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The Effect of Massage with Oils on the Growth of Term Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial  [PDF]
Mandana Mirmohammadali, Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini-Baharanchi, Ziba Raisi Dehkordi, Reza Bekhradi, Masoumeh Delaram
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2015.53034
Abstract: Background and Aims: Infant massage could potentially benefit both physiological and psychological health. This study aims to determine the effect of massage with oils on the growth of full-term infants, which is given by their mothers. Study Design: This is a double-blind randomized controlled trial which was conducted on full term infants visited in the nine Public Health Centers of Shahrekord, Iran in 2010. Material and Methods: This study included 217 infants. Inclusion criteria for the infants were age scale between 10 to 15 days, full term gestation, birth weight of 2500 grams at least, Apgar score of 7 or above, no resuscitation after the birth, exclusive breastfeeding during the study, medically stable condition without any need for drugs, nulliparous. The infants were randomized into four groups: massage with sunflower oil, massage with sesame oil, massage without oil, and no massage (control group). Massage was given by mothers twice a day for 4 weeks, starting from the 10 - 15th day of life. Weight and height were measured weekly. At last, Repeated Measures Analysis of Covariance was employed to analyze the data. Birth weight (height) as well as mean frequency of breastfeeding during the study was deemed as covariates. Results: The findings showed that the mean of weight and height was significantly different between groups over time, respectively (P = 0.005, P < 0.001). The infants’ mean weight in sunflower oil massage group increased significantly compared with other three groups (P = 0.005). In addition, infants’ height gain in sunflower and sesame oil massage group were significantly higher than message-only and control groups (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Massage with oil, especially sunflower oil is an inexpensive, simple, and effective intervention which improved weight and height gain in selected samples. Further studies are needed to evaluate the serious adverse effects, if any, to notify midwives and health care staff.
The Effects of Massage with Coconut and Sunflower Oils on Oxygen Saturation of Premature Infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome Treated With Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Sousan Valizadeh,Mohammad Bagher Hosseini,Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi,Najmeh Ajoodanian
Journal of Caring Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.56.81/jcs.2012.27
Abstract: Introduction: Nowadays particular emphasis is placed on the developmental aspects of premature infants care. Massage therapy is one of the best-known methods of caring. Due to the minimal touch policy in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), massaging is not usually performed on premature infants. However, there is not sufficient evidence to support the claim that newborn infants with complex medical conditions should not be massaged. This study aimed to determine the effects of massage with coconut and sunflower oils on oxygen saturation of infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP). Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial on 90 newborns who were admitted to Alzahra Hospital (Tabriz, Iran). The infants were divided into control and massage therapy groups (massage with coconut and sunflower oils). Data was collected using a hospital documentation form. A 15-minute daily massage was performed for 3 days. Respiratory rate (RR), fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) and oxygen saturation were measured 5 minutes before the massage, 3 times during the massage, and 5 minutes after the massage. The collected data was analyzed using a mixed model. Results: In comparison to coconut oil and control groups, mean oxygen saturation of sunflower oil group was improved. In addition, the coconut massage group showed lower oxygen saturation than the control group but was all values were within the normal range. Although massage decreased oxygen saturation, there was no need to increase FiO2. Conclusion: Massage therapy can provide developmental care for infants treated with NCPAP.
Myocardial Injury attributable to External Cardiac Massage in Infants
Giulia Ottaviani,Md. Lino Rossi,Md. Luigi Matturri
The Cardiology , 2011,
Abstract: Given the complexity and stress of a cardiac massage, many mistakes are possible. While external cardiac massage is always advocated as a reanimatory maneuver, little attention if any has been given to the possibility of cardiac and cardiac conduction system lesions in infants during this emergency maneuver, whenever over practiced. The cardiac muscle forced to the bi-directional passive pseudo-contraction could undergo an irreversible myofibrillary injury, typical of contraction band degeneration observed in hyperacute infarction, and commonplace in the periphery of needle biopsy. Herein we report a case which acquires an interest for the myocardial histopathological lesions attributable to the prolonged external cardiac massage. An over insistent, protracted, energetic resuscitative maneuvers by external cardio-respiratory massage seems to abolish the hope to reanimate the patient through the maneuver itself.
Myocardial Injury attributable to External Cardiac Massage in Infants
Giulia Ottaviani,Md. Lino Rossi,Md. Luigi Matturri
The Cardiology , 2005,
Abstract: Given the complexity and stress of a cardiac massage, many mistakes are possible. While external cardiac massage is always advocated as a reanimatory maneuver, little attention if any has been given to the possibility of cardiac and cardiac conduction system lesions in infants during this emergency maneuver, whenever over practiced. The cardiac muscle forced to the bi-directional passive pseudo-contraction could undergo an irreversible myofibrillary injury, typical of contraction band degeneration observed in hyperacute infarction, and commonplace in the periphery of needle biopsy. Herein we report a case which acquires an interest for the myocardial histopathological lesions attributable to the prolonged external cardiac massage. An over insistent, protracted, energetic resuscitative maneuvers by external cardio-respiratory massage seems to abolish the hope to reanimate the patient through the maneuver itself.
The effect of massage by mothers on growth in healthy full term infants
Hatice Bal Y?lmaz,Zeynep Conk
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of massage by mothers on growth in healthy full term infants.The research sample consisted of 60 healthy full term infants assigned with randomized controlled sampling technique. The control group consisted of 30 healthy infants who were cross-matched with a massage group of infants for gender, gestational age, birth weight, birth length and date of birth. Mothers in the massage group administered 15 minutes of massage to their infants daily for 14 weeks, starting on day 15 ±2 of life. Body weight and height were measured in the two groups at birth and at the end of 4th weeks and 16th weeks corrected gestational age. The study was conducted at a public health clinic in an urban area of zmir, Turkey between August 2003 and May 2004. Body weight and height gains in the massage group after 2 weeks and after 14 weeks of massage were higher than the control group. These differences in weight and height parameters were statistically significant. However it was determined that the male infants were the source of these differences. This therapy would appear to be an easy, effective way for parents to enhance their infants’ growth. Massage application may have a potential to improve the growth in infants.
The effects of massage therapy on weight gain and sleep behaviors in infants
Fereshteh Narenji,Nasrin Rosbahany
Koomesh , 2008,
Abstract: Introduction: Massage therapy for newborns and infants is used as an important care invaried customs, specially in Indian. But clinical and experimental studies have done only inrecent years. Because of few study about that over the world and no research in Iran, thisstudy, with the objects of assess the effects of massage therapy to weight gain and sleepbehavior in infants have done.Materials & Methods: This is a clinical trial study that involved 2 months aged infantswho referring to Arak city (Iran) clinics. At first, the infants topometrics sizes (weight,length, head, chest, abdomen, arm and femoral circumference) and sleep behaviors (length ofsleep in 24h, and length of night sleep) assessed and then infants divided randomly in 2groups, with and without massage. In massage group, mothers trained for doing 10 minutesrotational and continually monotonous massage used in all of the infants body, twice each day(morning and night before sleep) for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks, the topometrics size and sleepbehaviors were assessed again.Results: At first of the study, sex frequency and mean of weight, length and othertopometric sizes in two groups did not have statistically significant differences. After 4 weeksin massage group mean of weight gain was 965.24 ± 310.12 gram and in group withoutmassage it was 686.14 ± 220.92 gram. This was considered to be statistically significant(P<0.0001) Mean of chest circumference increased in massage group was 2.63 ± 0.82 and inwithout massage group it was 1.75 ± 0.92 centimeter that was considered to be significant(P<0.05). Length, and head circumference, increased in massage group were more thanwithout massage group, but it was not considered to be statistically significant. Mean increaseof night sleep length in massage group was 94.8 ± 28.9 minutes and in control group was 26.4± 12.7 minutes. Mean increase in 24h sleep in massage group was 61.2 ± 22.5 minutes and incontrol group it was 10.24 ± 8.3 minutes .Both of them were considered to be statisticallysignificant.Conclusion: Results from this study have shown that massage therapy could improve thesleep behaviors, weight gain and also length in infants. These positive effects on growth ofinfants may result from augmented of growth hormone release due to an increment in durationof the infants night sleep.
The Effects of Infant Massage on Maternal Distress: A Systematic Review  [PDF]
Michael Galanakis, Eleftheria Ntaouti, Georgios Tsitsanis, George P. Chrousos
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.616204
Abstract: Massage therapy is one of the oldest touch therapies, and it has been used for many conditions. We have systematically reviewed articles on infant massage to evaluate its effects on maternal distress, and also on mother-infant relationship. Infant massage has been known to benefit mothers and infants regarding several health variables such as depression, parenting stress, weight gain for the infant, hormones and anxiety as well as functionality of the immunity system. However, tactile-only stimulation must be distinguished from multisensory interventions that include a tactile component, for tactile-only stimulation without social contact is associated with higher levels of stress, and it is also overstimulating for infants. The significance of this systematic review lies in the important role of massage therapy in human health, as it highlights a crucial yet often underestimated effect in psychological and biosomatical variables.
Salivary cortisol as an indicator of adrenocortical function in healthy infants, using massage therapy
Foga?a, Monalisa de Cássia;Carvalho, Werther Brunow;Peres, Clóvis de Araújo;Lora, Mayra Ivanoff;Hayashi, Lilian Fukusima;Verreschi, Ieda Therezinha do Nascimento;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802005000500003
Abstract: context and objective: the evaluation of adrenocortical function with the use of therapeutic massage has been little studied in brazil. the purpose of this study was to evaluate the salivary cortisol levels before and after shantala massage therapy on healthy infants. design and setting: prospective case series, in a public nursery, in s?o paulo. methods: saliva was obtained from 11 infants at the times of 8:00-9:00 a.m. and 4:00-5:00 p.m. in a nursery and 9:00-10:00 p.m. at home. they received a 15-minute therapeutic massage on two consecutive days, and saliva was collected before and after the massage. the procedure was repeated after a one-week interval. cortisol values (intra-assay < 5%; inter-assay < 10%) at different times of the day were compared by anova. results: the mean cortisol values (nmol/l ± sd) on the first day were: morning (m) = 14.1 ± 5.7, afternoon (a) = 8.3 ± 2.7, night (n) = 3.3 ± 1.1; after two consecutive days of therapeutic massage: m = 22.3 ± 13.5, a = 13.4 ± 6.0, n = 5.8 ± 3.5; after a one-week interval: m = 15.8 ± 7.7, a = 14.3 ± 7.7, n = 3.4 ± 2.0. conclusion: there was a modification in the salivary cortisol values following massage, thus reflecting possible adaptation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.
Infant-Directed Singing as a Vehicle for Regulation Rehearsal in the Medically Fragile Full-Term Infant  [cached]
Helen Shoemark
Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy , 2008,
Abstract: A significant step in the full-term infant’s development is the achievement of self and mutual regulation. The invasive nature of care on the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit can undermine the medically fragile full- term infant’s efforts to control his experiences through regulation of stimuli. During active music therapy, the therapist provides a contingent relationship in which improvised infant-directed singing serves as a vehicle for rehearsal of self and mutual regulation.
A Comparative Study of the Effect of Massage with Sunflower Oil or Sesame Oil on Infants’ Crying and Sleep Times: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Mandana Mirmohammadali,Shahnaz Golian Tehrani,Anooshirvan Kazemnejad,Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini Baharanchi
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2011,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Infants are very sensitive and special attention is needed to take care of their physical and mental health. Some studies showed that massage by parents can improve infants sleep quality. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of massage with sunflower oil or sesame oil on infants crying and sleep times. Methods & Materials: This triple-blinded clinical trial was conducted on 120 infants who were 10-15 days old, full-term, single, exclusively breastfed and with no history of hospitalization. The infants were assigned randomly into three groups of sunflower oil massage, sesame oil massage and massage with no oils. Mothers administered 15 minutes of massage to their infants twice per day (morning and afternoon) for 28 days. Times of crying and sleep were measured by a parents information form at baseline, and at the end of the first, second, third, and fourth weeks of the study. Data were analyzed using the repeated measures ANOVA. Result: Within four weeks of following, decreasing pattern of infants crying time was not significant (P=0.18); however, the mean of crying time between the three groups was significant (P=0.007). The interaction effect of crying time and groups was not significant (P=0.18). Increasing pattern of infant sleep time was statistically significant in the fourth weeks of the following (P<0.001); however, the mean of sleep time between three groups was not significant (P<0.56). The interaction effect of sleeping time and groups was not significant (P<0.10). Conclusion: Since there were not statistical significant differences between the infants' crying and sleep times between the three groups, and despite the fact that increasing pattern of infants sleep time is a normal pattern, it is not possible to have a proper conclusion.
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