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 Seyed Hossein Fazeli Journal of Language Teaching and Research , 2012, DOI: 10.4304/jltr.3.3.500-507 Abstract: There is not a method abandoned as what it might be called a baby-and-bathwater type reaction. Still all the methods have failed to deliver quit the hoped-for miracles. In this way, methodology alone can never be a solution to find what is searching. Rather it is an aid and suggestion. In addition, in the case of methodology, it is true that we are moving in risky area. Research on the related literature of Language Learning Strategies (LLSs) shows that LLSs has a history of only thirty years that is much sporadic (Chamot, 2005a). Recently such strategies have been the focus of specific research (Oxford, 1990), and much of the research was descriptive. The Strategy Inventory for Language Learning(SILL) of Rebecca L. Oxford which is a kind of self-report questionnaire, as an important instrument to measure LLSs, has been used extensively by researchers in many countries, its reliability has been checked in multiple ways, and has been reported as high validity, reliability, and utility(Oxford, 1996a). In the current study, the investigator aims to explore nature of methodology and the use of SILL in the studies of LLSs.
 Fika Janse van Rensburg HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v67i1.939 Abstract: This article explored a methodology to construct the economic–historic context of the addressees of 1 Peter, which could serve as basis for an economic interpretation of 1 Peter and other New Testament books. After discussing 1 Peter as letter, external sources were used to construct the economic–historic context of the addressees of 1 Peter. This construction was then refined utilising the letter itself, by identifying, categorising and interpreting the economically relevant portions of 1 Peter. Finally, the economic–historic context of the addressees of 1 Peter was concluded and the method summarised. How to cite this article: Janse van Renseburg, F., 2011, ‘Constructing the economic–historic context of 1 Peter: Exploring a methodology’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 67(1), Art. #939, 11 pages. DOI: 10.4102/hts.v67i1.939
 Physics , 2015, Abstract: CR7 is the brightest Lyman-$\alpha$ emitter observed at $z>6$, which shows very strong Lyman-$\alpha$ and HeII 1640 \AA\ line luminosities, but no metal line emission. Previous studies suggest that CR7 hosts either young primordial stars with a total stellar mass of $\sim 10^7\,\mathrm{M}_\odot$ or a black hole of $\sim 10^6\,\mathrm{M}_\odot$. Here, we explore different formation scenarios for CR7 with a semianalytical model, based on the random sampling of dark matter merger trees. We find that primordial stars cannot account for the observed line luminosities because of their short lifetimes and because of early metal enrichment. Black holes that are the remnants of the first stars are either not massive enough, or reside in metal-polluted haloes, ruling out this possible explanation of CR7. Our models instead suggest that direct collapse black holes, which form in metal-free haloes exposed to large Lyman-Werner fluxes, are more likely the origin of CR7. However, this result is derived under optimistic assumptions and future observations are necessary to further constrain the nature of CR7.
 Attila Grandpierre Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems , 2004, Abstract: One of the basic questions of solar research is the nature of the Sun. We show here how the plasma nature of the Sun leads to the self-generation of solar activity. The release of magnetic, rotational, gravitational, nuclear energies and that of the gravity mode oscillations deviate from uniformity and spherical symmetry. Through instabilities they lead to the emergence of sporadic and localized regions like flux tubes, electric filaments, magnetic elements and high temperature regions. A systematic approach exploring the solar collective degrees of freedom, extending to ordering phenomena of the magnetic features related to Higgs fields, is presented. Handling solar activity as transformations of energies from one form to another one presents a picture on the network of the energy levels of the Sun, showing that the Sun is neither a mere "ball of gas" nor a "quiescent steady-state fusion-reactor machine", but a complex self-organizing system. Since complex self-organizing systems are similar to living systems (and, by some opinion, identical with them), we also consider what arguments indicate the living nature of the Sun. Thermodynamic characteristics of the inequilibrium Sun are found important in this respect and numerical estimations of free energy rate densities and specific exergies are derived.
 Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X11054176 Abstract: The existence of a non-zero cosmological constant $\Lambda$ gives rise to controversial interpretations. Is $\Lambda$ a universal constant fixing the geometry of an empty universe, as fundamental as the Planck constant or the speed of light in the vacuum? Its natural place is then on the left-hand side of the Einstein equation. Is it instead something emerging from a perturbative calculus performed on the metric $g\_{\mu\nu}$ solution of the Einstein equation and to which it might be given a material status of (dark or bright) "energy"? It should then be part of the content of the right-hand side of the Einstein equations. The purpose of this paper is not to elucidate the fundamental nature of $\Lambda$, but instead we aim to present and discuss some of the arguments in favor of both interpretations of the cosmological constant. We conclude that if the fundamental of the geometry of space-time is minkowskian, then the square of the mass of the graviton is proportional to $\Lambda$; otherwise, if the fundamental state is deSitter/AdS, then the graviton is massless in the deSitterian sense.
 International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 2010, Abstract: In large databases particularly in distributed database, query response time plays an important role as timely access to information and it is the basic requirement of successful business application. A data warehouse uses multiple materialized views to efficiently process a given set of queries. Quick response time and accuracy areimportant factors in the success of any database. The materialization of all views is not possible because of the space constraint and maintenance cost constraint. Selection of Materialized views is one of the most important decisions in designing a data warehouse for optimal efficiency. Selecting a suitable set of views that minimizesthe total cost associated with the materialized views and is the key component in data warehousing. Materialized views are found to be very useful for fast query processing. This paper gives the results of proposed tree based materialized view selection algorithm for query processing. In distributed environment where database is distributed over the nodes on which query should get executed and also plays an important role. This paper also proposes node selection algorithm for fast materialized view selection in distributed environment. And finally it is found that the proposed methodology performs better for query processing as compared to other materializedview selection strategies.
 Quantitative Biology , 2013, Abstract: A methodology for understanding and de- tecting nonconvulsive seizures in individuals with sub- arachnoid hemorrhage is introduced. Specifically, begin- ning with an EEG signal, the power spectrum is esti- mated yielding a multivariate time series which is then ana- lyzed using empirical orthogonal functional analysis. This methodology allows for easy identification and observation of seizures that are otherwise only identifiable though ex- pert analysis of the raw EEG.
 F Janse van Rensburg HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2011, Abstract: This article explored a methodology to construct the economic–historic context of the addressees of 1 Peter, which could serve as basis for an economic interpretation of 1 Peter and other New Testament books. After discussing 1 Peter as letter, external sources were used to construct the economic–historic context of the addressees of 1 Peter. This construction was then refined utilising the letter itself, by identifying, categorising and interpreting the economically relevant portions of 1 Peter. Finally, the economic–historic context of the addressees of 1 Peter was concluded and the method summarised.
 Cross-Cultural Communication , 2011, DOI: 10.3968/j.ccc.1923670020110703.105 Abstract: This study is an attempt to analyze the nature of Self in one of Miller’s most acclaimed plays, A View from the Bridge . The analysis focuses on the private self and the public self by giving a brief comparison of Miller’s Death of a salesman, The crucible and All my Sons . The study will first have a brief look at the nature of self in Miller’s earlier plays to reach a better understanding of the depth of self in his A view from the Bridge , which is the focal point of this study. Lastly, the paper concludes with suggesting that the only loophole to run away from this tragic duality of self is to accept that any kind of escape from the reality of life is self-destroying, so both the tears of happiness as well as the tears of melancholy should be equally accepted as the inevitable game of this complicated and unpredictable world of indifference; the game, which is the integral part of man’s existence. Key words: Miller; Duality; Private self; Public self Résumé Cette étude est une tentative d'analyser la nature de soi dans l'un des jeux les plus acclamés de Miller, Une vue du pont. L'analyse se concentre sur le soi privé et le public en donnant de soi une brève comparaison de la mort de Miller d'un vendeur, le creuset et tous mes fils. L'étude sera d'abord un bref regard sur la nature de l'auto dans des pièces antérieures de Miller pour atteindre une meilleure compréhension de la profondeur de l'auto dans sa Une vue du pont, qui est le point focal de cette étude. Enfin, le document se termine par ce qui suggère que l'échappatoire que de s'enfuir de cette dualité tragique de soi est d'accepter que toute sorte d'échapper à la réalité de la vie est autodestructeur, donc à la fois des larmes de bonheur ainsi que les larmes de la mélancolie devraient être également accepté comme le jeu incontournable de ce monde compliqué et imprévisible de l'indifférence; le jeu, qui est la partie intégrante de l'existence de l'homme. Mots-clés: Miller; La dualité; Le privé du soi; Le public du soi
 Necatibey Faculty of Education, Electronic Journal of Science and Mathematics Education , 2011, Abstract: Aiming at contributing to the literature and informing the program developers, this study presents research findings regarding the Turkish prospective science teachers’ understanding of the nature of science. 168 prospective elementary and secondary science teachers participated in the study. The participants’ views on the nature of science were assessed through a questionnaire. The results of the study confirmed those conducted in other countries. The findings indicated that prospective science teachers in Turkey, like their counterparts in the world, generally had uninformed views about the scientific enterprise.
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