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發展中國家數位落差消弭之法-電子資料庫的建置與使用 Developing Nations, the Digital Divide and Research Databases  [PDF]
Sam Brooks,Paul Donovan,Clint Rumble
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: 「數位落差影響著許多發展中國家」,此言意味著經費不足、電腦與網路技能的缺乏與英語能力的欠缺,以致使發展中國家數位資訊資源之擴展與使用受到阻礙。具有遠見之個人或組織可投入協助滿足發展中國家資訊需求之行列,匯集性全文資料庫可作為一種消弭數位落差的絕佳工具,參與此任務之組織必須對使用者展現資源的價值並提供必要的訓練,以確保計畫之成功。 The digital divide affects many nations of the developing world. The term encompasses inadequate funding, a lack of necessary computer and Internet skills, a lack of English-language proficiency that hinder expansion and use of digital information resources. Visionary individuals and organizations can assist these countries with their information needs. Aggregated full-text databases serve as a prominent tool in closing the digital divide because they provide important research resources. Participating organizations must demonstrate the value of these resources to users and supply essential training to ensure success with electronic resource initiatives.
努力实現科学發展的大躍进
郭沫若
科学通报 , 1958,
Abstract: 打破我們科学界的原子核大家都了解,目前在全国范围內,工業生产农業生产正形成空前的热潮。毛主席把人民的力量、人民生产力的徹底解放比譬为原子核被打破所产生的伟大能量,甚至比那能量还要大。原子核被冲破的結果,就会引起鏈鎖反应的现象,被冲破原子核的能量又去冲破其他的原子核。我們的国家現在正在起着鏈鎖反应的巨大变化。国家的各个方面各个部門都已經鼓动起来了,我們科学界的原子核也不能不被冲破,發生鏈锁反应。所以在今天来講,科学發展上的大躍进,
番 茄 分 子 抗 病 育 种 研 究 进 展  [PDF]
朱明涛
北方园艺 , 2010, DOI: 10.11937/bfyy.201023076
Abstract:
兰 科 植 物 种 子 萌 发 研 究 进 展  [PDF]
郑晓君,叶 静,管常东,马海英
北方园艺 , 2010, DOI: 10.11937/bfyy.201019081
Abstract:
發展生产,提高質量,組織中药材工作大躍进  [PDF]
孟谦
中国中药杂志 , 1958,
Abstract: <正>一、随着全国工农業生产大躍进新形势的發展,全国人民个个动手开展了爱国衛生运动,除四害、講衛生、消灭疾病等衛生工作也同样来一个大躍进。过去計划在五年、七年,十二年所消灭的疾病,在今年三月十五日中央爱国衛生运动委員会和衛生部召开的“全国除四害講衛生、大躍进比先进的协議大会”上,对危害人民健康最严重的疾病,提出要在一年、二年、三年、五年的时間內基本上做到消灭┢肥且缴尾〉
基于Type-2FNN数据融合的双进双出磨煤机料位检测  [PDF]
曲星宇,崔宝侠,段勇,徐冰
控制与决策 , 2011,
Abstract: 针对双进双出磨煤机料位准确检测的难题,提出一种基于二型模糊神经网络(Type-2FNN)数据融合的双进双出磨煤机料位检测方法.首先将多传感器采集的变量参数数据按照二型模糊规则进行模糊化处理;然后构造神经网络进行数据融合,所得融合结果即为检测的料位值.该方法具有较好的自组织、自学习、并行分别处理能力,保证了检测结果具有较高的准确性.仿真实验表明,该方法可有效弥补单一测量方法的不足,实现料位更为准确的测量.
和田玉子料"肉"与"皮"的关系初探  [PDF]
张白璐,张小冲,施光海,李新岭
矿物岩石 , 2014,
Abstract: 通过对大量和田玉子料的表皮及玉肉的观察与分析以及子料薄片的镜下观察与红外光谱分析,对和田玉子料"肉"与"皮"的关系进行了探讨.子料有以下几种表皮特征:皮色、"汗毛孔"、"砂眼"、裂纹、礓等,玉石内部的特征有礓、杂质、铁花等."皮"与"肉"之间存在一定的对应关系,如:"汗毛孔"的大小会反映玉质的粗细;"砂眼"说明内部有不稳定矿物,如黄铁矿出现处会在表皮形成凹坑;礓出现则往往内外相通,礓的分布特征与玉料品质相关,如星点分布,则严重影响玉石的均匀性.和田玉中的主要组成矿物透闪石也可能表现为礓,其在结构上与其周边玉石迥然不同,不同矿物种类,如透辉石、方解石亦可形成礓.裂纹出现并不都是缺陷,有时会形成沿裂隙分布的鲜艳皮色.以上这些对应关系对于和田玉子料的鉴定、评价以及设计加工都有理论或实践意义.当然目前这些还不能表征和田玉"肉"与"皮"的特征以及对应关系的全部,其中对应关系的原因也有待于深入探讨.
從電子資源統計問題看COUNTER計畫之發展與應用 Statistical Problems of Electronic Resources and the Development and Application of COUNTER Project
Hui-Hsin Yeh
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: 本研究以統計電子資源時產生的問題為開端,藉由文獻分析了解圖書館界提出的解決方案,探討E-Metrics及COUNTER計畫之發展現況與目的,並依據COUNTER規範的格式,進行出版商報表之整合分析。期能透過此項研究,了解COUNTER提供之效益與限制,致使圖書館整合統計資料時有所憑藉,出版商選取交易紀錄檔的元素時也能有所依據。 This study will be initiated from the controversies derived from generating electronic resource statistics, by way of literature review to recognize the solutions proposed by libraries, and further on to look into the development and the intention of E-Metrics and COUNTER projects, and lastly to proceed a comprehensive analysis of the reports from publishers under the standard format regulated by COUNTER. Through this study we expect to clarify and define the capabilities and limitations of COUNTER, and with which we hope to provide librarians a reliable standard to follow while generating statistics, and for publishers a referable criterion while selecting log files.
台灣電子文件發展策略之分析研究 The Analysis and Study of the Development Strategies of Electronic Records in Taiwan  [PDF]
Li-Kuei Hsueh,Chiao-Min Lin
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: 電子文件的發展已成為世界各國評估電子化政府的指標之一,各政府機關產生的公文書也逐漸由電子形式所取代,各先進國家多已針對電子文件的發展制訂未來數年之發展策略,做為規劃與發展之藍圖。本研究透過機關訪談及焦點座談方式,了解台灣政府機關電子文件管理之現況與問題,進而參酌國外經驗與國內機關需求,提出建立台灣電子文件管理策略的結論與相關建議。 The development of electronic records has been an indicator of modern government all over the world. The format of public records of government agencies has been gradually transformed to digital form. Most of progressive countries have the development strategies of electronic records as the guideline. In this paper, Interview and panel discussion are taken so as to understand the opinions of our government agencies. Conclusions and suggestions are proposed as the reference for Taiwan’s government.
後設資料註冊中心現況發展之研究 A Review on Metadata Registries Development  [PDF]
Ya-ning Chen
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2004,
Abstract: 本文研究目的在探討國際上現有metadata registries的設計與發展,以達成metadata標準相關資訊的再利用與互通性。本文採取個案研究法,以數位圖書館metadata為範圍,選取12個研究樣本進行分析。本文研究發現主要有五項:第一,多數metadata registries (MDRs)已臻至機讀的階段。第二,涵蓋標準數量上有單一與多數兩種。第三,描述對象除了以典藏品為主外,也擴及至人與機構;資訊單元(information granularity)主要包含標準、元素與控制詞彙三個層級。第四,所有MDRs皆對metadata元素間的關係加以標引,只有一些針對標準與元素間的關係予以建立,甚至展延至控制詞彙,而這些MDRs通常不採用ISO/IEC 11179。第五,發展MDRs有兩大取向,一是採取資料元素方式,通常採用ISO,資料描述十分詳盡;二是採取metadata元素方式,資料描述十分簡易。 How to reuse and interoperate the information between various metadata standards becomes an important issue for digital library projects and metadata registries (MDRs) are employed as a workable approach around the world. This paper aims to take a review on current development of MDRs, by adopted case study as research methodology to examine twelve cases. Consequently, five findings are offered in the following:1. most MDRs can be generalized into machine readable MDRs. 2. Some MDRs include elements from a single standard, and some from multiple ones. 3. MDRs focus on cultural heritage objects, but now has been expanded to include institutes and users.Information granularity that MDRs handle is generalized into metadata standard,element and encoded scheme. 4. Relationships between elements are common to all practices, but relationships between standards, elements and encoded schemes are not applied to all. 5. The approach of MDRs description is toward two types: data elements and metadata elements. The former one has a preference for comprehensive description,and the latter one is toward appropriate description for practical requirements and is separated into various identities instead of all in one.
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