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從專利與論文產量之觀點探討科學與技術之關係 Relation between Technology and Science: A Perspective of Patent and Paper Production
Wen-Yau Cathy Lin,Dar-Zen Chen,Mu-Hsuan Huang
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: 本研究以電子與電機產業為例,從其發明專利產量與科學論文產量的觀點探討科學與技術之關係。先前的研究多數透過對技術專利與科學文獻之間的引用來探討關於科學與技術的連結,但這樣的角度僅能呈現其相互影響的部分面向。因此本研究選擇以電子與電機產業專利表現極佳的20家世界知名公司為例,從同一個公司之專利產量與科學文獻產量的角度切入,探討科學與技術兩者之間的關連,並分別從其被引用狀況,分析企業產出專利與發表科學論文後所造成的影響程度。此外本研究也分析各公司的技術週期時間(TechnologyCycleTime,TCT),探討TCT與Patent-PaperRatio之間的關連,並改良即時影響指數(ModifiedCurrentImpactIndex,ModifiedCII)的計算方法使其同時適用於專利與論文,進而比較各公司的專利與論文之即時影響指數。其中發明專利與科學論文分別檢索自USPTO與WoS資料庫,於1989年至2008年間之資料。研究結果顯示,雖然近20年來電子與電機領域的科學論文成長幅度比技術專利大,但該領域中技術專利表現最優秀的20個公司的科學論文發表狀況與產生的影響力卻與其專利數量與影響力之間關連不顯著。本結果對於電子與電機領域之公司在技術與科學之間的連結關係提供一項新的實務證據。 This study investigates the relation between production of utility patents and scientific papers in the electrical and electronic (E&E) industry. Unlike most prior researches delving into the link between science and technology through patent citations and paper citations, this article takes top 20 companies in the E&E industry as an example to examine the link between science and technology in terms of the productivity of patents and papers in one company. It also probes into patent citations and paper citations respectively and its consequences. Furthermore, this approach analyzes the link between Technology Cycle Time (TCT) and Patent-Paper Ratio (PtPR) and adopts the modified calculation, Modified Current Impact Index (Modified CII), to fit patents as well as papers. The source data are retrieved from top 20 companies’ patents and papers granted by the USPTO and covered in WoS database for the period of 1989-2008. Results from this analysis demonstrate that there is little connection between productivity and impact of papers and patents of these top 20 companies. These findings provide new empirical evidences about the linkage between technology and science at E&E industry level.
示指背侧岛状皮瓣修复拇指背皮肤软组织缺损36例治疗体会  [PDF]
杨帆,梁志军,郭建斌,高山
宁夏医科大学学报 , 2014,
Abstract: 目的介绍示指背侧岛状皮瓣修复拇指背皮肤软组织缺损的治疗体会。方法回顾性分析36例拇指背皮肤软组织缺损利用示指背岛状皮瓣修复的临床病例。结果36例患者皮瓣全部成活,术后随访3~6个月,患者对拇指外形满意。结论利用示指背侧岛状皮瓣修复拇指背皮肤软组织缺损方法可行,效果满意。
沙丘形态示量指征的测定方法及其应用——以巴丹吉林沙漠为例  [PDF]
杨萍, 蒋紫蕊
中国沙漠 , 1998,
Abstract: 利用航空像片及其成像原理,在立体坐标量测仪上恢复沙漠景观的地面立体模型,并分别对巴丹吉林沙漠内典型区域的各种形态沙丘的示量指征进行高精度的量测。通过沙丘的各种数量指标的运算,分析沙丘的示量指征及其形态特征,提出了较高精度的、有效的沙丘测量方法,从而为沙漠从定性到定量的研究提供了可行的量测手段。最后通过巴丹吉林沙漠沙丘示量指征的量测和分析,展示巴丹吉林沙漠北部沙丘的分布规律。
一种最简单的电滴定方法——两铂电极示波电位滴定法  [PDF]
高鸿,徐伟建,张胜义
分析化学 , 1987,
Abstract: 利用阴极射线示波器荧光屏上示波图的突变来指示双电位滴定终点的电化学滴定法称为示波双电位滴定法。最简单的示波双电位滴定法称为零电流示波双电位滴定法。这种滴定法可在两个铂电极上进行,也可在两个银电极或两个其它金属电极[1]上进行。在两个铂电极上进行的零电流示波双电位滴定法简称为两铂电极示波电位滴定法。
示指尺侧指固有神经及其背侧支移位修复拇指两侧指固有神经撕脱离断伤
Transferring the ulnaris proper digital nerve of index finger and its dorsal branch to repair the thumb nerve avulsion
 [PDF]

李启朝,刘章民,卢俊岳,邵文钗,冯小波
- , 2017, DOI: 10.7507/1002-1892.201612105
Abstract: 目的 探讨应用示指尺侧指固有神经及其背侧支移位修复拇指两侧指固有神经撕脱离断伤的临床疗效。 方法 2007 年 1 月—2015 年 5 月,采用示指尺侧指固有神经及其背侧支移位修复 23 例拇指两侧指固有神经撕脱离断伤患者。其中男 17 例,女 6 例;年龄 16~63 岁,平均 32 岁。致伤原因:机器绞伤 10 例,电锯伤 8 例,坚锐物品剐伤 5 例。拇指完全撕脱离断 8 例,拇指不完全离断 2 例,拇指掌侧裂伤13例(合并屈肌腱断裂 7 例)。受伤至手术时间为 1.0~3.5 h,平均 2.2 h。 结果 术后患者切口均Ⅰ期愈合,10 例再植拇指全部成活。23 例患者均获随访,随访时间 5 个月~2 年 8 个月,平均 1 年 4 个月。患指指腹感觉恢复良好,末次随访时两点辨别觉为 3~9 mm,平均 6.8 mm。按照中华医学会手外科学会上肢部分功能评定试用标准评价,拇指指腹感觉达 S 4 18 例、 ${{\rm{S}}_{\scriptsize{3^ + }}}$ 5 例,示指尺侧感觉为 S 3。 结论 应用示指尺侧指固有神经及其背侧支移位修复拇指指固有神经撕脱离断伤,能恢复拇指指腹良好感觉,手术操作简便,疗效确切。
Objective To investigate the effectiveness of transferring the ulnaris proper digital nerve of index finger and its dorsal branch to repair the thumb nerve avulsion. Methods Between January 2007 and May 2015, 23 patients with thumb nerve avulsion were treated by transferring the ulnaris proper digital nerve of index finger and its dorsal branch. There were 17 males and 6 females with an average age of 32 years (range, 16-63 years). The injuries were caused by machine twist in 10 cases, electric saw in 8 cases, and sharp article prick in 5 cases. And thumb rotational avulsion amputation happened in 8 cases, thumb incomplete amputation in 2 cases, laceration of thumb palmaris with the thumb nerve avulsion of both sides in 13 caese (7 cases with tendon rupture). The time from injury to operation was 1.0-3.5 hours (mean, 2.2 hours). Results All incisions healed by first intention. Ten cases of thumb reimplantation were successful. All the patients were followed up for 5 months to 2 years and 8 months, with an average of 1 year and 4 months. Two-point discrimination was 3-9 mm (mean, 6.8 mm). According to Society of Hand Surgery standard for the evaluation of upper part of the function, the sensory of the thumb was rated as S 4 in 18 cases and ${{\rm{S}}_{\scriptsize{3^ + }}}$ in 5 cases; the sensory at donor sites recovered to S 3. Conclusion Transferring the ulnaris proper digital nerve of index finger and its dorsal branch to repair the thumb nerve avulsion is a simple and effective method to restore sensory function of the thumb pulp.
中国最古老铀矿床成矿年龄及铅同位素示踪铀成矿省  [PDF]
夏毓亮,韩军
地球学报 , 2008, DOI: 10.3975/cagsb.2008.06.15
Abstract: 中国发现的最古老铀矿床(点)集中分布在华北地台东部的鞍本地区及辽东地区其他铀矿化点、华北地台中部的中条山地区和华北地台西部的龙首山地区.通过多年来对这些地区所积累的47件晶质铀矿U-Pb同位素数据的整理处理,指出中国最古老铀矿床(矿点)尽管其成矿地域、成矿类型、成矿地质背景不同,但成矿年龄基本相同,在(1800±100)Ma左右成矿,铀成矿作用发生在早前寒武纪末吕梁造山期,而矿床可能主要在燕山运动期受到叠加改造.对华北地台东部诸省200多件方铅矿的铅同位素数据进行铅同位素数据处理:利用H-H模式分别计算了这些矿石铅源区的μ值及Th/U值,并统计了各省区μ值及Th/U值的均方差S和变异系数x;利用Pb构造模式获取不同地区铅的物质来源.文中还报道了特高放射性成因矿石铅的存在地域.矿石铅同位素示踪表明,我国辽东地区应该是很好的潜在铀成矿省.
台灣棒球維基館網站推展成效探討 Evaluating the Effectiveness of TaiwanBaseballWiki
Sinn-Cheng Lin,Yu-Shyen Lin
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: 本文旨在探討台灣棒球維基館成立兩年餘之發展成效。首先,本研究分析2005/4/14至2007/8/19期間之相關數據,發現:(一)網站瀏覽量共3600多萬次,其中74%來自前20%的高流量頁面;瀏覽量月成長率平均值約15%;(二)註冊使用者月成長率平均值約33%,雖已有880餘位,但編寫10次以上者僅163人,只佔18.43%,卻完成了高達91%的內容,而使用者中1.9%的17位核心使用者更貢獻了80.8%的主要內容;(三)頁面月成長率平均值約6.06%,在一萬多個內容頁面中,每日平均被瀏覽10次以上的僅有915頁。其次,本研究針對使用者進行問卷調查,結果顯示:(一)受訪者以年輕球迷居多,平均年齡24.8歲;(二)受訪者有64%未註冊帳號,多數原因為只做短暫的查詢;(三)受訪者僅有34%曾參與寫作,其動機以增進內容豐富性佔多數。此外,本文綜合多項指標,提出一個客觀的核心頁面評定準則,並建議台灣棒球維基館在進一步掌握使用者特性後,應加強內容品質之提升,並積極推展具歷史傳承、知識深化等價值之內容,以平衡目前較偏重於當代職棒明星之走向。 This research study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of TaiwanBaseballWiki, established in 2005. First, the researchers collected data and analyzed the web logs from April 14, 2005 to August 19, 2007. A number of statistical measurements were used to analyze the data. The results show that 1. The number of page views has grown by almost 15% per month on average; 74% of page views came from 20% high browsing pages; 2. The registered users has grown by nearly 33% every month on average. It is also found that only 163 users have edited more than 10 times and were accounted for 91% of all the editing. Among them, the most active 1.9% of the users did 80.8% of all the editing; 3. The pages have grown by almost 6.06% per month on average, and only 8.75% of baseball pages had been viewed over 10 times on average. Moreover, the research also adopted the web questionnaire method to understand the community users from different perspective. The result shows that 1. The community users were mostly fans aged 24.8 on average and were young students. This result was the same as what we have previously predicted; 2. 64% of respondents were unregistered users, and among them 40% stayed unregistered because they only needed a quick search for some information; 3. 34% of them have edited website pages, and among them, 41% are active participants who have edited more than 1000 times and 45% of them started editing after using the website for one week. Finally, the suggestions for the website, as the results of the evaluation, are to promote baseball history pages, promote low viewing pages, design a user-friendly interface, and design new website styles suitable for young users.
抗肿瘤药物的研究ⅹⅳ.锑胺羧螯合物化学结构与疗效间关系的探討  [PDF]
周祖德,周金煦,梅放,梁惠珍,陆顺兴,胥彬
药学学报 , 1963,
Abstract: 銻胺羧螯合物是本所发現的新型抗肿瘤药物,本文继續探討此类化合物的化学結构与疗效之間关系。发現:(1)銻与5种不同类型的胺羧螯合剂結合的制剂,例如edta-sb(ⅰ)和pdta-sb(ⅳ)的不同盐类,n取代的edta-sb(ⅱ),ata-sb(ⅴa)及其类似物(ⅶ)和gdta-sb(ⅸf)对小鼠ehrlich腹水瘤均有明显的抑制作用,其中乙二胺四乙酸銻丙基銨盐和对氧氮六环盐的疗效較其鈉盐为佳。(2)汞、鉍、鉛、鋅、錳、銅、鈷、鎳、錫和鋇10种金属胺羧絡合物(ⅲ,ⅴ及ⅷ)及edta,pdta和ata对ehrlich腹水瘤和肉瘤180均无疗效。(3)edta-sb-na,pdta-sb-na和ata-sb对肉瘤180稍有抑制作用。(4)銻胺羧螯合物抗癌作用的基本結构可能为一个含銻的螯合物分子中拥有以氮为中心而具有三个以上的羧甲基。
佳乐麝香合成工艺的改进  [PDF]
谭世语,朱必珏,罗婷
化工进展 , 2010,
Abstract: 以α-甲基苯乙烯、叔戊醇、环氧丙烷、多聚甲醛为原料,三步法制备佳乐麝香。考察了在合成过程中催化剂对中间体茚满产率的影响、溶剂对中间体茚满醇产率的影响、催化剂对佳乐麝香产率的影响。确定了一条更为环保、更具经济效益的佳乐麝香合成工艺。
变焦佳点集遗传算法  [PDF]
彭勇,林浒,卜霄菲?
计算机科学 , 2010,
Abstract: 通过使用数论佳点集理论与方法构造出佳点交又算子,佳点集遗传算法(gga)具有更快的收敛速度和精度,且避免了常见的早期收敛现象,但是二进制编码的佳点集遗传算法在位串长度确定的情况下无法克服二进制与实数之间的映射误差。针对二进制编码遗传算法存在从最高位到最低位依次收敛的多米诺现象,提出含有变焦因子的佳点集遗传算法来变相增加位串编码长度以期缩小该映射误差,提高搜索效率和求解精度。通过不同维数下的benchmark测试函数的仿真结果表明,改进的算法具有全局收敛、求解精度和搜索效率高的优点。
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