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基于语料特点判断的上古出土文献某字存否研究——以“信”字为例  [PDF]
刘志基
华东师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版) , 2015, DOI: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000--5579.2015.05.021
Abstract: 针对某些文字上古存否无解的问题,本文立足语料特点判断理论,以甲骨文、西周金文“信”字探究为例,提出新的研究思路在能够全面反映断代用字存在实际,并要求相关字必须露脸的语境内,通过地毯式搜索来给出答案。具体判断逻辑是其一,虽某字依据语境要求当见而未见,但却有同义它字填补缺位,则表明某字因其前身尚在而没有存在的理由;其二,依据后世观念某字在相关文献语境中当见而未见,又没有与之同义之字替代其履行记语之职,则意味着某字的缺位源自相关文化观念的缺失或被关注程度不够。
訊息來源可信度、情感認同與涉入程度對大學生採信消費性網路謠言之影響 The Influence of Source Credibility, User’s Affection and Involvement on College Student’s Belief toward Internet Rumors  [PDF]
Wen-Yi Hsu,Chaoyun Liang
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: 本研究以訊息「來源可信度」、「情感認同」,與「涉入程度」作為變項,探討大學生在採信消費性網路謠言的影響程度。研究群希望藉此喚醒大學生對網路訊息的自覺,並將研究成果提供企業產品行銷及個人防堵謠言之參考。本研究結果發現:一、發訊者及訊息內容是否具專家權威性,將影響收訊者對消費性網路謠言的判斷;二、不同情感認同的收訊者在採信網路謠言的程度上,並沒太大差異;但在消費行為上卻稍有差異;三、涉入程度在來源可信度與情感認同兩方面,對於大學生採信消費性網路謠言均有正向影響。 The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlative causality of college students’ belief to consuming network rumors. “Source credibility,” “affection” and “involvement” are operated as the main variable effects on college students’ belief to these rumors. By using “involvement” as a moderator, this study analyzes its correlation with the other factors. This study is designed to awake college students’ attention to network messages, and to provide suggestions for the enterprises. The findings of this study include: 1. both source credibility and involvement have positive effects on the college students’ belief to consuming network rumors; 2. affection has part of effect on the college students’ belief to consuming network rumors, but with no causal relation; and 3. both source credibility and involvement have positive effects on the college students’ belief to consuming network rumors under different involvements.
孔子称“师”考  [PDF]
李纪祥
北京师范大学学报(社会科学版) , 2012,
Abstract: ?在《论语》中,孔子未被弟子称为“师”,“师”字在《论语》中出现14次,但都不是指孔子。这是个颇有深意的现象。从时代背景上初步推断,孔子之所以不称“师”,乃相对于当时官方“授学体制”而言的。直到孔子的时代,“师”还是“四代学制”中的官名。孔子并非官方体制中担任“师”者,他在鲁国所任诸职,都与“师”无关。他所从事的教学活动属于私人性质;四方来学者,也只以“子”和“夫子”尊称孔子。《论语》中只有“子”、“夫子”、“孔子”、甚至“仲尼”这样的称呼。而孔子学生的称谓,则有“及门”、“门弟子”、“门人”等。这与孔子在鲁城外授学、聚徒、共同居住处所的门、堂、室的结构有关。这说明孔门师徒的关系具有“非血缘体”仿用“血缘体”的特点。至于孔子之被尊称为“师”,实乃“孔后历史”发展的结果。战国中期,“师”字开始用来指代从事私人教学者。到了汉代,国家设立学官,官名“博士”,而不叫“师”。这样,孔子称师就在意义和制度两方面得到了发展和完善。至此,由孔子称“子/夫子”而至于称“师”之间的历史脉络便渐渐清晰地显现出来。
对虾巨大神经纤维缺乏静息膜电位的实验资料
徐科
科学通报 , 1975,
Abstract: 在静息状态下,神经纤维可兴奋膜的两侧存在着约数十毫伏外正内负的电位差,称静息膜电位,这是神经纤维的基本生理特征之一,同时也是神经系统的最基本的电现象。因为可以说神经系统的各种电活动都是直接或间接地在它的基础上发生的。但是,我们
对虾巨大神经纤维缺乏静息膜电位的实验资料  [PDF]
徐科,杨钦照,邹顺兴
科学通报 , 1975,
Abstract: 在静息状态下,神经纤维可兴奋膜的两侧存在着约数十毫伏外正内负的电位差,称静息膜电位,这是神经纤维的基本生理特征之一,同时也是神经系统的最基本的电现象。因为可以说神经系统的各种电活动都是直接或间接地在它的基础上发生的。
The Pareto Principle in the Modern Economy
Felician ALECU
Oeconomics of Knowledge , 2010,
Abstract: Despite of its age, the Pareto Principle is still a strong mechanism constantly used in quality control of projects from various areas, including the IT field.
Modified Pareto Distribution
Khurshid Ahmad Mir
Journal of Modern Mathematics and Statistics , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/jmmstat.2011.17.18
Abstract: A type of Pareto distribution with its range spread over the non negative part of the real line is considered as a possible model for a given live data wherein the nature of the data imposes some non zero probability at the origin of the random variable. Accordingly the original Pareto model is to be modified to get a new model called modified Pareto distribution. The proposed model fits well for rainfall data leading to the discussion of point and interval estimation of its parameters useful in predictions.
ATM网络中特殊的信令-元信令
张天晶,汪齐贤
计算机系统应用 , 1998,
Abstract: 本文介绍了ATM网络信令系统中的元信令,分析了元信令在ATM网络中的作用及元信令规程与N-IS-DN信令规程的对应关系,并将元信令的功能作了总结。
Computing the Complete Pareto Front  [PDF]
Ruediger Ehlers
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: We give an efficient algorithm to enumerate all elements of a Pareto front in a multi-objective optimization problem in which the space of values is finite for all objectives. Our algorithm uses a feasibility check for a search space element as an oracle and minimizes the number of oracle calls that are necessary to identify the Pareto front of the problem. Given a $k$-dimensional search space in which each dimension has $n$ elements, it needs $p \cdot (k \cdot \lceil \log_2 n \rceil + 1) + \psi(p)$ oracle calls, where $p$ is the size of the Pareto front and $\psi(p)$ is the number of greatest elements of the part of the search space that is not dominated by the Pareto front elements. We show that this number of oracle calls is essentially optimal as approximately $p \cdot k \cdot \log_2 n$ oracle calls are needed to identify the Pareto front elements in sparse Pareto sets and $\psi(p)$ calls are needed to show that no element is missing in the set of Pareto front elements found.
Quantum Pareto Optimal Control  [PDF]
Raj Chakrabarti,Rebing Wu,Herschel Rabitz
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.78.033414
Abstract: We describe algorithms, and experimental strategies, for the Pareto optimal control problem of simultaneously driving an arbitrary number of quantum observable expectation values to their respective extrema. Conventional quantum optimal control strategies are less effective at sampling points on the Pareto frontier of multiobservable control landscapes than they are at locating optimal solutions to single observable control problems. The present algorithms facilitate multiobservable optimization by following direct paths to the Pareto front, and are capable of continuously tracing the front once it is found to explore families of viable solutions. The numerical and experimental methodologies introduced are also applicable to other problems that require the simultaneous control of large numbers of observables, such as quantum optimal mixed state preparation.
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