Abstract:
We study the entanglement entropy of connected bipartitions in free fermion gases of N particles in arbitrary dimension d. We show that the von Neumann and Renyi entanglement entropies grow asymptotically as N^(1-1/d) ln N, with a prefactor that is analytically computed using the Widom conjecture both for periodic and open boundary conditions. The logarithmic correction to the power-law behavior is related to the area-law violation in lattice free fermions. These asymptotic large-N behaviors are checked against exact numerical calculations for N-particle systems.

Abstract:
We prove a special case of a conjecture in asymptotic analysis by Harold Widom. More precisely, we establish the leading and next-to-leading term of a semi-classical expansion of the trace of the square of certain integral operators on the Hilbert space $L^2(\R^d)$. As already observed by Gioev and Klich, this implies that the bi-partite entanglement entropy of the free Fermi gas in its ground state grows at least as fast as the surface area of the spatially bounded part times a logarithmic enhancement.

Abstract:
Given a quantum channel $\Phi $ in a Hilbert space $H$ put $\hat H_{\Phi}(\rho)=\min \limits_{\rho_{av}=\rho}\Sigma_{j=1}^{k}\pi_{j}S(\Phi (\rho_{j}))$, where $\rho_{av}=\Sigma_{j=1}^{k}\pi_{j}\rho_{j}$, the minimum is taken over all probability distributions $\pi =\{\pi_{j}\}$ and states $\rho_{j}$ in $H$, $S(\rho)=-Tr\rho\log\rho$ is the von Neumann entropy of a state $\rho$. The strong superadditivity conjecture states that $\hat H_{\Phi \otimes \Psi}(\rho)\ge \hat H_{\Phi}(Tr_{K}(\rho))+\hat H_{\Psi}(Tr_{H}(\rho))$ for two channels $\Phi $ and $\Psi $ in Hilbert spaces $H$ and $K$, respectively. We have proved the strong superadditivity conjecture for the quantum depolarizing channel in any dimensions.

Abstract:
We prove a conjecture of H.Widom stated in [W] (math/0108008) about the reality of eigenvalues of certain infinite matrices arising in asymptotic analysis of large Toeplitz determinants. As a byproduct we obtain a new proof of A.Okounkov's formula for the (determinantal) correlation functions of the Schur measures on partitions.

Abstract:
In 1969 Harold Widom published his seminal paper, which gave a complete description of orthogonal and Chebyshev polynomials on a system of smooth Jordan curves. When there were Jordan arcs present the theory of orthogonal polynomials turned out to be just the same, but for Chebyshev polynomials Widom's approach proved only an upper estimate, which he conjectured to be the correct asymptotic behavior. In this note we make some clarifications which will show that the situation is more complicated.

Abstract:
We consider the entanglement entropy for a line segment in the system of noninteracting one-dimensional fermions at zero temperature. In the limit of a large segment length L, the leading asymptotic behavior of this entropy is known to be logarithmic in L. We study finite-size corrections to this asymptotic behavior. Based on an earlier conjecture of the asymptotic expansion for full counting statistics in the same system, we derive a full asymptotic expansion for the von Neumann entropy and obtain first several corrections for the Renyi entropies. Our corrections for the Renyi entropies reproduce earlier results. We also discuss the entanglement spectrum in this problem in terms of single-particle occupation numbers.

Abstract:
We study a model of spinless fermions with infinite nearest-neighbor repulsion on the square ladder which has microscopic supersymmetry. It has been conjectured that in the continuum the model is described by the superconformal minimal model with central charge c=3/2. Thus far it has not been possible to confirm this conjecture due to strong finite-size corrections in numerical data. We trace the origin of these corrections to the presence of unusual marginal operators that break Lorentz invariance, but preserve part of the supersymmetry. By relying mostly on entanglement entropy calculations with the density-matrix renormalization group, we are able to reduce finite-size effects significantly. This allows us to unambiguously determine the continuum theory of the model. We also study perturbations of the model and establish that the supersymmetric model is a multicritical point. Our work underlines the power of entanglement entropy as a probe of the phases of quantum many-body systems.

Abstract:
The mechanism underlying any bosonisation or fermionisation is exposed.It is shown that any local theory of fermions on a lattice in any spatial dimension greater than one is equivalent to a local theory of Ising spins coupled to a $Z_{2}$ gauge field.There is a close relation to the description of anyons using a Chern-Simons term.

Abstract:
We derive an inequality for three fermions with six single particle states which reduces to the sum of the famous Coffman-Kundu-Wootters inequalities when an embedded three qubit system is considered. We identify the quantities which are playing the role of the concurrence, the three-tangle and the invariant $\det \rho_A+\det \rho_B+\det \rho_C$ for this tripartite system. We show that this latter one is almost interchangeable with the von Neumann entropy and conjecture that it measures the entanglement of one fermion with the rest of the system. We prove that the vanishing of the fermionic "concurrence" implies that the two particle reduced density matrix is a mixture of separable states. Also the vanishing of this quantitiy is only possible in the GHZ class, where some genuie tripartite entanglement is present and in the separable class. Based on this we conjecture that this "concurrence" measures the amount of entanglement between pairs of fermions. We identify the well-known "spin-flipped" density matrix in the fermionic context as the reduced density matrix of a special particle-hole dual state. We show that in general this dual state is always canonically defined by the Hermitian inner product of the fermionic Fock space and that it can be used to calculate SLOCC covariants. We show that Fierz identities known from the theory of spinors relate SLOCC covariants with reduced density matrix elements of the state and its "spin-flipped" dual.

Abstract:
Relying on the known two-term quasiclassical asymptotic formula for the trace of the function $f(A)$ of a Wiener-Hopf type operator $A$ in dimension one, in 1982 H. Widom conjectured a multi-dimensional generalization of that formula for a pseudo-differential operator $A$ with a symbol $a(\bx, \bxi)$ having jump discontinuities in both variables. In 1990 he proved the conjecture for the special case when the jump in any of the two variables occurs on a hyperplane. The present paper gives a proof of Widom's Conjecture under the assumption that the symbol has jumps in both variables on arbitrary smooth bounded surfaces.