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It's Alive! The Supernova Impostor 1961V  [PDF]
Schuyler D. Van Dyk,Thomas Matheson
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/746/2/179
Abstract: Reports of the death of the precursor of Supernova (SN) 1961V in NGC 1058 are exaggerated. Consideration of the best astrometric data shows that the star, known as "Object 7," lies at the greatest proximity to SN 1961V and is the likely survivor of the "SN impostor" super-outburst. SN 1961V does not coincide with a neighboring radio source and is therefore not a radio SN. Additionally, the current properties of Object 7, based on data obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope, are consistent with it being a quiescent Luminous Blue Variable (LBV). Furthermore, post-explosion non-detections by the Spitzer Space Telescope do not necessarily and sufficiently rule out a surviving LBV. We therefore consider, based on the available evidence, that it is yet a bit premature to reclassify SN 1961V as a bona fide SN. The inevitable demise of this star, though, may not be too far off.
The Cepheid Impostor HD 18391 and its Anonymous Parent Cluster  [PDF]
David G. Turner,V. V. Kovtyukh,Daniel J. Majaess,David J. Lane,Kathleen E. Moncrieff
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1002/asna.200911238
Abstract: New and existing photometry for the G0 Ia supergiant HD 18391 is analyzed in order to confirm the nature of the variablity previously detected in the star, which lies off the hot edge of the Cepheid instability strip. Small-amplitude variability at a level of \Delta V = 0.016+-0.002 is indicated, with a period of P=123.04+-0.06 d. A weaker second signal may be present at P=177.84+-0.18 with \Delta V = 0.007+-0.002, likely corresponding to fundamental mode pulsation if the primary signal represents overtone pulsation (123.04/177.84 = 0.69). The star, with a spectroscopic reddening of E(B-V) = 1.02, is associated with heavily-reddened B-type stars in its immediate vicinity that appear to be outlying members of an anonymous young cluster centered ~10 arcmin to the west and 1661+-73 pc distant. The cluster has nuclear and coronal radii of r_n=3.5 arcmin and R_c=14 arcmin, respectively, while the parameters for HD 18391 derived from membership in the cluster with its outlying B stars are consistent with those implied by its Cepheid-like pulsation, provided that it follows the semi-period-luminosity relation expected of such objects. Its inferred luminosity as a cluster member is M_V=-7.76+-0.10, its age (9+-1)x10^6 years, and its evolutionary mass ~19 M_{\sun}. HD 18391 is not a classical Cepheid, yet it follows the Cepheid period-luminosity relation closely, much like another Cepheid impostor, V810 Cen.
A Higgs Impostor in Low-Scale Technicolor  [PDF]
Estia Eichten,Kenneth Lane,Adam Martin
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: We propose a "Higgs impostor" model for the 125 GeV boson, $X$, recently discovered at the LHC. It is a technipion, $\eta_T$, with $I^G J^{PC} = 0^- 0^{-+}$ expected in this mass region in low-scale technicolor. Its coupling to pairs of standard-model gauge bosons are dimension-five operators whose strengths are determined within the model. It is easy for the gluon fusion rate $\sigma B(gg \to \eta_T \to \gamma\gamma)$ to agree with the measured one, but $\eta_T \to ZZ^*,\,WW^*$ are greatly suppressed relative to the standard-model Higgs rates. This is a crucial test of our proposal. In this regard, we assess the most recent data on $X$ decay modes, with a critical discussion of $X \to ZZ^* \to 4\ell$. In our model the $\eta_T$ mixes almost completely with the isovector $\pi^0_T$, giving two similar states, $\eta_L$ at 125 Gev and $\eta_H$ higher, possibly in the range 170--190 Gev. Important consequences of this mixing are (1) the only associated production of et al is via $\to \to W \eta_L$, and this could be sizable; (2) $\eta_H$ may soon be accessible in $gg \to \eta_H \to \gamma\gamma$; and (3) LSTC phenomenology at the LHC is substantially modified.
Skilled Impostor Attacks Against Fingerprint Verification Systems And Its Remedy  [PDF]
Carsten Gottschlich
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Fingerprint verification systems are becoming ubiquitous in everyday life. This trend is propelled especially by the proliferation of mobile devices with fingerprint sensors such as smartphones and tablet computers, and fingerprint verification is increasingly applied for authenticating financial transactions. In this study we describe a novel attack vector against fingerprint verification systems which we coin skilled impostor attack. We show that existing protocols for performance evaluation of fingerprint verification systems are flawed and as a consequence of this, the system's real vulnerability is systematically underestimated. We examine a scenario in which a fingerprint verification system is tuned to operate at false acceptance rate of 0.1% using the traditional verification protocols with random impostors (zero-effort attacks). We demonstrate that an active and intelligent attacker can achieve a chance of success in the area of 89% or more against this system by performing skilled impostor attacks. We describe a new protocol for evaluating fingerprint verification performance in order to improve the assessment of potential and limitations of fingerprint recognition systems. This new evaluation protocol enables a more informed decision concerning the operating threshold in practical applications and the respective trade-off between security (low false acceptance rates) and usability (low false rejection rates). The skilled impostor attack is a general attack concept which is independent of specific databases or comparison algorithms. The proposed protocol relying on skilled impostor attacks can directly be applied for evaluating the verification performance of other biometric modalities such as e.g. iris, face, ear, finger vein, gait or speaker recognition.
Can a light Higgs impostor hide in composite gauge models?  [PDF]
Zoltan Fodor,Kieran Holland,Julius Kuti,Daniel Nogradi,Chik Him Wong
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: The frequently discussed strongly interacting gauge theory with a fermion flavor doublet in the two-index symmetric (sextet) representation of the SU(3) color gauge group is investigated. In previous studies the chiral condensate and the mass spectrum were shown to be consistent with chiral symmetry breaking ($\chi$SB) at vanishing fermion mass. The recently reported $\beta$-function is not inconsistent with this observation, suggesting that the model is very close to the conformal window and a light "Higgs impostor" could emerge as a composite state. In this work we describe the methodology and preliminary results of studying the emergence of the light composite scalar with $0^{++}$ quantum numbers.
Explaining the supernova impostor sn 2009ip as mergerburst  [PDF]
Noam Soker,Amit Kashi
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/764/1/L6
Abstract: We propose that the energetic major outburst of the supernova (SN) impostor SN 2009ip in September 2012 (outburst 2012b) was a mergerburst event, where two massive stars merged. The previous outbursts of 2009 and 2011 might have occurred near periastron passages of the binary system prior to the merger, in a similar manner to the luminosity peaks in the nineteenth century Great Eruption of the massive binary system Eta Carinae. The major 2012b outburst and the 2012a pre-outburst, resemble the light curve of the mergerburst event V838 Mon. A merger of an evolved star with a mass of M1~60-100Mo and a secondary main sequence star of M2~0.2-0.5M1 can account for the energy of SN 2009ip and for the high velocities of the ejected gas. The ejected nebula is expected to have a non-spherical structure, e.g. bipolar or even a more complicated morphology.
Facial Heamiatrophy
Baishampayan S,Verma R,Jaiswal A. K,Baveja S
Indian Journal of Dermatology , 2001,
Abstract: A case of Facial Hemiatrophy is being reported for its rarity and clinical interest.
Strong Uniqueness
András Kroó,Allan Pinkus
Surveys in Approximation Theory , 2010,
Abstract: This is a survey on the subject of strong uniqueness in approximation theory.
Can the nearly conformal sextet gauge model hide the Higgs impostor?  [PDF]
Zoltán Fodor,Kieran Holland,Julius Kuti,Dániel Nógrádi,Chris Schroeder,Chik Him Wong
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2012.10.079
Abstract: New results are reported from large scale lattice simulations of a frequently discussed strongly interacting gauge theory with a fermion flavor doublet in the two-index symmetric (sextet) representation of the SU(3) color gauge group. We find that the chiral condensate and the mass spectrum of the sextet model are consistent with chiral symmetry breaking in the limit of vanishing fermion mass. In contrast, sextet fermion mass deformations of spectral properties are not consistent with leading conformal scaling behavior near the critical surface of a conformal theory. A recent paper could not resolve the conformal fixed point of the gauge coupling from the slowly walking scenario of a very small nearly vanishing \beta-function (DeGrand:2012yq). It is argued that overall consistency with our new results is resolved if the sextet model is close to the conformal window, staying outside with a very small non-vanishing \beta-function. The model would exhibit then the simplest composite Higgs mechanism leaving open the possibility of a light scalar state with quantum numbers of the Higgs impostor. It would emerge as the pseudo-Goldstone dilaton state from spontaneous symmetry breaking of scale invariance. We will argue that even without association with the dilaton, the scalar Higgs-like state can be light very close to the conformal window. A new Higgs project of sextet lattice simulations is outlined to resolve these important questions.
Strong Uniqueness  [PDF]
Andras Kroo,Allan Pinkus
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: This is a survey paper on the subject of strong uniqueness in approximation theory.
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