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The Exclusivity of Ultrafast Communication Networks  [cached]
Bart Custers
Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology , 2008,
Abstract: Efforts are being made to develop a new generation of communication networks, based on ultrafast optical communication. This is likely to result in a significant increase in the speed and volume of information transfer on communication networks such as the Internet. However, the introduction of these new types of networks also requires more from its users. Because these new networks are more sophisticated, there are likely to be more costs involved and users have to be more knowledgeable about the new technologies in order to be able to use them. Such requirements in both costs and knowledge may prevent groups of people from access to the networks. If larger groups of people are excluded from the networks, social polarization may result. Another effect of exclusive networks may be the limited number of providers of structure and content, which might lead to manipulation of the information provided. In this contribution, the effects of exclusive ultrafast communication networks are discussed and some suggestions are made on how to deal with this.
Graph Theoretic Analysis of Knowledge Networks  [PDF]
Stavroglou Stavros,Antoniou Ioannis
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Purpose of our work is to obtain a basic understanding and comparison of the performance and structure of real Knowledge Networks, to identify strengths and weaknesses and to highlight guidelines for improvements. We selected 18 Knowledge Networks from the service sector and 12 networks from the production sector and estimated their Performance and Structure in terms of 19 indices from graph theory. Highlights from our work include: 1) As most networks are unilaterally structured, the direction of knowledge transfer should be taken into account as illustrated in the analysis of clubs and entropy, 2) The stability of most Knowledge Networks is questionable, 3) Few networks are effective in sharing information, while most Knowledge Networks cannot benefit from the network effect, have rather limited capability for coordination, information propagation and synchronization and are not able to integrate Tacit knowledge, 4) Few networks have large cliques which have to be managed with caution as their role may be highly constructive or destructive, 5) While agents with rich connections form clubs, as in most social networks, the poor club effect is not negligible when we take into account the link direction, 6) The directed link analysis of entropy reveals the low complexity-diversification of the Knowledge Networks. In fact the only high entropy network found, has been improved by Knowledge Management Professionals. As most Knowledge Networks underperform, there is plenty of room for further customized analysis in order to improve communication efficiency, coordination, Tacit knowledge dissemination and robustness. This is the first comparative study of real Knowledge Networks in terms of graph theoretic methods.
Digital Communication and Knowledge Society  [PDF]
Avijit Dutta
BVICAM's International Journal of Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Knowledge is awareness at higher level of abstraction [5, 6, 7].It has tacit and explicit components. Concern lies in conversionof tacit knowledge to explicit form and its scientificmanagement since it is identified presently as an economicentity without diminishing return. Advancement in knowledgeexercise contributes immensely towards socio-economicdevelopment of a community. This induces to explore ways togenerate new scientific knowledge with evolving technologies.Communication is one approach of many alternatives to evolvenew scientific knowledge through inter and intra entity data &information exchange. Data communication using digitaltechnology in recent years has attained ubiquitous dimensionand its affect on knowledge generation has grown enormously[3, 19], resulting in need for enhanced attention. Present text isan attempt in similar stratum.
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2012,
Abstract: We can’t speak about a “knowledge society” in the absence of a culture of communication, more precisely in the absence of a culture of non violet communication. This type of culture produces the context for the affirmation and accomplishment of the human being, and it also intensifies the processes which imply creation and innovation in all the areas related to the social aspect. In a world lead by man, non violent communication requires the valorization of the empathetic listening, of cooperation, in general and particularly in gender relation. The paper intends to show that active listening represents an ability which must be learnt by all the people, but mostly by men who score greater deficiencies than women regarding this issue.
Identifying Knowledge and Communication
Eduardo Coutinho Louren?o de Lima
Principia : an International Journal of Epistemology , 2006,
Abstract: In this paper, I discuss how the principle of identifying knowledge which Strawson advances in ‘Singular Terms and Predication’ (1961), and in ‘Identifying Reference and Truth-Values’ (1964) turns out to constrain communication. The principle states that a speaker’s use of a referring expression should invoke identifying knowledge on the part of the hearer, if the hearer is to understand what the speaker is saying, and also that, in so referring, speakers are attentive to hearers’ epistemic states. In contrasting it with Russell’s Principle (Evans 1982), as well as with the principle of identifying descriptions (Donnellan 1970), I try to show that the principle of identifying knowledge, ultimately a condition for understanding, makes sense only in a situation of conversation. This allows me to conclude that the cooperative feature of communication (Grice 1975) and reference (Clark andWilkes-Gibbs 1986) holds also at the understanding level. Finally, I discuss where Strawson’s views seem to be unsatisfactory, and suggest how they might be improved.
Processing,Switching and Communication of Knowledge
Michael R. Peterson,Syed V. Ahamed,Sevki S. Erdogan
International Journal of Managing Information Technology (IJMIT) , 2010,
Abstract: The domain of knowledge1 is more encompassing than that of wealth and materials. For dealingwith utility of knowledge, all factors (its scarcity, its total utility, its marginal utility, specifically itsdiminishing marginal utility, its utilitarian value, its exchange value, etc.) that influence theevaluation need to be considered. From a communication perspective, knowledge can be tracedbackward and extrapolated forward, much like scientific parameter(s). From a structuralperspective, we propose that the processing of knowledge be based on the most basic and fewesttruisms. These truisms are, in turn, based on reality and they permit the characterization ofinformation and knowledge. To this extent, computational processing does not depend on thephilosophic writings of earlier economists. However, the truisms are validated from a longer-termphilosophic interpretation of how these truisms have survived so that they can be expanded andreused in scientific and computational environments. This approach permits machines to processknowledge based on the content of a particular piece of information and to enhance content, thepresentation and the wealth of knowledge that the information communicates.
Knowledge Strategies in Using Social Networks  [cached]
Contantin BR?TIANU,Ivona ORZEA
Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy , 2013,
Abstract: Knowledge strategy selection is a multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM) problem, and requires adequate methods to solve it appropriately. Knowledge strategies are also intrinsically linked to individuals and their ability to comprehend the world and leverage their intellectual assets to respond e!ectively to a fast changing environment. the essential features of social networking sites include but are not limited to: blogging, grouping, networking and instant messaging. Since the social networks facilitate communication and interaction among users, there is a continuous need of researches to examine what are the motives that a!ect the acceptance of usage of the social networks. This study aims at examining the role of the knowledge strategies that individuals employ in using social networks with respect to the overall objective of increasing the knowledge level. For this purpose we have used the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) mathematical model since it allows us a structuring of the overall objective on the main components. For the present research we considered a structure composed of three levels: L1 – the purpose of networking, L2 – strategies used to achieve that purpose, and L3 – activities needed for strategies implementation. At the upper level (L1), the main objective of a person in using social networks is to increase its knowledge level. To obtain the aforementioned objective we considered for the second level (L2) the following strategies: S1 – to learn from other persons; S2 – to make new friends; S3 – to increase the personal experience and visibility. the implementation of these strategies is realized through the following activities considered at the third hierarchy level (L3): A1– joining general social networks (e.g. Facebook, Google+, MySpace, Hi5 etc.); A2– joining professional social networks (e.g. LinkedIn etc.); A3– creating a personal blog (e.g. Blogster, Wordpress etc.); A4– joining online communities of practice. the study focused on students, as they hold very important percentage of the total users of social networks. A total of 700 questionnaires were distributed to 18-25 years old students and the rate of response was 42%. Based on the theory of eigenvalues, the AHP mathematical model provides the priority vectors for both the strategies and the activities levels, thus, underlining the main knowledge strategies employed in using social networks.
Monograph "Communication and construction of knowledge in the new technology space"  [PDF]
Javier Nó Sánchez
Revista de Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento , 2008,
Abstract: This monograph deals with the relationships between communication, the building of knowledge and the interactional area in which they operate, going in depth into the theory and on to practical uses. We consider that this area is the environment where interactions take place and that the methods are conditioned by its dimensions. There was a time when pedagogical styles and methods aimed to reproduce reality inside a classroom, or at least to find close analogies to the facts and phenomena that were being studied. The present-day technological environment goes beyond this practice and allows us to broaden the expanse where interactions take place, leading us towards or away from our object of knowledge. So strategic management is necessary, whether using forums, chats or blogs, whether with wikis, social networks or podcasts, or with any of the new ways to generate micro-content, to help us define the specific size and location of this space and to bring us closer to the stated educational objectives throughout the training course.
Protecting the Communication Structure in Sensor Networks  [PDF]
S. Olariu,Q. Xu,M. Eltoweissy,A. Wadaa,A. Y. Zomaya
International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks , 2005, DOI: 10.1080/15501320590966440
Abstract: In the near future wireless sensor networks will be employed in a wide variety of applications establishing ubiquitous networks that will pervade society. The inherent vulnerability of these massively deployed networks to a multitude of threats, including physical tampering with nodes exacerbates concerns about privacy and security. For example, denial of service attacks (DoS) that compromise or disrupt communications or target nodes serving key roles in the network, e.g. sink nodes, can easily undermine the functionality as well as the performance delivered by the network. Particularly vulnerable are the components of the communications or operation infrastructure. Although, by construction, most sensor network systems do not possess a built-in infrastructure, a virtual infrastructure, that may include a coordinate system, a cluster structure, and designated communication paths, may be established post-deployment in support of network management and operation. Since knowledge of this virtual infrastructure can be instrumental for successfully compromising network security, maintaining the anonymity of the virtual infrastructure is a primary security concern.
Complex Dynamics of Autonomous Communication Networks and the Intelligent Communication Paradigm  [PDF]
Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Physics , 2004,
Abstract: Dynamics of arbitrary communication system is analysed as unreduced interaction process. The applied generalised, universally nonperturbative method of effective potential reveals the phenomenon of dynamic multivaluedness of competing system configurations forced to permanently replace each other in a causally random order, which leads to universally defined dynamical chaos, complexity, fractality, self-organisation, and adaptability (physics/9806002, physics/0211071, physics/0405063). We demonstrate the origin of huge, exponentially high efficiency of the unreduced, complex network dynamics and specify the universal symmetry of complexity (physics/0404006) as the fundamental guiding principle for creation and control of such qualitatively new kind of networks and devices. The emerging intelligent communication paradigm and its practical realisation in the form of knowledge-based networks involve the features of true, unreduced intelligence and consciousness (physics/0409140) appearing in complex (multivalued) network dynamics and results.
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