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Fourth order curvature flows and geometric applications  [PDF]
Vincent Bour
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: We study a class of fourth order curvature flows on a compact Riemannian manifold, which includes the gradient flows of a number of quadratic geometric functionals, as for instance the L2 norm of the curvature. Such flows can develop a special kind of singularities, that could not appear in the Ricci flow, namely singularities where the manifold collapses with bounded curvature. We show that this phenomenon cannot occur if we assume a uniform positive lower bound on the Yamabe invariant. In particular, for a number of gradient flows in dimension four, such a lower bound exists if we assume a bound on the initial energy. This implies that these flows can only develop singularities where the curvature blows up, and that blowing-up sequences converge (up to a subsequence) to a "singularity model", namely a complete Bach-flat, scalar-flat manifold. We prove a rigidity result for those model manifolds and show that if the initial energy is smaller than an explicit bound, then no singularity can occur. Under those assumptions, the flow exists for all time, and converges up to a subsequence to the sphere or the real projective space. This gives an alternative proof, under a slightly stronger assumption, of a result from Chang, Gursky and Yang asserting that integral pinched 4-manifolds with positive Yamabe constant are space forms.
The long time behavior of fourth-order curvature flows  [PDF]
Jeffrey Streets
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: We show precompactness results for solutions to parabolic fourth order geometric evolution equations. As part of the proof we obtain smoothing estimates for these flows in the presence of a curvature bound, an improvement on prior results which also require a Sobolev constant bound. As consequences of these results we show that for any solution with a finite time singularity, the $L^{\infty}$ norm of the curvature must go to infinity. Furthermore, we characterize the behavior at infinity of solutions with bounded curvature.
Visco-potential free-surface flows and long wave modelling  [PDF]
Denys Dutykh
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1016/j.euromechflu.2008.11.003
Abstract: In a recent study [DutykhDias2007] we presented a novel visco-potential free surface flows formulation. The governing equations contain local and nonlocal dissipative terms. From physical point of view, local dissipation terms come from molecular viscosity but in practical computations, rather eddy viscosity should be used. On the other hand, nonlocal dissipative term represents a correction due to the presence of a bottom boundary layer. Using the standard procedure of Boussinesq equations derivation, we come to nonlocal long wave equations. In this article we analyse dispersion relation properties of proposed models. The effect of nonlocal term on solitary and linear progressive waves attenuation is investigated. Finally, we present some computations with viscous Boussinesq equations solved by a Fourier type spectral method.
Fourth-order dispersive systems on the one-dimensional torus  [PDF]
Hiroyuki Chihara
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: We present the necessary and sufficient conditions of the well-posedness of the initial value problem for certain fourth-order linear dispersive systems on the one-dimensional torus. This system is related with a dispersive flow for closed curves into compact Riemann surfaces. For this reason, we study not only the general case but also the corresponding special case in detail. We apply our results on the linear systems to the fourth-order dispersive flows. We see that if the sectional curvature of the target Riemann surface is constant, then the equation of the dispersive flow satisfies our conditions of the well-posedness.
Multiple Quenching Solutions of a Fourth Order Parabolic PDE with a singular nonlinearity modelling a MEMS Capacitor  [PDF]
Alan Lindsay,Joceline Lega
Mathematics , 2011, DOI: 10.1137/110832550
Abstract: Finite time singularity formation in a fourth order nonlinear parabolic partial differential equation (PDE) is analyzed. The PDE is a variant of a ubiquitous model found in the field of Micro-Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and is studied on a one-dimensional (1D) strip and the unit disc. The solution itself remains continuous at the point of singularity while its higher derivatives diverge, a phenomenon known as quenching. For certain parameter regimes it is shown numerically that the singularity will form at multiple isolated points in the 1D strip case and along a ring of points in the radially symmetric 2D case. The location of these touchdown points is accurately predicted by means of asymptotic expansions. The solution itself is shown to converge to a stable self-similar profile at the singularity point. Analytical calculations are verified by use of adaptive numerical methods which take advantage of symmetries exhibited by the underlying PDE to accurately resolve solutions very close to the singularity.
On the dependence of third- and fourth-order moments on stability in the turbulent boundary layer  [PDF]
Alberto Maurizi
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: In this short review it is suggested that the relationship between third- and fourth-order moments of turbulence in the atmospheric boundary layer depends on stability. This can explain some differences among datasets, and provides a key point for modelling improvement.
PDE Surface Generation with Combined Closed and Non-Closed Form Solutions
Jian-jun Zhang,Li-Hua You,
Jian-JunZhang
,Li-HuaYou

计算机科学技术学报 , 2004,
Abstract: Partial differential equations (PDEs) combined with suitably chosen boundary conditions are effective in creating free form surfaces. In this paper, a fourth order partial differential equation and boundary conditions up to tangential continuity are introduced. The general solution is divided into a closed form solution and a non-closed form one leading to a mixed solution to the PDE. The obtained solution is applied to a number of surface modelling examples including glass shape design, vase surface creation and arbitrary surface representation.
Spatio-Temporal Modelling of Dust Transport over Surface Mining Areas and Neighbouring Residential Zones  [PDF]
Lubos Matejicek,Zbynek Janour,Ludek Benes,Tomas Bodnar,Eva Gulikova
Sensors , 2008, DOI: 10.3390/s8063830
Abstract: Projects focusing on spatio-temporal modelling of the living environment need to manage a wide range of terrain measurements, existing spatial data, time series, results of spatial analysis and inputs/outputs from numerical simulations. Thus, GISs are often used to manage data from remote sensors, to provide advanced spatial analysis and to integrate numerical models. In order to demonstrate the integration of spatial data, time series and methods in the framework of the GIS, we present a case study focused on the modelling of dust transport over a surface coal mining area, exploring spatial data from 3D laser scanners, GPS measurements, aerial images, time series of meteorological observations, inputs/outputs form numerical models and existing geographic resources. To achieve this, digital terrain models, layers including GPS thematic mapping, and scenes with simulation of wind flows are created to visualize and interpret coal dust transport over the mine area and a neighbouring residential zone. A temporary coal storage and sorting site, located near the residential zone, is one of the dominant sources of emissions. Using numerical simulations, the possible effects of wind flows are observed over the surface, modified by natural objects and man-made obstacles. The coal dust drifts with the wind in the direction of the residential zone and is partially deposited in this area. The simultaneous display of the digital map layers together with the location of the dominant emission source, wind flows and protected areas enables a risk assessment of the dust deposition in the area of interest to be performed. In order to obtain a more accurate simulation of wind flows over the temporary storage and sorting site, 3D laser scanning and GPS thematic mapping are used to create a more detailed digital terrain model. Thus, visualization of wind flows over the area of interest combined with 3D map layers enables the exploration of the processes of coal dust deposition at a local scale. In general, this project could be used as a template for dust-transport modelling which couples spatial data focused on the construction of digital terrain models and thematic mapping with data generated by numerical simulations based on Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations.
Spatio-Temporal Modelling of Dust Transport over Surface Mining Areas and Neighbouring Residential Zones
Lubos Matejicek,Zbynek Janour,Ludek Benes,Tomas Bodnar
Sensors , 2008,
Abstract: Projects focusing on spatio-temporal modelling of the living environment need to manage a wide range of terrain measurements, existing spatial data, time series, results of spatial analysis and inputs/outputs from numerical simulations. Thus, GISs are often used to manage data from remote sensors, to provide advanced spatial analysis and to integrate numerical models. In order to demonstrate the integration of spatial data, time series and methods in the framework of the GIS, we present a case study focused on the modelling of dust transport over a surface coal mining area, exploring spatial data from 3D laser scanners, GPS measurements, aerial images, time series of meteorological observations, inputs/outputs form numerical models and existing geographic resources. To achieve this, digital terrain models, layers including GPS thematic mapping, and scenes with simulation of wind flows are created to visualize and interpret coal dust transport over the mine area and a neighbouring residential zone. A temporary coal storage and sorting site, located near the residential zone, is one of the dominant sources of emissions. Using numerical simulations, the possible effects of wind flows are observed over the surface, modified by natural objects and man-made obstacles. The coal dust drifts with the wind in the direction of the residential zone and is partially deposited in this area. The simultaneous display of the digital map layers together with the location of the dominant emission source, wind flows and protected areas enables a risk assessment of the dust deposition in the area of interest to be performed. In order to obtain a more accurate simulation of wind flows over the temporary storage and sorting site, 3D laser scanning and GPS thematic mapping are used to create a more detailed digital terrain model. Thus, visualization of wind flows over the area of interest combined with 3D map layers enables the exploration of the processes of coal dust deposition at a local scale. In general, this project could be used as a template for dust-transport modelling which couples spatial data focused on the construction of digital terrain models and thematic mapping with data generated by numerical simulations based on Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations.
Qualitative Analysis of Coating Flows on a Rotating Horizontal Cylinder
Marina Chugunova,Roman M. Taranets
International Journal of Differential Equations , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/570283
Abstract: We consider a nonlinear 4th-order degenerate parabolic partial differential equation that arises in modelling the dynamics of an incompressible thin liquid film on the outer surface of a rotating horizontal cylinder in the presence of gravity. The parameters involved determine a rich variety of qualitatively different flows. We obtain sufficient conditions for finite speed of support propagation and for waiting time phenomena by application of a new extension of Stampacchia's lemma for a system of functional equations.
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