分为教课之前和考核之后两个阶段。元明清时期的社师均为实现“导民善俗”的目标而从事教学活动,其教学内容有德育启蒙教育、智育启蒙教育和朝廷圣谕律令教育三个方面。社师的教学活动分为常规教学活动和特殊教学活动。明清时期社师一般要求聘用至少取得“生员”身份或者生员以上已经获得一定社会地位的人,其经济收入来源于束脩、节敬等。
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