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Understanding Types of Users on Twitter  [PDF]
Muhammad Moeen Uddin,Muhammad Imran,Hassan Sajjad
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: People use microblogging platforms like Twitter to involve with other users for a wide range of interests and practices. Twitter profiles run by different types of users such as humans, bots, spammers, businesses and professionals. This research work identifies six broad classes of Twitter users, and employs a supervised machine learning approach which uses a comprehensive set of features to classify users into the identified classes. For this purpose, we exploit users' profile and tweeting behavior information. We evaluate our approach by performing 10-fold cross validation using manually annotated 716 different Twitter profiles. High classification accuracy (measured using AUC, and precision, recall) reveals the significance of the proposed approach.
Home Location Identification of Twitter Users  [PDF]
Jalal Mahmud,Jeffrey Nichols,Clemens Drews
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: We present a new algorithm for inferring the home location of Twitter users at different granularities, including city, state, time zone or geographic region, using the content of users tweets and their tweeting behavior. Unlike existing approaches, our algorithm uses an ensemble of statistical and heuristic classifiers to predict locations and makes use of a geographic gazetteer dictionary to identify place-name entities. We find that a hierarchical classification approach, where time zone, state or geographic region is predicted first and city is predicted next, can improve prediction accuracy. We have also analyzed movement variations of Twitter users, built a classifier to predict whether a user was travelling in a certain period of time and use that to further improve the location detection accuracy. Experimental evidence suggests that our algorithm works well in practice and outperforms the best existing algorithms for predicting the home location of Twitter users.
Pinterest Board Recommendation for Twitter Users  [PDF]
Xitong Yang,Yuncheng Li,Jiebo Luo
Computer Science , 2015, DOI: 10.1145/2733373.2806375
Abstract: Pinboard on Pinterest is an emerging media to engage online social media users, on which users post online images for specific topics. Regardless of its significance, there is little previous work specifically to facilitate information discovery based on pinboards. This paper proposes a novel pinboard recommendation system for Twitter users. In order to associate contents from the two social media platforms, we propose to use MultiLabel classification to map Twitter user followees to pinboard topics and visual diversification to recommend pinboards given user interested topics. A preliminary experiment on a dataset with 2000 users validated our proposed system.
Affective Computing Model for the Set Pair Users on Twitter  [PDF]
Chunying Zhang,Jing Wang
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2013,
Abstract: Affective computing is the calculation about sentiment, sentiment generated and the aspects of affecting the sentiment. However, the different factors often cause the uncertainty of sentiment expression of the users. Today twitter as the information media of real-time and timely has become better sentiment expression vector for users themselves. Therefore, in allusion to the diversity of sentiment form of twitter information to express sentiment, this paper constructs affective computing model, starting from the differences of the constituted form of Twitter based on set pair theory to make analysis and calculation for user sentiment, from the text, emoticon, picture information and other multi-angle to analyze the positive, negative and uncertain emotion of the users for the signal twitter, consolidating the weight of various parts in emotional information, building hierarchical set pair affective computing model for twitter users, to offer more favorable data support for the relevant departments and businesses.
Identifying Users with Opposing Opinions in Twitter Debates  [PDF]
Ashwin Rajadesingan,Huan Liu
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: In recent times, social media sites such as Twitter have been extensively used for debating politics and public policies. These debates span millions of tweets and numerous topics of public importance. Thus, it is imperative that this vast trove of data is tapped in order to gain insights into public opinion especially on hotly contested issues such as abortion, gun reforms etc. Thus, in our work, we aim to gauge users' stance on such topics in Twitter. We propose ReLP, a semi-supervised framework using a retweet-based label propagation algorithm coupled with a supervised classifier to identify users with differing opinions. In particular, our framework is designed such that it can be easily adopted to different domains with little human supervision while still producing excellent accuracy
TwiSent: A Multistage System for Analyzing Sentiment in Twitter  [PDF]
Subhabrata Mukherjee,Akshat Malu,A. R. Balamurali,Pushpak Bhattacharyya
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, we present TwiSent, a sentiment analysis system for Twitter. Based on the topic searched, TwiSent collects tweets pertaining to it and categorizes them into the different polarity classes positive, negative and objective. However, analyzing micro-blog posts have many inherent challenges compared to the other text genres. Through TwiSent, we address the problems of 1) Spams pertaining to sentiment analysis in Twitter, 2) Structural anomalies in the text in the form of incorrect spellings, nonstandard abbreviations, slangs etc., 3) Entity specificity in the context of the topic searched and 4) Pragmatics embedded in text. The system performance is evaluated on manually annotated gold standard data and on an automatically annotated tweet set based on hashtags. It is a common practise to show the efficacy of a supervised system on an automatically annotated dataset. However, we show that such a system achieves lesser classification accurcy when tested on generic twitter dataset. We also show that our system performs much better than an existing system.
Detecting influenza outbreaks by analyzing Twitter messages  [PDF]
Aron Culotta
Computer Science , 2010,
Abstract: We analyze over 500 million Twitter messages from an eight month period and find that tracking a small number of flu-related keywords allows us to forecast future influenza rates with high accuracy, obtaining a 95% correlation with national health statistics. We then analyze the robustness of this approach to spurious keyword matches, and we propose a document classification component to filter these misleading messages. We find that this document classifier can reduce error rates by over half in simulated false alarm experiments, though more research is needed to develop methods that are robust in cases of extremely high noise.
Broker Bots: Analyzing automated activity during High Impact Events on Twitter  [PDF]
Sudip Mittal,Ponnurangam Kumaraguru
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: Twitter is now an established and a widely popular news medium. Be it normal banter or a discussion on high impact events like Boston marathon blasts, February 2014 US Icestorm, etc., people use Twitter to get updates. Twitter bots have today become very common and acceptable. People are using them to get updates about emergencies like natural disasters, terrorist strikes, etc. Twitter bots provide these users a means to perform certain tasks on Twitter that are both simple and structurally repetitive. During high impact events these Twitter bots tend to provide time critical and comprehensive information. We present how bots participate in discussions and augment them during high impact events. We identify bots in high impact events for 2013: Boston blasts, February 2014 US Icestorm, Washington Navy Yard Shooting, Oklahoma tornado, and Cyclone Phailin. We identify bots among top tweeters by getting all such accounts manually annotated. We then study their activity and present many important insights. We determine the impact bots have on information diffusion during these events and how they tend to aggregate and broker information from various sources to different users. We also analyzed their tweets, list down important differentiating features between bots and non bots (normal or human accounts) during high impact events. We also show how bots are slowly moving away from traditional API based posts towards web automation platforms like IFTTT, dlvr.it, etc. Using standard machine learning, we proposed a methodology to identify bots/non bots in real time during high impact events. This study also looks into how the bot scenario has changed by comparing data from high impact events from 2013 with data from similar type of events from 2011. Lastly, we also go through an in-depth analysis of Twitter bots who were active during 2013 Boston Marathon Blast.
Mining and Analyzing Twitter trends: Frequency based ranking of descriptive Tweets  [PDF]
Rishabh Jain,Abhishek B. S.,Satvik Jagannath
Computer Science , 2014, DOI: 10.5120/18279-9200
Abstract: One of the major sources of trending news, events and opinion in the current age is micro blogging. Twitter, being one of them, is extensively used to mine data about public responses and event updates. This paper intends to propose methods to filter tweets to obtain the most accurately descriptive tweets, which communicates the content of the trend. It also potentially ranks the tweets according to relevance. The principle behind the ranking mechanism would be the assumed tendencies in the natural language used by the users. The mapping frequencies of occurrence of words and related hash tags is used to create a weighted score for each tweet in the sample space obtained from twitter on a particular trend.
A Review of Features for the Discrimination of Twitter Users: Application to the Prediction of Offline Influence  [PDF]
Jean-Valère Cossu,Vincent Labatut,Nicolas Dugué
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Many works related to Twitter aim at characterizing its users in some way: role on the service (spammers, bots, organizations, etc.), nature of the user (socio-professional category, age, etc.), topics of interest, and others. However, for a given user classification problem, it is very difficult to select a set of appropriate features, because the many features described in the literature are very heterogeneous, with name overlaps and collisions, and numerous very close variants. In this article, we review a wide range of such features. In order to present a clear state-of-the-art description, we unify their names, definitions and relationships, and we propose a new, neutral, typology. We then illustrate the interest of our review by applying a selection of these features to the offline influence detection problem. This task consists in identifying users which are influential in real-life, based on their Twitter account and related data. We show that most features deemed efficient to predict online influence, such as the numbers of retweets and followers, are not relevant to this problem. However, We propose several content-based approaches to label Twitter users as Influencers or not. We also rank them according to a predicted influence level. Our proposals are evaluated over the CLEF RepLab 2014 dataset, and outmatch state-of-the-art methods.
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