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名字易识认性对被信任者的可信性的影响  [PDF]
辛志勇,杜晓鹏,沙璐
- , 2015,
Abstract: 摘要: 从名字可以联想个体的社会身份和生理心理特征。现有研究多从名字寓意角度考察名字的影响。但从加工流畅性角度,名字本身有一个最直观分类:容易识认和难以识认。名字易识认性就可能会对被信任者的可信性产生影响。本研究共有四个被试内实验。前两个实验以编制的名字为实验材料,分别通过让被试判断被信任者的安全性和信任博弈两个范式证明名字易识认性强的个体的可信度更高。后两个实验则选取真实名字为启动材料再次证明了该结论。
Abstract: Researchers explain the effect of Chinese names now more from the perspective that names activate semantic information. But judgment reflects not only content but also the metacognitive experience of processing the content. Recoginzability can influence the processing fluency, an important cue of metagognitive experience. The recognizability of a name here depends on the using frequency of the characters included in the name. Names with more rarely used Chinese characters are more difficult to recognize. We demonstrate that this processing difficulty makes people with hard to recognized names to be thought less credible. And the effect exists when the names’ attractiveness of literal meaning and implied meaning are both controlled. To explore whether regognizability will influence people’s judgment on trustee’s trustworthiness, we combined 60 Chinese names without first names. 30 names are difficult to recognize and the other 30 easy to recognize. Each name contains 2 characters. The 120 characters were all collected according to Chinese national standard GB2312–80. 60 characters used to combine the easy-to-recognize names were randomly collected from areas 16-55 in GB2312–80 and characters used to combine the difficult-to-recognize names from areas 56-87.Characters from areas 16-55 are the most frequently used Chinese characters and characters from areas 56-87 are less but not the least frequently used Chinese characters. Then we created a questionnaire comprised of a random and mix of all the 60 names and asked 28 participants to “please rate the ease with which these names of people can be recognized’’ on a scale where 1 =very difficult and 7 =very easy.” Finally 5 names with the highest scores and 5 names with the lowest scores were chosen as the materials used in the next studies. We call names with the highest scores the easy names and names with the lowest names the difficult names hereafter. To make the manipulation check, we analyzed participants’ recognizability ratings using ANOVA, which revealed that easy names were rated as significantly easier to recognize. Then we asked another 31 participants to rate the attractiveness of both the literal meaning and implied meaning of the 10 names. ANOVA results showed that there were no significantly differences between the 2 groups on the attractiveness of both the literal meaning
气动矛性能的计算机仿真研究  [PDF]
张志兵,刘静
地质与勘探 , 2001,
Abstract: 运用计算机仿真方法,以YH75型气动矛为例,对影响气动矛性能的因素进行了分析,探讨了气动矛设计参数的选取原则。
语言族的L可识性、L半可识性与L强可识性  [PDF]
雷忠学
科学通报 , 1986,
Abstract: 郭聿琦等建立和讨论了语言族的半可识性和强可识性,给出了积分语言族可识的充要条件。本文建立和讨论了语言族的L可识性、L半可识性和L强可识性,给出了L积分语言族的L可识、L半可识和L强可识的充分条件。
矛与盾︰短期资本流入冲击与新兴市场国家的  [PDF]
国际经济评论 , 2011,
Abstract: 【内容提要】世界经济复苏及各国货币政策的双重不同步加剧了当前全球范围内的资本流动,尤其是对新兴市场国家造成了严重冲击。为应对境外短期资本的大规模涌入,新兴市场国家被迫采取了各种临时性资本控制措施。本文在文献和历史回顾的基础上,结合现实因素,对短期资本流动趋势及新兴市场国家实行资本控制的动机、手段及有效性进行了分析,并针对中国提出了对策建议。
驾驶员夜间对过街行人的视认规律  [PDF]
程国柱,徐慧智,莫宣艳
哈尔滨工业大学学报 , 2013, DOI: 10.11918/j.issn.0367-6234.2013.06.012
Abstract: 为了给合理确定人行横道处的夜间最高限速值与道路照明指标提供理论依据,保证过街行人夜间出行安全,开展了驾驶员夜间对过街行人的视认距离随行驶车速及路灯平均照度的变化规律研究.针对6处人行横道单个静止并着深色衣服的过街行人,采集了8名驾驶员对其夜间视认距离的数据.采用回归分析的方法,构建了不同照度条件下的驾驶员夜间视认距离与行驶车速关系模型、不同车速等级下的驾驶员夜间视认距离与平均照度关系模型,以及驾驶员夜间视认距离-行驶车速-平均照度关系模型.结果表明,驾驶员夜间对过街行人的视认距离随行驶车速的提高而降低,二者呈负线性相关;随平均照度的提高而增加,二者呈正对数相关.
中国盾蚧科二新种记述(同翅目:盾蚧总科)  [PDF]
昆虫分类学报 , 2004,
Abstract: 记述中国盾蚧科2新种:拟额瘤并盾蚧Pinnaspispseudotuberculatuasp.nov.和云南兜盾蚧Duplachionaspisyunnanensissp.nov.。模式标本保存在西北农林科技大学昆虫博物馆。
似血矛线虫体外发育过程的观察  [PDF]
杨秋林,陈清泉
动物学杂志 , 1997,
Abstract: 描述了似血矛线虫的体外发育过程。在22-32℃下,从产生卵发育到第一期、第二期、第三期幼虫的时间分别是16h、31h、2.5-3.5h。
星盾炱属新种  [PDF]
宋斌,欧阳友生,胡炎兴
菌物学报 , 1996,
Abstract: 报道了星盾炱属AsterinaLev.两个新种。它们是栲星盾炱AsterinacastanopsisB.SongetY.S.Ouyang和绣球花星盾炱AsterinahydrangeaeB.SongetY.S.Ouyang。模式标本保存在广东省微生物研究所真菌标本室(HMIGD)。
地面标记文字高度与行人视认距离的关系  [PDF]
王柯文,魏中华,荣建,武勇彦
公路交通科技 , 2012,
Abstract: 在综合考虑地面标记视认试验设计参数的基础上,对地面标记版面颜色、文字字体、字宽、笔划数都给予相关规定,并选择光线明亮的大空间场所,运用行人实地试验的方法,采集行人视认地面标记的数据;运用方差分析或均值检验的分析方法,筛选影响视认距离的因素;采用线性回归拟合出不同身高条件下,地面标记文字高度与视认距离的关系模型,并进行补充试验以验证模型的有效性.结果表明行人视认距离随着地面标记文字高度的增加而增加,但增加的幅度越来越小.综合以上分析,给出不同视认距离下地面标记文字高度设计推荐值,以便改善地面标记的视认性和有效性.
硬蜱盾窝与盾窝腺的细微结构  [PDF]
李莹,姜在阶,陈晓端,白春玲
昆虫学报 , 1991,
Abstract: 用扫描及透射电镜研究硬蜱盾窝与盾窝腺的结构.幼蜱只有横缝状盾窝原基,盾窝腺尚未发育;若蜱盾窝增大,其孔数相应增加;到成蜱阶段,不仅盾窝增大,而且盾窝腺完成发育.对9种雌蜱盾窝进行比较,在其大小和孔数方面有一定差别.亚洲璃眼蜱雄蜱盾窝腺不发达,几个叶瓣贴在一起,组成1—2个腺体组.雌蜱吸血前,叶瓣相互贴在一起.吸血后,球状叶瓣散开,连接叶瓣的导管清楚可见,分泌细胞中颗粒增多,这与其分泌性信息素有关.
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