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以協同合作模式建構研究者知識之研究 A Study of Using Collaborative Mode to Construct Researcher Knowledge  [PDF]
Jiann-Cherng Shieh,Chia-Tien Wu
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: 研究者初次欲進入一個領域進行知識探索與研究時,最常遭遇的困難是研究者不知道該領域知識有哪些,比如領域知識的主題概念、使用詞彙等。即便在資訊傳遞發達的今天,在無明確搜尋目標與模糊關鍵詞語情況下,研究者利用搜尋引擎想要在有限的時間找尋到正確需要的資訊是非常困難的。對此問題人們最直接的反應就是詢問有經驗的研究者,但誰是你的有經驗研究者呢?研究者亦往往無法找到合適的人選,來解答自己的疑問。為解決上述研究者在初踏入新的研究領域進行知識探索與研究時所遇到的困境,本研究欲提出「以協同合作的模式讓研究者共同創造趕鴗漯漯壅悀漁e並建構領域的知識結構」的概念與機制,以保存研究領域的知識,提供研究者方便查詢、瀏覽領域知識結構,相互分享知識經驗,順利完成自身的研究。本研究以資訊架構領域作為建構領域知識結構的實例,讓資訊架構領域的研究者透過Wiki協作平台做為知識分享的環境,研究者可以在平台上進行文獻閱讀心得分享、主題知識共筆撰寫、參考文獻關連引用等知識分享。除此之外,研究者所分享之知識內容與註記之概念關鍵字,經過整理與分析可成為知識組織與分類的元素之後,再透過各關鍵字語意關係之界定,描述知識概念間之連結,並以主題地圖的技術建構資訊架構領域之知識結構,以做為研究者更完整便利之參考。 Whenever the researcher took his first step into some academic field to explore knowledge and do research, most difficult experience is that he did not know what domain knowledge, such as its subject concepts, glossary, does have. Even in today with well developed information transmission, it is very difficult to find out his required information correctly by search engines without definite targets and keywords in limited time. What most immediate response is to inquire the experienced researchers this question. But who are your experienced researchers? The researcher himself was also unable to find the appropriate candidates. In order to resolve the problem, this research proposes the concept and mechanism of collaborative mode to let researchers jointly create domain knowledge and corresponding knowledge structure. The purpose is to preserve their research knowledge and facilitate researchers to inquiry, browse the domain knowledge structure and share their research experiences to complete their own work smoothly. This research takes the domain of information architecture as a study case for constructing knowledge structure. Sharing knowledge on the Wiki collaborative platform, researchers can share what they are reading, write subject knowledge with others, quote reference correlations, etc. Additionally, the knowledge contents and marked concept keywords that researchers shared, can be reorganized and analyzed, and then may become the elements of knowledge construction and classification. After defining semantic relations of keywords and describing linkages between knowledge concepts, we apply the technology of subject map to construct the knowledge structure of the information architecture domain. The resulted structure will facilitate researchers to accomplish their research work completely and conveniently.
台灣原住民族知識組織架構建構方法之探討 A Study on the Method of Constructing Taiwan Aboriginal Knowledge Organization Structure
Hsueh-Hua Chen
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: 近年來,原住民族知識組織架構愈來愈受各界的關注與重視,然而由於過去原住民知識大多皆以口傳為主,顯少有文字記載,故原住民族知識組織架構建構之不完整性是可想而知的。 為因應此劃時代之趨勢與需求,本研究旨在提出一套建構「台灣原住民族知識組織架構」之方法與步驟:透過對各種「知識組織系統」類型特色與呈現方式的分析,本研究認為「分類架構」應是目前較適用於呈現原住民族領域知識的知識組織系統;再藉由「領域分析」方法的探討,整合出台灣原住民族領域知識分析之整體流程;並根據現有之原住民族知識組織架構及其建構之相關研究,歸納出建構原住民族知識組織架構時不可忽略的特性。期盼本研究可供原住民族相關單位與學者專家在未來建構時之參考。 In the past several years, the aboriginal knowledge organization structure has received a respectable amount of attention. However, aboriginal knowledge is commonly spread by oral tradition and rarely by the written word. With regards to such practice, the incompleteness of the structure of aboriginal knowledge organization is then quite understandable. The main purpose of this research is to attempt to introduce a series of methods and procedures for the creation of Taiwan’s aboriginal knowledge organization structure in response to the current demands of our society. By analyzing the features and representation of a variety of organization structures, this study reached the conclusion that classification structures are the most suitable knowledge organization system for the representation of aboriginal knowledge. The method of domain analysis was further applied during research to trace the integral process of the analysis of aboriginal knowledge. Key characteristics for the construction of aboriginal knowledge organization structures have also been defined according to existing related studies. It is hoped that this study will be able to serve as reference for the future research of scholars and other aborigine related institutions.
透過線上學習社群發展協作學習和知識建構 Fostering Collaborative Learning and Knowledge Building through Online Learning Communities
Allan H. K. Yuen
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2004,
Abstract: 面對知識型社會的需求,教育需要培育有能力創造新知識及從中獲益的人材。但是,怎樣的教育才能為學生的終身學習作好準備,實在是重要的課題。近年的教育改革中,課程革新已成為推動改革的重要策略。本文的目的是要通過一個課程革新的個案研究,展示網上學習社群如何幫助小學生作知識建構,裝備自已迎接日後終身的挑戰。我們認為學校能為學生終身學習提供的最好準備,是幫助他們建立一種能理解、創造和改進知識,並與知識一起工作的文化。六間香港小學體會到這種新學習文化的重要,便一同參與利用網上學習社群的方法對科學作專題研習。根據學生和教師的訪談分析,發現他們對網上學習社群的經驗可以歸納成兩個要素:協作學習和知識建構。 To address the demand of knowledge society, the question is what kind of schooling would be best to prepare students for life in the knowledge society. Curriculum innovations have been regarded as an essential strategy for educational reform throughout the era of educational change over the past years. The aim of this paper is to present a case study of curriculum innovation through online learning communities to prepare primary students for lifelong challenges. We argue the best preparation schools can provide for life is to help students build a culture of understanding, creating, improving and working with knowledge. Realizing the impact of such new learning culture, six primary schools in Hong Kong participated in the implementation of online learning communities through science project works. Through the analysis of the interviews of students and teachers, experiences arising from online learning communities were emerged in two major themes, namely, collaborative learning and knowledge.
GoogleEarth软件在考古探测中的应用评析  [PDF]
陈钊
东南文化 , 2007,
Abstract: ????GoogleEarth软件因其独特的视角、先进的性能、广泛的用途、低廉的价格决定了其在考古工作中大有作为,在探测研究历史文化遗产上将起到不可替代的重要作用。探讨GoogleEarth软件在考古学中运用的优缺点,以便更好地开发考古专用软件。
基于AutoCAD的GoogleEarth图像信息提取及应用  [PDF]
郑平元,杨武年
地域研究与开发 , 2011,
Abstract: GoogleEarth图像以精度高、信息丰富和免费使用等特点,正逐步给人们的工作和生活带来方便。如何将GoogleEarth图像制作成地图、提取感兴趣的信息,是人们普遍关心的问题。以成都理工大学为例,探讨了利用GoogleEarth图像,结合AutoCAD强大的图形编辑功能,进行信息提取及应用的过程,主要内容包括:图像获取、图像尺寸校正、图像数字化、图形整饰、信息提取及应用等。针对如何提取GoogleEarth图像上被阴影遮挡的图形信息,提出了图像量测与地面丈量相结合的解决办法。实践证明,这种方法实现了低成本、高精度和高效益,解决了人们日常用图的需要。最后指出了这种方法的适用领域,并且分析了GoogleEarth产品的优缺点及应用前景。
略谈古琴与《五知斋琴谱》  [PDF]
王燕平
东南文化 , 2006,
Abstract: ????在古代,琴是用来完善个人修养的,鼓琴是文人精神生活的重要组成部分。通过对古琴和清代初刻本《五知斋琴谱》的介绍,可知一部好琴谱,即便无师指导也能将琴曲的神韵打谱成功。
基于googleearth的adcp数据演示技术研究  [PDF]
祖丽君,鄂恺
人民长江 , 2015,
Abstract: ?走航式adcp(声学多普勒流速剖面仪)和gps已作为常规的测验仪器在流速、流向和流量测验中被广泛应用。现有的走航式adcp数据演示方法可提供流速流向图、测船航行轨迹图、大断面图等,但无法演示断面位置、河道走势和断面周边环境。采用基于googleearth的adcp数据演示技术,将adcp的数据信息与googleearth的地理信息充分结合,实现了对adcp数据信息的全面演示。利用googleearth提供的更多辅助信息,可以对adcp测量数据进行更全面的检查、分析和研究。
语言族的L可识性、L半可识性与L强可识性  [PDF]
雷忠学
科学通报 , 1986,
Abstract: 郭聿琦等建立和讨论了语言族的半可识性和强可识性,给出了积分语言族可识的充要条件。本文建立和讨论了语言族的L可识性、L半可识性和L强可识性,给出了L积分语言族的L可识、L半可识和L强可识的充分条件。
基于GoogleEarth虚拟地球平台的旅游规划研究  [PDF]
李娟,郝志刚
国土资源遥感 , 2010, DOI: 10.6046/gtzyyg.2010.01.25
Abstract: ?以虚拟地球平台GoogleEarth为例,初步探讨了其在旅游规划资料准备、资源调查与评价、辅助空间分析、简化虚拟三维漫游、增强规划创意性以及专家合作与公众参与等方面的应用,为旅游规划的技术应用提供借鉴。
克虏伯(krupp)型立筒预热器结构改进的冷模试验  [PDF]
胡道和,顾大公
南京工业大学学报(自然科学版) , 1984,
Abstract: 本文关于粉料在krupp型立筒内运动的物理模型,通过冷态试验,探讨了立筒钵的主要功能,并提出改进立筒内部结构:采用双曲型缩口和加装撞击式撒料器的具体方案。同时从立筒工作原理出发论证了每个钵体的合理高度和两级旋风筒立筒组合方式。供中间试验采用。
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