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Investigating Effective Factors on Iran’s Pistachio Exportation  [cached]
Seyed fathollah Amiri Aghdaie
International Journal of Marketing Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijms.v1n2p35
Abstract: The problem of Iran’s economic is depending on oil’s incomes, therefore to increase non oil exportation like agricultural products is the main goal of country’s economic development program. The goal of this paper is to investigate effective factors in pistachio exportation and mentioned goal will be consider by variable factors such as export’s principle, aflatoxin poison, and packaging. The type of this paper is descriptive–cognition and the related information for this scope have been collected by using library resources such as books, scientific journals, moreover for collecting necessary data in order to confirm or reject research hypotheses a questionnaire designed by researcher have been used . Statistical society for this research includes the pistachio exporter in Kerman city, the method being used has been random sampling. Results of this investigation shows that the principles of exporting, aflatoxin poison and packaging have great influence in exporting Iran’s pistachio.
Editorial - Inter/Trans/Post-Disciplinarity: Explorations of Encounters Across Disciplines  [PDF]
Gwendolyn Beetham,Melissa Fernández Arrigoitía
Graduate Journal of Social Science , 2010,
Abstract:
Logistics problems in soybeans Brazilian exportation
Heráclito Lopes Jaguaribe Pontes,Breno Barros Telles do Carmo,Arthur José Vieira Porto
Sistemas & Gest?o , 2009,
Abstract: With the globalization process, the world-wide nations are having an increase of the international trade. Brazil has, each time more, used the agribusiness as a strategy of insertion in the world-wide economy. The exportations of Brazilian agricultural productscome playing an important paper in the supplying revenues and increase of the domestic income, but a visible problem of the agribusiness for exportation is related to logistic. In theworld-wide marketplace, Brazil presents comparative advantages in the production of agricultural products in relation to the other world-wide producers, but it loses in logistic costs. The importance of this work is in characterizing the logistic problems of the Brazilian exportation of one of the most important commodities national, the soybeans. The soybeans is the agricultural product that more generates volume of exportation for Brazil, demanding sufficiently of the logistic structure of the country. For accomplishment of this work, it was used an general bibliographical research, where if it carried through a detailed survey of themain problems, causes, costs and solutions for the flowing of the soybeans in Brazilian for exportation. From the development of this work, it was perceived that the challenges of the logistic of the soybeans are many and that the resolution of these problems will increase the Brazilian international competitiveness, increasing the trustworthiness in the delivery times and reducing the costs of the inefficiencies in the exportation process.
Influence of litter importation on basal respiration and labile carbon in restored farmland in Sanjiang Plain
凋落物输入对三江平原弃耕农田土壤基础呼吸和活性碳组分的影响

黄靖宇,宋长春,张金波,郭跃东,廖玉静
生态学报 , 2008,
Abstract: The accumulation of soil organic carbon is determined by the net balance between soil organic matter importation and exportation. The vegetation restoration and litter importation are prerequisite factors, which could determine the nutrition restoration in soil, but the litter importation often been considered the fundermental factor determining the process of soil restoration. In this paper, we studied the reaction of soil basal respiration, microbial biomass carbon (MBC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) after organic litter importation. Under the condition of same litter importation, the decomposition rate of litter biomass showed the opposite tendency as the content of total organic matter in soil. The different kinds of litter imporation could influce the basal respiration, MBC and DOC in soil, which could also determine the ability of soil microbial decomposition. Our results indicated that the litter decomposition rate from easier to harder in Sanjiang Plain was: plantation> Deyeuxia angustifolia and soybean>maize.
Trans-disciplinarity: The Singularities and Multiplicities of Architecture  [cached]
Lukasz Stanek,Tahl Kaminer
Footprint , 2007,
Abstract: This inaugural issue of Footprint aims at understanding today’s architecture culture as a negotiation between two antithetical definitions of architecture’s identity. The belief in the disciplinary singularity of architectural objects, irreducible to the conditions of their production, is confronted - in discourse and design - with the perception of architecture as an interdisciplinary mediation between multiple political, economic, social, technological and cultural factors. With the concept of trans-disciplinarity, the negotiation between these two positions is investigated here as an engine of the ‘tradition of the present’ of contemporary architecture - the discourses and designs which emerged in the 1960s and defined orientation points for today’s architectural thought and practice.
The Social Interplay of Disciplinarity and Interdisciplinarity. Some Introductory Remarks
Reinhold Hedtke
Journal of Social Science Education , 2006,
Abstract: Social Science Education as a subject field in schools is an intrinsic pluridisciplinary feature, whatever disciplines are included, however it may be organised and wherever it may be institutionalised. Civic education, economic education, social education and historical education each comprise several academic disciplines even if they are thought to be completely independent subjects. From the start on, disciplinarity and interdisciplinarity are on the agenda for any subject related to social science education and are one of its main problems. For these introductory remarks interdisciplinarity can be simply defined as relating two or more academic disciplines or school subjects to each other if this is done in a purposeful, systematic, explicit and reflective way. The overarching goal is to improve education that is to enhance students' understandings of the worlds and their abilities to act within and towards them. A relationship between disciplines or subjects which misses one or more of the four characteristics can be called pluridisciplinary or multidisciplinary (cf. Audigier 2006). In the following I first want to discuss some aspects of disciplinarity and interdisciplinarity at schools and at universities and the weakness of interdisciplinarity. I sketch some social science based ideas on the interrelationship between the subject structure of the academic world and the world of schools (3.) and of some tendency to commonalities or even unification of social sciences and related competencies (4.). I conclude with some remarks on different kinds of knowledge (5.). Last but not least, I'll give an overview on the papers in this issue of the Journal of Social Science Education (6.).
Government Investment Cost Analysis for Beef Importation in Malaysia  [PDF]
F. Yasmin,Z.A. Mohamed,M.N. Samsudin,M.E.A. Jamak
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: Due to rising trend of imported beef from abroad in Malaysia, it is necessary to find out the source of economic beef production with lower government investment cost for beef importation (GICI). In this study, system simulation modeling and cost-benefit analysis have been used. The result showed 5-7% slaughter rate of female breeding stock (FBS) is economic and more effective input for beef production as well as for government investment cost for importation. However, average 58% self-sufficiency rate for beef can be achieved in future at 5-7% slaughter rate, 75-80% calving rate, 1-2% mortality rate.
Nonlinearity of the Relationship between Human Capital and Exportation in Brazil  [PDF]
Gilberto Joaquim Fraga,Carlos José Caetano Bacha
Economics Research International , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/364715
Abstract: For Brazil to realize the economic benefits of competitive advantage, it is critically important that the country's policy makers have an awareness of the determinants of Brazilian exports. Our study aims to evaluate the role of human capital measured by the average years of workforce formal education, in the value of exports from each Brazilian state from 1995 through 2006, highlighting differences among the states and/or regions. Based on the Dixit and Woodland (1982) model, our empirical analysis is implemented by running a regression of data organized into a panel that takes into account the fixed effects (i.e., the amenities) found in each of the 27 Brazilian states (including the Federal District). Our findings are consistent with the selected theoretical model and indicate that human capital in Brazil has a nonlinear effect on exportation with an inflection point of 6.7 years of formal education. 1. Introduction The increased openness of Brazil to international trade since the 1990s and the consequent growth in trade flows1 has attracted the attention of researchers attempting to identify the determinants of international competitiveness in both developing and developed countries. In this context, researchers have focused their attention on specific factors linked with competitiveness, such as the importance of human capital. Several studies have shown a positive relationship between human capital and a country’s external competitiveness. Courakis [1]; Maskus, et al. [2]; C?rvers and De Grip [3]; Owen [4]; Chuang [5]; Rodríguez-Clare [6]; Hasnat [7]; Grossman [8]; Brooks [9]; Bougheas and Riezman [10]; Contractor and Mudambi [11]; Jensen [12]; Waugh [13]; Arora and Bagde [14]; Brambilla et al. [15]; Lee and Wang [16] have highlighted the importance of worker education (a proxy for qualification or skill) as a determinant of country’s competitiveness in the international market. Chuang [5] analyzed the relationship between human capital and Taiwanese exportation between 1952 and 1995 and found that there was a positive and stable long-term relationship between the two variables throughout the studied period. Contractor and Mudambi [11] examined two groups of countries to determine the importance of human capital in the evolution of exportation between 1989 and 2003. Their results confirm a positive relationship between the variables for both groups of countries, although this relationship is not linear it suggests an inflection point on the curve relating human capital with exportation. They point out that human capital impacts export value from
Nutrient extraction and exportation by castor bean hybrid lyra
Nascimento, Martha Santana do;Crusciol, Carlos Alexandre Costa;Fernandes, Adalton Mazetti;Zanotto, Maurício Dutra;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-06832012000100013
Abstract: information about nutrient extraction and exportation by crops, as well as the periods of highest nutrient demand is important for an adequate fertilization management. however, there are no studies on the nutrient uptake of short-stature hybrid castor bean. therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate nutrient extraction and exportation by short-stature castor bean hybrid lyra, in the spring-summer and fall-winter growing seasons. the experiments were conducted in the 2005/2006 spring-summer and 2006 fall-winter growing seasons on an oxisol, in botucatu, sp, in a randomized block design, with four replications. the plots consisted of plant samplings, which occurred 17, 31, 45, 59, 73, 97 and 120 days after emergence (dae) in the spring-summer and 17, 31, 45, 59, 80, 100 and 120 dae in fall-winter growing season. the growth of hybrid lyra was slow and nutrient uptake lowest between emergence and the beginning of flowering. the period of highest dry matter (dm) accumulation rates and highest nutrient demand were observed 40 to 80 dae, in both growing seasons. the order of nutrient extraction by the plants in the spring-summer growing season was: n>k>ca>mg>s>p>fe>mn>zn>b>cu>mo. in fall-winter, s was more absorbed than mg. seed yield was higher in the spring-summer (2.995 kg ha-1), but nutrient extraction and exportation per ton of seed were similar in both growing seasons. around 58 % of n and 84 % of p, and approximately half of the s and b absorbed throughout the cycle were exported with the seeds. however, most of the other nutrients accumulated in the plants returned to the soil in plant residues.
Nonlinearity of the Relationship between Human Capital and Exportation in Brazil  [PDF]
Gilberto Joaquim Fraga,Carlos José Caetano Bacha
Economics Research International , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/364715
Abstract: For Brazil to realize the economic benefits of competitive advantage, it is critically important that the country's policy makers have an awareness of the determinants of Brazilian exports. Our study aims to evaluate the role of human capital measured by the average years of workforce formal education, in the value of exports from each Brazilian state from 1995 through 2006, highlighting differences among the states and/or regions. Based on the Dixit and Woodland (1982) model, our empirical analysis is implemented by running a regression of data organized into a panel that takes into account the fixed effects (i.e., the amenities) found in each of the 27 Brazilian states (including the Federal District). Our findings are consistent with the selected theoretical model and indicate that human capital in Brazil has a nonlinear effect on exportation with an inflection point of 6.7 years of formal education.
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