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Health and Socio-Economic Factors as Determinants of Happiness and Life Satisfaction of People Living in Oke-Ogun Areas of Oyo State, Nigeria
J.K. Mojoyinola
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The study investigated the impact of health and socio-economic factors on happiness and life satisfaction. Towards this end, a single questionnaire tagged "Happiness and Life Satisfaction Assessment Questionnaire (HALSAQ) was used as the major instrument for the study. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study and two hypotheses were tested, using the statistical tests of Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Multiple Regression and Partial Correlation. The study established, among others, that there was no significant impact of health on happiness and life satisfaction, but that socio-economic factors had significant impact on happiness and life satisfaction. Based on the above findings, some recommendations were made, among which are that every person should strive to make him or herself happy, becomes educated, live a comfortable life, always remain healthy, engage in leisure activities and establish a small-scale business or find a good job to earn a living.
Economic Determinants of Poverty in Zimbabwe  [PDF]
Rose Constancia Sakuhuni,Clainos Chidoko,,Netsai Lizy Dhoro,Caleb Gwaindepi
International Journal of Economics and Research , 2011,
Abstract: The study investigates the empirical determinants of poverty in Zimbabwe using cross section data for 2005. The study focuses on consumption function since poverty is defined as lack of basic needs of which food is included. A regression model was estimated based on this data, with per capita consumption as the dependent variable and a set of economic and demographic variables as explanatory variables. Variables that are significant and positively correlated with per capita consumption thus negatively correlated to poverty are: age squared, gender (male), widow, maximum level of education, attaining primary education, employment in any sector except working in the informal sector, migration status, engaged in secondary business, number of sources of income, credit availability and land area cultivated. Variables significant and negatively correlated with per capita consumption and positively correlated to poverty are: age and household size. Employment in the informal sector, days missed due to illness, and land ownership were some of the insignificant variables.
DETERMINANTS AND EFFECTS OF ECONOMIC OPENNESS  [PDF]
L?CR?MIOARA DOMINTE
Scientific Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi : Economic Sciences Series , 2006,
Abstract: International trade cannot exist without the economic openness of the countries involved. The process in itself is hard to be captured in definitions because it implies aspects related to external trade, exchange rate evolution or macroeconomic policies. The present article first concentrates on a short definition of the concept of economic openness. Then we focus the attention on some economic factors that may conduct to the economic openness of a country, such as: exchange rate volatility, input endowments or level of technology. The last part of the paper is allocated to presenting few positive and negative effects of opening towards the mechanisms of the world economy, followed by some concluding remarks.
Socio-Economic Determinants of Crime in Nigeria
Douglason G. Omotor
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The study estimates the dynamics of socio-economic determinants of crime in Nigeria from 1981-2005 using an error-correction model. The exclusive socio-economic determinants are population, literacy, unemployment, inflation and income. The study analysed the long-run causality between security or crime and discomfort applying the error-correction based, Granger causality technique and dynamic error-correction method. The results revealed that unemployment is the most important determinant of crime in Nigeria. The evidence that insecurity Granger causes discomfort is also established.
Analysis on the Relationships on the Global Distribution of the World Happiness Index and Selected Economic Development Indicators
Eden J. Garces, Cerenio Adriatico, Lovely Riza E. Timbal
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105455
Abstract:
World Happiness Index generally indicates the level of happiness and sat-isfaction among the residents in a given country. This study was conducted to assess the relationships of the world happiness index (WHI) and related economic development indicators consisting of the variables of life expec-tancy (LE), expected years in schooling (EY), gross national income per capita (GNI) and the corruption perception index (CPI) of selected countries which were retrieved from online resources. Two separate cluster analysis was conducted on the 78 countries, and the five variables studied. The first results revealed 50 countries were assigned to cluster 1, 20 states to cluster 2, two countries in the group, and the final six countries in cluster 4. The poor performing countries representing cluster 1 were again subjected to a second cluster analysis test. The indicative results of the analysis showed a significant improvement in the grouping of countries. Group 1 has now 23 states, cluster 2 with 14 countries, and cluster 3 with 13 countries. The results of the two separate clustering analysis conducted yielded not a single group dominated as the best performing cluster in terms of the economic variables. However, cluster 1 considered the poor performing cluster during the two tests, remained consistent. In conclusion, the study claimed that the “Quality of Life” largely depends on the performance of countries based on the given economic indices.
Socio-economic determinants of eating practices of Ukrainians
Chagarna, Natalia,Andreeva, Tatiana
Tobacco Control and Public Health in Eastern Europe , 2012,
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Healthy eating practices are among important public health goals worldwide. We aimed to investigate socio-economic determinants of the nutrition habits of Ukrainian families. METHODS: Data from the “UKRAINIAN LONGITUDINAL MONITORING SURVEY 2007” were analysed. Factor analysis produced variables characterising eating practices, which were re-coded in binary variables indicating low/high food consumption. The bivariate and multivariate analysis was conducted to identify associations between socio-economic state and eating modes. RESULTS: Three dimensions of nutrition practices were identified in the factor analysis: “standard diet” variable associated with quantities of most food products consumed, it actually shows how much food in general the household consumes, “fruit-and-vegetable diet” variable was associated with quantities of various fruits and vegetables included in the questionnaire, and “processed-(pre-packed)-food diet” variable was created based on its associations with products like sausage. More “processed” food was consumed by members of households which were generally better-off (equipped with dvd-player, computer (laptop), garage), and Russian-speakers. More plant food was consumed by the households with attributes of rural living (equipped with bottled gas, central or individual system of heating, those who possessed a motorcycle or a truck). The owners of a plot adjacent to rural house or land used for gardening were eating more fruits and vegetables. A small group of well-off urban dwellers (like those possessing tumble-dryers), tend to eat more plant food; however, this group is not numerous. CONCLUSION: Plant food eating in Ukraine stays a factor of survival rather than healthy eating for those households which dwell in rural areas and have no means to choose foods they want. Those people who achieve better socio-economic status tend to increase processed food portion of their diets. Only a very small group of affluent Ukrainian citizens tend to eat much fruit and vegetables contributing to U-form relationship between socio-economic status and antioxidant-rich food consumption.
The Socioeconomic determinants of economic inequality. Evidence from Portugal  [cached]
Budría, Santiago
Revista Internacional de Sociologia , 2010,
Abstract: This article uses data from the 1994-2001 waves of the European Union Household Panel to investigate the socioeconomic determinants of economic inequality. the paper focuses on Portugal, a country with the largest inequality levels among EU countries, to report relevant facts on the distributions of income, labour earnings, and capital income. the paper shows how these distributions are related to family characteristics such as age, education, marital status and employment status. a generalized ordered Probit model is used to investigate how and to what extent the households’ socioeconomic attributes determine their economic status and their mobility along the distributions. the article concludes that education is by and large the dimension more closely related to inequality. Este artículo utiliza el Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea (1994-2001) para investigar cuáles son los determinantes socioeconómicos de la desigualdad. el artículo se centra en Portugal, el país de la Unión Europea con mayores niveles de desigualdad, para documentar hechos relevantes sobre las distribuciones de la renta, salarios y rentas de capital. se muestra cómo estas distribuciones están relacionadas con características familiares tales como edad, educación, estado civil y estado laboral. Por último, se emplea un modelo Probit ordenado generalizado para investigar cómo y en qué medida las diferentes características socio-económicas de las familias determinan su estatus económico y su movilidad a lo largo de las distribuciones. el artículo concluye que la educación es, con diferencia, la dimensión socioeconómica más determinante en relación con la desigualdad.
A Survey about Teachers’ “Economic Income and Sense of Happiness”of the Sichuan Tibetan Elementary School: Take Ma Erkang County As An Example  [cached]
Yun LEI,Ding-chu WU,Zhi-hui YU
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2010, DOI: 10.3968/970
Abstract: The investigation mainly adopts questionnaires and interviews to inquire 120 teachers from Ma Erkang Elementary School in Sichuan Province. The results indicate that the countryside teachers’ income is universally lower than that of urban teachers (teachers from the urban area).Teachers’ sense of happiness of both rural and urban areas is, in general, not optimistic. Countryside teachers’ satisfaction of economic income and sense of happiness is slightly higher than that of urban teachers. Economic income is one of the factors that affect the sense of happiness, yet it is not the most important one. Key words: elementary school teachers; economic income; sense of happinessRésumé: L'enquête utilise principalement des questionnaires et des entretiens pour enqu 120 enseignants de l'école élémentaire Ma Erkang dans la province du Sichuan. Les résultats indiquent que les revenus des enseignants dans la campagne sont généralement inférieurs à ceux des enseignants urbains(les enseignants dans les zones urbaines). En général, le sentiment de bonheur des enseignants de zones rurales et urbaines n'est pas optimiste. La satisfaction de revenus économiques et le sentiment de bonheur des enseignants dans la campagne sont légèrement supérieure à celle des enseignants en milieu urbain. Les revenus économiques est l'un des facteurs qui influent sur le sentiment de bonheur, mais ce n'est pas le facteur le plus important.Mots-Clés: enseignants de l’école primaire; revenus économiques; sentiment de bonheur
Economic Determinants of Public Health Care Expenditure in Zimbabwe  [PDF]
Netsai Lizy Dhoro,,Clainos Chidoko,Rose Constancia Sakuhuni,Caleb Gwaindepi
International Journal of Economics and Research , 2011,
Abstract: The research sought to investigate the main determinants of public health care expenditure in Zimbabwe, with an understanding that health care financing is an important aspect of successful health systems. The research investigated the determinants of the public health care expenditure of Zimbabwe using yearly time series data for the period 1975-2005. The Engle-Granger cointegration technique was used to explain the main factors that affect public health care expenditure in Zimbabwe. The empirical results show that the key determinants in the explanation of the public health expenditure are real GDP per capita income, literacy rate, inflation and foreign health aid per capita while population and life expectancy were statistically insignificant.
Determinants of economic growth in South - East Europe: A panel data approach
Marija Trpkova,Biljana Tashevska
Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business , 2011,
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to reveal the main determinants of the economic growth in South-East European countries. Real GDP growth rate represents economic growth in the analysis. We perform a panel data analysis for 7 countries with similar economic surroundings: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, Romania and Serbia. The observation period is 1995 - 2007. Empirical results indicate that Consumer price index, Current account/GDP, Exchange rate, General government balance, General government expenditure, Population, Large scale privatization and Price liberalization are some of the main factors on which Southeast European countries policy makers should focus in order to reach significant increase in economic growth.
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