Abstract:
We discuss natural connections between three objects: quadratic forms with values in line bundles, conic bundles and quaternion orders. We use the even Clifford algebra, and the Brauer-Severi Variety, and other constructions to give natural bijections between these objects under appropriate hypothesis. We then restrict to a surface base and we express the second Chern class of the order in terms $K^3$ and other invariants of the corresponding conic bundle. We find the conic bundles corresponding to minimal del Pezzo quaterion orders and we discuss problems concerning their moduli.

Abstract:
Let k be an arbitrary field of characteristic zero. In this paper we study quotients of k-rational conic bundles over projective line by finite groups of automorphisms. We construct smooth minimal models for such quotients. We show that any quotient is birationally equivalent to a quotient of other k-rational conic bundle cyclic group of order $2^k$, dihedral group of order $2^k$, alternating group of degree $4$, symmetric group of degree $4$ or alternating group of degree $5$ effectively acting on the base of conic bundle. Also we construct infinitely many examples of such quotients which are not k-birationally equivalent to each other.

Abstract:
A $\mathbb Q$-conic bundle is a proper morphism from a threefold with only terminal singularities to a normal surface such that fibers are connected and the anti-canonical divisor is relatively ample. We study the structure of $\mathbb Q$-conic bundles near their singular fibers. One corollary to our main results is that the base surface of every $\mathbb Q$-conic bundle has only Du Val singularities of type A (a positive solution of a conjecture by Iskovskikh). We obtain the complete classification of $\mathbb Q$-conic bundles under the additional assumption that the singular fiber is irreducible and the base surface is singular.

Abstract:
For conic bundles on a smooth variety (over a field of characteristic $\ne 2$) which degenerate into pairs of distinct lines over geometric points of a smooth divisor, we prove a theorem which relates the Brauer class of the non-degenerate conic on the complement of the divisor to the covering class (Kummer class) of the 2-sheeted cover of the divisor defined by the degenerate conic, via the Gysin homomorphism in etale cohomology. This theorem is the algebro-geometric analogue of a topological result proved earlier.

Abstract:
Teachers mastery of subject areas and ability to effectively impact the knowledge on the students are the major rudiments expected from an effective teacher. Conic sections in coordinate geometry are regarded by students as difficult. Conic sections is a very powerful conceptual framework for bringing algebra, geometry, history of Mathematics, applications and use in many other fields of knowledge together. It is thus, a rich point of departure for the idea of integration or interconnectedness in and around Mathematics which is making the learning of Mathematics more meaningful and further higher-order thinking skills. This study presents a problem solving approach to the teaching of identified difficult topic in Tertiary mathematics. Varied applications of Conic sections in Physical Sciences and Engineering were discussed.

Abstract:
The set ${1, 25, 49}$ is a 3-term collection of integers which forms an arithmetic progression of perfect squares. We view the set ${(1,1), (5,25), (7,49)}$ as a 3-term collection of rational points on the parabola $y=x^2$ whose $y$-coordinates form an arithmetic progression. In this exposition, we provide a generalization to 3-term arithmetic progressions on arbitrary conic sections $\mathcal C$ with respect to a linear rational map $\ell: \mathcal C \to \mathbb P^1$. We explain how this construction is related to rational points on the universal elliptic curve $Y^2 + 4XY + 4kY = X^3 + kX^2$ classifying those curves possessing a rational 4-torsion point.

Abstract:
Roughly speaking, a conic bundle is a surface, fibered over a curve, such that the fibers are conics (not necessarily smooth). We define stability for conic bundles and construct a moduli space. We prove that (after fixing some invariants) these moduli spaces are irreducible (under some conditions). Conic bundles can be thought of as generalizations of orthogonal bundles on curves. We show that in this particular case our definition of stability agrees with the definition of stability for orthogonal bundles. Finally, in an appendix by I. Mundet i Riera, a Hitchin-Kobayashi correspondence is stated for conic bundles.

Abstract:
We show that a standard conic bundle over a minimal rational surface is rational and its Jacobian splits as the direct sum of Jacobians of curves if and only if its derived category admits a semiorthogonal decomposition by exceptional objects and the derived categories of those curves. Moreover, such a decomposition gives the splitting of the intermediate Jacobian also when the surface is not minimal.