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《肩水金关汉简》所见汉武帝“茂陵邑”探微 A Study on “Maoling Yi” of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty in Han Dynasty Wooden Slips from Jianshui Jinguan  [PDF]
孙家洲
- , 2018,
Abstract: 摘要 传世史料对茂陵邑内部情况的记载有限,而从《肩水金关汉简》书中关于汉武帝“茂陵邑”的若干条简文的梳理和研究,可考订出传世典籍未见记载的茂陵邑里名15个,并进一步讨论与之相关的茂陵邑官员设置问题。在借鉴相关考古简报的基础之上,对于复原茂陵邑的邑里布局做出探索和思考,从而对全面研究茂陵邑的相关问题提供了新材料和新思路。
《津关令》与汉初之政治地理建构  [PDF]
梁万斌
- , 2016,
Abstract: 政治地理学在西方学界日益成为一门显学,在中国则方兴未艾。汉代政区的复原研究,为进一步探讨汉代的政治地理奠定了基础,但由于文献记载的阙如,这一工作始终未有进展。湖北江陵张家山汉墓出土的大批竹简的整理完成,为这一工作的推进提供了重要的史料依据,尤其是其中的《津关令》。由于是汉廷实施地域控制的产物,《津关令》集中反映了汉初政治地理的诸多面相。本文依据《津关令》,结合传世文献的记载,复原了汉初帝国东西部之间的关、津、塞,确定了汉初关中与关外的地域界线。在此基础上,进而复原了汉初由“关中核心区”、“关外直辖地”和“关外王国”所组成的圈层型政治地理建构。在汉与诸侯“共天下”的形势之下,汉廷建都关中,欲以关中制御关东。为此,不仅在帝国东西部之间设有关、津,而且利用其间的山河险阻构筑了一道自南向北的塞,由此将帝国的疆域分为区别对待的“关中核心区”、“关外直辖地”和“关外王国”,以之为依托,层层实施朝廷的地域控制措施,确立了一种特定政治形势下的帝国秩序。
Abstract:Political geography in the Western academia has become an important discipline, while it is just unfolding in China. The recreation of the administrative divisions of the Han Dynasty laid a foundation for further study on the political geography of the Han Dynasty, but due to the lack of documents, this work has not been progressed. The sorting out of the bamboo slips unearthed from the Han tomb of Jiangling in Hubei provides an important historical basis for promoting this work. Among those bamboo slips, The Decrees for Ferries and Passes, as the product of the Han court controlling regions, reflects many aspects of the political geography of the early Han Dynasty. Based on The Decrees, combining with the ancient literature records, the paper is dedicated to recreating the ferries, the passes and the great wall between the east and the west of the Han empire, and to defining the geographical boundaries between Guanzhong and Guanwai, thus reconstructing concentric circles of early Han Dynasty’s political geography, which were consisted of Guanzhong core area that was ruled directly by the Han court and the feudal kingdoms’ area. It is argued in this paper that under the situation that the Han court and the feudal kingdoms confronted each other, the former established its capital at Guanzhong to command Guandong thereafter. It is for this reason that the Han court not only founded the ferries and the passes but also built the great wall by virtue of the mountains and the Yellow River barriers between the east and the west of the Han empire. By such means the Han territory was divided into three different areas as mentioned before, through which the Han court exerted a control over the regions and established order throughout the empire.
辽宁省冬半年降雪初终日的气候变化特征
赵春雨,王颖,李栋梁,罗勇,严晓瑜
高原气象 , 2010,
Abstract: 利用1961-2007年降雪初始日期、 终止日期以及降雪初、 终日间天数资料, 详细地分析了降雪初始日期、 终止日期以及降雪初、 终日间天数的时空分布及变化情况、 突变和周期性特征。辽宁省降雪的初始日期主要集中在10\, 11月, 终止日期主要在3、 4月。降雪初始日期在近47年有所推迟; 降雪终止日期明显提前, 平均每10年提前2.2天。降雪初、 终日间天数明显缩短, 平均每10年减少3天。降雪的初始日期、 终止日期以及降雪初、 终日间天数均存在突变现象。降雪的初始日期、 终止日期以及降雪初、 终日间天数均存在2~6年的周期。气温与降雪初始日期和终止日期存在着密切的联系。降雪的初始日期与同年10月和11月的平均最高气温相关关系最好, 其次是10月和11月的平均气温。
辽宁省冬半年降雪初终日的气候变化特征  [PDF]
赵春雨,王颖,李栋梁,罗勇,严晓瑜
高原气象 , 2010,
Abstract: 利用1961-2007年降雪初始日期、终止日期以及降雪初、终日间天数资料,详细地分析了降雪初始日期、终止日期以及降雪初、终日间天数的时空分布及变化情况、突变和周期性特征。辽宁省降雪的初始日期主要集中在10\,11月,终止日期主要在3、4月。降雪初始日期在近47年有所推迟;降雪终止日期明显提前,平均每10年提前2.2天。降雪初、终日间天数明显缩短,平均每10年减少3天。降雪的初始日期、终止日期以及降雪初、终日间天数均存在突变现象。降雪的初始日期、终止日期以及降雪初、终日间天数均存在2~6年的周期。气温与降雪初始日期和终止日期存在着密切的联系。降雪的初始日期与同年10月和11月的平均最高气温相关关系最好,其次是10月和11月的平均气温。
汉语词汇在域外的传承与创新----以中世日僧策彦周良的《初渡集》为例  [PDF]
陈小法
浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版) , 2011,
Abstract: ?汉语词汇传承至中世的日本后,许多词汇的内涵和用例都发生了不同于母体国的变异。如日僧策彦周良所撰的日记《初渡集》中“东坡”、“丁丁”、“庐陵”、“烟景”、“一指”及“买臣”等词语虽皆源自中国,但已明显有别于我国同时期的用法,词义发生了很大变化,其原因主要可以归纳为两点:一是新思想、新文化输入之结果;二是某些词汇一旦离开母体,其赖以生存的文化土壤就发生了变化,所以原来具有地域特色的文化信息易被摒弃或替换,常会通过表象或直觉赋以新意而作他用,这也正是域外汉语词汇的一种异于母体的传承与创新模式。
黑河流域树木液流秋末冬初的峰值现象  [PDF]
陈仁升?,康尔泗?,张智慧?,赵文智?,金博文?,宋克超?
生态学报 , 2005,
Abstract: 应用3套综合环境观测系统,分别布设在黑河上游祁连山区、中游绿洲边缘和下游荒漠河岸林系统,对青海云杉、樟子松、二白杨、白榆、沙枣和胡杨液流量进行了长期观测,最长观测时间为2002年夏季到2005年初。观测结果表明,不管是常绿树种还是落叶树种,树木液流量均会在秋末冬初出现一个峰值,而此时中下游地区的峰值大于夏季。出现这个峰值的时间,正是当地落叶树种的落叶期,也是生长季节向非生长季节过渡的特殊时期,在这个特殊的生长阶段,北半球中高纬度四季分明地区现有的不同树种的观测结果均表明,有这样一个峰值的存在,但在峰值相对大小上有差异。不同地区的观测结果表明,同一地点不同树种液流量大的周期波动具有一致性,而不同地点同一树种大的周期波动互异,这种大的周期波动与当地气候环境条件有关,我国西北干旱区出现秋末冬初液流量大于生长季节的现象,正是由于当地恶劣的气候环境条件所造成的。秋末冬初出现的液流量峰值现象,类似动物冬眠前的准备,是树木为应对严寒的冬季和漫长的早春而采取的生理措施。
荆州松柏汉墓简牍所见“显陵”考  [PDF]
马孟龙
- , 2015,
Abstract: 湖北省荆州松柏一号汉墓出土简牍记载汉武帝早期的南郡辖有“显陵”。本文从显陵的人口信息入手,指出仅有四百余户的显陵属于非常特殊的县级政区。西汉时代的县级政区中,只有侯国和陵园奉邑的户口数量少至三四百户。在排除显陵为侯国的可能性以后,可以明确显陵为陵园奉邑。西汉时代,诸侯王可以设置陵园奉邑,在各诸侯王国境内普遍分布着诸侯王陵园奉邑。南郡曾两度设置为临江国,显陵应为临江哀王刘阏的陵园奉邑。“显陵邑”设置于景帝四年刘阏去世之时。汉元帝永光四年,朝廷全面废除陵园奉邑制度,显陵至迟于此年废除。显陵的地理方位约在今湖北省荆州市北部,该地理方位与荆州松柏一号汉墓35号木牍南郡行政文书所展示的南郡辖县空间排列规律相符。荆州松柏一号汉墓墓主周偃,在出任江陵县西乡有秩啬夫之后,应在南郡太守府任职,至元光二年七月调任桂阳郡南平尉。松柏一号汉墓出土的南郡行政文书,形成于建元三年至元光二年七月墓主周偃出任南郡属吏期间。
Abstract:The wooden tablets excavated from Songbai No. 1 Tomb in Jingzhou recorded that Nan Prefecture had the jurisdiction over “Xianling” in the early reign of Emperor Wu of Han. This article analyzes demographic documents of Xianling to unveil that as there were only about 400 households registered, Xianling was a special county administrative region. Among all the county administrative regions in the Western Han Dynasty, only Marquis countries and Mausoleum towns can have as few as about 300 to 400 households. After it proves that Xianling cannot be a Marquis country, this article believes that it was a Mausoleum town. In the Western Han Dynasty, only princes were allowed to establish Mausoleum towns, which were normally founded in their kingdoms. Nan Prefecture was recognized as Linjiang Kingdom for twice; Xianling was thus the Mausoleum town of Liu Yan, Prince of Linjiang. “Xianling Mausoleum town” was established in the fourth year of Emperor Jing, when Liu Yan was dead. In the fourth year of Yongguang, under the reign of Emperor Yuan of Han, the government abolished all the Mausoleum towns. Xianling, therefore, was maintained no later than this year. The location of Xianling was close to the north part of today's Jingzhou, Hubei Province. Geographically speaking, Xianling fit into the pattern of jurisdictions of Nan Prefecture, according to the wooden tablets No. 35 – the administrative documents of Nan Prefecture – excavated from Songbai No. 1 Tomb. Zhou Yan, who was buried in this tomb, was supposed to work in the office of Nan Prefecture, after he left Xi township, Jiangling county, as a Youzhi-sefu (countryside official). He was transferred to the Nanping Wei (military assistant) of Guiyang Prefecture in July of the second year of Yuanguang, under the reign of Emperor Wu of Han. It is believed that the administrative documents of Nan Prefecture excavated from Songbai No. 1 Tomb were written during Zhou Yan's tenure as an officer in Nan Prefecture, from the third year of Jianyuan to the second year of Yuanguang, under the reign of Emperor Wu of Han.
关于东晋帝陵的两个问题  [PDF]
王志高,周维林
东南文化 , 2001,
Abstract: ????本文通过史料并结合近年一些考古新发现,对东晋帝陵分布、陵区设立原因、陵区内部构成、陵区内各陵排葬规律以及陵园地面建筑等进行了比较全面的分析和探讨。
鄂陵湖和扎陵湖毗邻地区的野生药用植物  [PDF]
吴玉虎
中国中药杂志 , 1990,
Abstract: 介绍了鄂陵湖和扎陵湖毗邻地区的野生药用植物,为合理开发利用该地区的资源提供了依据。
清代中期的松陵女学  [PDF]
史梅
东南文化 , 2001,
Abstract: ????清代中期,松陵独特的人文地理条件,造就了众多的才媛闺秀,她们创作了大量丰富多彩的作品。
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